Ordonnance N° 08/008 du 02 Fev 2008 portant organisation et fonctionnement du programme national de sécurisation, pacification, stabilisation et reconstruction des provinces du Nord-Kivu et du Sud-Kivu, dénommé « Programme Amani »

Country/entity
Democratic Republic of Congo
Region
Africa (excl MENA)
Agreement name
Ordonnance N° 08/008 du 02 Fev 2008 portant organisation et fonctionnement du programme national de sécurisation, pacification, stabilisation et reconstruction des provinces du Nord-Kivu et du Sud-Kivu, dénommé « Programme Amani »
Date
02/02/2008
Agreement status
Unilateral document
Agreement/conflict level
Intrastate/intrastate conflict (Congo Civil Wars (1996 - )
The overthrow of the long-term dictator Mobutu Sese Seko by a rebel Tutsi army backed by Uganda and Rwanda in 1997 acted as a catalyst for a war with regional dimensions, mainly fought in the eastern Kivu provinces. The conflict escalated in 1998, when President Laurent Kabila, then backed by Zimbabwean and Angolan troops, ordered Rwanda and Uganda to leave. After Kabila’s assassination in 2001, his son Joseph took over the presidency and won in the 2006 democratic elections.

In the eastern provinces, Tutsi-led militias, mainly organised in the National Congress for the Defense of the People (CNDP), fought the remnants of the Rwandan Hutu force FDLR, with further involvement of Rwandan and Ugandan troops. Other regionally operating militia groups, like the Lord’s Resistance Army from Northern Uganda, the so-called Mai Mai groups or short-lived guerrilla outfits like the March 23 Movement (M23) further contributed, and still contribute, to the complexity of the situation in eastern DRC.

Congo Civil Wars (1996 - ) )
Stage
Implementation/renegotiation (Implementation modalities)
Conflict nature
Government
Peace process
34: DRC: Eastern DRC processes
Parties
Joseph KABILA KABANGE, President of the Democratic Republic of the Congo
Antoine GIZENGA, Le Premier Ministre (Prime Minister), Democratic Republic of the Congo
Third parties
Description
This agreement is a presidential decree ordering the creation of a six-month national programme for securitisation, pacification, stabilisation and reconstruction of the Kivu provinces entitled Programme Amani.

Agreement document
CD_080802_Ordonnance no 08008 du 02 fevrier 2008_tr.pdf

Agreement document (original language)
CD_080202_Ordonnance no 08-008 du 02 février 2008.pdf

Main category
Page 5, Article 19:
The Provincial Management Committee shall be chaired by the Provincial Governor seconded by the Deputy Provincial Governor, with the assistance of a Permanent Secretary.
It shall be made up of the following categories of members:
- two (2) representatives (including one woman) from the local community;
- two (2) representatives from religious groups;
- two (2) civilian representatives (including one woman);
- two (2) private sector representatives (including one woman).

Page 6, Article 21:
The Humanitarian and Social Technical Commission shall consist of the following cells:
- the Care of Displaced Persons Cell: made up of two (2) delegates per community (including one woman);
- the Care of Refugees Cell: made up of two delegates per community (including one woman) and representatives of the Traditional Chiefs.

Women, girls and gender

Participation
Gender quotas
Page 4, Article 19: The District Management Committee will be chaired by the District Governor, with the Vice-Governor acting as second chair, and with the assistance of a Permanent Secretary.
It will consist of the categories of members listed below:
- Two (2) representatives from the grassroots community (one of whom should be a women);
- Two (2) representatives from the religious denominations
- Two (2) representatives from Civil Society (one of whom should be a women);
- Two (2) representatives from the Private Sector (one of whom should be a women).

Page 5, Article 21: The Humanitarian and Social Technical Commission is comprised of the two committees below:
- The committee for the support of displaced people: comprised of two delegates from each community (one of whom should be a women)
- The committee for the support of refugees: comprised of two delegates from each community (one of whom should be a women) and the traditional leaders.
Equality
No specific mention.
Particular groups of women
Refugee/displaced women
Page 5, Article 21: The Humanitarian and Social Technical Commission is comprised of the two committees below:
- The committee for the support of displaced people: comprised of two delegates from each community (one of whom should be a women)
- The committee for the support of refugees: comprised of two delegates from each community (one of whom should be a women) and the traditional leaders.
International law
No specific mention.
New institutions
No specific mention.
Violence against women
No specific mention.
Transitional justice
No specific mention.
Institutional reform
No specific mention.
Development
No specific mention.
Implementation
Women's role and consideration in implementation of the agreement
Page 4, Article 19: The District Management Committee will be chaired by the District Governor, with the Vice-Governor acting as second chair, and with the assistance of a Permanent Secretary.
It will consist of the categories of members listed below:
- Two (2) representatives from the grassroots community (one of whom should be a women);
- Two (2) representatives from the religious denominations
- Two (2) representatives from Civil Society (one of whom should be a women);
- Two (2) representatives from the Private Sector (one of whom should be a women).

Page 5, Article 21: The Humanitarian and Social Technical Commission is comprised of the two committees below:
- The committee for the support of displaced people: comprised of two delegates from each community (one of whom should be a women)
- The committee for the support of refugees: comprised of two delegates from each community (one of whom should be a women) and the traditional leaders.
Other
No specific mention.

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