Fourth supplementary agreement to the Ouagadougou Political Agreement

Country/entity
Cote d'Ivoire
Region
Africa (excl MENA)
Agreement name
Fourth supplementary agreement to the Ouagadougou Political Agreement
Date
22/12/2008
Agreement status
Multiparty signed/agreed
Interim arrangement
No
Agreement/conflict level
Intrastate/intrastate conflict (Ivorian Civil War (2002 - 2011)
The Ivorian civil war broke out in 2002 over the disqualification of Alassane Ouattara from the predominantly Muslim north for the presidential elections due to his missing “Ivoirity”. This concept, politically enforced by nationalist forces around President Laurent Ggagbo in the South of the country and in the capital Abidjan, demanded that both parents of a presidential candidate had to be born in Cote D’Ivoire. Despite several agreements and French military involvement the fighting continued until 2005, when a South African mediation attempt – and the qualification of the national football squad for the World Cup in 2006 – helped to end the fighting. The situation remained unstable even with a UN peacekeeping force in place. Renewed fighting broke out after the presidential elections in 2010 where Ouattara was allowed to run, but he lost the elections under unclear circumstances and perceptions of fraud. Finally, Ggagbo was arrested in April 2011 by French-backed forces supporting Ouattara.

Ivorian Civil War (2002 - 2011) )
Stage
Implementation/renegotiation (Addresses new or outstanding issues)
Conflict nature
Government
Peace process
5: Cote D'Ivoire: peace process
Parties
Laurent Gbagbo
President of the Republic of Cote d’Ivoire

Guillaume Kigbafori Soro
Secretary General of the Forces Nouvelles

Blaise Compaore
President of Burkina Faso Facilitator of the Direct Dialogue
Third parties
Description
This agreed deals with the implementation of the Ouagdougou Accord, providing for specific timetables and commitments regarding implementation, in particular of the DDR and elections process.

Agreement document
CI_081222_Fourth supplementary agreement to the Ouagadougou.pdf []

Groups

Children/youth
No specific mention.
Disabled persons
No specific mention.
Elderly/age
No specific mention.
Migrant workers
No specific mention.
Racial/ethnic/national group
No specific mention.
Religious groups
No specific mention.
Indigenous people
No specific mention.
Other groups
No specific mention.
Refugees/displaced persons
No specific mention.
Social class
No specific mention.

Gender

Women, girls and gender
No specific mention.
Men and boys
No specific mention.
LGBTI
No specific mention.
Family
No specific mention.

State definition

State definition
State configuration
Page 1, PREAMBLE
...
Determined fully to meet the commitments made under the Ouagadougou Political Agreement of 4 March 2007 and the supplementary agreements thereto and to bring about the reunification of the country in order to establish favourable conditions for the elections,

Governance

Political institutions (new or reformed)
No specific mention.
Constitution's affirmation/renewal
No specific mention.
Constitutional reform/making
No specific mention.
Elections
Page 1, PREAMBLE
...
Determined fully to meet the commitments made under the Ouagadougou Political Agreement of 4 March 2007 and the supplementary agreements thereto and to bring about the reunification of the country in order to establish favourable conditions for the elections,
Seeking to ensure free, transparent, fair and democratic elections in the Republic of Côte d’Ivoire as a sign of true national reconciliation and lasting peace,

Page 1, CHAPTER I. IDENTIFICATION AND THE ELECTORAL PROCESS, Article 1
The two Parties undertake to do their utmost to ensure that the identification exercise is a success and that the presidential and legislative elections are conducted under optimum conditions.

Page 2, CHAPTER II. DEFENCE AND SECURITY FORCES, Article 3
In order to create a favourable environment for the successful holding of elections, the two Parties have agreed to reinitiate, without delay and under the leadership of the CCI and the supervision of the impartial forces, the disarmament and the stockpiling of weapons of the two former belligerent armies, as well as the demobilization of ex-combatants of the Forces nouvelles. In any event, these operations must be completed no later than two months prior to the date set for the presidential election.

Page 4, CHAPTER III. RESTORATION OF THE AUTHORITY OF THE STATE AND REDEPLOYMENT OF THE ADMINISTRATION THROUGHOUT THE NATIONAL TERRITORY, Article 8
Recognizing that the country’s failure to achieve reunification and the delay in bringing about institutional and political normalization constitute serious obstacles to the holding of fair, transparent and democratic elections, the two Parties agree that:
...
– In order to facilitate the reopening of the courts in the CNO zone and to ensure security throughout the electoral process, the two Parties agree that the FDS and the FAFN shall make National Police and National Gendarmerie officers, including criminal investigation officers, available to the CCI in accordance with article 5 of the third supplementary agreement of 28 November 2007;
Electoral commission
No specific mention.
Political parties reform
No specific mention.
Civil society
No specific mention.
Traditional/religious leaders
No specific mention.
Public administration
Page 4, CHAPTER III. RESTORATION OF THE AUTHORITY OF THE STATE AND REDEPLOYMENT OF THE ADMINISTRATION THROUGHOUT THE NATIONAL TERRITORY, Article 8
Recognizing that the country’s failure to achieve reunification and the delay in bringing about institutional and political normalization constitute serious obstacles to the holding of fair, transparent and democratic elections, the two Parties agree that:
– Civil servants shall be assigned to the Centre-North-West (CNO) zone by their respective ministries and shall assume their duties no later than 15 January 2009;

Power sharing

Political power sharing
No specific mention.
Territorial power sharing
No specific mention.
Economic power sharing
No specific mention.
Military power sharing
Merger of forces
Page 2, CHAPTER II. DEFENCE AND SECURITY FORCES, Article 3
The Forces nouvelles should also transmit to the Facilitator, for the CCI, the list of the 600 individuals who, under the Pretoria Agreement, will be deployed immediately alongside the National Police and the National Gendarmerie under the command of the CCI. At the end of the crisis recovery process, they shall be incorporated into the National Police and the National Gendarmerie. The State budget shall cover their expenses.

Page 3, CHAPTER II. DEFENCE AND SECURITY FORCES, Article 6
The two Parties have decided to resolve definitively the issue of quotas for the incorporation of FAFN members into the new national army based on the proposals contained in the 5 January 2008 arbitration by the Facilitator:
– The Forces nouvelles shall first identify and prepare a description of their disarmed ex-combatants and shall transmit the final list to the Facilitator;
– The Forces nouvelles shall then submit to the Government a list of 5,000 eligible ex-combatants for incorporation into the new national army;
– The Government shall settle the issue of the 5,000 ex-combatants of the Forces nouvelles and shall take the appropriate decisions regarding their incorporation into the new national army within a maximum of two years;
– Pending their incorporation into the new national army, the FAFN ex-combatants shall be brought together, under the command of the Chief of the Forces nouvelles and supported by the impartial forces, for joint basic training in one military camp in each of the cities of Bouaké, Korhogo, Man and Séguéla. Their expenses shall be paid by the Government.

Page 3, CHAPTER II. DEFENCE AND SECURITY FORCES, Article 7
The two Parties have decided to resolve the issue of the ranks of FAFN soldiers who are former members of the Defence and Security Forces (FDS) as follows:
– The two general officers of the Forces nouvelles shall be assigned the rank of brigadier general by presidential decree as from the date of adoption of the Amnesty Law of 12 April 2007;
...
– Commissioned officers, non-commissioned officers and other enlisted personnel who were members of the FDS and are still considered active staff shall have their career paths restored, based on the principle of rank harmonization with their FDS equivalents; shall receive their pay arrears; and shall be incorporated into the new national army as from the date of adoption of the Amnesty Law of 12 April 2007. Those who wish to retire or to work for other Government institutions in positions equivalent to the ranks to which they have been promoted may do so;
– Non-commissioned officers and other enlisted personnel who have been promoted to the rank of commissioned officer shall maintain their ranks on an operational basis and shall become eligible for retirement once the crisis recovery process is completed. An ordinance to that effect, attached in the annex hereto, shall be issued by the President of the Republic and shall specify the conditions of that appointment and the modalities for retirement;
– The soldiers recruited under class 2001/1A for training and incorporation into the army who are currently in the FAFN ranks shall be hired by the FDS under the Amnesty Law of 12 April 2007 and incorporated into the new national army.
Joint command structures
Page 3, CHAPTER II. DEFENCE AND SECURITY FORCES, Article 7
The two Parties have decided to resolve the issue of the ranks of FAFN soldiers who are former members of the Defence and Security Forces (FDS) as follows:
– The two general officers of the Forces nouvelles shall be assigned the rank of brigadier general by presidential decree as from the date of adoption of the Amnesty Law of 12 April 2007;
...
– Commissioned officers, non-commissioned officers and other enlisted personnel who were members of the FDS and are still considered active staff shall have their career paths restored, based on the principle of rank harmonization with their FDS equivalents; shall receive their pay arrears; and shall be incorporated into the new national army as from the date of adoption of the Amnesty Law of 12 April 2007. Those who wish to retire or to work for other Government institutions in positions equivalent to the ranks to which they have been promoted may do so;
Proportionality
Page 2, CHAPTER II. DEFENCE AND SECURITY FORCES, Article 3
...
The Forces nouvelles shall immediately transmit to the Facilitator, for the CCI, the list of the 3,400 individuals proposed for assignment to security tasks in order to ensure their deployment, as soon as possible, alongside the National Police and the National Gendarmerie, under the command of the CCI. At the end of the crisis recovery process, they may apply to take the competitive examinations for recruitment to the National Police and National Gendarmerie on the basis of the national recruitment criteria. The State budget shall cover their expenses.
The Forces nouvelles should also transmit to the Facilitator, for the CCI, the list of the 600 individuals who, under the Pretoria Agreement, will be deployed immediately alongside the National Police and the National Gendarmerie under the command of the CCI. At the end of the crisis recovery process, they shall be incorporated into the National Police and the National Gendarmerie. The State budget shall cover their expenses.

Page 4, CHAPTER III. RESTORATION OF THE AUTHORITY OF THE STATE AND REDEPLOYMENT OF THE ADMINISTRATION THROUGHOUT THE NATIONAL TERRITORY, Article 8
Recognizing that the country’s failure to achieve reunification and the delay in bringing about institutional and political normalization constitute serious obstacles to the holding of fair, transparent and democratic elections, the two Parties agree that:
...
– In order to facilitate the reopening of the courts in the CNO zone and to ensure security throughout the electoral process, the two Parties agree that the FDS and the FAFN shall make National Police and National Gendarmerie officers, including criminal investigation officers, available to the CCI in accordance with article 5 of the third supplementary agreement of 28 November 2007;

Human rights and equality

Human rights/RoL
No specific mention.
Equality
No specific mention.
Democracy
No specific mention.
Protection measures
No specific mention.
Human rights framework
No specific mention.
Civil and political rights
No specific mention.
Socio-economic rights
No specific mention.
NHRI
No specific mention.
Regional or international human rights institutions
No specific mention.
Mobility/access
No specific mention.
Detention procedures
No specific mention.
Media and communication
No specific mention.
Citizenship
Citizen, general
Page 1, CHAPTER I. IDENTIFICATION AND THE ELECTORAL PROCESS, Article 1
The two Parties undertake to do their utmost to ensure that the identification exercise is a success and that the presidential and legislative elections are conducted under optimum conditions.

Justice sector reform

Criminal justice and emergency law
No specific mention.
State of emergency provisions
No specific mention.
Judiciary and courts
Page 4, CHAPTER III. RESTORATION OF THE AUTHORITY OF THE STATE AND REDEPLOYMENT OF THE ADMINISTRATION THROUGHOUT THE NATIONAL TERRITORY, Article 8
Recognizing that the country’s failure to achieve reunification and the delay in bringing about institutional and political normalization constitute serious obstacles to the holding of fair, transparent and democratic elections, the two Parties agree that:
...
– Lower court and appeals court judges assigned to the CNO zone shall assume their duties no later than 15 January 2009. Their staff shall be appointed by the supervising ministry and shall begin work no later than 15 January 2009.
– In order to facilitate the reopening of the courts in the CNO zone and to ensure security throughout the electoral process, the two Parties agree that the FDS and the FAFN shall make National Police and National Gendarmerie officers, including criminal investigation officers, available to the CCI in accordance with article 5 of the third supplementary agreement of 28 November 2007;
Prisons and detention
No specific mention.
Traditional Laws
No specific mention.

Socio-economic reconstruction

Development or socio-economic reconstruction
No specific mention.
National economic plan
No specific mention.
Natural resources
No specific mention.
International funds
Page 5, CHAPTER IV: FINANCING OF THE CRISIS RECOVERY PROCESS, Article 12
The two Parties have agreed to seek assistance from Côte d’Ivoire’s technical and financial partners with a view to the rapid disbursement of the various contributions pledged at the meetings of the evaluation and monitoring committee and at donor coordination meetings.
Business
No specific mention.
Taxation
Reform of taxation
Page 4, CHAPTER III. RESTORATION OF THE AUTHORITY OF THE STATE AND REDEPLOYMENT OF THE ADMINISTRATION THROUGHOUT THE NATIONAL TERRITORY, Article 9
Redeployment of the tax and customs administration throughout the national territory, and particularly in the CNO zone, shall begin immediately following the signature of this Agreement, under the supervision of the Facilitator’s Special Representative.
The impartial forces shall help ensure the security of the administration staff thus deployed.

Page 5, CHAPTER IV: FINANCING OF THE CRISIS RECOVERY PROCESS, Article 10
Aware that financing the crisis recovery process is primarily the responsibility of the Ivorians themselves, the two Parties have decided to implement immediately the redeployment of the tax and customs administration in the CNO zone on the basis of a single exchequer in order to give the Government access to the tax revenue which is not currently being collected and which could finance some elements of the peace process. The single exchequer must be established no later than 15 January 2009.

Page 5, CHAPTER IV: FINANCING OF THE CRISIS RECOVERY PROCESS, Article 11
The Government shall provide the financial resources necessary to implement the activities envisaged in the third supplementary agreement.

Page 5, CHAPTER IV: FINANCING OF THE CRISIS RECOVERY PROCESS, Article 12
The two Parties have agreed to seek assistance from Côte d’Ivoire’s technical and financial partners with a view to the rapid disbursement of the various contributions pledged at the meetings of the evaluation and monitoring committee and at donor coordination meetings.
Banks
No specific mention.

Land, property and environment

Land reform/rights
No specific mention.
Pastoralist/nomadism rights
No specific mention.
Cultural heritage
No specific mention.
Environment
No specific mention.
Water or riparian rights or access
No specific mention.

Security sector

Security Guarantees
No specific mention.
Ceasefire
No specific mention.
Police
Page 2, CHAPTER II. DEFENCE AND SECURITY FORCES, Article 3
...
The Forces nouvelles shall immediately transmit to the Facilitator, for the CCI, the list of the 3,400 individuals proposed for assignment to security tasks in order to ensure their deployment, as soon as possible, alongside the National Police and the National Gendarmerie, under the command of the CCI. At the end of the crisis recovery process, they may apply to take the competitive examinations for recruitment to the National Police and National Gendarmerie on the basis of the national recruitment criteria. The State budget shall cover their expenses.
The Forces nouvelles should also transmit to the Facilitator, for the CCI, the list of the 600 individuals who, under the Pretoria Agreement, will be deployed immediately alongside the National Police and the National Gendarmerie under the command of the CCI. At the end of the crisis recovery process, they shall be incorporated into the National Police and the National Gendarmerie. The State budget shall cover their expenses.

Page 4, CHAPTER III. RESTORATION OF THE AUTHORITY OF THE STATE AND REDEPLOYMENT OF THE ADMINISTRATION THROUGHOUT THE NATIONAL TERRITORY, Article 8
Recognizing that the country’s failure to achieve reunification and the delay in bringing about institutional and political normalization constitute serious obstacles to the holding of fair, transparent and democratic elections, the two Parties agree that:
...
– In order to facilitate the reopening of the courts in the CNO zone and to ensure security throughout the electoral process, the two Parties agree that the FDS and the FAFN shall make National Police and National Gendarmerie officers, including criminal investigation officers, available to the CCI in accordance with article 5 of the third supplementary agreement of 28 November 2007;
Armed forces
Page 1, CHAPTER II. DEFENCE AND SECURITY FORCES, Article 2
The two Parties agree that the legislation relating to the new national army shall be drafted and signed no later than one month from the date of signature of this supplementary agreement. The new national army shall be established no later than one month from the inauguration of the new President of the Republic.
Pending the establishment of the new national army, the Integrated Command Centre (CCI) shall continue its activities in accordance with paragraphs 3.1.1, 3.1.2 and 3.1.3 of the Ouagadougou Political Agreement


Page 2, CHAPTER II. DEFENCE AND SECURITY FORCES, Article 3
In order to create a favourable environment for the successful holding of elections, the two Parties have agreed to reinitiate, without delay and under the leadership of the CCI and the supervision of the impartial forces, the disarmament and the stockpiling of weapons of the two former belligerent armies, as well as the demobilization of ex-combatants of the Forces nouvelles. In any event, these operations must be completed no later than two months prior to the date set for the presidential election.
...
The Forces nouvelles shall immediately transmit to the Facilitator, for the CCI, the list of the 3,400 individuals proposed for assignment to security tasks in order to ensure their deployment, as soon as possible, alongside the National Police and the National Gendarmerie, under the command of the CCI. At the end of the crisis recovery process, they may apply to take the competitive examinations for recruitment to the National Police and National Gendarmerie on the basis of the national recruitment criteria. The State budget shall cover their expenses.
The Forces nouvelles should also transmit to the Facilitator, for the CCI, the list of the 600 individuals who, under the Pretoria Agreement, will be deployed immediately alongside the National Police and the National Gendarmerie under the command of the CCI. At the end of the crisis recovery process, they shall be incorporated into the National Police and the National Gendarmerie. The State budget shall cover their expenses.

Page 2, CHAPTER II. DEFENCE AND SECURITY FORCES, Article 4
In order to expedite the demobilization of Forces nouvelles ex-combatants, the Parties invite the Government to pay demobilized ex-combatants a bonus or direct demobilization grant of five hundred thousand (500,000) CFA francs as a one-time lump sum. In any event, the demobilization of the ex-combatants of the armed forces of the Forces nouvelles (FAFN) must be completed no later than two months prior to the date set for the presidential election.

Page 3, CHAPTER II. DEFENCE AND SECURITY FORCES, Article 6
The two Parties have decided to resolve definitively the issue of quotas for the incorporation of FAFN members into the new national army based on the proposals contained in the 5 January 2008 arbitration by the Facilitator:
– The Forces nouvelles shall first identify and prepare a description of their disarmed ex-combatants and shall transmit the final list to the Facilitator;
– The Forces nouvelles shall then submit to the Government a list of 5,000 eligible ex-combatants for incorporation into the new national army;
– The Government shall settle the issue of the 5,000 ex-combatants of the Forces nouvelles and shall take the appropriate decisions regarding their incorporation into the new national army within a maximum of two years;
– Pending their incorporation into the new national army, the FAFN ex-combatants shall be brought together, under the command of the Chief of the Forces nouvelles and supported by the impartial forces, for joint basic training in one military camp in each of the cities of Bouaké, Korhogo, Man and Séguéla. Their expenses shall be paid by the Government.

Page 3, CHAPTER II. DEFENCE AND SECURITY FORCES, Article 7
The two Parties have decided to resolve the issue of the ranks of FAFN soldiers who are former members of the Defence and Security Forces (FDS) as follows:
– The two general officers of the Forces nouvelles shall be assigned the rank of brigadier general by presidential decree as from the date of adoption of the Amnesty Law of 12 April 2007;
...
– Non-commissioned officers and other enlisted personnel who have been promoted to the rank of commissioned officer shall maintain their ranks on an operational basis and shall become eligible for retirement once the crisis recovery process is completed. An ordinance to that effect, attached in the annex hereto, shall be issued by the President of the Republic and shall specify the conditions of that appointment and the modalities for retirement;
– The soldiers recruited under class 2001/1A for training and incorporation into the army who are currently in the FAFN ranks shall be hired by the FDS under the Amnesty Law of 12 April 2007 and incorporated into the new national army.

Page 4, CHAPTER III. RESTORATION OF THE AUTHORITY OF THE STATE AND REDEPLOYMENT OF THE ADMINISTRATION THROUGHOUT THE NATIONAL TERRITORY, Article 8
Recognizing that the country’s failure to achieve reunification and the delay in bringing about institutional and political normalization constitute serious obstacles to the holding of fair, transparent and democratic elections, the two Parties agree that:
...
– In order to facilitate the reopening of the courts in the CNO zone and to ensure security throughout the electoral process, the two Parties agree that the FDS and the FAFN shall make National Police and National Gendarmerie officers, including criminal investigation officers, available to the CCI in accordance with article 5 of the third supplementary agreement of 28 November 2007;
– The regional and departmental chiefs and the deputy chiefs assigned to the CNO zone shall assume their full authority no later than 15 January 2009. To that end, a ceremony for the transfer of responsibility shall be organized with the zone and sector commanders.
DDR
DDR programmes
Page 2, CHAPTER II. DEFENCE AND SECURITY FORCES, Article 3
In order to create a favourable environment for the successful holding of elections, the two Parties have agreed to reinitiate, without delay and under the leadership of the CCI and the supervision of the impartial forces, the disarmament and the stockpiling of weapons of the two former belligerent armies, as well as the demobilization of ex-combatants of the Forces nouvelles. In any event, these operations must be completed no later than two months prior to the date set for the presidential election.

Page 2, CHAPTER II. DEFENCE AND SECURITY FORCES, Article 4
In order to expedite the demobilization of Forces nouvelles ex-combatants, the Parties invite the Government to pay demobilized ex-combatants a bonus or direct demobilization grant of five hundred thousand (500,000) CFA francs as a one-time lump sum. In any event, the demobilization of the ex-combatants of the armed forces of the Forces nouvelles (FAFN) must be completed no later than two months prior to the date set for the presidential election.

Page 2, CHAPTER II. DEFENCE AND SECURITY FORCES, Article 5
With regard to the disbanding of militias, the two Parties agree to begin their disarmament and demobilization, as well as the stockpiling of their weapons, under the authority of the CCI and under the supervision of the impartial forces, concurrently with the demobilization of FAFN ex-combatants. In any event, the disbanding of militias must be completed no later than two months prior to the date set for the presidential election.
The weapons collected shall be stockpiled by the CCI under the supervision of the impartial forces.
In order to expedite the disbanding of militias, the Parties invite the Government to pay demobilized militia members a bonus or direct demobilization grant of five hundred thousand (500,000) CFA francs as a one-time lump sum.
Intelligence services
No specific mention.
Parastatal/rebel and opposition group forces
Page 2, CHAPTER II. DEFENCE AND SECURITY FORCES, Article 3
In order to create a favourable environment for the successful holding of elections, the two Parties have agreed to reinitiate, without delay and under the leadership of the CCI and the supervision of the impartial forces, the disarmament and the stockpiling of weapons of the two former belligerent armies, as well as the demobilization of ex-combatants of the Forces nouvelles. In any event, these operations must be completed no later than two months prior to the date set for the presidential election.
...
The Forces nouvelles shall immediately transmit to the Facilitator, for the CCI, the list of the 3,400 individuals proposed for assignment to security tasks in order to ensure their deployment, as soon as possible, alongside the National Police and the National Gendarmerie, under the command of the CCI. At the end of the crisis recovery process, they may apply to take the competitive examinations for recruitment to the National Police and National Gendarmerie on the basis of the national recruitment criteria. The State budget shall cover their expenses.
The Forces nouvelles should also transmit to the Facilitator, for the CCI, the list of the 600 individuals who, under the Pretoria Agreement, will be deployed immediately alongside the National Police and the National Gendarmerie under the command of the CCI. At the end of the crisis recovery process, they shall be incorporated into the National Police and the National Gendarmerie. The State budget shall cover their expenses.

Page 2, CHAPTER II. DEFENCE AND SECURITY FORCES, Article 4
In order to expedite the demobilization of Forces nouvelles ex-combatants, the Parties invite the Government to pay demobilized ex-combatants a bonus or direct demobilization grant of five hundred thousand (500,000) CFA francs as a one-time lump sum. In any event, the demobilization of the ex-combatants of the armed forces of the Forces nouvelles (FAFN) must be completed no later than two months prior to the date set for the presidential election.

Page 2, CHAPTER II. DEFENCE AND SECURITY FORCES, Article 5
With regard to the disbanding of militias, the two Parties agree to begin their disarmament and demobilization, as well as the stockpiling of their weapons, under the authority of the CCI and under the supervision of the impartial forces, concurrently with the demobilization of FAFN ex-combatants. In any event, the disbanding of militias must be completed no later than two months prior to the date set for the presidential election.
The weapons collected shall be stockpiled by the CCI under the supervision of the impartial forces.
In order to expedite the disbanding of militias, the Parties invite the Government to pay demobilized militia members a bonus or direct demobilization grant of five hundred thousand (500,000) CFA francs as a one-time lump sum.

Page 3, CHAPTER II. DEFENCE AND SECURITY FORCES, Article 6
The two Parties have decided to resolve definitively the issue of quotas for the incorporation of FAFN members into the new national army based on the proposals contained in the 5 January 2008 arbitration by the Facilitator:
– The Forces nouvelles shall first identify and prepare a description of their disarmed ex-combatants and shall transmit the final list to the Facilitator;
– The Forces nouvelles shall then submit to the Government a list of 5,000 eligible ex-combatants for incorporation into the new national army;
– The Government shall settle the issue of the 5,000 ex-combatants of the Forces nouvelles and shall take the appropriate decisions regarding their incorporation into the new national army within a maximum of two years;
– Pending their incorporation into the new national army, the FAFN ex-combatants shall be brought together, under the command of the Chief of the Forces nouvelles and supported by the impartial forces, for joint basic training in one military camp in each of the cities of Bouaké, Korhogo, Man and Séguéla. Their expenses shall be paid by the Government.

Page 3, CHAPTER II. DEFENCE AND SECURITY FORCES, Article 7
The two Parties have decided to resolve the issue of the ranks of FAFN soldiers who are former members of the Defence and Security Forces (FDS) as follows:
– The two general officers of the Forces nouvelles shall be assigned the rank of brigadier general by presidential decree as from the date of adoption of the Amnesty Law of 12 April 2007;
...
– Non-commissioned officers and other enlisted personnel who have been promoted to the rank of commissioned officer shall maintain their ranks on an operational basis and shall become eligible for retirement once the crisis recovery process is completed. An ordinance to that effect, attached in the annex hereto, shall be issued by the President of the Republic and shall specify the conditions of that appointment and the modalities for retirement;
– The soldiers recruited under class 2001/1A for training and incorporation into the army who are currently in the FAFN ranks shall be hired by the FDS under the Amnesty Law of 12 April 2007 and incorporated into the new national army.
Withdrawal of foreign forces
No specific mention.
Corruption
No specific mention.
Crime/organised crime
No specific mention.
Drugs
No specific mention.
Terrorism
No specific mention.

Transitional justice

Transitional justice general
No specific mention.
Amnesty/pardon
Amnesty/pardon proper
Page 3, CHAPTER II. DEFENCE AND SECURITY FORCES, Article 7
The two Parties have decided to resolve the issue of the ranks of FAFN soldiers who are former members of the Defence and Security Forces (FDS) as follows:
– The two general officers of the Forces nouvelles shall be assigned the rank of brigadier general by presidential decree as from the date of adoption of the Amnesty Law of 12 April 2007;
...
– Commissioned officers, non-commissioned officers and other enlisted personnel who were members of the FDS and are still considered active staff shall have their career paths restored, based on the principle of rank harmonization with their FDS equivalents; shall receive their pay arrears; and shall be incorporated into the new national army as from the date of adoption of the Amnesty Law of 12 April 2007. Those who wish to retire or to work for other Government institutions in positions equivalent to the ranks to which they have been promoted may do so;
...
– The soldiers recruited under class 2001/1A for training and incorporation into the army who are currently in the FAFN ranks shall be hired by the FDS under the Amnesty Law of 12 April 2007 and incorporated into the new national army.
Courts
No specific mention.
Mechanism
No specific mention.
Prisoner release
No specific mention.
Vetting
No specific mention.
Victims
No specific mention.
Missing persons
No specific mention.
Reparations
No specific mention.
Reconciliation
No specific mention.

Implementation

UN signatory
No specific mention.
Other international signatory
Blaise Compaore
President of Burkina Faso Facilitator of the Direct Dialogue
Referendum for agreement
No specific mention.
International mission/force/similar
Page 2, CHAPTER II. DEFENCE AND SECURITY FORCES, Article 5
With regard to the disbanding of militias, the two Parties agree to begin their disarmament and demobilization, as well as the stockpiling of their weapons, under the authority of the CCI and under the supervision of the impartial forces, concurrently with the demobilization of FAFN ex-combatants. In any event, the disbanding of militias must be completed no later than two months prior to the date set for the presidential election.
The weapons collected shall be stockpiled by the CCI under the supervision of the impartial forces.

Page 4, CHAPTER III. RESTORATION OF THE AUTHORITY OF THE STATE AND REDEPLOYMENT OF THE ADMINISTRATION THROUGHOUT THE NATIONAL TERRITORY, Article 9
Redeployment of the tax and customs administration throughout the national territory, and particularly in the CNO zone, shall begin immediately following the signature of this Agreement, under the supervision of the Facilitator’s Special Representative.
The impartial forces shall help ensure the security of the administration staff thus deployed.
Enforcement mechanism
Page 2, CHAPTER II. DEFENCE AND SECURITY FORCES, Article 5
With regard to the disbanding of militias, the two Parties agree to begin their disarmament and demobilization, as well as the stockpiling of their weapons, under the authority of the CCI and under the supervision of the impartial forces, concurrently with the demobilization of FAFN ex-combatants. In any event, the disbanding of militias must be completed no later than two months prior to the date set for the presidential election.
The weapons collected shall be stockpiled by the CCI under the supervision of the impartial forces

The University of Edinburgh