Act on Mutual Forgiveness

Country/entity
Tajikistan
Region
Europe and Eurasia
Agreement name
Act on Mutual Forgiveness
Date
01/07/1997
Agreement status
Multiparty signed/agreed
Agreement/conflict level
Intrastate/intrastate conflict (Tajikistani Civil War (1992 - 1997)
Ethnic marginalization formed a key feature in the Tajikistani Civil war when liberal democrat and Islamic groups from the Garm and Gorno-Badakhshan took up arms against the government of President Rahmon Nabiyev. Members of Nabiyev’s government were predominantly from the regions of Leninabad and Kulyab. Anti-government protestors took to the street following the 1991 presidential elections, which caused the government to hand out arms to pro-government militias. Following clashes, anti-government factions captured the President and forced him to resign at gun-point. A new government under the Kulyabi native, Emomali Rahmonov, who fended off democratic and Islamist militias. Eventually, with support from Islamist factions in Afghanistan, the opposition united under the United Tajik Opposition umbrella. In 1994, the UN deployed a peacekeeping force to monitor the 1994 ceasefire agreement. A peace agreement was signed in 1997 and completely removed the Leninabad ‘old guard’ from power.

Tajikistani Civil War (1992 - 1997) )
Stage
Pre-negotiation/process (Confidence building measure)
Conflict nature
Government
Peace process
131: Tajikistan peace process
Parties
(signed) E. Sh. Rakhmonov, President of the Republic of Tajikistan

(signed) S. A. Nuri, Leader of the Tajik Opposition
Third parties
Description
Agreement adopting programme on mutual forgiveness, condemning use of mass media to fomen hostility. With view to facilitate the implementation of the Act on Mutual Forgiveness, all prisoners of war will be released.

Agreement document
TJ_970107Act on Mutual Forgiveness.pdf

Main category
Page 1, para 5,

In the names of orphans and widows, fathers and mothers, and all those who lost their relatives and loved ones;

Page 1, para 10

May people work together in order to repair the damage of the war, ensure adequate care to orphans, widows, disabled and elderly and, by doing this, restore the feeling of friendship and respect in the society;

Women, girls and gender

Participation
No specific mention.
Equality
No specific mention.
Particular groups of women
No specific mention.
International law
No specific mention.
New institutions
Reconciliation and peace
Page 1, para 5,...In the names of orphans and widows, fathers and mothers, and all those who lost their relatives and loved ones;
...We forgive all those who took up arms and fought against each other during the period of the military and political confrontation;
Violence against women
No specific mention.
Transitional justice
Past and gender
Page 1, para 10: May people work together in order to repair the damage of the war, ensure adequate care to orphans, widows, disabled and elderly and, by doing this, restore the feeling of friendship and respect in the society;
Institutional reform
No specific mention.
Development
No specific mention.
Implementation
No specific mention.
Other
No specific mention.

The University of Edinburgh