Proces verbal de gestion de conflit

Country/entity
Central African Republic
Region
Africa (excl MENA)
Agreement name
Proces verbal de gestion de conflit
Date
21/01/2019
Agreement status
Multiparty signed/agreed
Agreement/conflict level
Intrastate/local conflict (Central African Republic Conflicts (1996 - )
The Central African Republic conflict is one of a set of regionally connected conflicts addressed by the African Great Lakes process. After the country gained independence from France in 1960 it has been ruled by a sequence of autocratic leaders that principally gained power through coups. Since the mid-1990s several waves of internal conflict took place in the Central African Republic, primarily along tribal, and later-on increasingly sectarian, lines. In 1996 and 1997, French troops and soldiers from neighbouring countries intervened to end a mutiny in the capital, Bangui, by factions of the army. The fighting was predominantly along tribal lines, with southern tribes in revolt against the ‘northern’ government. A UN mission was installed in 1998 to secure the truce.
After General Bozizé took control of the country after several coup attempts in 2003, a ‘bush war’ began led by armed opposition forces. From late 2006 onward, government troops with French military support severely weakened the rebels. Following this, a number of agreements were signed during 2007-2008, but not all factions have accepted them. In 2011, Bozizé was re-elected in supposedly fraudulent elections, which resulted in a new wave of uprisings. Séléka, an alliance of northern rebel groups, took over parts of the country and forced Bozizé to agree to a power-sharing deal. However, after this agreement broke down, Séléka took control of Bangui and Bozizé had to flee the country in 2013. Leader of Séléka, Michel Djotodia, took office and officially disbanded Séléka. However, continual violence between ex-Séléka groups and opposing militias, collectively known as ‘anti-balaka’, persisted and Djotodia was forced to resign less than a year later. Catherine Samba-Panza was installed as interim president until Faustin Archange Touadéra was elected in January 2016. In February 2019 an agreement was signed between the government and fourteen armed groups, including ex-Seleka groups, committed to disarmament. However, violence between ex-Seleka groups and anti-balaka continues.
Central African Republic Conflicts (1996 - ) )
Stage
Framework/substantive - partial (Core issue)
Conflict nature
Inter-group
Peace process
155: CAR: Local Processes
Various local processes.
Parties
The Process Manager
The Committee Representative
The Goul Representatives
Third parties
Description
This short agreement provides for compensation following the death of one civilian and the injury of another.

Agreement document
CF_190121_Proces_verbal_de_gestion_de_conflit_tr.pdf []

Agreement document (original language)
CF_190121_Proces_verbal_de_gestion_de_conflit.pdf []

Local agreement properties

Process type
Formal structured process
Isolated example
Explain rationale
This conflict management report deals with tensions between the Goula and Kara ethnicities and was issued by a local peace committee. Limited background research does not suggest a track record of signing such agreements in Birao.
Is there a documented link to a national peace process?
No
Link to national process: articulated rationale
Neither the agreement text nor limited background research suggests a link to the national-level peace process.
Name of Locale
Birao
Nature Of Locale
Other (No specific locale is mentioned in the peace agreement, but it was signed in Birao, Vakaga. )
GPS Lat/Long (DD)
10.293723, 22.784489
Participant type
Domestic religious organisation/leader or other elder
Local community/civilian group(s)/civil society organisations
Mediator, facilitator or similar
Mediator or similar referred to
Mediator (references)
Arbiter: Peace Committee of thirteen (13) ethnic groups chaired by Al Hadje Adam Said Dadjo
Type of mediator/facilitator/similar
Domestic religious organisation/leader or other elder
Local community/civilian group(s)/civil society organisations

Local agreement issues

Ritual/prayer and process (including use of scripture)
Page 1, To make the Goula community recognize that the two victims are civilians, the conflict management committee have brought the Koran upon which they must swear.
After the oath sworn by the Goula people on the Koran. The assembly has decided on the following
Grievance List
Page 1, During the year two thousand nineteen, from 18 to 21 January, an assembly of the Peace Committee of thirteen (13) ethnic groups chaired by AI Hadje Adam Said Dadjo, dealt with the problem of two (2) civilians: the late Salim Ahamadine died following a bullet from the an armed group of Kara ethnicity on 16.12.2018, and Mahemat Youssouf lost his ear by hand of the same people on 18.12.2018, after the events in Tissi between the Goula and Kara ethnicities.
Cattle rustling/banditry
No specific mention.
Social cover
No specific mention.

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