National Dialogue Conference Outcomes Document

Country/entity
Yemen
Region
Middle East and North Africa
Agreement name
National Dialogue Conference Outcomes Document
Date
25/01/2014
Agreement status
Multiparty signed/agreed
Agreement/conflict level
Intrastate/intrastate conflict (Yemeni Civil Wars (1994) (2011 - )
The Republic of Yemen was formed in May 1990 after the merger between the Yemeni Arab Republic (YAR) in the north and the People’s Democratic Republic of Yemen (PDRY) in the south. The unification process was rushed and the final agreement between President Ali Abdullah Salih and President Ali Salem al-Beidh was based on the imperfect promise of equality. Following the merger, integration of the militaries and civil services was at best incomplete or at times entirely non-existent. When Salih’s General Congress Party (GPC) allied itself with the newly created Islamist Islah (‘reform’) party in 1993, the former ruling party of South Yemen – the Yemen Socialist Party (YSP) – was effectively side-lined in the 1993 General Elections. Violence involving the use of heavy weaponry and aerial bombardment erupted in April 1994 and on the 21 May 1994 Vice President al-Beidh declared the secession of the south, citing political centralization with the northern highland tribes, violence against the YSP and economic discrimination. In the midst of fighting, negotiations in Cairo, Egypt, collapsed. The war ended with the military victory of the north, and on the 1 October 1994, Ali Abdullah Saleh was elected President.

Despite the unification of Yemen in 1990, political power during the 1990s and 2000s remained centralized with the northern highland tribes, particularly the villages from which President Ali Abdullah Saleh and his confidants stemmed. The system of clientelism established through the ruling General People’s Congress party maintained relative loyalty among the fractured political allegiances of Yemen’s traditional tribal leadership. However, diminishing oil reserves and the shrinking opportunities for access to rent increased economic and political marginalization in Yemen’s peripheral communities.

The degree of regionalism of conflicts is further defined by other local grievances. In the northern governorate of Sa’dah, a backlash was provoked among the local Zaydi Shi’a against Sunni Salafist cultural incursions resulting in six wars between 2004 and 2010. In the southern governorates of Hadramawt, Shabwa, al-Dhali and Abyan, civil and military personnel forcibly retired after the 1994 Civil War began protesting and eventually formed the secessionist Southern ‘al-Hiraak’ movement in 2007. Furthermore, tribal grievances have spurred attacks on oil companies and government installations to extract rents. Various takfiri groups including al-Qaeda in the Arabian Peninsula have also increased their presence since 1995.

The Yemen Spring in early 2011 allowed all these movements to express their joint displeasure. Moreover, factionalism in the regime split the already weak military and thus allowed the Houthis, the takfiris and tribal-based militia known as popular committees, to assert themselves militarily. Mandated by the UN-sponsored Gulf Cooperation Council Initiative, the National Dialogue held from September 2013 to January 2014 aimed at guaranteeing power-sharing among the different parties. However, the GCC Initiative only included formal political parties that did not accurately reflect political realities. Furthermore, provisions lacked adequate transitional justice and provided former-President Saleh, as well as others, full amnesty. As a result, little faith was placed in the process by formerly-marginalized groups such as the Houthi and al-Hiraak who opted to increase their bargaining power vis-à-vis the state by strengthening their own territorial enclaves.
Yemeni Civil Wars (1994) (2011 - ) )
Stage
Framework/substantive - partial (Other)
Conflict nature
Government
Peace process
138: Yemen peace process
Parties
565 participants from the General Congress Party; Joint Meeting Parties; Ansar Allah and the al-Hiraak.

1.Abbas Ismail Issak

2.Abboud Yahya Abu Shiryan Abu Lohoom

3.Abdel Wahed Mohamed Abdel Wahed Al-Sharafi

4.Abdo Mehdi Hassan Al-Adla

5.Abdo Mohammed Radman Rafie

6.Abdu Ghalib Qaid Saleh Odaini

7.Abdu Naji Mohammed Aburas

8.Abdu Rabu Mansour Hadi

9.Abdul Aziz bin Abdul Hamid Maflahi

10.Arwa Khaled Fadel Mansour

11.Abdul Karim Qasim Damaj

12.Abdul Khaliq Abdul Majeed

13.Abdul Nasser Abdulqawi Naji Arabi

14.Abdul Qadir Mahdi Hadi Al-Nafili

15.Ali Ahmed al-Salami

16.Abdul Rashid Abdalhafez Abdallowasa Sa'eed

17.Abdul Razak Ahmad Abdul Razak

18.Abdulaziz Ahmed Jabari

19.Abdulaziz Ahmed Mohammed Bakar

20.Abdulaziz Ahmed Salim Crowe

21.Abdulaziz Mohamed Hamza Mohamed

22.Abdulaziz Rajeh Hassan Abdullah

23.Abdulaziz Saleh Bin Habtoor

24.Abdulhakim Abdullah Darwish Aziba

25.Abdulkadir Ali Hilal

26.Abdulkarim Ahmed Jadban Ali

27.Abdulkarim Ali Iryani

28.Abdulkarim Mohamed Yahya Al-Khaiwani

29.Randa Mohamed Salem Ali

30.Abdullah Ahmed Daifallah Mgidea

31.Abdullah Ahmed Ghanim

32.Abdullah Ahmed Hussein Kibsi

33.Abdullah Al Noman Mohammed Shrine

34.Abdullah Ali Hassan Hazal

35.Abdullah Ali Mohsen

36.Abdullah Ali Sa'ater

37.Abdullah Ali Saleh Sabri

38.Abdullah Hassan Al-Nakhebi

39.Abdullah Hassan Mutaharc Al-Washli

40.Abdullah Naji Rashid

41.Abdullah Nasher Murshid

42.Abdullah Salem Al-Amlas

43.Abdulmalik Suleiman Mohammed Al-Mua'alimi

44.Abdulqawi Rashad Al-Sha'abi

45.Abdulrahman Mohammed Abdullah Ali Akwa

46.Abdulrahman Saleh Alsamte

47.Abdulwahab Ahmed Al-Ansi

48.Abdulwahab Mohammed Abdulrahman Homaiqani

49.Abu Bakr Abdullah Al-Qerbi

50.Abu Bakr Abdurazaq Ba Theeb

51.Abu Bakr Abdurrahman Al-Saqaf

52.Abubakar Abdul Qader Ba Raja'a

53.Adel Abbas Fare'a Mukbil

54.Adel Ahmed Ali Al-Maqadh

55.Adel Ali Abdu Omar

56.Adnan Omar Al-Jafari

57.Afif Rahim Mohammed Abdulmalik Almasne

58.Afra'a Khaled Ibrahim Al-Hariri

59.Afrah Ali Mohammed Saif

60.Afrah Mohamed Saleh Badwylan

61.Afrah Saeed Ahmed Saeed

62.Afrah Zaid Mohammed Uyoon

63.Ahmed Abbadi Hasan Al-Ma'aker

64.Ahmed Abdulkareem Saif Al-Mas'aabi

65.Ahmed Abdullah Ali Aqabat

66.Ahmed Abdullah Al-Maysari

67.Ahmed Abdurrahman Hasan Sharaf Al-Deen

68.Ahmed Abu Bakr Bazarah

69.Ahmed Ahmed Muhsen Al-Nwairah

70.Ahmed Ali Ali Kelz

71.Ahmed al-Sha'er Ba Sardah

72.Ahmed Awadh Ahmed Al-Batrah

73.Ahmed Bin Ahmed Al-Zawqari

74.Khaled Abu Baker Ali Ba Ras

75.Ahmed Bin Saleh Taher Al-Manee'i

76.Ahmed Haimad Haimad Al-Matari

77.Ahmed Issa Ahmed Ra'afeet

78.Ahmed Mohamed Yahya Kahlani

79.Ahmed mohammed Abdullah Rizq Al-zuhairi

80.Ahmed Mohammed Abdullah Sofan

81.Ahmed Mohammed Al-Asbahi

82.Ahmed Mohammed Al-Qarda'ai

83.Ahmed Mohammed Nasser Ahmed

84.Ahmed Mohammed Qa'atabi

85.Ahmed Mohammed Qasim Atiq

86.Ahmed Mosa'id Hussein

87.Ahmed Nasser Saeed Gerfush

88.Ahmed Obaid Mubarak Bin Dagher

89.Ahmed Othman Muraibesh

90.Ahmed Sa,eed Abdu

91.Ahmed Sa'eed Al-Za'awari

92.Ahmed Sa'eed Jum'aan Bilhaf

93.Hadi Ahmed Ali al-Qanesi

94.Ahmed Saleh Abdullah Al-Qane'a

95.Mabkhot Abdullah Ahmed Break

96.Ahmed Saleh Saif Al-Mas'aabi

97.Ahmed Yassin Slimani

98.Ahmed Zubain Mubarak Atiya

99.Ahsan Ubaid Sa'ad Sa'eed

100.Aida Hassan Ashour Abdullah

101.Aidroos Abubakar Bazaraa

102.Aisha Abdullah Sailan

103.Aisha Ali Youssef Harba

104.Akhlaq Abdurrahman Ali Al-Shami

105.Alawi Ali Al-Mashhoor

106.Ali Abdul Karim Mohammed Murshid

107.Ali Abdullah Ahmed Abdullah Abu Haleeqa

108.Ali Abdullah Al-Sallal

109.Ali Abdullah Mohammed Azzan

110.Ali Abdullah Saeed Aldhalaa

111.Ali Abed Rabbo Al-Qadhi

112.Ali Abed Rabbo Awadi

113.Ali Ahmed Ali Al-Asemi

114.Ali Ahmed Al-Sayed Al-Waleedi

115.Ali Ahmed bin Shaba

116.Ali Ahmed Balkhidr

117.Ali Ali Yahya Al-Emad

118.Ali Hassan Bhedr

119.Ali Hassan Zaki

120.Ali Haythami Abdahelm

121.Ali Hussein Osman Achel

122.Ali Mohamed Abdou Abara

123.Ali Mohamed Mohamed Ahmed Al-Mekdashi

124.Ali Mohammed Ahmed Ma'amari

125.Ali Nasser Qaid Bukhaiti

126.Ali Saeed Shalma Awadi

127.Ali Saif Hassan Saleh Al-Dhalaa

128.Ali Saleh Shatif

129.Ali Salem Al-Khademi

130.Ali Shaif Ahmed Hussein

131.Saleh Ali Melawi al-Harethi

132.Alia Faisal Abdul Latif Al-Sha'abi

133.al-Izzi Hebat Allah Shareem

134.Bassel Abdul Rahman al-Salami

135.al-Khansa'a Abdurrahman Al-Shu'aibi

136.al-Sayed Mustafa Zain Al-Aidroos

137.al-Shareef Mohammed Abdul Aziz Abdurrahman Al-Ameer

138.al-Sheikh Tareq Mohammed Abdullah Al-Muhami

139.Amal Ali Maknoon Qita'ai

140.Amal Mohammed Abbas Basha

141.Amal Mohammed Ali Al-Ma'akhathi

142.Amal Musleh Muhssen Al-Syadi

143.Amani Ahmed Hassan Al-Ma'akhathi

144.Amat Al Aleem Alsoswa

145.Amat al-Mujeeb Hamood Naji Al-Khahoom

146.Amat Al-Qaddus Abdul Bari Mohammed Al-Ghurbani

147.Amat al-Raheem Dhab'an Naji Dhab'an

148.Amat al-Salam Abdullah Abdu Al-Haj

149.Amat Rahman Ahmad Yahya Othman

150.Ameen Ahmed Hussein Al-Ghaish

151.Ameera Ali Salahi Al-Arasi

152.Amer Saad Ali Khat

153.Aminah Mohammed Mashghoof Al-Aslami

154.Amira Hussein Hammoud Al-Zaidi

155.Anis Hussein Ali Al Ya'aqoob

156.Anwar Jilani Ahmed Osman

157.Areej Ahmad Hydra Taleb

158.Arwa Ahmed Al-Hyal

159.Arwa Mohammad Ali Osman

160.Arwa Yahya Hassan Dram

161.Ashjan Shurayh Ahmed Ali

162.Jamilla Ali Mohamed Rajaa

163.Asrar Abdullah Ahmad Abbad

164.Auloof Sa'eed Ba Khubaira

165.Awad Abdullah Awad Hatem

166.Jalal Saeed Mohamed Al-Morem

167.Awad Mohamed Al-Awbthani

168.Awad Mohammed Abdullah Al-Awlaki

169.Aws Ahmed Abdullah Hadi Al-Awlaqi

170.Awsan Mohammed Sa'eed Ali

171.Ayban Mohammed Abdulrahman Al-Samei

172.Ba Salma Badr Mohammed Mubarak

173.Badr Gibran Saleh Al-M'anaqi

174.Badr Salem Saad Kelshat

175.Bahia Hassan Mohammed Al-Saqqaf

176.Bahria Shamsher Ali Wajid Ali

177.Baraa Abdulla Sharaf Shiban

178.Baraka Farid Faraj Haidra

179.Bari Abdullah Dgesh Abdullah

180.Basharaheel Hisham Mohamed Basharaheel

181.Bassem Mohammed Abdulrahman Al-Hakimi

182.Bassima Ibrahim Ahmed Bamadhaf

183.Bilqis Abdullah Abdu Saif Abdali

184.Bilqis Ali Saleh Al-Lahabi

185.Bilqis Ibrahim Elhoudrani

186.Bodoor Ahmad Faqih Saleh

187.Bushra Ahmed Abdullah Al-Zerafi

188.Jamal Mahmoud Mohamed Sadeq

189.Dina Ahmed Abdul Bari Mohammed

190.Dina Yassin Mahmoud Al-Dubai

191.Duais Wafa Ahmed Abdullah

192.Elfat Mohammed Abdul Wali Al-Dubai

193.Fadel Afif Ali Radwan

194.Fadel Ali Mohammed Awadi

195.Fadel Hassan Al-Jadi

196.Fadel Mohammed Mohammed Ahmed Al-Muta'a

197.Fadel Nasser Hydra Makwa'a

198.Fadel Saeed Atef Sa'eed

199.Fadhl Nasser Amtheeb Salem

200.Fahad Salim Kavain Ravon

201.Fahd Hamoud Mohammed Aburas

202.Fahd Meftah Sagheer Dahshosh

203.Fahmi Awad Yaslum Badhaoui

204.Fahmi Nasser Abdullah Al-Saqqaf

205.Fa'ida Mohammed Abdullah Asbahi

206.Fa'iqa Al-Sayed Ahmed Ba'alawy

207.Faisal Ahmed Mohsen Khulaifi

208.Faisal Ahmed Qaid Haider

209.Faisal Saeed Fare

210.Faiz Abdullah Hamis Al-Awjari

211.Faiza Ahmed Mutawakkil

212.Faiza Muthana Abdullah Al-Basha

213.Faris Ali Ahmad Al-Saqqaf

214.Fathia Abdullah Ali Attab

215.Fatima Abdullah Abdullah Al-Khatri

216.Fatimah Qahtan

217.Fauzia Wahab Yahya Al-Shahari

218.Fayza Ahmad Saleh Al-Aqel

219.Fouad Hassan Abdakadira Al-Hymiari

220.Fouad Kaid Ahmed Hudhaifi

221.Ghalib Abdullah Massad Mutlaq

222.Golan Ali Abdu

223.Hadi Hammoud Hadi Al-Ameri

224.Hadi Mohammed Awad Bajpar

225.Hafhid Fakher Mohammed Qaid Maaad

226.Haider bin Saleh Al-Habili

227.Hamdan Muthanna Massad Al-Hakab

228.Hameed Ahmed Ali Hariz

229.Hadi Tarshan Abdullah Tarshan

230.Hamid Marzook Saleh Al-Harthy

231.Hamoud Hashim Abdullah Al-Tharihi

232.Hamza Amin Ali Kamali

233.Hana Ahmed Mohammed Warsma

234.Hana Ali Abdullah Hashim Al-Alawi

235.Hanaa Abdel Fattah Mukbil Saif

236.Hanan Mohammed Sallam Ali

237.Hani Abdul Hameed Qard

238.Hassan Abdullah Yahya Al-Sa'adi

239.Hassan Mohamed Yahya Abdul Razak

240.Hassan Shukri Zawar

241.Hassoun Saleh Musleh Qasim

242.Hatem Ali Hadi Abu Hatem

243.Heba Mohamed Ahmed Murshed

244.Hiam Faisal Nasher Hassan

245.Hiam Talib Saleh Al-Qurmoshi

246.Hizam Mohammed Yahya Al-Assad

247.Hossam Abdalhabib Shargabi

248.Huda Abdullah Salem Al-Yafei

249.Huda Ali Al-Ban

250.Hussain Mansoor Saeed Saif

251.Hussam Mustafa Sallam Qasim

252.Hussein Abdu Abdullah

253.Hussein Ahmed Nasser Saada

254.Hussein Ali Abed Rabbo Hazeb

255.Hussein Hammoud Dirham Izzi

256.Hussein Mohammed Arab

257.Hussein Nasher Ali

258.Hwaida Abbas Himmat Ali

259.Hyat Ahmed Salim Hakami

260.Hymiar Abdullah Hussein Al-Ahmer

261.I'atraf Muslem Ali Ba Far

262.Ibrahim Malik Yahiya Shuja'a Al-Deen

263.Ibtisam Hashim Sharaf Al-Deen

264.Ilham Ali Siaeed Sallam

265.Ilham Najeeb Sa'eed Fare'a

266.Iman Jafan Ghalib Ahmed

267.Iman Shaif Qasim Al-Khatib

268.Iman Yahiya Mohssen Al-Nashiri

269.Ind Ahmed Hussein Al-Fadhli

270.Ind Salem Azma Akbari

271.Insaf Ali Mohammed Mayu

272.Intilaq Mohammed Malik Mutawakkil

273.Intisar Ali Abdu Rabu Al-Qadhi

274.Intisar Mohammed Abdu Numan

275.Intisar Omar Abdullah Khaled

276.Issam Saleh Abdullah Al-Qaisi

277.Jaafar Mohammed Saad

278.Jaber Abdullah Ghalib Al-Wahbani

279.Jaffer Saeed Abdullah Ba Saleh

280.Jahhaf Abdulsalam Mahmoud Mahdi

281.Jahhaf Halima Abdullah Nasser

282.Jahhaf Rdainah Mohammed Ahmed

283.Jalal Nasser Ali Ebadi

284.Jamal Abdul Khaliq Ali Khawlani

285.Jamil Abdul Majeed Rhabit

286.Julaidan Mahmoud Hamid Julaidan

287.Kahlan Mujahid Mujahid Abu Swarib

288.Kamal Abdul Qadir Tayyip Rahman Bamakhrama

289.Karim Saleh Shaif Ahmed

290.Kasim Osman Ahmed Al-Da’ara

291.Khadija Ali Arhabi

292.Khadija Ali Nasser Elewa

293.Khaled Abdel Wahed Noman

294.Khaled Abu Bakr Ali Barras

295.Khaled Ahmed Ali Al-Salami

296.Khaled Ibrahim Ahmed Bamadhaf

297.Khaled Rajeh Sheikh

298.Khaled Tawfiq Ali Al-Aublj

299.Khalid Abdulla Alawi Al-Jafari

300.Khalid Abdulla Khalil

301.Khalid Amin Ahmed Al-Gesh

302.Labib Abdulaziz Ibrahim

303.Labooza Qasim Muhammad Ghalib

304.Lamia Ahmed Abdulrahman Charafeddine

305.Lamia Yahia Mahdi

306.Libya Saeed Mubarak bin Abadan

307.Lisa Hydra Mohammed Salem

308.Lisa Mohammed Ahmad Haidar

309.Lula Karim Saleh

310.Lutfi Jafar Shattara

311.Ma'al Naji Ali al-Awlaki

312.Mabkhout Abboud Rabee'a Sharif

313.Maddah Mohammed Ahmed Awad

314.Ma'een Malik Saeed Abdu

315.Magdi Captain Mohsen Ali

316.Maha Hussein Mohamed

317.Maha Saleh Abdullah Al-Absi

318.Mahdi Ali Abdulsalam Abdullah

319.Mahmoud Abdul Qadir Abdullah Al-Juneid

320.Mahmoud Nasser Solvent Salem

321.Mahmoud Shaif Hussein Hassan

322.Majeed Naji Kaid Hanash

323.Majid Ali Ahmed Fada'el

324.Majida Taleb Abdul Rab Al-Sufra'a Al-Katiri

325.Malik Abdul Jalil Ali Mikhlafi

326.Malik Ahmed Humaid Al-Suwaidi

327.Man'ea Daifallah Saleh Al-Matari

328.Mansour Aziz Al-Zindani

329.Mariam Mohammed Muslim Sulaimi

330.Mayada Askari Hadjiran Farah

331.Mirvat Fadhl Hassan Mojaly

332.Mohamed Abdelmageed Qubati

333.Mohamed Ahmed Mohamed Al-Qabali

334.Mohamed Fadl Al-Dobahi

335.Mohamed Ibrahim Seddon

336.Mohamed Mansour Abdullah

337.Mohamed Mohamed Hassan Alqaz

338.Mohamed Mohamed Nasser Al-Awlaki

339.Mohamed Mohamed Tayeb

340.Mohamed Muqbel Ahmed Azaala

341.Mohamed Rageh Aerasa

342.Mohamed Zain Ahmed Jafar

343.Mohammad Hadi Shouba

344.Mohammad Hashim Fari Moqbil

345.Mohammad Qasim Al-Thawr

346.Mohammad Qasim Noman

347.Mohammed Abdo Yahya Murad

348.Mohammed Abdul Qader Aumar Al-Jafri

349.Mohammed Abdullah Abdullah Al-Edoma

350.Mohammed Abdullah Abdulqawi

351.Mohammed Abdullah Al-Ghanim Ali Abu Ghanem

352.Adel Qassem Abdu Al-Shujaa

353.Mohammed Abdullah Rakan

354.Mohammed Abdullah Saleh Aharaba

355.Mohammed Ahmed Al-Afandi

356.Mohammed Ahmed bin Ahmed Afif

357.Mohammed Ahmed Saeed Ahmed Zwaidi

358.Mohammed Ali Ahmed Sheikh

359.Mohammed Ali Mohammed Yasser bin Yasir

360.Mohammed Ali Nasser Mohammed

361.Mohammed Ali Salem Shaddadi

362.Mohammed Ayash Mohammed Quhaim

363.Mohammed bin Naji Abdul Aziz Shayef

364.Mohammed bin Naji Al-Ghadir

365.Mohammed Daifallah Hashim

366.Mohammed Eida Mahdi Shabiba

367.Mohammed Ghalib Ahmed

368.Mohammed Hassan Saeed Halbob

369.Mohammed Hussain Ahmed Aidarous

370.Mohammed Hussein Ali Hussein Amarmi

371.Mohammed Khaled Ghulam Hassan

372.Mohammed Massad Ahmed Al-Radai

373.Mohammed Massad Said Salami

374.Mohammed Mohammed Bashir

375.Mohammed Mohammed Qahtan Qaid

376.Mohammed Mohsen Atroch

377.Mohammed Muqbel Ali al-Hymiari

378.Mohammed Naji Saleh Alao

379.Mohammed Nasser Ahmed Mokbily

380.Mohammed Nasser Awadh Al-Maslami

381.Mohammed Nasser Bukhaiti

382.Mohammed Saeed Dhafer Al-Shami

383.Mohammed Saleh Al-Saadi

384.Mohammed Saleh Jumaih

385.Mohammed Saleh Qarah

386.Mohammed Saleh Saleh Bukhaiti

387.Mohammed Salem Ekosh

388.Mohammed Yahya Abdullah Al-Sabri

389.Mohsen Ahmed bin Shamlan

390.Mohsen Ali Naji Al-Naqib

391.Mohsen Ali Omar Basurah

392.Mokbel Nasser Omar Kersh

393.Mokhtar Mohamed Saeed bin Awaed

394.Mona Ali Kulaib Ali

395.Mona Basheer Abdullah Khalifa

396.Mona Saleh Aliyu

397.Mubarak Abdul Rahman Mubarak Al-Bahhar

398.Muhammad Ali Aboulihom

399.Muhammad Ali Ajlan

400.Muhammad Ali Ghaleb Al-Qadhi

401.Muhammad Ali Marm

402.Muhammad AliSalmin bin Taleb

403.Muhammad Musa Al-Amiri

404.Mujahid bin Mujahid Algahali

405.Mujibur Rahman Hussein Mohammed Naji

406.Mulook Mohsen Ali Al-Fadhli

407.Munir Ahmed Sufian Saleh

408.Munir Yahya Saleh Maori

409.Munira Abdul Karim Awadi

410.Murad Ali Mohamed Alhalmi

411.Mut'ab Mubarak Saleh Ba Zyad

412.Mutee'a Ahmed Kassem Damaj

413.Mutlaq Abdul Jalil Osman Alakhali

414.Naaman Qaid Hudhaifi

415.Nabil Abdullah Ali Al-Wazeer

416.Nabil Khaled Hassan Maisari

417.Nabil Sadiq Ali Mohsen Pasha

418.Nabila Abdullah bin Abdullah

419.Nabila Ali Mohsen Al-Zubayr

420.Nabila Mufti Mohammed Ismail

421.Nada Ali Bin Ali Mohammed

422.Nadia Abdulaziz Al-Saqqaf

423.Nadia Abdullah Faisal Al-Akram

424.Nadia Yahya Hussein Al-Kwkabani

425.Wafa'a Ali Awad al-Najar

426.Najat Mohammed Jamaan

427.Najeeba Mohammed Mutahar Al-Areeqi

428.Naji Abdul Aziz al-Shaif

429.Najiba Abdulsalam Ahmed Asbahi

430.Nashwa Ali Abed Rabbo Qadi

431.Nasr Abdul Ghani al-Shamiri

432.Nasr Hassan Mohamed Nasr Baadani

433.Nasr Taha Mustafa

434.Nasser Bakil Bakil Tmirh

435.Nasser bin Ahmad Abbad Sharif

436.Nasser Hussain Ali Bahabib

437.Nasser Mohammed Abdulaziz Thawaba

438.Nasser Mohammed Ali Bagel

439.Nasser Muhsin Ba'oom

440.Nasser Nasser Abdullah Nasri

441.Nasser Saleh Abdulqawi Salem Al-Taweel

442.Nawal Mohammed Ali Aghili

443.Nazih Abdul Azziz Al-Sha'abi

444.Ne'ama Muawin Sayed 'Ahmed

445.Nelly Qadir Naji Ali

446.Nizar Abdullah Nasser Bazib

447.Nora Ahmed Ali Al-Shami

448.Om al-Khair Ahmed Abdullah Saedi

449.Omar Abdulaziz

450.Omar Dahman Bashraheel

451.Omar Hussein Qaid Megally

452.Oras Sultan Naji Mohammed Naji

453.Osman Mohamed Abdullah Selwi

454.Qaderi Ahmad Haidar

455.Qamila Yassin Kaid Alkotaibi

456.Qasim Ali Qasim Qaban

457.Qasim Mohammad Qasim Alexada

458.Qasim Sallam Saeed

459.Qassem Abdul Rahman Qasim Maflahi

460.Qubla Mohammed Saeed Hussein Al-Huthrey

461.Radi'ia Shamsher Wajid Ali

462.Radwan Mohammed Abdulmalik Al-Hubani

463.Rahman Omar Saqqaf

464.Ramzia Abbas Eryani

465.Rana Ahmed Ghanem

466.Rania Naguib Fadl Ahmad

467.Raqia Abdulkadir Humaidan

468.Rase'a Abdulkarim Yahya

469.Rashad Mohammed Ali Al-Alimi

470.Riad Yassin Abdullah

471.Rima Hussain Ahmed Awad

472.Saad Ali Saad Mkhbal

473.Saad Eddin Ali bin Talib

474.Sabah Abdul Majeed Abdullah Hazza

475.Sadeq Abdullah Hussein al-Ahmar

476.Sadiq Mohammed Ali Al-Jabr

477.Saeed Abdullah Yafe'i

478.Saeed Salem Saad Bahguiba

479.Sahar Mohamed Abdul Jabbar Ghanem

480.Ali Mohammed Ali Al-Ajemia

481.Saif bin Mohammed Fadl Azibi

482.Hossein Abdullah Mohamed al-Ahmed

483.Salahuddin Abdul Fattah Seif Sharabi

484.Saleh Abdalhabib Naseeb Hyabk

485.Saleh Abdul Haq Ali

486.Saleh Abdullah Abu Awja'a

487.Saleh Ahmad Ali Habra

488.Saleh Ahmed Shleyl

489.Saleh Ali Abdullah Baidhani

490.Saleh Ali Omar Ba Surrah

491.Saleh Hussein Ahmed Al-Methab

492.Saleh Mohsen Zaki

493.Saleh Qasim Mundhiri

494.Saleh Taher Saeed Alesayi

495.Saleh Thabet Ahmed al-Qadhi

496.Salim Ahmed Saeed Khanbashi

497.Salma Abdullah Masabi

498.Samah Faisal Mahmoud Radman

499.Samia Rahman Aghbari

500.Samira Ali Qnav Zahra

501.Samira Khamis Obaid Mohammed

502.Samra'a Hussein Muslim Menhali

503.Saqr Abdulaziz Ahmed Al-Samawi

504.Sawsan Ramadan Ali Basnell

505.Sayda Saleh Ali Samin

506.Shafi Mohammed Abed

507.Shafika Ahmed Morshed

508.Shakir Hassan Ahmed Al-Ehtari

509.Sharaf Ali Ahmed Kulaisa

510.Shatha Hussein Abbas Harazi

511.Shifaya Mohammed Saleh Rab'an

512.Shirafa'a Hussein Mohamed Al-Sirbi

513.Siea Bakhit Saad Al-Faqih Balhaf

514.Siham Ahmed Mohamed Ahmed Qasim

515.Siham Hussein Farid Ahmed

516.Small Hamoud Ahmed Aziz bin Aziz

517.Soraya Amin Qasim Damaj

518.Soraya Salem Mujmal

519.Sufian Mohammad Sufian Amari

520.Sultan Muhammad Ali Alrdai

521.Sultan Saeed Abdullah Al-Barakani

522.Sultan the Shamsan Salem Al-Atawana

523.Sumaia abdul Ghani Kassem Shargabi

524.Sumaia Ahmed Saleh Algarmi

525.Sumaya Ahmed Ali Hussam

526.Taha Mohammed Humairi

527.Taiba Mohammed Naji Barakat

528.Tammam Muhammad Ali Basharaheel

529.Tariq Najeeb Ahmad Basha

530.Tawakul Abdel Salam Karman

531.Wadha Murshid Hizam Rimi

532.Wadih Ahmed Gobain

533.Wafa Abdel Fattah Ismail Ali

534.Wafa Ahmed

535.Wafa Ahmed Al-Khader

536.Wafa Hussein Al-Faiq

537.Wafa'a Al-Sayed Abubakar

538.Wahiba Ahmed Sabra

539.Wahib Hassan Hassan Khaddabish

540.Wahib Muhammad Ali Obaid Alesayi

541.Wajdi Shafeek Aman

542.Wali Mohammad Yahya

543.Walid Saleh Ahmed Saleh

544.Warda Hesham Abdo Suleiman Qaseda

545.Wathiq Ahmed Mohammed Chadli

546.Yahiya Abdullah Saleh Doad

547.Abdullah Ali bin Meaeili

548.Yahiya Mansour Abu Asbo'a

549.Yahiya Mohamed Abdullah Shuaibi

550.Yahiya Mohammed Ali Al-Shami

551.Yahiya Mohammed Al-Shami

552.Yahya Badr al-Din Amir Al-Din Al-Houthi

553.Yameen Saleh Saeed Baymen

554.Yasmine Saleh Mohammed Fatimid

555.Yasser Salem Al-Awadhi

556.Yassin Mohammed Al-Masoudi

557.Yassin Omar Ahmed Makkawi

558.Yassin Sa'eedd Nu’man

559.Yusra Ali Ali Aldhalaa

560.Yusuf Abdo Mohammed Karimi

561.Zaid Ali Ali Salah

562.Zaid Ali Zaid Al-Salami

563.Zaid Mohamed Mohamed Yahya Abu Ali

564.Zakaria Yahya Mohammed Al-Shami

565.Ziad Ahmed Abdullah Al-Abd
Yehia Mansour Abu Usbaa [chaired the Sa'dah sub-working group for a month]
Ms Shrafa Hussain Mohamed Alderbi [withdrew]
Third parties
the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC), the League of Arab States, the European Union, the United Nations, the five permanent members of the Security Council (P5), the Friends of Yemen, and "other supporting States and organizations".
Description
Outcomes document from the participants of the National Dialogue Conference, which was supposed to be the basis for the new constitution. The document consists partly of meeting minutes and partly of agreed 'principles'. Only the principles have been coded on the database. The National Dialogue contained working groups on Southern Issue; Sa’ada Issue; National Issues; National Reconciliation and Transitional Justice; State-Building; Good Governance; Foundations for Building and the Role of the Armed and Security Forces; Independence of Special Entities; Rights and Freedoms; Development; Special Social and Environmental Issues; Formation of the Committee to Draft the Constitution, and a group for Assurance of Successful Implementation and Conference Outcomes.

Agreement document
YE_140124_NDC_National Conference Outcomes Document_EN.pdf

Agreement document (original language)
YE_140124_NDC_National Conference Outcomes Document_AR.pdf

Main category
Page 9, Chapter two, Section one, The Southern Working Group, II. Principles
... (10) ... real steps to achieve representation of at least 30% women in high offices, elected bodies and in the civil service.

Page 18, Chapter two, Section one, The Sa’dah Working Group, Decisions of the Working Group presented to the Final Plenary, First: Solutions, Treatments and Guarantees
... 12. Establishment of welfare and rehabilitation centers for the affected persons, (the disabled- psychologically and physically, women children and the elderly). The centers should be located in areas affected by the war. Vocational and technical education training centers should be established to accommodate the youth.

Page 19-20, Chapter two, Section one, The Sa’dah Working Group, Decisions of the Working Group presented to the Final Plenary, First: Solutions, Treatments and Guarantees
27. The Ministry of Education and the Ministry of Higher Education should be ordered to solve the problems of female and male students affected by the wars in Sa’adah and other affected areas. This should be done through a flexible program to enable them to take tests on study subjects for more than a year according to their capacities in order to enable them to catch up with their colleagues and peers in the same age. This should apply to all universities. Those affected by the war in Sa’adah and other areas should be given a 10% reduction of the admission grade average required by universities for ten years starting the application of this exception.

Page 21, Chapter two, Section one, The Sa’dah Working Group, Decisions of the Working Group presented to the Final Plenary, First: Solutions, Treatments and Guarantees
... 39. The State shall care for victims of the armed disputes including women and children who have lost their head of household, other than the families of martyrs and the wounded, who were living on the low-income professions and handcrafts and whose income had been affected due to the events. The State shall continue to provide welfare for them until they have been able to forge a livelihood and improve their economic situation. For that purpose, the State shall work to enroll them in rehabilitation and vocational training programs and social security.

Page 22-23, Chapter two, Section one, The Sa’dah Working Group, Decisions of the Working Group presented to the Final Plenary, First: Solutions, Treatments and Guarantees
... 53. Any audio-visual production or any oral reference verbal or in writing published or broadcast through public or private forum which defames any natural or legal persons or incites against them due to color, sex, lineage, ethnicity, creed, doctrine, sect, place of birth, vocation, economic or community activity or living standards, thought, affiliation shall be deemed racism. Racial discrimination should be criminalized as defined above. Penalties shall be imposed by law on anyone who practices at a personal level or on behalf of a government’s or non-governmental persons if such bodies don’t relief themselves of the responsibility for the person or the racist offence.

Page 23, Chapter two, Section one, The Sa’dah Working Group, Decisions of the Working Group presented to the Final Plenary, First: Solutions, Treatments and Guarantees
... 54. The constitution shall provide that all citizens, males and females, are equal in rights and obligations. They have the right to run for public office without any discrimination on the basis of ethnicity, color, doctrine, creed or region.

Page 33, Chapter two, Section one, National Reconciliation and Transitional Justice Working Group, Decisions by the Working Group presented to the Third Plenary:- Internally Displaced Issues,
... 61. The State shall commit to providing necessary protection to women, children and persons with disabilities during and after armed conflicts and other violent cases as well as exceptional cases in accordance with the international humanitarian law.

Page 33, Chapter two, Section one, National Reconciliation and Transitional Justice Working Group, Decisions by the Working Group presented to the Third Plenary:- Internally Displaced Issues,
... 62. Alignment between international conventions and national legislations to ensure the rights of women, children and persons with disabilities during armed conflicts, wars, others violent situations and extraordinary situation.

Page 33, Chapter two, Section one, National Reconciliation and Transitional Justice Working Group, Decisions by the Working Group presented to the Third Plenary:- Internally Displaced Issues,
... 66. Engage representatives of those affected, civil society and women in reconstruction funds committees.

Page 34, Chapter two, Section one, National Reconciliation and Transitional Justice Working Group, Decisions by the Working Group presented to the Third Plenary:- Constitutional and Legal Principles for Transitional Justice and National Reconciliation, Truth telling,
... 70. The law shall identify transitional justice programs in compliance with international human rights standards, the international human rights law and the following principles:-
... i. Guarantee the rights of women, children and minorities

Page 35, Chapter two, Section one, National Reconciliation and Transitional Justice Working Group, Decisions by the Working Group presented to the Third Plenary:- Women: -
... 75. Development of special measures to ensure equity for women during conflict and disputes and violation and consultations with women to identify their priorities in transitional justice mechanisms.

Page 36, Chapter two, Section one, National Reconciliation and Transitional Justice Working Group, Decisions by the Working Group presented to the Third Plenary:- Transitional Justice Body:-
... 81. The Commission shall consist of at least 11 members and no more than 15 members. It shall reflect at least 30% representation of women, 50% for the South and 50% for the North. The competent authority shall, in accordance with the law, select those who meet the following conditions:

Page 37, Chapter two, Section one, National Reconciliation and Transitional Justice Working Group, Decisions by the Working Group presented to the Third Plenary:- Reparation and Rehabilitation
... 84. Reparation is a system based on moral and financial compensation or both. Rehabilitation, restitution and integration. It can be individually or collectively and shall take into account the situation of the elderly, women, children and person of disability.

Page 40, Chapter two, Section one, National Reconciliation and Transitional Justice Working Group, Decisions by the Working Group presented to the Third Plenary:- Forced Disappearance, political conflicts and human rights violations: -
... 100. The state shall work, through relevant stakeholders, to monitor and to collect and analyse all data and statics of human rights abuses during peace times and during political and armed conflicts and establish an accurate and detailed database for females and males (gender) to assist in healing the abuses.

Page 40, Chapter two, Section one, National Reconciliation and Transitional Justice Working Group, Decisions by the Working Group presented to the Third Plenary:- Forced Disappearance, political conflicts and human rights violations: -
... 104. Eternalize women in the national memory in recognition of her distinguished role in all political and social stages.

Page 42, Chapter two, Section one, National Reconciliation and Transitional Justice Working Group, Decisions by the Working Group presented to the Third Plenary:- Forced Disappearance, political conflicts and human rights violations: -
... 119. Development of policies and special measures to quickly compensate women and children victims of wars and consecutive events of violence and force used by security and military forces.

Page 44, Chapter two, Section one, Working Group on State Building and Constitution-Principles and Foundations, Decisions:- First: Preamble of the Constitution:-
The preamble falls within the competence of the Constitution Drafting Commission. The Constitution should be drafted to reflect the principles based on the outcomes of the NDC. It shall contain the principles of equal citizenship, guarantee of the dignity and rights of the female and male citizens of Yemen, social justice and rule of law under a democratic, civic State in Yemen.

Page 45, Chapter two, Section one, Working Group on State Building and Constitution-Principles and Foundations, Second: Constitutional Guidelines:-, Political Foundations:
... 2. Realization of the principle of accountability for anyone who assumes a public office job including the President of the Republic, the Prime Minister and deputies, ministers and their deputies, heads of authorities, organizations, corporations, public bodies and their deputies. Immunity from accountability for any of those posts is prohibited. Anyone who holds such a post must submit a financial disclosure showing their assets, assets of their sons and wives during one month from their appointment and one month after leaving office.

Page 50-51, Chapter two, Section one, Working Group on State Building and Constitution-Principles and Foundations, Second: Constitutional Guidelines:-, Social Foundations: -
... 3. The State shall foster motherhood and childhood, adolescents and youth and shall protect them from economic and social exploitation.

Page 50-51, Chapter two, Section one, Working Group on State Building and Constitution-Principles and Foundations, Second: Constitutional Guidelines:-, Social Foundations: -
... 5. The State shall take legal measures to empower women to exercise their political rights and positive participation in public life in accordance with the provisions of the Constitution.

Page 54, Chapter two, Section one, Working Group on State Building and Constitution-Principles and Foundations, Third: Decisions Relevant to the States Identity, 3. Equal Citizenship:
- Citizens are equal in rights and obligations without any discrimination due to sex, ethnicity, ancestry, colour, religion, doctrine, creed, opinion, or economic and social status.

Page 56, Chapter two, Section one, Working Group on State Building and Constitution-Principles and Foundations, Sixth: Decisions Relevant to the Electoral System:
... 2- Political constituencies shall adhere by arranging their electoral lists to ensure access for at least 30% of women to the elected councils. The order of male and female candidates in the list shall be as follows: At least one woman for every thirty male candidates. Lists by political constituencies shall not be accepted if they are in contravention of the law.

Page 56, Chapter two, Section one, Working Group on State Building and Constitution-Principles and Foundations, Sixth: Decisions Relevant to the Electoral System:
... 3- National legislative elections system:
... b. Women shall be represented in all competing lists for the seats of the legislative body by at least 30%.
... d. Every male and female citizen who has reached the age of seventeen has the right to vote.

Page 37, Chapter two, Section one, National Reconciliation and Transitional Justice Working Group, Decisions by the Working Group presented to the Third Plenary:- Reparation and Rehabilitation
Reparation to victims of abuse is a right guaranteed by law. The state is obliged to provide all forms of sufficient and effective forms of reparation proportionate to the gravity of the abuse and the position of each victim.
... 84. Reparation is a system based on moral and financial compensation or both. Rehabilitation, restitution and integration. It can be individually or collectively and shall take into account the situation of the elderly, women, children and person of disability.

Page 63-64, Chapter two, Section one, Working Group on State Building and Constitution-Principles and Foundations, Tenth: The Constitutional Drafting Commission:
a. The prerequisite general conditions for membership of the Constitutional Drafting Commission shall be:-
All conditions apply to both males and females.
[Summary] Lists necessary qualifications.

Page 73, Chapter two, Section one, Working Group on Good Governance, Decisions of the Working Group ..., First: Constitutional Guidelines:-, First: Constitutional Guidelines:-,
45. ...12- Shall furnish a financial disclosure report for him, his children and wives and shall declare all moveable and non-movable assets inside the country or abroad and shall transfer the amount back to the country before nomination.

Page 76, Chapter two, Section one, Working Group on Good Governance, Decisions of the Working Group ..., First: Constitutional Guidelines:-, Second: Legal Guidelines,
... 33. Each citizen, male and female, the right to physical safety and compensations for harms resulting from armed conflicts and arbitrary detention.

Page 76, Chapter two, Section one, Working Group on Good Governance, Decisions of the Working Group ..., First: Constitutional Guidelines:-, Second: Legal Guidelines,
... 35. For each citizen (male and female), the right to a fair judiciary and free and fair elections.

Page 77, Chapter two, Section one, Working Group on Good Governance, Decisions of the Working Group ..., First: Constitutional Guidelines:-, Second: Legal Guidelines,
51. A legal provision that considers a public service job as a right to all male and female citizens, the formulation of a job description and adjustment of the wage and bonuses ceiling.

Page 78, Chapter two, Section one, Working Group on Good Governance, Decisions of the Working Group ..., First: Constitutional Guidelines:-, Second: Legal Guidelines,
... 67. Affirmation of the right of women to equal opportunities in all areas, active participation in public and political life and to be given at least 30% in control organizations in the same manner as in the other State’s authorities.

Page 83, Chapter two, Section one, Working Group on Good Governance, Decisions of the Working Group ..., First: Constitutional Guidelines:-, Second: Legal Guidelines,
... 122. The law shall provide for the inclusion of gender budgeting in the State’s public budget.

Page 84, Chapter two, Section one, Working Group on Good Governance, Decisions of the Working Group ..., First: Constitutional Guidelines:-, Second: Legal Guidelines,
... 129. The law shall provide for the following:-
a. Empowerment of women in political parties and organization by giving women at least 30% representations in their governing bodies.
b. Partisan programs and visions shall include women rights and advancement of women role and social status.

Page 85, Chapter two, Section one, Working Group on Good Governance, Decisions of the Working Group ..., First: Constitutional Guidelines:-, Second: Legal Guidelines,
... 143. The law shall provide for the amendments of tax and fiscal legislations to ensure that they contain temporary and regulated tax exemption for projects that aim at economically empowering women and youth.

Page 85, Chapter two, Section one, Working Group on Good Governance, Decisions of the Working Group ..., First: Constitutional Guidelines:-, Second: Legal Guidelines,
... 144. The law shall provide for the provision of loan facilities to women and youth.

Page 86, Chapter two, Section one, Working Group on Good Governance, Decisions of the Working Group ..., First: Constitutional Guidelines:-, ... Third: Decisions and Recommendations
... 6. Establishment of economic facilities to be attached to prisons, where prisoners, males and females will serve their sentences by working in them to be able to support their families and payback their debt. The Government should be responsible for those in prison and male and female prisoners who can’t payback their debt. It shall tack actions to ensure that their problems are resolved and be released immediately upon serving their sentences and to compensate them in case they are held longer illegally.

Page 97, Chapter two, Section one, Working Group on Building the Foundations for the Security and Military Institutions, First: Decisions on Constitutional Principles:
... 17. Empowerment and broadening of women participation in the work of the military, security and intelligence services, to be regulated by law.

Page 105, Chapter two, Section one, Working Group on Building the Foundations for the Security and Military Institutions, Second: Legal Decisions and Guidelines:
... 43. Sections specializing in women, children and domestic violence cases staffed by women shall be established in police station.

Page 106, Chapter two, Section one, Working Group on Building the Foundations for the Security and Military Institutions, Second: Legal Decisions and Guidelines:
... 48. Reorganization of the prisons authority, provision of sufficient budgetary allocations and support it with highly qualified staff to enable it to carry out the reformatory and rehabilitation programs. Financial incentives should be given to the staff. One security body should be responsible for guarding prisons. The authority should abide by classification of prisoners considering that prisons are reforms, rehabilitation and cultivation subject to judicial oversight. Any act which degrades the dignity of an individual or subjects the individual’s health to danger shall be banned. The State shall be responsible for the rehabilitation of those convicted and to facilitate their livelihoods after their release. Kindergartens should be established in prison to provide care for the children of female prisoners.

Page 113, Chapter two, Section one, Working Group on Building the Foundations for the Security and Military Institutions, Third: Executive Decisions for Immediate Action, Recommendations on the Prison Authority:
... ¥ Provision of full care for juveniles and a special detention facility to accommodate the large number of women.

Page 120, Chapter two, Section one, Working Group on Independent Institutions and Special Issues, 1. General Provisions‎‎‎‎‎‎‎‎‎‎, ‎‎‎‎‎‎‎‎‎1.1 General Provisions - Constitutional principles‎‎‎‎‎‎‎‎‎‎
… 3. ‎‎‎‎‎‎‎‎Women shall be represented by at least 30% in the leadership of an independent body provided they have the required conditions and criteria. ‎‎‎‎‎‎‎‎

‎‎‎‎‎Page 125-126, Chapter two, Section one, Working Group on Independent Institutions and Special Issues,
6. Ifta (issuance of Fatwas -edicts. ‎‎‎‎‎‎‎‎‎‎
‎‎‎‎‎‎‎‎Legal Directives‎‎‎‎‎‎‎‎‎‎
… 2. ‎‎‎‎The Dar Al-Ifta should be made-up of Islamic Shariya’ah scholars representing various jurisprudence of Islamic schools and utilization of expertise from various fields such as (the economy, law, medicine, social sciences and others taking into account representation of women).‎‎‎‎

Women, girls and gender

Participation
Gender quotas
Page 9, Chapter two, Section one, The Southern Working Group, II. Principles
... (10) ... real steps to achieve representation of at least 30% women in high offices, elected bodies and in the civil service.

Page 36, Chapter two, Section one, National Reconciliation and Transitional Justice Working Group, Decisions by the Working Group presented to the Third Plenary:- Transitional Justice Body:-
... 81. The Commission shall consist of at least 11 members and no more than 15 members. It shall reflect at least 30% representation of women, 50% for the South and 50% for the North. The competent authority shall, in accordance with the law, select those who meet the following conditions:

Page 56, Chapter two, Section one, Working Group on State Building and Constitution-Principles and Foundations, Sixth: Decisions Relevant to the Electoral System:
... 2- Political constituencies shall adhere by arranging their electoral lists to ensure access for at least 30% of women to the elected councils. The order of male and female candidates in the list shall be as follows: At least one woman for every thirty male candidates. Lists by political constituencies shall not be accepted if they are in contravention of the law.

Page 56, Chapter two, Section one, Working Group on State Building and Constitution-Principles and Foundations, Sixth: Decisions Relevant to the Electoral System:
... 3- National legislative elections system:
... b. Women shall be represented in all competing lists for the seats of the legislative body by at least 30%.

Page 78, Chapter two, Section one, Working Group on Good Governance, Decisions of the Working Group ..., First: Constitutional Guidelines:-, Second: Legal Guidelines,
... 67. Affirmation of the right of women to equal opportunities in all areas, active participation in public and political life and to be given at least 30% in control organizations in the same manner as in the other State’s authorities.

Page 84, Chapter two, Section one, Working Group on Good Governance, Decisions of the Working Group ..., First: Constitutional Guidelines:-, Second: Legal Guidelines,
... 129. The law shall provide for the following:-
a. Empowerment of women in political parties and organization by giving women at least 30% representations in their governing bodies.

Page 120, Chapter two, Section one, Working Group on Independent Institutions and Special Issues, 1. General Provisions‎‎‎‎‎‎‎‎‎‎, ‎‎‎‎‎‎‎‎‎1.1 General Provisions - Constitutional principles‎‎‎‎‎‎‎‎‎‎
… 3. ‎‎‎‎‎‎‎‎Women shall be represented by at least 30% in the leadership of an independent body provided they have the required conditions and criteria. ‎‎‎‎‎‎‎‎

Page 169, Chapter two, Section one, Working Group on Development, The Working Group’s Decisions Presented to the Final Plenary Session, The Role of the Government, Private Sector, Civil Society Organizations, and Individuals:
… 18. The government commits to the importance of the participation of women in all decision-making authorities in economic policy, especially in the executive branch. The participation of women in these agencies should be no less than 30%

Page 212, Chapter two, Section one, Working Group on Development, The Working Group’s Decisions Presented to the Final Plenary Session, Education and social development:
… 43. The government commits to encourage and support girls in rural areas to join specialized institutes and universities at a rate of not less than 10% of all students.
Effective participation
Page 33, Chapter two, Section one, National Reconciliation and Transitional Justice Working Group, Decisions by the Working Group presented to the Third Plenary:- Internally Displaced Issues,
... 66. Engage representatives of those affected, civil society and women in reconstruction funds committees.

Page 35, Chapter two, Section one, National Reconciliation and Transitional Justice Working Group, Decisions by the Working Group presented to the Third Plenary:- Women: -
... 75. Development of special measures to ensure equity for women during conflict and disputes and violation and consultations with women to identify their priorities in transitional justice mechanisms.

Page 50-51, Chapter two, Section one, Working Group on State Building and Constitution-Principles and Foundations, Second: Constitutional Guidelines:-, Social Foundations: -
... 5. The State shall take legal measures to empower women to exercise their political rights and positive participation in public life in accordance with the provisions of the Constitution.

Page 56, Chapter two, Section one, Working Group on State Building and Constitution-Principles and Foundations, Sixth: Decisions Relevant to the Electoral System:
... 3- National legislative elections system:
… d. Every male and female citizen who has reached the age of seventeen has the right to vote.

Page 84, Chapter two, Section one, Working Group on Good Governance, Decisions of the Working Group ..., First: Constitutional Guidelines:-, Second: Legal Guidelines,
... 129. The law shall provide for the following:-
… b. Partisan programs and visions shall include women rights and advancement of women role and social status.

‎‎‎‎‎Page 125-126, Chapter two, Section one, Working Group on Independent Institutions and Special Issues,
6. Ifta (issuance of Fatwas -edicts. ‎‎‎‎‎‎‎‎‎‎
‎‎‎‎‎‎‎‎Legal Directives‎‎‎‎‎‎‎‎‎‎
… 2. ‎‎‎‎The Dar Al-Ifta should be made-up of Islamic Shariya’ah scholars representing various jurisprudence of Islamic schools and utilization of expertise from various fields such as (the economy, law, medicine, social sciences and others taking into account representation of women).‎‎‎‎

Page 193, Chapter two, Section one, Working Group on Development, The Working Group’s Decisions Presented to the Final Plenary Session, Cultural Development:
Social Development:
2. Achieving just social development by creating a strategy and policies, issuing legislation, and implementing procedures that achieve social justice in a wide and comprehensive manner. This will create an effective partnership between the people and the general management, just distribution of resources which will end the class differences and remove social classes, and will strengthen the role of the government and its institutions while diminishing the role of non official organizations and entities that conflict with the supremacy of the law. It will give a major role to youth, women, and the marginalized as well as other forces in civil society (including political parties, institutions, unions, and civil society associations).

Page 198, Chapter two, Section one, Working Group on Development, The Working Group’s Decisions Presented to the Final Plenary Session, Cultural Development:
38. Taking great care of the social dimension of development and increasing popular participation in overseeing the performance of government agencies in this field. An environment that is morally, financially, and legislatively supportive of this enables disregarded groups, like women, the youth, those with special needs, and the marginalized to effectively participate in the development process.

Page 205, Chapter two, Section one, Working Group on Development, The Working Group’s Decisions Presented to the Final Plenary Session, Political Development:
44. Allocating a percentage for enrollment in medical education institutions in the rural and remote areas, while taking into account a just distribution between males and females.
Citizenship
Page 76, Chapter two, Section one, Working Group on Good Governance, Decisions of the Working Group ..., First: Constitutional Guidelines:-, Second: Legal Guidelines,
... 35. For each citizen (male and female), the right to a fair judiciary and free and fair elections.
Other
Page 40, Chapter two, Section one, National Reconciliation and Transitional Justice Working Group, Decisions by the Working Group presented to the Third Plenary:- Forced Disappearance, political conflicts and human rights violations: -
... 104. Eternalize women in the national memory in recognition of her distinguished role in all political and social stages.

Page 63-64, Chapter two, Section one, Working Group on State Building and Constitution-Principles and Foundations, Tenth: The Constitutional Drafting Commission:
a. The prerequisite general conditions for membership of the Constitutional Drafting Commission shall be:-
All conditions apply to both males and females.
[Summary] Lists necessary qualifications.

Page 83, Chapter two, Section one, Working Group on Good Governance, Decisions of the Working Group ..., First: Constitutional Guidelines:-, Second: Legal Guidelines,
... 122. The law shall provide for the inclusion of gender budgeting in the State’s public budget.

Page 162, Chapter two, Section one, Working Group on Rights and Freedoms, Decisions, First: Constitutional Guidelines, II: Recommendations:
… 2. Engage rural and coastal women in planning and implementation of programs in agriculture and fisheries, facilitation of lending and marketing facilities, development of women agriculture and fisheries extension, and attention to income–generating home based agriculture and fisheries activities.
Equality
Equality (general)
Page 22-23, Chapter two, Section one, The Sa’dah Working Group, Decisions of the Working Group presented to the Final Plenary, First: Solutions, Treatments and Guarantees
... 53. Any audio-visual production or any oral reference verbal or in writing published or broadcast through public or private forum which defames any natural or legal persons or incites against them due to color, sex, lineage, ethnicity, creed, doctrine, sect, place of birth, vocation, economic or community activity or living standards, thought, affiliation shall be deemed racism. Racial discrimination should be criminalized as defined above. Penalties shall be imposed by law on anyone who practices at a personal level or on behalf of a government’s or non-governmental persons if such bodies don’t relief themselves of the responsibility for the person or the racist offence.

Page 23, Chapter two, Section one, The Sa’dah Working Group, Decisions of the Working Group presented to the Final Plenary, First: Solutions, Treatments and Guarantees
... 54. The constitution shall provide that all citizens, males and females, are equal in rights and obligations. They have the right to run for public office without any discrimination on the basis of ethnicity, color, doctrine, creed or region.

Page 44, Chapter two, Section one, Working Group on State Building and Constitution-Principles and Foundations, Decisions:- First: Preamble of the Constitution:-
The preamble falls within the competence of the Constitution Drafting Commission. The Constitution should be drafted to reflect the principles based on the outcomes of the NDC. It shall contain the principles of equal citizenship, guarantee of the dignity and rights of the female and male citizens of Yemen, social justice and rule of law under a democratic, civic State in Yemen.

Page 54, Chapter two, Section one, Working Group on State Building and Constitution-Principles and Foundations, Third: Decisions Relevant to the States Identity, 3. Equal Citizenship:
- Citizens are equal in rights and obligations without any discrimination due to sex, ethnicity, ancestry, colour, religion, doctrine, creed, opinion, or economic and social status.

Page 131, Chapter two, Section one, Working Group on Independent Institutions and Special Issues,
‎‎‎‎‎‎‎10.4.1 The National Authority for Persons with Disabilities - Legal guideline‎‎‎‎‎‎‎‎‎‎
1. … c. Guarantee the rights of persons with disabilities and ensure equal opportunities and effective political and intellectual participation in society without discrimination under any justification whether gender, age, color, type of disability, sect or any other justification.
Social equality
Page 173, Chapter two, Section one, Working Group on Development, The Working Group’s Decisions Presented to the Final Plenary Session, Health Development:
… 2. The government commits to protecting the health rights of all citizens, especially the weak and marginalized groups, children, women, the elderly, and those with special needs. This should be considered a human right that is protected by the government without any discrimination, and it should be supported by creating economic and social policies that aim at lowering and helping with illnesses, providing and paving the away to health care services, all including prevention, treatment, and raising awareness.

Page 193-194, Chapter two, Section one, Working Group on Development, The Working Group’s Decisions Presented to the Final Plenary Session, Cultural Development:
4. Working to combat all types of social discrimination that is based on religion, sect, denomination, region, race, gender, color, job, class, or social or economic status by creating social policies that are just and implementing reforms and economic plans that are just and continuous. Legislation should also be issued that includes the merging of the group that has been most marginalized, who are called “the Akhdam,” into society in order to achieve social equality and equal opportunities.

Page 199, Chapter two, Section one, Working Group on Development, The Working Group’s Decisions Presented to the Final Plenary Session, Cultural Development:
… 42. Issuing a law for the family that protects the humanitarian and social laws for women and protects them from all kinds of discrimination, violence, and inhumane treatment. It should also include the human rights of children and youth and protect them from abuse from parents or society. In many cases, this leads to them having problems in their personalities, and do not end up contributing to society as much as they could have. The law mentioned above should also include texts that protect the right of women in inheritance and choosing a life partner, as well as providing humanitarian, moral, and financial support, as well as compensation, to divorced and widowed women. This includes enough to end the phenomenon of very expensive dowries.
Other
Page 34, Chapter two, Section one, National Reconciliation and Transitional Justice Working Group, Decisions by the Working Group presented to the Third Plenary:- Constitutional and Legal Principles for Transitional Justice and National Reconciliation, Truth telling,
... 70. The law shall identify transitional justice programs in compliance with international human rights standards, the international human rights law and the following principles:-
... i. Guarantee the rights of women, children and minorities

Page 138, Chapter two, Section one, Working Group on Independent Institutions and Special Issues,
‎‎‎‎‎‎‎‎13.3.3 Armed Groups - Recommendations‎‎‎‎‎‎‎‎‎‎
… 6. Put in place required measures and plans to harness and employ the capacities of both male and female youths to ensure a decent living and to eradicate unemployment.

Page 145, Chapter two, Section one, Working Group on Rights and Freedoms, Decisions, First: Constitutional Guidelines, Right to adequate living:
1. Every citizen, male and female, has the right to be provided by the State through the national income and international cooperation the right to social welfare and economic and cultural rights that are indispensable to protection of their dignity and character development.

Page 152, Chapter two, Section one, Working Group on Rights and Freedoms, Decisions, First: Constitutional Guidelines, Right to Political Participation and Elections
… 111. Citizens, both men and women, have the right to participate actively in political life to run and vote in presidential and parliamentary elections and referendums. The State is committed to the inclusion of the name of each citizen in the voters register if eligible.

Page 204, Chapter two, Section one, Working Group on Development, The Working Group’s Decisions Presented to the Final Plenary Session, Political Development:
37. Taking the appropriate steps in order to strengthen school health services so that it can play its role in disease prevention and health guidance so it can benefit both males and females equally.
Particular groups of women
Refugee/displaced women
Page 156, Chapter two, Section one, Working Group on Rights and Freedoms, Decisions, First: Constitutional Guidelines, Women's Rights
…160. Trafficking of refugee women and sexual and physical exploitation shall be criminalized.
Pregnancy/maternity
Page 132, Chapter two, Section one, Working Group on Independent Institutions and Special Issues,
‎‎‎‎‎‎‎10.5.1 The High National Authority for Motherhood and Childhood - Legal determinates:-‎‎‎‎‎‎‎‎‎‎
1. ‎‎The Authority shall be responsible for:-‎‎
a. Formulation of public policies relevant to motherhood and childhood affairs in all areas (educational, cultural, health, social and psychiatric) and follow-up on implementation in the light of reports submitted from the competent agencies and issuance of recommendations.
b. strengthening of moral values which embodies the status of mothers and the family and role in society through raising social awareness on the needs, issues and challenges of motherhood and childhood to promote support by public opinion on these issues.
c. Coordination and cooperation with all official sectors and civil society organizations concerned with motherhood and childhood locally, regionally and international with the objective of creating the required balance and integrations between these sectors.
d. Creation of a database for the provision of information, statistics and studies on motherhood and childhood affairs at the national level and evaluate indicators and results reached.

Page 156, Chapter two, Section one, Working Group on Rights and Freedoms, Decisions, First: Constitutional Guidelines, Women's Rights
… 157. Women have the right to child-care leave for a full year with full pay a second year at half pay.
158. Women have right of enjoyment of personal rights related to pregnancy and childbirth. The reproduction function should be considered a social function, the burden of which should be borne by both parents together with the State’s institutions.

Page 158, Chapter two, Section one, Working Group on Rights and Freedoms, Decisions, First: Constitutional Guidelines, Rights of the Child
175. The State shall commit to adoption of suitable leaves for working women with respect to maternity leave, breast-feeding, nursery in a manner that puts the interests of the child first.

Page 197, Chapter two, Section one, Working Group on Development, The Working Group’s Decisions Presented to the Final Plenary Session, Cultural Development:
30. Increasing the centers for motherhood and childhood and providing them with the necessary capabilities so that they can provide their services to women and children in rural areas, and giving areas that have not had these services a priority in this. A policy that leads to organizing reproduction and clarifying the benefits of social, economic, health, and reproductive health of this problem, as well as its effect on families, individuals, and society.

Page 202, Chapter two, Section one, Working Group on Development, The Working Group’s Decisions Presented to the Final Plenary Session, Health:
…2. Adopting media policies that aim to increase awareness about the dangers of malnutrition of children in Yemen, and the reasons affecting that, especially incorrect traditional practices regarding alternatives to natural breastfeeding. There should be a greater focus on the thousand day window in the lives of children, from pregnancy until they reach two years old, considering that natural breastfeeding is a very important factor in limiting malnutrition.

Page 203, Chapter two, Section one, Working Group on Development, The Working Group’s Decisions Presented to the Final Plenary Session, Health:
24. Committing the necessary resources to achieve the health policies and programs in raising awareness about family planning and safe motherhood, and strengthening the public facilities that provide reproductive health services to ensure the best possible services are given. The abilities of the workers in this field should be rebuilt, especially the family cadres, to cover the needs of the women in rural and marginalized areas.

Page 203-204, Chapter two, Section one, Working Group on Development, The Working Group’s Decisions Presented to the Final Plenary Session, Health::
26. Taking all necessary steps in order to develop a program in the field of prevention of harms caused by environmental pollution and combating them, as well as taking the necessary steps in order for the media to play a constructive and effective role in disease prevention and health instruction, especially on the subjects of children’s health and nutrition, the benefits of natural breastfeeding, prevention of accidents and harms of second hand smoke for children, the harms of Qat and its negative effective of children, the harms of alternatives to natural breastfeeding and their marketing.

Page 204, Chapter two, Section one, Working Group on Development, The Working Group’s Decisions Presented to the Final Plenary Session, Political Development:
28. Taking all appropriate steps in order to avoid early pregnancy and provide appropriate information, programs, and instructions to raise awareness in society about the dangers of early pregnancy to the women and the child.

Page 204, Chapter two, Section one, Working Group on Development, The Working Group’s Decisions Presented to the Final Plenary Session, Political Development:
30. Creating a program to train workers in the field of child and mother health to prepare them to achieve the principles and goals that embody the right of all children and mothers to receive the highest level of health care possible. There should be a system to record and follow up the various programs and policies for this reason, and it should be created in cooperation with the specialized entities and related groups and organizations.
Other
Page 162, Chapter two, Section one, Working Group on Rights and Freedoms, Decisions, First: Constitutional Guidelines, The chapter on constitutional safeguards for the protection of the rights and freedoms:
223. Work to address rural women problems and concerns and promotion of girl’s education in rural areas.

Page 162, Chapter two, Section one, Working Group on Rights and Freedoms, Decisions, First: Constitutional Guidelines, The chapter on constitutional safeguards for the protection of the rights and freedoms:
… 224. Establishment of special centers for rural women to develop their abilities.
International law
General IHRL, IHL and IL
Page 33, Chapter two, Section one, National Reconciliation and Transitional Justice Working Group, Decisions by the Working Group presented to the Third Plenary:- Internally Displaced Issues,
... 61. The State shall commit to providing necessary protection to women, children and persons with disabilities during and after armed conflicts and other violent cases as well as exceptional cases in accordance with the international humanitarian law.

Page 33, Chapter two, Section one, National Reconciliation and Transitional Justice Working Group, Decisions by the Working Group presented to the Third Plenary:- Internally Displaced Issues,
... 62. Alignment between international conventions and national legislations to ensure the rights of women, children and persons with disabilities during armed conflicts, wars, others violent situations and extraordinary situation.
New institutions
Institutions for women
Page 131, Chapter two, Section one, Working Group on Independent Institutions and Special Issues,
‎‎‎‎‎‎‎10.3 The National Women Authority - Legal guideline‎‎‎‎‎‎‎‎‎‎
1. ‎‎The National Women Authority shall guarantee equitable representation of youth on the basis of the qualification.‎‎
2. ‎‎Tasks of the National Women Authority:-‎‎
a. Formulation of public policies in the area of women affairs development in constitutional and legal institutions and follow-up on their implementation with competent authorities.
b. Propose amendments to legislations dealing with women and comment on draft legislations and decrees needed for the advancement of women.
c. Follow-up on the enforcement of legislations, regulations, decrees and international agreements relevant to women which have been ratified and the programs adopted in government plans and programs to ensure that they are implemented.
d. Ensure representation of women in all commissions and international circles on women affairs.
e. Formulation of a draft national plan for the advancement of women and to address the social, political, economic and cultural issues women face.

Page 132, Chapter two, Section one, Working Group on Independent Institutions and Special Issues,
‎‎‎‎‎‎‎10.5.1 The High National Authority for Motherhood and Childhood - Legal determinates:-‎‎‎‎‎‎‎‎‎‎
1. ‎‎The Authority shall be responsible for:-‎‎
a. Formulation of public policies relevant to motherhood and childhood affairs in all areas (educational, cultural, health, social and psychiatric) and follow-up on implementation in the light of reports submitted from the competent agencies and issuance of recommendations.
b. strengthening of moral values which embodies the status of mothers and the family and role in society through raising social awareness on the needs, issues and challenges of motherhood and childhood to promote support by public opinion on these issues.
c. Coordination and cooperation with all official sectors and civil society organizations concerned with motherhood and childhood locally, regionally and international with the objective of creating the required balance and integrations between these sectors.
d. Creation of a database for the provision of information, statistics and studies on motherhood and childhood affairs at the national level and evaluate indicators and results reached.
e. Contribution in the provision of family stability for women and children through the provision of guidance and counselling services on family matters to address problems faced by women and children.

Page 147, Chapter two, Section one, Working Group on Rights and Freedoms, Decisions, First: Constitutional Guidelines, Rights of the Family:
… 63. Establishment of a body to be responsible for the protection of women and children from social and domestic violence

Page 197, Chapter two, Section one, Working Group on Development, The Working Group’s Decisions Presented to the Final Plenary Session, Cultural Development:
30. Increasing the centers for motherhood and childhood and providing them with the necessary capabilities so that they can provide their services to women and children in rural areas, and giving areas that have not had these services a priority in this. A policy that leads to organizing reproduction and clarifying the benefits of social, economic, health, and reproductive health of this problem, as well as its effect on families, individuals, and society.
Infrastructure (general)
Page 83, Chapter two, Section one, Working Group on Good Governance, Decisions of the Working Group ..., First: Constitutional Guidelines:-, Second: Legal Guidelines,
... 122. The law shall provide for the inclusion of gender budgeting in the State’s public budget.

Page 156, Chapter two, Section one, Working Group on Rights and Freedoms, Decisions, First: Constitutional Guidelines, Women's Rights
156. Increase social security for divorced and widowed women.
157. Women have the right to child-care leave for a full year with full pay a second year at half pay.
158. Women have right of enjoyment of personal rights related to pregnancy and childbirth. The reproduction function should be considered a social function, the burden of which should be borne by both parents together with the State’s institutions.
...

Page 157, Chapter two, Section one, Working Group on Rights and Freedoms, Decisions, First: Constitutional Guidelines, Women's Rights
161. Women have the right to make investment and protection thereof. Facilities and access to white loans shall be provided to them.
162. Disabled and elderly women have the right to access full social services.
163. Barriers restricting freedom and the rights of women shall be lifted, especially those relevant to the wrong interpretation of the purposes and intent of the Islamic Shariya’ah.

Page 158, Chapter two, Section one, Working Group on Rights and Freedoms, Decisions, First: Constitutional Guidelines, Rights of the Child
175. The State shall commit to adoption of suitable leaves for working women with respect to maternity leave, breast-feeding, nursery in a manner that puts the interests of the child first.

Page 162, Chapter two, Section one, Working Group on Rights and Freedoms, Decisions, First: Constitutional Guidelines, II: Recommendations:
…3. Protection of women’s situation in the agricultural and fisheries sector in terms of the mechanics of the labor market, especially wages, work hours and other rights.

Page 163, Chapter two, Section one, Working Group on Rights and Freedoms, Decisions, First: Constitutional Guidelines, II: Recommendations:
… 12. Preparation of the law of associations and civic institutions that promotes the role of women, youth, the marginalized, the disabled and children.

Page 167, Chapter two, Section one, Working Group on Development, The Working Group’s Decisions Presented to the Final Plenary Session, The Role of the Government, Private Sector, Civil Society Organizations, and Individuals:
2. … f. The government supports funds for social welfare and contributes, along with civil society organizations, in helping orphans, single-mothers, and homes for the elderly and abused.

Page 191, Chapter two, Section one, Working Group on Development, The Working Group’s Decisions Presented to the Final Plenary Session, Cultural Development:
11. Care for culture related to social groups like women, children, youth, the marginalized, emigrants, and those with special needs. They should be provided with different methods of development and improvement, which includes the importance of giving them a suitable legislative environment, as well as financial and moral support of different kinds.
Violence against women
Gender-based violence/VAW (general)
Page 105, Chapter two, Section one, Working Group on Building the Foundations for the Security and Military Institutions, Second: Legal Decisions and Guidelines:
... 43. Sections specializing in women, children and domestic violence cases staffed by women shall be established in police station.

Page 132, Chapter two, Section one, Working Group on Independent Institutions and Special Issues,
‎‎‎‎‎‎‎‎10.5.1 The High National Authority for Motherhood and Childhood - Recommendations:-‎‎‎‎‎‎‎‎‎‎
1. Criminalization of violence against women in any form or shape as well as children since violence degrades the human soul and produces a battered generation.

Page 150, Chapter two, Section one, Working Group on Rights and Freedoms, Decisions, First: Constitutional Guidelines, Right to Personal Freedom - Security and Physical Safety
… 94. Criminalize assault on physical integrity (FGM), sexual harassment, exploitation of women in commercials in a manner which degrades and humiliates dignity, and trafficking of women.

Page 161, Chapter two, Section one, Working Group on Rights and Freedoms, Decisions, First: Constitutional Guidelines, The chapter on constitutional safeguards for the protection of the rights and freedoms:
… 209. There is a need to pass the sexual harassment law.
Protection (general)
Page 33, Chapter two, Section one, National Reconciliation and Transitional Justice Working Group, Decisions by the Working Group presented to the Third Plenary:- Internally Displaced Issues,
... 61. The State shall commit to providing necessary protection to women, children and persons with disabilities during and after armed conflicts and other violent cases as well as exceptional cases in accordance with the international humanitarian law.

Page 50-51, Chapter two, Section one, Working Group on State Building and Constitution-Principles and Foundations, Second: Constitutional Guidelines:-, Social Foundations: -
... 3. The State shall foster motherhood and childhood, adolescents and youth and shall protect them from economic and social exploitation.

Page 76, Chapter two, Section one, Working Group on Good Governance, Decisions of the Working Group ..., First: Constitutional Guidelines:-, Second: Legal Guidelines,
... 33. Each citizen, male and female, the right to physical safety and compensations for harms resulting from armed conflicts and arbitrary detention.

Page 132, Chapter two, Section one, Working Group on Independent Institutions and Special Issues,
‎‎‎‎‎‎‎‎10.5.1 The High National Authority for Motherhood and Childhood - Recommendations:-‎‎‎‎‎‎‎‎‎‎
… 3. Define a safe age for marriage to protect minors. ‎‎

Page 137-138, Chapter two, Section one, Working Group on Independent Institutions and Special Issues,
‎‎‎‎‎‎‎‎13.3.2 Armed Groups - Legal determinants‎‎‎‎‎‎‎‎‎‎
… 2. The State shall commit to the provision of protection for women and children in disputes, conflicts and war areas.

Page 147, Chapter two, Section one, Working Group on Rights and Freedoms, Decisions, First: Constitutional Guidelines, Rights of the Family:
… 63. Establishment of a body to be responsible for the protection of women and children from social and domestic violence [also coded in institutions]

Page 156, Chapter two, Section one, Working Group on Rights and Freedoms, Decisions, First: Constitutional Guidelines, Women's Rights
…160. Trafficking of refugee women and sexual and physical exploitation shall be criminalized.

Page 157, Chapter two, Section one, Working Group on Rights and Freedoms, Decisions, First: Constitutional Guidelines, Early Marriage:-
166. The age of marriage shall be 18 years for both sexes.
167. The minimum age of marriage for girls is 18 years, and anyone violating this rule shall be punished by law.

Page 199, Chapter two, Section one, Working Group on Development, The Working Group’s Decisions Presented to the Final Plenary Session, Cultural Development:
… 42. Issuing a law for the family that protects the humanitarian and social laws for women and protects them from all kinds of discrimination, violence, and inhumane treatment. It should also include the human rights of children and youth and protect them from abuse from parents or society. In many cases, this leads to them having problems in their personalities, and do not end up contributing to society as much as they could have. The law mentioned above should also include texts that protect the right of women in inheritance and choosing a life partner, as well as providing humanitarian, moral, and financial support, as well as compensation, to divorced and widowed women. This includes enough to end the phenomenon of very expensive dowries.
Other
Page 204, Chapter two, Section one, Working Group on Development, The Working Group’s Decisions Presented to the Final Plenary Session, Political Development:
29. Quickly adopted legislative texts that criminalize harmful health practices like female genital mutilation, and creating a board of doctors and health workers to oversee the practice of such customs, and increasing awareness in society about the dangers of this phenomenon. The most effective methods of getting the message across should be used, and religious reasons should be used to try to stop it.
Transitional justice
Past and gender
Page 21, Chapter two, Section one, The Sa’dah Working Group, Decisions of the Working Group presented to the Final Plenary, First: Solutions, Treatments and Guarantees
... 39. The State shall care for victims of the armed disputes including women and children who have lost their head of household, other than the families of martyrs and the wounded, who were living on the low-income professions and handcrafts and whose income had been affected due to the events. The State shall continue to provide welfare for them until they have been able to forge a livelihood and improve their economic situation. For that purpose, the State shall work to enroll them in rehabilitation and vocational training programs and social security.

Page 35, Chapter two, Section one, National Reconciliation and Transitional Justice Working Group, Decisions by the Working Group presented to the Third Plenary:- Women: -
... 75. Development of special measures to ensure equity for women during conflict and disputes and violation and consultations with women to identify their priorities in transitional justice mechanisms.

Page 36, Chapter two, Section one, National Reconciliation and Transitional Justice Working Group, Decisions by the Working Group presented to the Third Plenary:- Transitional Justice Body:-
... 81. The Commission shall consist of at least 11 members and no more than 15 members. It shall reflect at least 30% representation of women, 50% for the South and 50% for the North. The competent authority shall, in accordance with the law, select those who meet the following conditions:

Page 40, Chapter two, Section one, National Reconciliation and Transitional Justice Working Group, Decisions by the Working Group presented to the Third Plenary:- Forced Disappearance, political conflicts and human rights violations: -
... 100. The state shall work, through relevant stakeholders, to monitor and to collect and analyse all data and statics of human rights abuses during peace times and during political and armed conflicts and establish an accurate and detailed database for females and males (gender) to assist in healing the abuses.
Prisons, prisoner release
Page 86, Chapter two, Section one, Working Group on Good Governance, Decisions of the Working Group ..., First: Constitutional Guidelines:-, ... Third: Decisions and Recommendations
... 6. Establishment of economic facilities to be attached to prisons, where prisoners, males and females will serve their sentences by working in them to be able to support their families and payback their debt. The Government should be responsible for those in prison and male and female prisoners who can’t payback their debt. It shall tack actions to ensure that their problems are resolved and be released immediately upon serving their sentences and to compensate them in case they are held longer illegally.

Page 106, Chapter two, Section one, Working Group on Building the Foundations for the Security and Military Institutions, Second: Legal Decisions and Guidelines:
... 48. … Kindergartens should be established in prison to provide care for the children of female prisoners.

Page 113, Chapter two, Section one, Working Group on Building the Foundations for the Security and Military Institutions, Third: Executive Decisions for Immediate Action, Recommendations on the Prison Authority:
... ¥ Provision of full care for juveniles and a special detention facility to accommodate the large number of women.

Page 156, Chapter two, Section one, Working Group on Rights and Freedoms, Decisions, First: Constitutional Guidelines, Women's Rights
… 159. The State shall commit to the provision of special prisons for women. The State shall work to establish welfare and rehabilitation centers for women prisoners after they serve their sentences.

Page 157, Chapter two, Section one, Working Group on Rights and Freedoms, Decisions, First: Constitutional Guidelines, Women's Rights
… 164. Speedy implementation of sentences on women convicted of crimes. The law shall criminalize the exploitation of women prisoners inhumanely and immorally.

Page 157, Chapter two, Section one, Working Group on Rights and Freedoms, Decisions, First: Constitutional Guidelines, Women's Rights
… 165. Imprisonment or holding of women in non-grave crimes shall be prohibited until a court judgment is passed. Necessary bail should be secured during investigation and trial in consideration of the nature of Yemeni society.
Institutional reform
Constitution-making/reform
Page 209, Chapter two, Section one, Working Group on Development, The Working Group’s Decisions Presented to the Final Plenary Session, Education and social development:
33. … j. Including in the educational curriculums texts about women’s constitutional, social, and economic rights.
Emergency/criminal law/corruption reform
Page 45, Chapter two, Section one, Working Group on State Building and Constitution-Principles and Foundations, Second: Constitutional Guidelines:-, Political Foundations:
... 2. Realization of the principle of accountability for anyone who assumes a public office job including the President of the Republic, the Prime Minister and deputies, ministers and their deputies, heads of authorities, organizations, corporations, public bodies and their deputies. Immunity from accountability for any of those posts is prohibited. Anyone who holds such a post must submit a financial disclosure showing their assets, assets of their sons and wives during one month from their appointment and one month after leaving office.

Page 73, Chapter two, Section one, Working Group on Good Governance, Decisions of the Working Group ..., First: Constitutional Guidelines:-, First: Constitutional Guidelines:-,
45. ...12- Shall furnish a financial disclosure report for him, his children and wives and shall declare all moveable and non-movable assets inside the country or abroad and shall transfer the amount back to the country before nomination.

Page 132, Chapter two, Section one, Working Group on Independent Institutions and Special Issues,
‎‎‎‎‎‎‎‎10.5.1 The High National Authority for Motherhood and Childhood - Recommendations:-‎‎‎‎‎‎‎‎‎‎
1. Criminalization of violence against women in any form or shape as well as children since violence degrades the human soul and produces a battered generation.

Page 150, Chapter two, Section one, Working Group on Rights and Freedoms, Decisions, First: Constitutional Guidelines, Right to Personal Freedom - Security and Physical Safety
… 94. Criminalize assault on physical integrity (FGM), sexual harassment, exploitation of women in commercials in a manner which degrades and humiliates dignity, and trafficking of women.

Page 156, Chapter two, Section one, Working Group on Rights and Freedoms, Decisions, First: Constitutional Guidelines, Women's Rights
…160. Trafficking of refugee women and sexual and physical exploitation shall be criminalized.

Page 161, Chapter two, Section one, Working Group on Rights and Freedoms, Decisions, First: Constitutional Guidelines, The chapter on constitutional safeguards for the protection of the rights and freedoms:
… 209. There is a need to pass the sexual harassment law.
Judiciary, judicial reform
Page 157, Chapter two, Section one, Working Group on Rights and Freedoms, Decisions, First: Constitutional Guidelines, Women's Rights
… 164. Speedy implementation of sentences on women convicted of crimes. ...

Page 157, Chapter two, Section one, Working Group on Rights and Freedoms, Decisions, First: Constitutional Guidelines, Women's Rights
… 165. Imprisonment or holding of women in non-grave crimes shall be prohibited until a court judgment is passed. Necessary bail should be secured during investigation and trial in consideration of the nature of Yemeni society.
Police
Page 105, Chapter two, Section one, Working Group on Building the Foundations for the Security and Military Institutions, Second: Legal Decisions and Guidelines:
... 43. Sections specializing in women, children and domestic violence cases staffed by women shall be established in police station.
DDR, army, parastatal or rebel forces
Page 97, Chapter two, Section one, Working Group on Building the Foundations for the Security and Military Institutions, First: Decisions on Constitutional Principles:
... 17. Empowerment and broadening of women participation in the work of the military, security and intelligence services, to be regulated by law.
Public administration
Page 77, Chapter two, Section one, Working Group on Good Governance, Decisions of the Working Group ..., First: Constitutional Guidelines:-, Second: Legal Guidelines,
51. A legal provision that considers a public service job as a right to all male and female citizens, the formulation of a job description and adjustment of the wage and bonuses ceiling.
Development
General
Page 85, Chapter two, Section one, Working Group on Good Governance, Decisions of the Working Group ..., First: Constitutional Guidelines:-, Second: Legal Guidelines,
... 143. The law shall provide for the amendments of tax and fiscal legislations to ensure that they contain temporary and regulated tax exemption for projects that aim at economically empowering women and youth.

Page 85, Chapter two, Section one, Working Group on Good Governance, Decisions of the Working Group ..., First: Constitutional Guidelines:-, Second: Legal Guidelines,
... 144. The law shall provide for the provision of loan facilities to women and youth.

Page 155, Chapter two, Section one, Working Group on Rights and Freedoms, Decisions, First: Constitutional Guidelines, General constitutional principles which the working group reached consensus on:
… 146. Every working woman in any institution of the State shall have the right to voluntary retirement when they reach 25 years of service.

Page 162, Chapter two, Section one, Working Group on Rights and Freedoms, Decisions, First: Constitutional Guidelines, II: Recommendations:
… 2. Engage rural and coastal women in planning and implementation of programs in agriculture and fisheries, facilitation of lending and marketing facilities, development of women agriculture and fisheries extension, and attention to income–generating home based agriculture and fisheries activities.

Page 167, Chapter two, Section one, Working Group on Development, The Working Group’s Decisions Presented to the Final Plenary Session, The Role of the Government, Private Sector, Civil Society Organizations, and Individuals:
2. … f. The government supports funds for social welfare and contributes, along with civil society organizations, in helping orphans, single-mothers, and homes for the elderly and abused.

Page 191, Chapter two, Section one, Working Group on Development, The Working Group’s Decisions Presented to the Final Plenary Session, Cultural Development:
11. Care for culture related to social groups like women, children, youth, the marginalized, emigrants, and those with special needs. They should be provided with different methods of development and improvement, which includes the importance of giving them a suitable legislative environment, as well as financial and moral support of different kinds.

Page 215, Chapter two, Section one, Working Group on Development, The Working Group’s Decisions Presented to the Final Plenary Session, Education and social development:
82. The government commits to integrating women in the different rural development programs with the goal of raising the living standard of women and families and enabling them to get the necessary funding for production projects, and easing the flow of information necessary for agriculture and animal production in order to enable them to carry out their roles in developing Yemen.
Rehabilitation and reconstruction
Page 18, Chapter two, Section one, The Sa’dah Working Group, Decisions of the Working Group presented to the Final Plenary, First: Solutions, Treatments and Guarantees
... 12. Establishment of welfare and rehabilitation centers for the affected persons, (the disabled- psychologically and physically, women children and the elderly). The centers should be located in areas affected by the war. Vocational and technical education training centers should be established to accommodate the youth.

Page 33, Chapter two, Section one, National Reconciliation and Transitional Justice Working Group, Decisions by the Working Group presented to the Third Plenary:- Internally Displaced Issues,
... 66. Engage representatives of those affected, civil society and women in reconstruction funds committees.

Page 37, Chapter two, Section one, National Reconciliation and Transitional Justice Working Group, Decisions by the Working Group presented to the Third Plenary:- Reparation and Rehabilitation
... 84. Reparation is a system based on moral and financial compensation or both. Rehabilitation, restitution and integration. It can be individually or collectively and shall take into account the situation of the elderly, women, children and person of disability.

Page 42, Chapter two, Section one, National Reconciliation and Transitional Justice Working Group, Decisions by the Working Group presented to the Third Plenary:- Forced Disappearance, political conflicts and human rights violations: -
... 119. Development of policies and special measures to quickly compensate women and children victims of wars and consecutive events of violence and force used by security and military forces.

Page 156, Chapter two, Section one, Working Group on Rights and Freedoms, Decisions, First: Constitutional Guidelines, Women's Rights
… 159. The State shall commit to the provision of special prisons for women. The State shall work to establish welfare and rehabilitation centers for women prisoners after they serve their sentences.
Education
Page 19-20, Chapter two, Section one, The Sa’dah Working Group, Decisions of the Working Group presented to the Final Plenary, First: Solutions, Treatments and Guarantees
27. The Ministry of Education and the Ministry of Higher Education should be ordered to solve the problems of female and male students affected by the wars in Sa’adah and other affected areas. This should be done through a flexible program to enable them to take tests on study subjects for more than a year according to their capacities in order to enable them to catch up with their colleagues and peers in the same age. This should apply to all universities. Those affected by the war in Sa’adah and other areas should be given a 10% reduction of the admission grade average required by universities for ten years starting the application of this exception.

Page 146, Chapter two, Section one, Working Group on Rights and Freedoms, Decisions, First: Constitutional Guidelines, The right to health :
… 4. More attention should be given to girls’ education in health aspects. Girls should be given suitable opportunities to join this sector and the State shall encourage rural girls enrolled in this field.

Page 162, Chapter two, Section one, Working Group on Rights and Freedoms, Decisions, First: Constitutional Guidelines, The chapter on constitutional safeguards for the protection of the rights and freedoms:
223. Work to address rural women problems and concerns and promotion of girl’s education in rural areas.

Page 162, Chapter two, Section one, Working Group on Rights and Freedoms, Decisions, First: Constitutional Guidelines, The chapter on constitutional safeguards for the protection of the rights and freedoms:
… 224. Establishment of special centers for rural women to develop their abilities.

Page 171, Chapter two, Section one, Working Group on Development, The Working Group’s Decisions Presented to the Final Plenary Session, Educational and Human Development:
… 4. The government provides the necessary incentives that are appropriate to ensure the education of girls.

Page 205, Chapter two, Section one, Working Group on Development, The Working Group’s Decisions Presented to the Final Plenary Session, Political Development:
44. Allocating a percentage for enrollment in medical education institutions in the rural and remote areas, while taking into account a just distribution between males and females.

Page 212, Chapter two, Section one, Working Group on Development, The Working Group’s Decisions Presented to the Final Plenary Session, Education and social development:
… 43. The government commits to encourage and support girls in rural areas to join specialized institutes and universities at a rate of not less than 10% of all students.

Page 215, Chapter two, Section one, Working Group on Development, The Working Group’s Decisions Presented to the Final Plenary Session, Education and social development:
81. The government provides vocational training to women and the disabled.
Health (general)
Page 132, Chapter two, Section one, Working Group on Independent Institutions and Special Issues,
‎‎‎‎‎‎‎‎10.5.1 The High National Authority for Motherhood and Childhood - Recommendations:-‎‎‎‎‎‎‎‎‎‎
… 2. Establishment of rehabilitation institutions to support the family units and make pre-marriage tests mandatory (physiological, social and psychological tests) to protect the family from being infected from different hereditary diseases and family disintegration.

Page 150, Chapter two, Section one, Working Group on Rights and Freedoms, Decisions, First: Constitutional Guidelines, Right to Personal Freedom - Security and Physical Safety
… 95. Activation of pre-marital medical examination.

Page 204, Chapter two, Section one, Working Group on Development, The Working Group’s Decisions Presented to the Final Plenary Session, Health:
27. Taking all necessary steps in order to support prevention of inheriting the AIDS virus, and taking the necessary steps with the goal of improving the health awareness and education regarding this virus for the general population, especially children.

Page 204, Chapter two, Section one, Working Group on Development, The Working Group’s Decisions Presented to the Final Plenary Session, Political Development:
30. Creating a program to train workers in the field of child and mother health to prepare them to achieve the principles and goals that embody the right of all children and mothers to receive the highest level of health care possible. There should be a system to record and follow up the various programs and policies for this reason, and it should be created in cooperation with the specialized entities and related groups and organizations.
Reproductive rights
Page 156, Chapter two, Section one, Working Group on Rights and Freedoms, Decisions, First: Constitutional Guidelines, Women's Rights
… 157. Women have the right to child-care leave for a full year with full pay a second year at half pay.
158. Women have right of enjoyment of personal rights related to pregnancy and childbirth. The reproduction function should be considered a social function, the burden of which should be borne by both parents together with the State’s institutions.

Page 174, Chapter two, Section one, Working Group on Development, The Working Group’s Decisions Presented to the Final Plenary Session, Health Development:
… 9. The government issues legislation regarding sperm and genetic materials, and should work to protect human dignity and personal and family rights. The government should also, specifically, work according to the following principles:
… c. Medically assisted reproduction cannot be used unless it is the only way to reproduce due to infertility or to avoid the spread of diseases. It is also prohibited as a method of achieving certain genes in children, or as methods of scientific research. Use of female eggs outside the women and impregnating them with sperm cannot be done except to two lawfully wedded individuals that are still alive, and all of this should be done in accordance with Islamic sharia rules. It is also prohibited to fertilize eggs outside the body of the mother unless they will be used immediately.
d. Donation of fetuses is prohibited, as is surrogate motherhood in any shape or form.
… h. Fertilization of eggs is prohibited outside of a lawful marriage.

Page 203, Chapter two, Section one, Working Group on Development, The Working Group’s Decisions Presented to the Final Plenary Session, Health:
24. Committing the necessary resources to achieve the health policies and programs in raising awareness about family planning and safe motherhood, and strengthening the public facilities that provide reproductive health services to ensure the best possible services are given. The abilities of the workers in this field should be rebuilt, especially the family cadres, to cover the needs of the women in rural and marginalized areas.
Implementation
Women's role and consideration in implementation of the agreement
[Summary] Women represented 28& of the NDC participants across the different working groups.
Signing or witnessing agreement
[Summary] Women represented 28& of the NDC signatories.
Other
No specific mention.

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