Joint Communique #70

Country/entity
Colombia
Region
Americas
Agreement name
Joint Communique #70
Date
15/05/2016
Agreement status
Multiparty signed/agreed
Agreement/conflict level
Intrastate/intrastate conflict (Colombian Conflict (1964 - )
The Colombian conflict is really a set of conflicts and the peace agreements reflect both different processes relating to different conflict groups and dyads, and processes taking place at different times in a complex peace process history. The Colombian civil war has its roots in the late 1940s and the violent infighting between liberal and the conservative factions. Emerging from the liberal tradition with a thorough grounding in nationalist communist ideology, the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia—People's Army (FARC) began its armed insurrection against the Colombian government in 1964. Other left-wing guerrillas emerged as well, most notably the socialist/populist M-19, which would later be integrated into the formal political system in the peace process of 1990s; the National Liberation Army (ELN), which has strong roots in liberation theology, and the Maoist Ejército Popular de Liberación (EPL) (also part of the 1990 process, less successfully). Several stages of peace processes were undertaken by the various sides, which were further complicated by the emergence of right-wing paramilitary ‘self-defence’ forces. The peace agreement between the Colombian government under President Uribe and the main alliance of the paramilitary groups, the United Self-Defence Forces of Colombia (AUC), concluded in 2005 and is still heavily disputed as several remnants are still active, but now subsumed under the heading ‘Bacrim’ (Bandas criminales). In addition, FARC and ELN maintain a military presence, but both demonstrate a strong interest in completing successful peace negotiations with the government, with the most recent agreements being between FARC and the Government.

Colombian Conflict (1964 - ) )
Stage
Framework/substantive - partial (Core issue)
Conflict nature
Government
Peace process
110: Colombia V - Santos
Parties
The National Government; the FARC-EP
Third parties
Description
The communique informs that the negotiating parties agreed on the release and re-integration into society of minors under 15 years from the camps of the FARC. The agreement covers their legal treatment, commitments by the guerillas, guidelines for the re-integration and an accompaniment mechanism.

Agreement document
CO_160515_Joint Communiqué # 70, Havana.pdf

Main category
Page 1, 1. Guiding principles applicable to the minors subject matter of this agreement:
...i. Differential approach, gender, ethnic and age‐based, with particular attention afforded to rights of the girls.

Women, girls and gender

Participation
No specific mention.
Equality
No specific mention.
Particular groups of women
No specific mention.
International law
No specific mention.
New institutions
No specific mention.
Violence against women
No specific mention.
Transitional justice
No specific mention.
Institutional reform
No specific mention.
Development
No specific mention.
Implementation
No specific mention.
Other
Page 1, Article 1i, Guiding principles applicable to the minors subject matter of this agreement,
i. Differential approach, gender, ethnic and age‐based, with particular attention afforded to rights of the girls.

The University of Edinburgh