Protocole sur les principes de négociation en vue d’un accord de paix conclu par le Gouvernement et l’EZLN (Ejército zapatista de liberación nacional)

Country/entity
Mexico
Region
Americas
Agreement name
Protocole sur les principes de négociation en vue d’un accord de paix conclu par le Gouvernement et l’EZLN (Ejército zapatista de liberación nacional)
Date
11/09/1995
Agreement status
Multiparty signed/agreed
Agreement/conflict level
Intrastate/intrastate conflict (Zapatista Uprising (1994 - )
The North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) between United States, Canada and Mexico implied the removal of the Article 27 of Mexico's constitution that protected the native communal landholdings. In reaction, the left-wing Zapatista National Liberation Army (EZLN) declared war against the Mexican government on the day of the signing of the NAFTA agreement, 1 January 1994.
Led by charismatic Subcomandante Marcos, the EZLN rapidly gained popularity among the left-wing youth in the Americas and in Europe and established a considerable global media presence.
Peace negotiations started in 1995, leading to several agreements, the San Andrés Accords signed in 1995 and 1996. However, socio-political tensions with the Mexican state and the lack of protection of the indigenous peoples and subsistence farmers remained unresolved. Nowadays, the Chiapas Conflict continues as a low-intensity conflict.
Zapatista Uprising (1994 - ) )
Stage
Pre-negotiation/process (Process)
Conflict nature
Government/territory
Peace process
82: Mexico-Chiapas peace process
Parties
The Federal Government; The EZLN
Third parties
San Miguel Community (signatories unclear)
Description
Pre-negotiation agreement providing the principle of negotiations and the agenda. It also identifies participants to the talks and the entities who will facilitate the talks (CONAI and COCOPA). The government and EZLN started on 09/05 a process of dialogue and negotiation to find a non-violent solution to the conflict started in 1994 within the dialogue law, concord and peace digne of Chiapas. The national commission of mediation will mediate and the commission of concord and pacification will support. In conformity with the principles of the San Miguel declaration, they agree to adopt an agenda of topics (included) for dialogue and negotiation with objective an agreement bearing solutions and responses to the political, economic, social and cultural conflict causes.

Agreement document
MX_950911_Protocole sur les principes de negotiation_tr.pdf

Agreement document (original language)
MX_950911_Protocole sur les principes de negotiation.pdf

Main category
Page 1,
1.1 General Agenda (including the following themes)
... b) Political, economic, social and cultural themes, which will be addressed:
... - Chiapan women’s rights.

Page 3,
4.2 The Working Commissions
a) At the appointed time the working commissions will be established. The following list is not exhaustive but should be considered as a minimum, without precluding the formation of other commissions at the suggestion of the two parties.
... - working commission on Chiapan women’s rights.

---

Page 1, 1.1.
L’Agenda général (fait figurer les thèmes suivants) :
...
b) Thèmes politiques, sociaux, culturels et économiques, qui feront apparaître :
...
- les droits des femmes chiapanèques.

Page 3, 4.2. Les commission de travail
a)...
- Commission de travail sur les droits des femmes chiapanèques.

Women, girls and gender

Participation
No specific mention.
Equality
No specific mention.
Particular groups of women
Indigenous/nomadic women
Page 1, 1.1.
The general calendar (include the following themes):
...
b) Political, social, cultural, and economic themes that will integrate:
...
Chiapanese women rights

Page 3, 4.2 Working Groups
a) We will proceed in due course with the establishment of working groups. The list of groups which follows is not exhaustive, but should be considered as the minimum and should not preclude the establishment of other working groups proposed by the two parties:
...
Chiapanese Women’s Rights Working Group
International law
General IHRL, IHL and IL
Page 1, 1.1.
The general calendar (include the following themes):
...
b) Political, social, cultural, and economic themes that will integrate:
...
Chiapanese women rights

Page 3, 4.2 Working Groups
a) We will proceed in due course with the establishment of working groups. The list of groups which follows is not exhaustive, but should be considered as the minimum and should not preclude the establishment of other working groups proposed by the two parties:
...
Chiapanese Women’s Rights Working Group
New institutions
Institutions for women
Page 3, 4.2 Working Groups
a) We will proceed in due course with the establishment of working groups. The list of groups which follows is not exhaustive, but should be considered as the minimum and should not preclude the establishment of other working groups proposed by the two parties:
...
Chiapanese Women’s Rights Working Group
Violence against women
No specific mention.
Transitional justice
No specific mention.
Institutional reform
No specific mention.
Development
No specific mention.
Implementation
No specific mention.
Other
No specific mention.

The University of Edinburgh