Acta Interna del Acuerdo entre el Gobierno y el PRT, Ovejas, Sucre

Country/entity
Colombia
Region
Americas
Agreement name
Acta Interna del Acuerdo entre el Gobierno y el PRT, Ovejas, Sucre
Date
25/01/1991
Agreement status
Multiparty signed/agreed
Interim arrangement
No
Agreement/conflict level
Intrastate/intrastate conflict (Colombian Conflict (1964 - )
The Colombian conflict is really a set of conflicts and the peace agreements reflect both different processes relating to different conflict groups and dyads, and processes taking place at different times in a complex peace process history. The Colombian civil war has its roots in the late 1940s and the violent infighting between liberal and the conservative factions. Emerging from the liberal tradition with a thorough grounding in nationalist communist ideology, the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia—People's Army (FARC) began its armed insurrection against the Colombian government in 1964. Other left-wing guerrillas emerged as well, most notably the socialist/populist M-19, which would later be integrated into the formal political system in the peace process of 1990s; the National Liberation Army (ELN), which has strong roots in liberation theology, and the Maoist Ejército Popular de Liberación (EPL) (also part of the 1990 process, less successfully). Several stages of peace processes were undertaken by the various sides, which were further complicated by the emergence of right-wing paramilitary ‘self-defence’ forces. The peace agreement between the Colombian government under President Uribe and the main alliance of the paramilitary groups, the United Self-Defence Forces of Colombia (AUC), concluded in 2005 and is still heavily disputed as several remnants are still active, but now subsumed under the heading ‘Bacrim’ (Bandas criminales). In addition, FARC and ELN maintain a military presence, but both demonstrate a strong interest in completing successful peace negotiations with the government, with the most recent agreements being between FARC and the Government.

Colombian Conflict (1964 - ) )
Stage
Framework/substantive - partial (Multiple issues)
Conflict nature
Government
Peace process
97: Colombia I - Gaviria
Parties
Por el Gobierno Nacional:
JESÚS ANTONIO BEJARANO Consejero Presidencial CARLOS EDUARDO JARAMILLO Asesor Consejería GONZALO DE FRANCISCO Asesor Consejería ALVARO HERNANDEZ Asesor Consejería GABRIEL RESTREPO Asesor Consejería T OMAS CONCHA SANZ Asesor Consejería

Por el PRT:
VALENTÍN GONZALEZ
RAFAEL GONZALEZ
PABLO RONCALLO
SERGIO SIERRA
ERNESTO FALLA
IVAN SUAREZ
Third parties
Description
The agreement sets out lists media publications (TV and national broadsheets) and media relations, the budget for the celebration of the ceasefire (transport by bus), the place and budget of presentation of the political part of the project in Bogota
The decree document will include a list of amnesties
There will be meetings in January to analyse and report on the human rights situation Provisions for PRT camps/zones, clothing, pay for a list of beneficiaries.


Agreement document
CO_910125_ACTA INTERNA DEL ACUERDO ENTRE EL GOBIERNO Y EL PRT - tr.pdf []

Agreement document (original language)
CO_910125_ACTA INTERNA DEL ACUERDO ENTRE EL GOBIERNO Y EL PRT.pdf []

Groups

Children/youth
No specific mention.
Disabled persons
No specific mention.
Elderly/age
No specific mention.
Migrant workers
No specific mention.
Racial/ethnic/national group
No specific mention.
Religious groups
No specific mention.
Indigenous people
No specific mention.
Other groups
No specific mention.
Refugees/displaced persons
No specific mention.
Social class
No specific mention.

Gender

Women, girls and gender
No specific mention.
Men and boys
No specific mention.
LGBTI
No specific mention.
Family
No specific mention.

State definition

State definition
No specific mention.

Governance

Political institutions (new or reformed)
No specific mention.
Constitution's affirmation/renewal
No specific mention.
Constitutional reform/making
No specific mention.
Elections
No specific mention.
Electoral commission
No specific mention.
Political parties reform
No specific mention.
Civil society
Page 2, IV. Human Rights, Article 3,
In appointing representatives of human rights and social organisations, the President of the Republic will consider the NGO created for this purpose by PRT.
Traditional/religious leaders
No specific mention.
Public administration
No specific mention.

Power sharing

Political power sharing
No specific mention.
Territorial power sharing
No specific mention.
Economic power sharing
No specific mention.
Military power sharing
No specific mention.

Human rights and equality

Human rights/RoL
No specific mention.
Equality
No specific mention.
Democracy
No specific mention.
Protection measures
No specific mention.
Human rights framework
No specific mention.
Civil and political rights
No specific mention.
Socio-economic rights
No specific mention.
NHRI
Mentions of NHRI
Page 2, IV. Human Rights, Article 1,
A meeting will be held on 25 January in Don Gabriel with the community and the presidential councils for human rights and peace to analyse the security conditions of the region going forward.

Page 2, IV. Human Rights, Article 2,
The council for human rights will arrange meetings in the following ten municipalities: Ciénaga, Carmen de Bolívar, San Andrés de Sotaviento, Sincelejo, San Marcos, San Juan Nemomuceno, Santander de Quilichao, Caicedonia, Lar Virginia and Ovejas.

Page 2, IV. Human Rights, Article 3,
In appointing representatives of human rights and social organisations, the President of the Republic will consider the NGO created for this purpose by PRT.
Regional or international human rights institutions
No specific mention.
Mobility/access
Page 1-2, II. Promotion and Political Project, Article 5,
The government will provide COP 250,000 and return land transport in a bus or minibus from each of Barranquilla, Santa Marta, Cartagena, San Andrés de Sotaviento, San Juan Nepomuceno, Ovejas, Medellín and Don Gabriel to Sincelejo for the civil proceedings for the surrender of arms in Sincelejo. The council will act as guarantor to PRT if it is able to find free support for transport from Bogota.
Detention procedures
No specific mention.
Media and communication
Media logistics
Page 1, II. Promotion and Political Project, Article 4,
Arrangements with the media will be made by Hernando Corral on behalf of the council and by the person appointed by PRT. Transport will be provided for one journalist to create material on site.
Citizenship
No specific mention.

Justice sector reform

Criminal justice and emergency law
No specific mention.
State of emergency provisions
No specific mention.
Judiciary and courts
No specific mention.
Prisons and detention
No specific mention.
Traditional Laws
No specific mention.

Socio-economic reconstruction

Development or socio-economic reconstruction
No specific mention.
National economic plan
No specific mention.
Natural resources
No specific mention.
International funds
No specific mention.
Business
No specific mention.
Taxation
No specific mention.
Banks
No specific mention.

Land, property and environment

Land reform/rights
No specific mention.
Pastoralist/nomadism rights
No specific mention.
Cultural heritage
No specific mention.
Environment
No specific mention.
Water or riparian rights or access
No specific mention.

Security sector

Security Guarantees
Page 2, IV. Human Rights, Article 1,
A meeting will be held on 25 January in Don Gabriel with the community and the presidential councils for human rights and peace to analyse the security conditions of the region going forward.
Ceasefire
No specific mention.
Police
No specific mention.
Armed forces
No specific mention.
DDR
DDR programmes
Page 2, V. Peaceful Reinsertion Plan, Article 1,
A monthly support payment of COP 75,000 will be provided based on the lists approved by the parties.

Page 2, V. Peaceful Reinsertion Plan, Article 2,
The number of beneficiaries will be extended based on the lists agreed by the parties.

Page 3, V. Peaceful Reinsertion Plan, Article 3,
The provision for PRT members leaving camps will consist of three full sets of clothes and a case.

Page 2-3, VI. Camps, Article 1,
The national government undertakes to carry out the corresponding work in the region including adaptation of the Chalán – Don Gabriel road, the aqueduct, the Don Gabriel health post (with a permanent nurse), and the premises for the cooperative school. It will also complete electrification of the zone and construction of a community hall.

Page 2-3, VI. Camps, Article 2,
By the end of February, both in the region and in La Haya (Bolívar), there shall be no debts with the community related to the logistics required during the negotiation process.

Page 2-3, VI. Camps, Article 3,
The works for restoration of the road and adaptation of the aqueduct will be carried out in La Haya.
Intelligence services
No specific mention.
Parastatal/rebel and opposition group forces
Page 2, IV. Human Rights, Article 3,
In appointing representatives of human rights and social organisations, the President of the Republic will consider the NGO created for this purpose by PRT.

[Summary: For detailed DDR provisions see DDR.]
Withdrawal of foreign forces
No specific mention.
Corruption
No specific mention.
Crime/organised crime
No specific mention.
Drugs
No specific mention.
Terrorism
No specific mention.

Transitional justice

Transitional justice general
No specific mention.
Amnesty/pardon
Amnesty/pardon proper
Page 2, III. Legal Guarantees, Article 1,
In line with the terms of the decree, PRT will submit a supplementary list for the application of amnesty
Courts
No specific mention.
Mechanism
No specific mention.
Prisoner release
No specific mention.
Vetting
No specific mention.
Victims
No specific mention.
Missing persons
No specific mention.
Reparations
No specific mention.
Reconciliation
No specific mention.

Implementation

UN signatory
No specific mention.
Other international signatory
No specific mention.
Referendum for agreement
No specific mention.
International mission/force/similar
No specific mention.
Enforcement mechanism
No specific mention.

The University of Edinburgh