Agreement on the Basis for the Legal Integration of the Unidad Revolucionaria Nacional Guatemalteca

Country/entity
Guatemala
Region
Americas
Agreement name
Agreement on the Basis for the Legal Integration of the Unidad Revolucionaria Nacional Guatemalteca
Date
12/12/1996
Agreement status
Multiparty signed/agreed
Agreement/conflict level
Intrastate/intrastate conflict (Guatemalan Civil War (1960 - 1996)
Civil war broke out in Guatemala when numerous leftist and agrarian groups took up arms in 1960 in face of the repression from the conservative regime of Carlos Castillo Armas. The Armas regime came to power in 1954 following a CIA-backed coup against the leftist government of Jacobo Arbenz. The main rebel umbrella was the Guatemalan National Revolutionary Unity (URNG). During the civil war numerous counts of genocide and mass disappearances occurred. In the late 1980s, when a civilian government came to power, the URNG changed tactics when releasing that they wouldn’t come to power through armed conflict. The war came to an end on December 29, 1996, and since then URNG converted to an official political party.

Guatemalan Civil War (1960 - 1996) )
Stage
Framework/substantive - partial (Core issue)
Conflict nature
Government
Peace process
51: Guatemala peace process
Parties
For the Government of Guatemala:

(Signed) Gustavo PORRAS CASTEJÓN

(Signed) Otto PÉREZ MOLINA, Brigadier-General
(Signed) Richard AITKENHEAD CASTILLO
(Signed) Raquel ZELAYA ROSALES

For the Unidad Revolucionaria Nacional Guatemalteca:

(Signed) Commander Pablo MONSANTO
(Signed) Commander Rolando MORÁN
(Signed) Carlos GONZALES
(Signed) Jorge ROSAL
Third parties
For the United Nations:

(Signed) Jean ARNAULT
Description
Enabled the establishment of a joint government/URNG ‘Integration Commission’ and contained provisions to be included in a National Reconciliation Act.

Agreement document
GT_961212_AgreementOnBasisOfTheLegalIntegrationOfURNG.pdf

Main category
Page 15, Annex II, (Untitled Preamble), para 4

Whereas building a democratic, multi-ethnic, multicultural and multilingual nation, with social justice, calls for equitable participation by all citizens, both men and women, on the basis of complete political and ideological pluralism,

Page 18-19, Annex II, II. OBJECTIVES AND PRINCIPLES

Principles

12. The programme shall treat former combatants, women, young people and disabled persons as sectors requiring specific priority attention.

Women, girls and gender

Participation
Effective participation
Page 15, Annex II, (Untitled Preamble), 4
Whereas building a democratic, multi-ethnic, multicultural and multilingual nation, with social justice, calls for equitable participation by all citizens, both men and women, on the basis of complete political and ideological pluralism,...
Equality
No specific mention.
Particular groups of women
No specific mention.
International law
No specific mention.
New institutions
No specific mention.
Violence against women
No specific mention.
Transitional justice
No specific mention.
Institutional reform
No specific mention.
Development
No specific mention.
Implementation
No specific mention.
Other
No specific mention.

The University of Edinburgh