Agreement between URDPC/CODECO combatants and the presidential delegation to withdraw from Saio quarter in Mongbwalu, Djugu territory, on 6 November 2020

Country/entity
Democratic Republic of Congo
Region
Africa (excl MENA)
Agreement name
Agreement between URDPC/CODECO combatants and the presidential delegation to withdraw from Saio quarter in Mongbwalu, Djugu territory, on 6 November 2020
Date
06/11/2020
Agreement status
Unilateral document
Interim arrangement
No
Agreement/conflict level
Intrastate/intrastate conflict (Congo Civil Wars (1996 - )
The overthrow of the long-term dictator Mobutu Sese Seko by a rebel Tutsi army backed by Uganda and Rwanda in 1997 acted as a catalyst for a war with regional dimensions, mainly fought in the eastern Kivu provinces. The conflict escalated in 1998, when President Laurent Kabila, then backed by Zimbabwean and Angolan troops, ordered Rwanda and Uganda to leave. After Kabila’s assassination in 2001, his son Joseph took over the presidency and won in the 2006 democratic elections.

In the eastern provinces, Tutsi-led militias, mainly organised in the National Congress for the Defense of the People (CNDP), fought the remnants of the Rwandan Hutu force FDLR, with further involvement of Rwandan and Ugandan troops. Other regionally operating militia groups, like the Lord’s Resistance Army from Northern Uganda, the so-called Mai Mai groups or short-lived guerrilla outfits like the March 23 Movement (M23) further contributed, and still contribute, to the complexity of the situation in eastern DRC.

Congo Civil Wars (1996 - ) )
Stage
Ceasefire/related (Mixed)
Conflict nature
Government/territory
Peace process
31: DRC: Eastern DRC processes
Parties
Pour la CODECO basée à SAIO
01. MABI-PELO [signature]
02. MATESO-BULO [signature]
03. UKFA-TIBE CHADRACK [signature]
04. NBRAJOLE-ZUKBA [signature]
05. JANVIER UKPA [signature]

Pour la délégation pour la paix en Ituri
[signature] le 06/11/2020
Florbert NDJABU NGABU
Chef de délégation
Third parties
Description
Short meeting minutes providing for the evacuation of armed elements of the CODECO in Saio and demilitarisation of Saio. CODECO combatants based in Saio also joined the unilateral ceasefire signed by URDPC/CODECO on 1st August 2020.

This short agreement seems to be part of a pacification mission in Djugu territory initiated by the President of the Republic on July 13, 2020. In this context, 6 different militias have agreed to join the peace process. These are ALC/CODECO (Armée de Libération du Congo/Coopérative pour le Développement Économique du Congo), URDPC/CODECO (Union des Révolutionnaires pour la Défense du Peuple Congolais), ARDPC/CODECO (Armée des Révolutionnaires pour la Défense du Peuple Congolais), FDBD (La Force pour la Défense de la Balkanisation du Congo), Gutsi's assailants and the FDBC.

Agreement document
CD_201106_Agreement between URDPC_CODEO and presidential delegation.pdf []

Agreement document (original language)
CD_201106_Agreement between URDPC:CODECO combatants and the presidential delegation to withdraw from Saio quarter in Mongbwalu, Djugu territory, on 6 November 2020.pdf []

Groups

Children/youth
No specific mention.
Disabled persons
No specific mention.
Elderly/age
No specific mention.
Migrant workers
No specific mention.
Racial/ethnic/national group
No specific mention.
Religious groups
No specific mention.
Indigenous people
No specific mention.
Other groups
No specific mention.
Refugees/displaced persons
No specific mention.
Social class
No specific mention.

Gender

Women, girls and gender
No specific mention.
Men and boys
No specific mention.
LGBTI
No specific mention.
Family
No specific mention.

State definition

State definition
No specific mention.

Governance

Political institutions (new or reformed)
No specific mention.
Constitution's affirmation/renewal
No specific mention.
Constitutional reform/making
No specific mention.
Elections
No specific mention.
Electoral commission
No specific mention.
Political parties reform
No specific mention.
Civil society
No specific mention.
Traditional/religious leaders
No specific mention.
Public administration
No specific mention.

Power sharing

Political power sharing
No specific mention.
Territorial power sharing
No specific mention.
Economic power sharing
No specific mention.
Military power sharing
No specific mention.

Human rights and equality

Human rights/RoL
No specific mention.
Equality
No specific mention.
Democracy
No specific mention.
Protection measures
No specific mention.
Human rights framework
No specific mention.
Civil and political rights
No specific mention.
Socio-economic rights
No specific mention.
NHRI
No specific mention.
Regional or international human rights institutions
No specific mention.
Mobility/access
Page 1, During this meeting, the following resolutions were made:
2. The CODECO unit based in SAIO in the Kilo-Moto quarter agrees to leave the rural commune of Mongwalu to rejoin its leaders, as they wait to begin gathering at the government-designated site.
[...]
4. Circulation of members of CODECO in possession of a roadmap approved by the FARDC commander;
Detention procedures
No specific mention.
Media and communication
No specific mention.
Citizenship
No specific mention.

Justice sector reform

Criminal justice and emergency law
No specific mention.
State of emergency provisions
No specific mention.
Judiciary and courts
No specific mention.
Prisons and detention
No specific mention.
Traditional Laws
No specific mention.

Socio-economic reconstruction

Development or socio-economic reconstruction
No specific mention.
National economic plan
No specific mention.
Natural resources
No specific mention.
International funds
No specific mention.
Business
No specific mention.
Taxation
No specific mention.
Banks
No specific mention.

Land, property and environment

Land reform/rights
No specific mention.
Pastoralist/nomadism rights
No specific mention.
Cultural heritage
No specific mention.
Environment
No specific mention.
Water or riparian rights or access
No specific mention.

Security sector

Security Guarantees
No specific mention.
Ceasefire
General commitments
Page 1, During this meeting, the following resolutions were made:
1. CODECO combatants based in SAIO in the Kilo-Moto quarter in the rural commune of Mongwalu signed the unilateral agreement signed by URDPC/CODECO in Lodjo on 1st August 2020, as one of its units;
Police
No specific mention.
Armed forces
No specific mention.
DDR
Demilitarisation provisions
Page 1, During this meeting, the following resolutions were made:
2. The CODECO unit based in SAIO in the Kilo-Moto quarter agrees to leave the rural commune of Mongwalu to rejoin its leaders, as they wait to begin gathering at the government-designated site.
[...]
4. Circulation of members of CODECO in possession of a roadmap approved by the FARDC commander;
5. Ban on bearing arms and military insignia.
Intelligence services
No specific mention.
Parastatal/rebel and opposition group forces
Page 1, During this meeting, the following resolutions were made:
1. CODECO combatants based in SAIO in the Kilo-Moto quarter in the rural commune of Mongwalu signed the unilateral agreement signed by URDPC/CODECO in Lodjo on 1st August 2020, as one of its units;
2. The CODECO unit based in SAIO in the Kilo-Moto quarter agrees to leave the rural commune of Mongwalu to rejoin its leaders, as they wait to begin gathering at the government-designated site.
[...]
4. Circulation of members of CODECO in possession of a roadmap approved by the FARDC commander;
Withdrawal of foreign forces
No specific mention.
Corruption
No specific mention.
Crime/organised crime
No specific mention.
Drugs
No specific mention.
Terrorism
No specific mention.

Transitional justice

Transitional justice general
No specific mention.
Amnesty/pardon
No specific mention.
Courts
No specific mention.
Mechanism
No specific mention.
Prisoner release
No specific mention.
Vetting
No specific mention.
Victims
No specific mention.
Missing persons
No specific mention.
Reparations
No specific mention.
Reconciliation
No specific mention.

Implementation

UN signatory
No specific mention.
Other international signatory
No specific mention.
Referendum for agreement
No specific mention.
International mission/force/similar
No specific mention.
Enforcement mechanism
No specific mention.

The University of Edinburgh