Acte d'Engagement, Sud Kivu

Country/entity
Democratic Republic of Congo
Region
Africa (excl MENA)
Agreement name
Acte d'Engagement, Sud Kivu
Date
23/01/2008
Agreement status
Multiparty signed/agreed
Agreement/conflict level
Intrastate/intrastate conflict (Congo Civil Wars (1996 - )
The overthrow of the long-term dictator Mobutu Sese Seko by a rebel Tutsi army backed by Uganda and Rwanda in 1997 acted as a catalyst for a war with regional dimensions, mainly fought in the eastern Kivu provinces. The conflict escalated in 1998, when President Laurent Kabila, then backed by Zimbabwean and Angolan troops, ordered Rwanda and Uganda to leave. After Kabila’s assassination in 2001, his son Joseph took over the presidency and won in the 2006 democratic elections.

In the eastern provinces, Tutsi-led militias, mainly organised in the National Congress for the Defense of the People (CNDP), fought the remnants of the Rwandan Hutu force FDLR, with further involvement of Rwandan and Ugandan troops. Other regionally operating militia groups, like the Lord’s Resistance Army from Northern Uganda, the so-called Mai Mai groups or short-lived guerrilla outfits like the March 23 Movement (M23) further contributed, and still contribute, to the complexity of the situation in eastern DRC.

Congo Civil Wars (1996 - ) )
Stage
Framework/substantive - partial (Multiple issues)
Conflict nature
Government
Peace process
34: DRC: Eastern DRC processes
Parties
POUR
1. Les Forces Républicaines et Fédéralistes, Mr GASORE ZEBEDE
2. Le Groupe Yakutumba, Mr ASSANDA MWENEBATU
3. Le Groupe Zabuianj/MRC-MMR, Ir. LWIJI MUDAGE
4. Les Mai-Mai Kirikicho, Mr LONGANGI KANYERE
5. Les PARECO/S-K, Mr RUTAMBUKA SALATIEL
6. Le Raia Mutomboki, Mr SALUMU KASEKE; Mr SADIKI KANGALABA DEVOS
7. Les Mai-Mai Ny'kiriba, Mr Faustin MULONDA KABOVU
8. Les Mai-Mai kapopo, Mr ISANGYE BYAOMRE B.
9. Les Mai-Mai Mahoro, Mr Raphaël MUSIMBI M.
10. Les Mai-Mai Shikito, Mr Richard MUKULUMANYA
11. Les Mudundu 40, Mr. ZAGABE Pascal
12. Le Simba Mai-Mai/MRS Mr Jules ZIRINGABO NDAHAMBARA
13. Les Mai-Mai SHABUNDA, Mr Georges KATINDI KAMWANA

Pour le Gouvernement:
Ministre d'Etat chargé de l'Interieur, Décentralisation et Sécurité: S.E. Denis Kalume Numbi

Pour La Conference
1. Le Président de la Conférence: Mr l'Abbé Apollinaire Malumalu
2. Le Président du Comité des Sages: Honorable Vital Kamerhe
3. Le Coordinateur Adjoint du Panel des Modérateurs: Mr Azarias Ruberwa Manyua
4. Délégation du Nord-Kivu: Le Gouverneur, Mr Julien Paluku Kahongya; Le Vice-Président de L'Assemblée Provinciale, Honorable Mukinti Baumbilia
5. Délégation du Sud-Kivu: Le Gouverneur a.i, Mr Watunakanza, B. Bernard; Le Président de L'Assemblée Provinciale, Honorable Baleke Kadudu, Emille.
Third parties
LES FACILITATEURS INTERNATIONAUX:
Pour les NATIONS-UNIES, Mr Alan Doss
Pour l'UNION EUROPEENNE, Mr Roeland van de Geer
Pour les ETATS-UNIS D'AMERIQUE, Mr Tim Shortley
Pour l'UNION AFRICAINE, Mr Pierre Yere
Pour la CONFERENCE INTERNATIONALE SUR LA REGION DES GRANDS LACS, Mme Liberata Mulamula

LES TEMOINS NATIONAUX
POUR LES CHEFS COUTUMIERS
SUD-KIVU, MWAMI KABARE RUGEMANINZI II NABUSHI
NORD-KIVU, MWAMI ALEXANDRE MUHINDO MUKOSASENGE

POUR LA SOCIETE CIVILE
DÉLÉGATION NATIONALE: MR KIBISWA KWABENE NAUPESS
SUD-KIVU: MR BIRHINGINGWA MUGABO CYPRIEN
NORD-KIVU: MR JASON LUNENO MAENE

POUR LE SECTEUR PRIVE
FEC SUD-KIVU: MR MUDEKEREZA NAMEGABE
FEC NORD-KIVU:MR DESIRE SEGAHUNGU

POUR LES CONFESSIONS RELIGIEUSES
EGLISE CATHOLIQUE: +THEOPHILE KABOY
EGLISE DU CHRIST AU CONGO: EV. SONGOU NATHALIS
EGLISE ORTHODOXE: PR. FUMUNZANZA GIMUANGA
EGLISE KIMBANGUISTE: REV. SAKUAMESO RAPHAEL
EGLISE DU REVEIL: EV. NTAMBWE MUMPEMPE
COMMUNAUTE ISLAMIQUE: IMAM RACHIDI MOUSSA
EGLISE INDEPENDANTE DU CONGO: S.E SIMON NZINGA M
ARMEE DU SALUT: MAJOR GRACIA MATONDO
Description
This is a short agreement between the opposition parties in South Kivu and the DRC Government. The agreement provides for a ceasefire and covers issues relating to DDR, human rights and humanitarian issues, and political and judicial guarantees (including an amnesty law).

Agreement document
CD_080123_Acte d'Engagement Sud Kivu_tr.pdf

Agreement document (original language)
CD_080123_Acte d'Engagement, Sud Kivu.pdf

Main category
Page 4: ARTICLE III: ON HUMANITARIAN PRINCIPLES AND RESPECT FOR HUMAN RIGHTS:
Strict observation of the regulations of international humanitarian law and human rights, in particular:
• Cessation of acts of violence, abuse, discrimination and exclusion, of any kind, against the civilian population, particularly women and children, elderly and disabled persons;

Women, girls and gender

Participation
No specific mention.
Equality
Equality (general)
Page 4, Article III, Humanitarian Principles and Respect for Human Rights:
There shall be a strict observance of international humanitarian law and human rights standards, in particular: the cessation of acts of violence, extortion, exclusion and discrimination, in all its forms, against the civilian population, in particular women, children, older persons, and disabled people.
Particular groups of women
No specific mention.
International law
General IHRL, IHL and IL
Page 4, Article III, Humanitarian Principles and Respect for Human Rights:
There shall be a strict observance of international humanitarian law and human rights standards, in particular: the cessation of acts of violence, extortion, exclusion and discrimination, in all its forms, against the civilian population, in particular women, children, older persons, and disabled people.
New institutions
No specific mention.
Violence against women
Gender-based violence/VAW (general)
Page 4, Article III, Humanitarian Principles and Respect for Human Rights:
There shall be a strict observance of international humanitarian law and human rights standards, in particular: the cessation of acts of violence, extortion, exclusion and discrimination, in all its forms, against the civilian population, in particular women, children, older persons, and disabled people.
Transitional justice
No specific mention.
Institutional reform
No specific mention.
Development
No specific mention.
Implementation
No specific mention.
Other
No specific mention.

The University of Edinburgh