Agreement between the GoN and Samyukta Muslim Rastriya Sangharsha Samiti

Country/entity
Nepal
Region
Asia and Pacific
Agreement name
Agreement between the GoN and Samyukta Muslim Rastriya Sangharsha Samiti
Date
16/03/2009
Agreement status
Multiparty signed/agreed
Agreement/conflict level
Intrastate/intrastate conflict (Nepalese Insurgency (1996 - 2006)
Inspired by the Maoist insurgency in Peru in the early 1990s, the Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist) – CPN(M) – declared war on the Nepalese government in February 1996. A key demand was the transformation of Nepal from a monarchy into a ‘People’s Republic’. Following a pronounced Maoist military strategy, the CPN(M) focused their insurgency on the rural areas. They gained significantly in strength and it took heavy international military support to stabilize the Nepalese government in 2002. After public protests escalated in Kathmandu in 2004, the Nepalese King Gyanendra took authoritarian control over the government. In the cities, a strong popular movement for democracy emerged, forcing the government into fast progressing peace negations in 2006 that concluded with the signing of a Comprehensive Peace Accord on 21 November 2006.
Nepalese Insurgency (1996 - 2006) )
Stage
Pre-negotiation/process (Mixed)
Conflict nature
Government
Peace process
88: Nepal peace process
Parties
On behalf of Samyukta Muslim Rastriya Sangharsha Samiti Talks Team
Sd.
Athar Hussein Faruki
Coordinator of the Talks Team

Sd.
Taj Mohammed Miyan
Coordinator, Kendriya Sangharsha Samiti (Central Struggle Committee)

On behalf of GoN Talks Team
Sd.
Janardhan Sharma ‘Prabhakar’
Coordinator of the Talks Team and Minister for Peace and Reconstruction
Third parties
Description
An agreement between the Government of Nepal and the Samyukta Muslim Rastriya Sangharsha Samiti to amend the Interim Constitution.

Agreement document
NP_090316_GoN and Samyukta Muslim Rastriya Sangharsha Samiti.pdf

Main category
Page 1, 2: Expressing commitment to Clause (d1) of Article 33 of the Interim Constitution of Nepal 2007, which states ‘to enable Madheshi, Dalits, Adivasi Janajati [indigenous nationalities], women, labourers, farmers, the physically impaired, disadvantages classes and disadvantaged regions to participate in all organs of the State structure on the basis of proportional inclusion’, the Government of Nepal shall take necessary initiative to ensure political, economic, social, cultural and educational rights of all Adivasi, Janajati , Madheshi, Tharu, Dalit and minority communities of the country, including Muslims.

Women, girls and gender

Participation
Effective participation
Page 1, 2: Expressing commitment to Clause (d1) of Article 33 of the Interim Constitution of Nepal 2007, which states ‘to enable Madheshi, Dalits, Adivasi Janajati [indigenous nationalities], women, labourers, farmers, the physically impaired, disadvantages classes and disadvantaged regions to participate in all organs of the State structure on the basis of proportional inclusion’, the Government of Nepal shall take necessary initiative to ensure political, economic, social, cultural and educational rights of all Adivasi, Janajati , Madheshi, Tharu, Dalit and minority communities of the country, including Muslims.
Equality
No specific mention.
Particular groups of women
No specific mention.
International law
No specific mention.
New institutions
No specific mention.
Violence against women
No specific mention.
Transitional justice
No specific mention.
Institutional reform
No specific mention.
Development
No specific mention.
Implementation
No specific mention.
Other
No specific mention.

The University of Edinburgh