Civil war broke out in Guatemala when numerous leftist and agrarian groups took up arms in 1960 in face of the repression from the conservative regime of Carlos Castillo Armas. The Armas regime came to power in 1954 following a CIA-backed coup against the leftist government of Jacobo Arbenz. The main rebel umbrella was the Guatemalan National Revolutionary Unity (URNG). During the civil war numerous counts of genocide and mass disappearances occurred. In the late 1980s, when a civilian government came to power, the URNG changed tactics when releasing that they wouldn’t come to power through armed conflict. The war came to an end on December 29, 1996, and since then URNG converted to an official political party.
Guatemalan Civil War (1960 - 1996)
Framework/substantive - partial (Core issue)
51: Guatemala peace process
For the Government of Guatemala:
(Signed) Gustavo PORRAS CASTEJÓN
(Signed) Otto PÉREZ MOLINA, Brigadier-General
(Signed) Richard AITKENHEAD CASTILLO
(Signed) Raquel ZELAYA ROSALES
For the Unidad Revolucionaria Nacional Guatemalteca:
(Signed) Commander Pablo MONSANTO
(Signed) Commander Rolando MORÁN
(Signed) Carlos GONZALES
(Signed) Jorge ROSAL
For the United Nations:
(Signed) Jean ARNAULT
Enabled the establishment of a joint government/URNG ‘Integration Commission’ and contained provisions to be included in a National Reconciliation Act.
Whereas building a democratic, multi-ethnic, multicultural and multilingual nation, with social justice, calls for equitable participation by all citizens, both men and women, on the basis of complete political and ideological pluralism,
Page 18-19, Annex II, II. OBJECTIVES AND PRINCIPLES
12. The programme shall treat former combatants, women, young people and disabled persons as sectors requiring specific priority attention.
Women, girls and gender
Page 15, Annex II, (Untitled Preamble), 4
Whereas building a democratic, multi-ethnic, multicultural and multilingual nation, with social justice, calls for equitable participation by all citizens, both men and women, on the basis of complete political and ideological pluralism,...
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