Proposition portant sur le reglement des conflicts

Country/entity
Burundi
Region
Africa (excl MENA)
Agreement name
Proposition portant sur le reglement des conflicts
Date
05/05/2017
Agreement status
Multiparty signed/agreed
Interim arrangement
No
Agreement/conflict level
Intrastate/intrastate conflict (Burundian Civil War (1993-2005)
The conflict had an ethnic base between Hutu and Tutsi populations, and is one of a set of regionally connected conflicts also addressed n the Great Lakes process. Since independence in 1972, the Burundian political landscape has been polarised and marked by ethnic-based tensions, political assassinations and large-scale violence. For the following two decades, three Tutsi military regimes associated with the Union for National Progress (UPRONA) ruled the country. During these military dictatorships, numerous waves of mass violence resulted from the attempts of various opposition rebels groups to destabilise the three regimes, and the regimes’ use of violence to repress these attempts. Despite a wave of hope in the early 1990’s, Burundi entered a decade-long civil war in 1993 following the assassination of Burundi’s first democratically elected president, Melchior Ndadaye, from the ethnically-Hutu Front for Democracy in Burundi (FRODEBU) by Tutsi opposition in the military.
In 1998 the Arusha Peace Talks commenced and in August 2000, international pressure resulted in the signing of the Arusha Peace and Reconciliation Agreement for Burundi. However, the National Council for the Defense of Democracy (CNND) did not sign. Additionally, and Party for the Liberation of Hutu People (Palipehutu) did not participate in negotiations. These outsiders continued sporadic violence until 2008. In 2015, a new wave of political violence is taking place after President Nkurunziza, from the CNDD-FDD which has been in power since 2005, won a contested third-mandate.
Burundian Civil War (1993-2005) )
Stage
Pre-negotiation/process (Principles)
Conflict nature
Government
Peace process
141: Burundi: 2015 onwards process
Parties
No signatures, but appears to be an agreement of the Inter-Burundian Dialogue as regards an agenda for agreement for the post-election period.
Third parties
Description
This agreement sets out agreed proposals for the post-electoral period post 2020.

Agreement document
BI_170303_Proposition portant sur le reglement des conflicts_EN.pdf []

Agreement document (original language)
BI_170303_Proposition portant sur le reglement des conflicts_FR.pdf []

Groups

Children/youth
No specific mention.
Disabled persons
No specific mention.
Elderly/age
No specific mention.
Migrant workers
No specific mention.
Racial/ethnic/national group
No specific mention.
Religious groups
No specific mention.
Indigenous people
No specific mention.
Other groups
No specific mention.
Refugees/displaced persons
Rhetorical
Page 2:
3. Socio-economic situation and humanitarian issues
...b. Return of refugees (spontaneous and organized);
c. Reintegration of displaced persons into the country;...
Social class
No specific mention.

Gender

Women, girls and gender
No specific mention.
Men and boys
No specific mention.
LGBTI
No specific mention.
Family
No specific mention.

State definition

State definition
No specific mention.

Governance

Political institutions (new or reformed)
No specific mention.
Constitution's affirmation/renewal
No specific mention.
Constitutional reform/making
Page 1:
2. Constitutional, legislative and electoral matters:

a. Constitutional issues
Elections
Page 1:
2. Constitutional, legislative and electoral matters:
...
c. Revision of the electoral law or electoral laws

d. Revision of the National Electoral Commission:
i. Mandate

ii. Independence

iii. Composition

Page 2:
f. Status of international and domestic election monitoring:

i. Intergovernmental (regional, international);

ii. Non-governmental
Electoral commission
Page 1:
2. Constitutional, legislative and electoral matters:
...
c. Revision of the electoral law or electoral laws

d. Revision of the National Electoral Commission:
i. Mandate

ii. Independence

iii. Composition
Political parties reform
Other political parties reform
Page 2:
e. Home Office:

i. Respect for the principle of non-interference in party affairs (for example, procedures to allow for the registration and legal recognition of political parties);

ii. respect for fundamental freedoms (see section 1a);

iii. Reunification of political parties according to the plan of action agreed upon in 2013

iv. Produce a comparative analysis of good practices in the region.
Civil society
No specific mention.
Traditional/religious leaders
No specific mention.
Public administration
No specific mention.

Power sharing

Political power sharing
No specific mention.
Territorial power sharing
No specific mention.
Economic power sharing
No specific mention.
Military power sharing
No specific mention.

Human rights and equality

Human rights/RoL
Page 1:
1. Political Matters
...
d. Human rights
e. Rule of Law and Good governance

Page 2:
e. Home Office:

i. Respect for the principle of non-interference in party affairs (for example, procedures to allow for the registration and legal recognition of political parties);

ii. respect for fundamental freedoms (see section 1a);
Equality
No specific mention.
Democracy
No specific mention.
Protection measures
No specific mention.
Human rights framework
No specific mention.
Civil and political rights
Freedom of movement
Page 1:
1. Political Matters
a) Guarantee of fundamental freedoms
...
ii. Freedom of movement
Freedom of association
Page 1:
1. Political Matters
a) Guarantee of fundamental freedoms
...
ii. Freedom of assembly
Vote and take part
Page 1:
1. Political Matters
a) Guarantee of fundamental freedoms
...
ii. Freedom of assembly
Socio-economic rights
No specific mention.
NHRI
No specific mention.
Regional or international human rights institutions
No specific mention.
Mobility/access
No specific mention.
Detention procedures
No specific mention.
Media and communication
No specific mention.
Citizenship
No specific mention.

Justice sector reform

Criminal justice and emergency law
No specific mention.
State of emergency provisions
No specific mention.
Judiciary and courts
No specific mention.
Prisons and detention
No specific mention.
Traditional Laws
No specific mention.

Socio-economic reconstruction

Development or socio-economic reconstruction
Socio-economic development
Page 2:
3. Socio-economic situation and humanitarian issues
a. Impact of the crisis on the socio-economic situation;
National economic plan
No specific mention.
Natural resources
No specific mention.
International funds
No specific mention.
Business
No specific mention.
Taxation
No specific mention.
Banks
No specific mention.

Land, property and environment

Land reform/rights
No specific mention.
Pastoralist/nomadism rights
No specific mention.
Cultural heritage
No specific mention.
Environment
No specific mention.
Water or riparian rights or access
No specific mention.

Security sector

Security Guarantees
Page 1:
1. Political Matters
...
c. Return of exiled political figures:

i. Guarantees of personal security to facilitate their peaceful return to Burundi and free participation in social, political and economic activities

Page 2:
4. Security

a. Disarmament of armed youth groups allied to political parties;

b. General and personal security (see section 1.c.i);

c. Security sector reform / reform of the governance sector;

d. Outside observers (EAC, AU, UN)
Ceasefire
No specific mention.
Police
No specific mention.
Armed forces
No specific mention.
DDR
DDR programmes
Page 2:
4. Security

a. Disarmament of armed youth groups allied to political parties;

b. General and personal security (see section 1.c.i);

c. Security sector reform / reform of the governance sector;

d. Outside observers (EAC, AU, UN)
Intelligence services
No specific mention.
Parastatal/rebel and opposition group forces
No specific mention.
Withdrawal of foreign forces
No specific mention.
Corruption
No specific mention.
Crime/organised crime
No specific mention.
Drugs
No specific mention.
Terrorism
No specific mention.

Transitional justice

Transitional justice general
No specific mention.
Amnesty/pardon
No specific mention.
Courts
No specific mention.
Mechanism
No specific mention.
Prisoner release
Page 1:
1. Political Matters
...
b. Goodwill-building measures:
i. Release of political prisoners
Vetting
No specific mention.
Victims
No specific mention.
Missing persons
No specific mention.
Reparations
Material reparations
Page 2:
3. Socio-economic situation and humanitarian issues
...

b. Return of refugees (spontaneous and organized);

c. Reintegration of displaced persons into the country;

d. Repairs and restitutions:
i. For damages caused during the period of April 2015 (declaration of the candidacy of President Nkurunziza) until the current period;
Reconciliation
Page 1:
1. Political Matters
...
b. Goodwill-building measures:

Implementation

UN signatory
No specific mention.
Other international signatory
No specific mention.
Referendum for agreement
No specific mention.
International mission/force/similar
Page 2:
4. Security

a. Disarmament of armed youth groups allied to political parties;

b. General and personal security (see section 1.c.i);

c. Security sector reform / reform of the governance sector;

d. Outside observers (EAC, AU, UN)
Enforcement mechanism
No specific mention.

The University of Edinburgh