Acta de Resumen, Reuniones entre el Gobierno de Colombia y la CGSB

Country/entity
Colombia
Region
Americas
Agreement name
Acta de Resumen, Reuniones entre el Gobierno de Colombia y la CGSB
Date
10/11/1991
Agreement status
Multiparty signed/agreed
Interim arrangement
No
Agreement/conflict level
Intrastate/intrastate conflict (Colombian Conflict (1964 - )
The Colombian conflict is really a set of conflicts and the peace agreements reflect both different processes relating to different conflict groups and dyads, and processes taking place at different times in a complex peace process history. The Colombian civil war has its roots in the late 1940s and the violent infighting between liberal and the conservative factions. Emerging from the liberal tradition with a thorough grounding in nationalist communist ideology, the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia—People's Army (FARC) began its armed insurrection against the Colombian government in 1964. Other left-wing guerrillas emerged as well, most notably the socialist/populist M-19, which would later be integrated into the formal political system in the peace process of 1990s; the National Liberation Army (ELN), which has strong roots in liberation theology, and the Maoist Ejército Popular de Liberación (EPL) (also part of the 1990 process, less successfully). Several stages of peace processes were undertaken by the various sides, which were further complicated by the emergence of right-wing paramilitary ‘self-defence’ forces. The peace agreement between the Colombian government under President Uribe and the main alliance of the paramilitary groups, the United Self-Defence Forces of Colombia (AUC), concluded in 2005 and is still heavily disputed as several remnants are still active, but now subsumed under the heading ‘Bacrim’ (Bandas criminales). In addition, FARC and ELN maintain a military presence, but both demonstrate a strong interest in completing successful peace negotiations with the government, with the most recent agreements being between FARC and the Government.

Colombian Conflict (1964 - ) )
Stage
Pre-negotiation/process (Confidence building measure)
Conflict nature
Government
Peace process
97: Colombia I - Gaviria
Parties
Por la Delegación del Gobierno: JESUS A. BEJARANO A. Consejero Presidencial HÉCTOR RIVEROS S. Viceministro de Gobierno
CARLOS JARAMILLO Asesor Consejeria de Paz HUMBERTO VERGARA Asesor Consejeria de Paz ÁLVARO HERNÁNDEZ Asesor Consejeria de Paz TOMÁS CONCHA S. Asesor Consejería de Paz

Por la delegación de la CGSB:
ALFONSO CANO, FARC-EP IVÁN MÁRQUEZ, FARC-EP PABLO CATA TUMBO, FARC-EP ANTONIO GARCÍA, UC-ELN FRANCISCO GALÁN, UC-ELN DIEGO RUIZ, EPL
Third parties
En presencia de los miembros de la Comisión Asesora para el Orden Público quienes rubrican la presente declaración, doctors:
HORACIO SERPA URIBE, OTTY PATIÑO, GILBERTO VIEIRA, SAULO ARBOLEDA, JUAN GABRIEL URIBE, CARLOS RODADO N. Esta acta también es rubricada por el Testigo Internacional, doctor EMILIO FIGUEREOO PLANCHART
Description
This document is a summary of what was agreed so far, the positive climate of the negotiations, thanks to the government of Venezuela.

Agreement document
CO_911110_ACTA DE RESUMEN, REUNIONES ENTRE EL GOBIERNO DE COLOMBIA Y LA CGSB - tr.pdf []

Agreement document (original language)
CO_911110_ACTA DE RESUMEN, REUNIONES ENTRE EL GOBIERNO DE COLOMBIA Y LA CGSB.pdf []

Groups

Children/youth
No specific mention.
Disabled persons
No specific mention.
Elderly/age
No specific mention.
Migrant workers
No specific mention.
Racial/ethnic/national group
No specific mention.
Religious groups
No specific mention.
Indigenous people
No specific mention.
Other groups
No specific mention.
Refugees/displaced persons
No specific mention.
Social class
No specific mention.

Gender

Women, girls and gender
No specific mention.
Men and boys
No specific mention.
LGBTI
No specific mention.
Family
No specific mention.

State definition

State definition
No specific mention.

Governance

Political institutions (new or reformed)
No specific mention.
Constitution's affirmation/renewal
No specific mention.
Constitutional reform/making
Page 2

8. In spite of the differences between the parties regarding the formation process for the National Constitutional Assembly and the end result of its work, they note that it will have provided instruments that may be useful to achieve peace in the future, including political favourability and the special peace districts.
Elections
No specific mention.
Electoral commission
No specific mention.
Political parties reform
No specific mention.
Civil society
No specific mention.
Traditional/religious leaders
No specific mention.
Public administration
No specific mention.

Power sharing

Political power sharing
No specific mention.
Territorial power sharing
No specific mention.
Economic power sharing
No specific mention.
Military power sharing
No specific mention.

Human rights and equality

Human rights/RoL
Page 2, Article 9,
Acting on its own initiative and within the context of a negotiated peace formula, the national government has offered to submit Protocol II of the Geneva Convention to the National Congress for its approval and subsequent ratification by the Colombian state.
Equality
No specific mention.
Democracy
No specific mention.
Protection measures
No specific mention.
Human rights framework
Treaty incorporation
Page 2,

9. Acting on its own initiative and within the context of a negotiated peace formula, the national government has offered to submit Protocol II of the Geneva Convention to the National Congress for its approval and subsequent ratification by the Colombian state.
Civil and political rights
No specific mention.
Socio-economic rights
No specific mention.
NHRI
No specific mention.
Regional or international human rights institutions
No specific mention.
Mobility/access
Page 2, Article 12,
The negotiating commissions have agreed a recess for the necessary consultations and hope that the atmosphere that will make it possible to restart talks will be maintained. Talks will be restarted by 1 February 1992 in Caracas, subject to consent by the Venezuelan government. The government reiterates the guarantees it has made for the transport of the CGSB commission under the same conditions as previous occasions.
Detention procedures
No specific mention.
Media and communication
No specific mention.
Citizenship
No specific mention.

Justice sector reform

Criminal justice and emergency law
No specific mention.
State of emergency provisions
No specific mention.
Judiciary and courts
No specific mention.
Prisons and detention
No specific mention.
Traditional Laws
No specific mention.

Socio-economic reconstruction

Development or socio-economic reconstruction
No specific mention.
National economic plan
No specific mention.
Natural resources
No specific mention.
International funds
No specific mention.
Business
Page 2, Article 7,
We also emphasise the interest of the country’s business community in contributing to the process that is underway and whose efforts the government has sought to channel through the National Reinsertion Committee.
Taxation
No specific mention.
Banks
No specific mention.

Land, property and environment

Land reform/rights
No specific mention.
Pastoralist/nomadism rights
No specific mention.
Cultural heritage
No specific mention.
Environment
No specific mention.
Water or riparian rights or access
No specific mention.

Security sector

Security Guarantees
No specific mention.
Ceasefire
Ceasefire provision
Page 1, Article 3,
As a result of the first meeting in Caracas, a total of 10 issues were agreed for the preliminary agenda to give a general overview of the process, with the parties agreeing to prioritise to the ceasefire and cessation of hostilities. The related verification mechanisms were also agreed, consisting of regional non-governmental commissions and a national evaluation, monitoring and advisory committee.

Page 2, Article 10,
CGSB’s declarations that attacks on political leaders or the civil population will not form part of its mode of operation and its rejection of their use as a method is an important part of improving the climate for the negotiations, in addition to the announcement made regarding its decision to suspend attacks against electricity infrastructure and gas and multi-purpose pipelines.
Police
No specific mention.
Armed forces
No specific mention.
DDR
DDR programmes
Page 2, Article 7,
We also emphasise the interest of the country’s business community in contributing to the process that is underway and whose efforts the government has sought to channel through the National Reinsertion Committee.

Page 2, Article 8,
In spite of the differences between the parties regarding the formation process for the National Constitutional Assembly and the end result of its work, they note that it will have provided instruments that may be useful to achieve peace in the future, including political favourability and the special peace districts.
Intelligence services
No specific mention.
Parastatal/rebel and opposition group forces
Page 2, Article 10,
CGSB’s declarations that attacks on political leaders or the civil population will not form part of its mode of operation and its rejection of their use as a method is an important part of improving the climate for the negotiations, in addition to the announcement made regarding its decision to suspend attacks against electricity infrastructure and gas and multi-purpose pipelines.
Withdrawal of foreign forces
No specific mention.
Corruption
No specific mention.
Crime/organised crime
No specific mention.
Drugs
No specific mention.
Terrorism
No specific mention.

Transitional justice

Transitional justice general
No specific mention.
Amnesty/pardon
No specific mention.
Courts
No specific mention.
Mechanism
No specific mention.
Prisoner release
No specific mention.
Vetting
No specific mention.
Victims
No specific mention.
Missing persons
No specific mention.
Reparations
No specific mention.
Reconciliation
No specific mention.

Implementation

UN signatory
No specific mention.
Other international signatory
Internacional, doctor EMILIO FIGUEREOO PLANCHART
Referendum for agreement
No specific mention.
International mission/force/similar
Page 1, Article 4,
It was agreed to create an international monitoring commission for the process, which will begin activities from the point defined by the parties. The presence of Emilio Figueredo Planchart and his team as an international witness was also agreed, since we believe his input to be highly positive for the development of the talks.
Enforcement mechanism
No specific mention.

The University of Edinburgh