Agreed Minutes of the Second Meeting between Ethiopian Southern Nations, Nationalities and People's Regional State and Kenya's Rift Valley Province Administrators/Commissioners together with Community Representatives, Hawassa, Ethiopia

Country/entity
Ethiopia
Kenya
Region
Africa (excl MENA)
Agreement name
Agreed Minutes of the Second Meeting between Ethiopian Southern Nations, Nationalities and People's Regional State and Kenya's Rift Valley Province Administrators/Commissioners together with Community Representatives, Hawassa, Ethiopia
Date
02/11/2009
Agreement status
Multiparty signed/agreed
Interim arrangement
No
Agreement/conflict level
Intrastate/local conflict (Local conflict in the Kenya-Ethiopia border regions (2009)
The conflict between the Turkana people, and the Nyangatom and Dassenach people in Turkana North District, northwestern Kenia, is rooted in access to shared natural resources, especially water and grazing rights. This longstanding source of conflict in the Ethiopian-Kenyan border areas is now characterised by a continuous sequence of equivalent retaliation between the pastoralist groups, oftentimes in the form of cattle raiding. Increased pressure on natural resources in the region combined with the influx of automatic weapons in the 1970s have contributed to an increasingly violent conflict between the communities, resulting in wide displacements and many deaths. Indeed, the presence of assault rifles has also led to individuals acting outside the framework of community-sanctioned raids, turning communal cattle raiding into a form of organized crime. A meeting in Nakuru between representatives in October 2009 saw the resolution of recovering the 800 Nyangatom herds of cattle which were held by Turkana pastoralists. However, this resolution fell through as five days later the Nyangatoms raided the Kibish area in Kenya. The cycle of intermittent violence is persisting.
Local conflict in the Kenya-Ethiopia border regions (2009) )
Stage
Framework/substantive - partial (Multiple issues)
Conflict nature
Inter-group
Peace process
157: Kenya-Ethiopia local cross-border talks
Parties
KENYAN GOVERNMENT REPRESENTATIVES
1. S.O. WARFA PC RIFT VALLEY AND HEAD OF DELEGATION
2. S.M. MWADIME OFFICE OF THE PRESIDENT
3. R.A. ONYANGO OFFICE OF THE PRESIDENT
4. FRANCIS M.MUNYAMBU PPO RIFT VALLEY PROVICE
5. P.N. NJORE REGIONAL COORDINATOR, RIFT VALLEY
6. DICKSON L. MAGOTSI OFFICE OF THE PRESIDENT/NSC CEWERU
7. DOUGLAS G. KARANJA PROVINCIAL AP COMMANDER
8. NDUNGU WA IKONYA OCPD TURKANA NORTH
9. J.O OBUO D.C. TURKANA NORTH
10. F.K. KIPSANG DCIO, TURKANA NORTH
11. HELLEN GICHUHI MINISTRY OF FOREIGN AFFAIRS
12. HON. BOAZ KAINO,MP PARLAMENTERIAN
13. HON. JOSHUA KUTUNY,MP PARLAMENTERIAN
14. HON. RAPHAEL LETIMALO,MP PARLAMENTERIAN
15. JOHN WANYOIKE SELECT COMMITTEE SECRETARY
16. GILBERT NG’ENO KENYAN EMBASSY IN ETHIOPIA
KENYAN COMMUNITY REPRESENTATIVES
1. EKAL MERESIA DPC/VICE CHAIR
2. PHILIP LOBOLIA DPC MEMBER
3. NAPEYOK EIPA DPC WOMEN REPRESENTATIVE
4. JOSEPHAT EWOI CHIEF, MEYAN LOCATION
5. GEOFFREY EKAI CHIEF, KAREBUR
6. GEORGE LONYALA ELDER TODONYANG
7. PETER ACHELE PEACE MONITOR
8. JOSEPH LAMEKWI PEACE MONITOR
9. ROBERT ASURUT ELDER
10. EZRA L. LOCHOKA CHIEF, KOKURO
ETHIOPIAN DELEGATES
1. H.E. ATO SHIFERAW SHIGUTIE PRESIDENT OF SNNPRS/HEAD
 OF DELEGATION.
2. ATO ADMASU ANGO SNNPRS HEAD JUSTICE
3. ATO WODO ATO POLICE COMMISSIONER
4. ATO ASFA ABIYU HEAD OF SECURITY ADMINISTRATION
 OFFICE
5. ATO KASSA G/YOWHANS MINISTRY OF FOREIGN AFFAIRS
6. ATO ZELALAME ASIRAT HEAD DIASPORA AND PUBLIC RELATIONS
OFFICE SNNPRS
7. ATO EKAL NETIR CHIEF ADM. NYANGATOM DISTRICT.
8. ATO LOSIYA ERGUDO CHIEF ADM. DASSANECH DISTRICT.
9. ATO TSEGAYE MULUNEHE HEAD OF SOUTH OMO POLICE OFFICER
10. AGEAZI BRHANE MINISTRY OF FOREIGN AFFAIRS
11. ZELALAEM AMADO MINISTRY OF FOREIGN AFFAIRS
12. GETACHEW TOROCHI HEAD OF SOUTH OMO ZONE JUSTICE
AND SECURITY
13. NIGATU DENISA CHIEF ADMINISTRATOR NYANGATOM
DISTRICT
14. TEDIWOS LEBEN DASSANCH DISTRICT JUSTICE AND
SECURITY. 
15. COM.DEMEKE ENDALE DASSANCH DISTRICT
POLICE COMMISSIONER
16. JON ACHIEHIYU JUSTICE & SECURITY NYENGATON
17. SIJIN TEKILU KFILE POLICE COMMISSION REPRESENTATIVE
NYANGATOM
18. HON.MR AWOKE AIKE MP ETHIOPIAN
19. HON W/RO NAKYA ANKOSYA MP ETHIOPIAN
20. HON W/RO ZEMA MAMO MP ETHIOPIAN
ETHIOPIAN ELDERS
1. ATO LOKITORI ERGUDO DASSANACH ELDERS
2. ATO LORUMUR GEBITE DASSANACH ELDERS
3. ATO NANGORTIKE HILE DASSANACH ELDERS
4. ATO SHULGUTE LOSILINYANG DASSANACH ELDERS
5. ATO HELEKUA GURILE DASSANACH ELDERS
6. ATO OLO LOTUO DASSANACH ELDERS
7. ATO LOBOTOL LOKUTI NYANGATOM ELDERS
8. ATO ACHOK TIKAPEL NYANGATOM ELDERS
9. ATO LABOTO LOKUJA NYANGATOM ELDERS
10. ATO EKENO ETULYABONG NYANGATOM ELDERS
Third parties
OBSERVERS
1. TIGIST HAILU CEWARN/IGAD
2. TEEMET BEKELE CEWARN/IGAD
3. BELAY G/HIWOT CEWARN/IGAD 
Description
Meeting between Kenyan and Ethiopian officials, along with community representatives with a view to ending criminality, including cattle rustling.

Agreement document
KE_EH_091102_Agreed Minutes of the Second Meeting.pdf []

Groups

Children/youth
No specific mention.
Disabled persons
No specific mention.
Elderly/age
No specific mention.
Migrant workers
No specific mention.
Racial/ethnic/national group
No specific mention.
Religious groups
No specific mention.
Indigenous people
No specific mention.
Other groups
No specific mention.
Refugees/displaced persons
No specific mention.
Social class
No specific mention.

Gender

Women, girls and gender
Page 5, LIST OF PARTICIPANTS, KENYAN COMMUNITY REPRESENTATIVES
...
3. NAPEYOK EIPA DPC WOMEN REPRESENTATIVE
Men and boys
No specific mention.
LGBTI
No specific mention.
Family
No specific mention.

State definition

State definition
Cross-border provision
Page 4, D: WAY FORWARD
We the delegates from Ethiopia and Kenya hereby agree to the following;
1. Establishment of a joint cross border administrators committee, including local elders and other actors headed by the Head of South Omo Zone Administration, Ethiopia, and Turkana North District Commissioner, Kenya, to follow up on the verification and recovery of livestock and ensure that the rule of law is upheld. This committee will be expected to attend the meeting during the simultaneous return of livestock scheduled for November 16th 2009 in Kibish.
...
3. The joint cross border administrators committee holds meetings every 15 days.
...
7. Establish and strengthen joint cross border peace structures with a view to improving coordination and response to issues of conflict.

Governance

Political institutions (new or reformed)
No specific mention.
Constitution's affirmation/renewal
No specific mention.
Constitutional reform/making
No specific mention.
Elections
No specific mention.
Electoral commission
No specific mention.
Political parties reform
No specific mention.
Civil society
No specific mention.
Traditional/religious leaders
Page 4, D: WAY FORWARD
We the delegates from Ethiopia and Kenya hereby agree to the following;
1. Establishment of a joint cross border administrators committee, including local elders and other actors headed by the Head of South Omo Zone Administration, Ethiopia, and Turkana North District Commissioner, Kenya, to follow up on the verification and recovery of livestock and ensure that the rule of law is upheld. This committee will be expected to attend the meeting during the simultaneous return of livestock scheduled for November 16th 2009 in Kibish.
Public administration
No specific mention.

Power sharing

Political power sharing
No specific mention.
Territorial power sharing
No specific mention.
Economic power sharing
No specific mention.
Military power sharing
No specific mention.

Human rights and equality

Human rights/RoL
No specific mention.
Equality
No specific mention.
Democracy
No specific mention.
Protection measures
No specific mention.
Human rights framework
No specific mention.
Civil and political rights
No specific mention.
Socio-economic rights
No specific mention.
NHRI
No specific mention.
Regional or international human rights institutions
No specific mention.
Mobility/access
No specific mention.
Detention procedures
No specific mention.
Media and communication
No specific mention.
Citizenship
No specific mention.

Justice sector reform

Criminal justice and emergency law
No specific mention.
State of emergency provisions
No specific mention.
Judiciary and courts
No specific mention.
Prisons and detention
No specific mention.
Traditional Laws
No specific mention.

Socio-economic reconstruction

Development or socio-economic reconstruction
No specific mention.
National economic plan
No specific mention.
Natural resources
No specific mention.
International funds
No specific mention.
Business
No specific mention.
Taxation
No specific mention.
Banks
No specific mention.

Land, property and environment

Land reform/rights
No specific mention.
Pastoralist/nomadism rights
Summary: The agreement in its entirety addresses cross-border cattle rusting between several pastoral communities.

Page 4, D: WAY FORWARD
We the delegates from Ethiopia and Kenya hereby agree to the following;
1. Establishment of a joint cross border administrators committee, including local elders and other actors headed by the Head of South Omo Zone Administration, Ethiopia, and Turkana North District Commissioner, Kenya, to follow up on the verification and recovery of livestock
and ensure that the rule of law is upheld. This committee will be expected to attend the meeting during the simultaneous return of livestock scheduled for November 16th 2009 in Kibish.
2. Recover within 7 days and hand over stolen livestock by 16th November 2009 in Kibish of which 875 goats belonging to Turkana have already been identified and 800 cattle belonging to Nyangatom have also been identified.
3. The joint cross border administrators committee holds meetings every 15 days.
4. Jointly apprehend and hand over culprits involved in cattle rustling and other related crimes.
5. Enhance contact among the various structures through improved, reliable, timely, and credible information sharing.
6. Sustain political support in addressing cattle rustling.
7. Establish and strengthen joint cross border peace structures with a view to improving coordination and response to issues of conflict.
8. Jointly work towards stamping out cattle rustling.
9. The Omo Zone Administrator, Ethiopia, and Turkana North District Commissioner to give monthly reports on the implementation of the peace process to the President of SNNPRS and the PC, Rift Valley.
Cultural heritage
No specific mention.
Environment
No specific mention.
Water or riparian rights or access
No specific mention.

Security sector

Security Guarantees
No specific mention.
Ceasefire
No specific mention.
Police
No specific mention.
Armed forces
No specific mention.
DDR
No specific mention.
Intelligence services
No specific mention.
Parastatal/rebel and opposition group forces
No specific mention.
Withdrawal of foreign forces
No specific mention.
Corruption
No specific mention.
Crime/organised crime
Page 4, D: WAY FORWARD
We the delegates from Ethiopia and Kenya hereby agree to the following;
...
4. Jointly apprehend and hand over culprits involved in cattle rustling and other related crimes.
...
6. Sustain political support in addressing cattle rustling.
...
8. Jointly work towards stamping out cattle rustling.
Drugs
No specific mention.
Terrorism
No specific mention.

Transitional justice

Transitional justice general
No specific mention.
Amnesty/pardon
No specific mention.
Courts
No specific mention.
Mechanism
Page 4: D: WAY FORWARD
...
We the delegates from Ethiopia and Kenya hereby agree to the following;
1. Establishment of a joint cross border administrators committee, including local elders and other actors headed by the Head of South Omo Zone Administration, Ethiopia, and Turkana North District Commissioner, Kenya, to follow up on the verification and recovery of livestock and ensure that the rule of law is upheld. This committee will be expected to attend the meeting during the simultaneous return of livestock scheduled for November 16th 2009 in Kibish.
2. Recover within 7 days and hand over stolen livestock by 16th November 2009 in Kibish of which 875 goats belonging to Turkana have already been identified and 800 cattle belonging to Nyangatom have also been identified.
3. The joint cross border administrators committee holds meetings every 15 days.
4. Jointly apprehend and hand over culprits involved in cattle rustling and other related crimes.
5. Enhance contact among the various structures through improved, reliable, timely, and credible information sharing.
6. Sustain political support in addressing cattle rustling.
7. Establish and strengthen joint cross border peace structures with a view to improving coordination and response to issues of conflict.
8. Jointly work towards stamping out cattle rustling.
9. The Omo Zone Administrator, Ethiopia, and Turkana North District Commissioner to give monthly reports on the implementation of the peace process to the President of SNNPRS and the PC, Rift Valley.
Prisoner release
No specific mention.
Vetting
No specific mention.
Victims
No specific mention.
Missing persons
No specific mention.
Reparations
Material reparations
Page 4, D: WAY FORWARD
We the delegates from Ethiopia and Kenya hereby agree to the following;
...
2. Recover within 7 days and hand over stolen livestock by 16th November 2009 in Kibish of which 875 goats belonging to Turkana have already been identified and 800 cattle belonging to Nyangatom have also been identified.
Reconciliation
No specific mention.

Implementation

UN signatory
No specific mention.
Other international signatory
No specific mention.
Referendum for agreement
No specific mention.
International mission/force/similar
No specific mention.
Enforcement mechanism
No specific mention.

The University of Edinburgh