Agreement between the Transitional Government and the armed groups on the principles of disarmament, demobilization, reintegration and repatriation and of integration into the uniformed State forces of the Central African Republic

Country/entity
Central African Republic
Region
Africa (excl MENA)
Agreement name
Agreement between the Transitional Government and the armed groups on the principles of disarmament, demobilization, reintegration and repatriation and of integration into the uniformed State forces of the Central African Republic
Date
10/05/2015
Agreement status
Multiparty signed/agreed
Agreement/conflict level
Intrastate/intrastate conflict (Central African Republic Conflicts (1996 - )
The Central African Republic conflict is one of a set of regionally connected conflicts addressed by the Great Lakes process. Since the mid-1990s several waves of internal conflict took place in the Central African Republic, primarily along tribal, and later-on increasingly sectarian, lines. In 1996 and 1997, French troops and soldiers from neighbouring countries intervened to end a mutiny in the capital, Bangui, by factions of the army. The fighting was predominantly along tribal lines, with southern tribes in revolt against the ‘northern’ government. A UN mission was installed in 1998 to secure the truce.

After General Bozizé took control of the country after several coup attempts in 2003, a ‘bush war’ began led by armed opposition forces. From late 2006 onward, government troops with French military support severely weakened the rebels. Following this, a number of agreements were signed during 2007-2008, but not all factions have accepted them. In 2011, Bozizé was re-elected in supposedly fraudulent elections, which resulted in a new wave of uprisings. Séléka, an alliance of northern rebel groups, took over parts of the country and forced Bozizé to agree to a power-sharing deal. However, after this agreement broke down, Séléka took control of Bangui and Bozizé had to flee the country.

Central African Republic Conflicts (1996 - ) )
Stage
Framework/substantive - partial (Core issue)
Conflict nature
Government
Peace process
17: CAR: coups and rebellions process
Does this need new name?
Parties
Mr. Abel Balenguele
Deputy Coordinator
Front populaire pour la renaissance de la Centrafrique

Mr. Herbert Gontran Djono Ahaba
President
Rassemblement patriotique pour le renouveau de la Centrafrique

Mr. Landa Nzengue
President
Union des forces républicaines fondamentales

General Mohamed Dhaffane
President
Séléka rénovée

Mr. Larry Nordine Mahalba
Spokesperson
Mouvement des libérateurs centrafricains pour la justice

Mr. Marcel Bagaza
Representative
Front démocratique pour le progrès de la Centrafrique

Mr. Patrice Edouard Ngaïssona
General Coordinator
Coordination des ex-combattants anti-Balaka

Mr. Souleymane Daouda
Political Adviser
Unité du peuple centrafricain

Mr. Armel Ningatouloum Sayo
President
Révolution et justice

Mr. Philippe Wagramalé Ndoto
President
Union des forces républicaines

For the Presidium of the Bangui National Forum
Abdoulaye Bathily

For the Transitional Government
Marie Noelle Koyara

For the national stakeholders
Gerard Lakosso
Third parties
– Special Representative of the Secretary-General of the United Nations
Babacar Gaye

– Special Representative of the African Union
[Illegible signature]

– Special Representative of the President of the Republic of the Congo and International Mediator in the crisis in Central African Republic
Basile Ikouebe

– Representative of the Economic Community of Central African States
[Illegible signature]
Description
This agreement specifies the modalities and principles or a disarmament, demobilization, reintegration, and repatriation program for armed group in the Central African Republic.

Agreement document
CF_150510_DDRR Agreement.pdf

Main category
Page 2, Article 5
Bearing in mind the Commitment Agreement between the Government and the politico-military groups, the disarmament, demobilization, reintegration and repatriation programme shall comprise the following tasks, to be conducted at the sites to which candidates for the process will report:
[...]
3. Eligible combatants will then be identified and registered in a database. They will receive a demobilization card. At this stage, women will be separated from men. Women shall have the same opportunities;

Women, girls and gender

Participation
No specific mention.
Equality
No specific mention.
Particular groups of women
No specific mention.
International law
No specific mention.
New institutions
No specific mention.
Violence against women
No specific mention.
Transitional justice
No specific mention.
Institutional reform
DDR, army, parastatal or rebel forces
Page 2, Article 5
Bearing in mind the Commitment Agreement between the Government and the politico-military groups, the disarmament, demobilization, reintegration and repatriation programme shall comprise the following tasks, to be conducted at the sites to which candidates for the process will report:
[...]
3. Eligible combatants will then be identified and registered in a database. They will receive a demobilization card. At this stage, women will be separated from men. Women shall have the same opportunities;
Development
No specific mention.
Implementation
No specific mention.
Other
No specific mention.

The University of Edinburgh