Acuerdo para la Paz y la Convivencia Ciudadana, Gobierno Nacional, Departamental y Municipal y Melicias Populares del Pueblo y para el Pueblo, Milicias Independientes, de Valle de Aburra y Milicias Metropolitanas, de la Ciudad de Medellin

Country/entity
Colombia
Region
Americas
Agreement name
Acuerdo para la Paz y la Convivencia Ciudadana, Gobierno Nacional, Departamental y Municipal y Melicias Populares del Pueblo y para el Pueblo, Milicias Independientes, de Valle de Aburra y Milicias Metropolitanas, de la Ciudad de Medellin
Date
26/05/1994
Agreement status
Multiparty signed/agreed
Interim arrangement
No
Agreement/conflict level
Intrastate/intrastate conflict (Colombian Conflict (1964 - )
The Colombian conflict is really a set of conflicts and the peace agreements reflect both different processes relating to different conflict groups and dyads, and processes taking place at different times in a complex peace process history. The Colombian civil war has its roots in the late 1940s and the violent infighting between liberal and the conservative factions. Emerging from the liberal tradition with a thorough grounding in nationalist communist ideology, the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia—People's Army (FARC) began its armed insurrection against the Colombian government in 1964. Other left-wing guerrillas emerged as well, most notably the socialist/populist M-19, which would later be integrated into the formal political system in the peace process of 1990s; the National Liberation Army (ELN), which has strong roots in liberation theology, and the Maoist Ejército Popular de Liberación (EPL) (also part of the 1990 process, less successfully). Several stages of peace processes were undertaken by the various sides, which were further complicated by the emergence of right-wing paramilitary ‘self-defence’ forces. The peace agreement between the Colombian government under President Uribe and the main alliance of the paramilitary groups, the United Self-Defence Forces of Colombia (AUC), concluded in 2005 and is still heavily disputed as several remnants are still active, but now subsumed under the heading ‘Bacrim’ (Bandas criminales). In addition, FARC and ELN maintain a military presence, but both demonstrate a strong interest in completing successful peace negotiations with the government, with the most recent agreements being between FARC and the Government.

Colombian Conflict (1964 - ) )
Stage
Framework/substantive - comprehensive (Agreement)
Conflict nature
Government
Peace process
97: Colombia I - Gaviria
Parties
Por el Gobierno Nacional: CÉSAR GAVIRIA TRUJILLO Presidente de la República FABIO VILLEGAS RAMÍREZ Ministro de Gobierno JORGE ORLANDO MELO Consejero Presidencial para Medellín y su Area Metropolitana LUIS ALFREDO RAMOS BOTERO Alcalde de Medellín CARLOS EDUARDO JARAMILLO CASTILLO Consejero Presidencial para la Paz JUAN GOMEZ MARTÍNEZ Gobernador de Antioquia

Por las Milicias: Negociadores: CARLOS HERMAN CORREA HENAO ROBERTO EMILIO BEDOYA FERLY WEIMAR OROZCO MUÑOZ Voceros: JAMES ORREGO GONZALO CASTAÑO JOEL DE JESUS MAZO RAMIREZ HECTOR HERNANDO BENITEZ MORENO ARLES DE JESUS AGUIRRE ARLES RODRIGUEZ MORA
Third parties
Testigo-Tutor: MONSEÑOR HECTOR FABIO HENAO
Description
Provided for social investment in communities; normalisation of citizen life (with special community programmes); a programme of reinsertion in political life for the MM; consideration of pardons; a protection programme; and support for the politicisation of MM.

Agreement document
CO_940526_ACUERDO FINAL PARA LA PAZ Y LA CONVIVENCIA - tr.pdf []

Agreement document (original language)
CO_940526_ACUERDO FINAL PARA LA PAZ Y LA CONVIVENCIA.pdf []

Groups

Children/youth
No specific mention.
Disabled persons
No specific mention.
Elderly/age
No specific mention.
Migrant workers
No specific mention.
Racial/ethnic/national group
No specific mention.
Religious groups
No specific mention.
Indigenous people
No specific mention.
Other groups
No specific mention.
Refugees/displaced persons
No specific mention.
Social class
No specific mention.

Gender

Women, girls and gender
No specific mention.
Men and boys
No specific mention.
LGBTI
No specific mention.
Family
No specific mention.

State definition

State definition
No specific mention.

Governance

Political institutions (new or reformed)
General references
Pages 11-12, Chapter 6, Political favourability,
If the constitutional court declares as admissible the law empowering the national government to create special electoral constituencies for the political movements arising from the subversive demobilised groups and the government does not decide to make use of these powers, it undertakes to include the city of Medellín in its area of application and include the political organisation or movement derived from the Militias with which the government signs this agreement among the political organisations that can make use of such constituencies. Two representatives of the Militias will be invited to all special meetings of the local administrative committees convened by the mayor of Medellín until their next elections. Similarly, the municipal government may invite Militia representatives to meetings of institutions for planning social investment in their communities.
Constitution's affirmation/renewal
No specific mention.
Constitutional reform/making
No specific mention.
Elections
No specific mention.
Electoral commission
No specific mention.
Political parties reform
Rebels transitioning to political parties
Pages 11-12, Chapter 6, Political favourability,
If the constitutional court declares as admissible the law empowering the national government to create special electoral constituencies for the political movements arising from the subversive demobilised groups and the government does not decide to make use of these powers, it undertakes to include the city of Medellín in its area of application and include the political organisation or movement derived from the Militias with which the government signs this agreement among the political organisations that can make use of such constituencies. Two representatives of the Militias will be invited to all special meetings of the local administrative committees convened by the mayor of Medellín until their next elections. Similarly, the municipal government may invite Militia representatives to meetings of institutions for planning social investment in their communities.
Civil society
Page 2, Chapter 2, I. Normalisation of civil life, A. Civil life centres, Article 1,
Through the Presidential Council for Medellín, the national government undertakes to build two centres for coexistence or civil life in the neighbourhoods of Granizal and Santa Cruz using land provided by the municipality, annexed to the schools Granizal, María Cano and Arzobispo García, respectively. The premises will be indicated on the map annexed to the municipal planning dated 6 April 1994.

Page 2, Chapter 2, I. Normalisation of civil life, A. Civil life centres, Article 2,
2. COP 200 million will be provided from the available budget for 1994 to build and fit out these centres. If land cannot be made available for legal reasons, equivalent sites will be sought by mutual agreement between the government, the municipality and the community representatives, or, in their absence, houses will be acquired that can be refurbished and meet the space requirements for the services defined below.

Pages 2-3, Chapter 2, I. Normalisation of civil life, A. Civil life centres, Article 3,
Each centre will include offices for the following services:
a. municipal inspection office;
b. dispute resolution office;
c. family dispute resolution office, including a representative from the local family support station;
d. legal advice office;
e. an office for the defence of community rights (ombudsperson, national public prosecutor, municipal authority or representative of the permanent office of human rights);
f. office for meetings of local community organisations.

Page 3, Chapter 2, I. Normalisation of civil life, A. Civil life centres, Article 4,
The operation of each centre, its staff and the administrative and running costs will be covered by the municipality of Medellín, with the exception of the staff in the office for the defence of rights, whose costs will be met by the respective institution.

Page 3, Chapter 2, II. Occupational training, Article 3.2,
Caritas Arquidiocesana (Pastoral Social), will design and implement a programme to promote civil society in the communities affected by the conflict to train leaders and promote tolerance, peaceful coexistence and harmony in the community. A group of 50 Militia members will be involved in implementing the programme, for which they will receive prior training. The national government will provide the resources required for the implementation of this and other programmes agreed with Caritas.
Traditional/religious leaders
Page 3, Chapter 2, II. Occupational training, Article 3.2,
Caritas Arquidiocesana (Pastoral Social), will design and implement a programme to promote civil society in the communities affected by the conflict to train leaders and promote tolerance, peaceful coexistence and harmony in the community. A group of 50 Militia members will be involved in implementing the programme, for which they will receive prior training. The national government will provide the resources required for the implementation of this and other programmes agreed with Caritas.

Page 6, Chapter 2, B. Coexistence and security plan, Article 7,
An evaluation commission will be formed to evaluate the work of the cooperative. The commission will comprise one representative of each of the following:
• national government;
• office of the mayor of Medellín;
• Surveillance and Security Supervisor;
• national police;
• the cooperative’s board of directors;
• the community, chosen by the local administrative committees in the area where the cooperative will operate;
• the church.
The manager of the cooperative, the deputy manager, the three second-line managers and the associated management staff will form part of the evaluation commission, with the right to speak but not to vote.

Page 6, Chapter 3, Reinsertion Programme, 1. Participation in public administration,
While national institutions operating Medellín or departmental or municipal institutions may decide to appoint members of the Militias, it is nonetheless agreed to establish a working team of ten members of the Militias, to be appointed by the Militias, and one professional appointed by the coordinating body. The team will operate for two years from the date of the surrender of arms and will be coordinated by Caritas Arquidiocesana (Pastoral Social), Medellín, which will be responsible for hiring and paying of members of the team. Caritas will provide special “community leaders” training courses and design the programmes to be implemented to promote the consolidation of peaceful coexistence in the communities in which the Militias have been present. Caritas will also define the minimum requirements for appointment and the specific functions of the members of the team. There will be a monthly salary of COP 590,000 for the coordinator and the professional appointed to the team and the other members (nine in total) will receive COP 220,000. The national government will provide the resources required for the implementation of this programme.

Page 9, Chapter 3, 5. Monitoring and evaluation commission,
It is agreed to create a monitoring and evaluation commission for the agreements that have been signed, comprising the Catholic Church, representatives of the departmental and municipal governments, representatives of the Presidential Council for Peace, representatives of the reinsertion programme and representatives of the Militias.

Catholic Church representative signs as withness
Public administration
No specific mention.

Power sharing

Political power sharing
No specific mention.
Territorial power sharing
Local/municipal government
Pages 11-12, Chapter 6, Political favourability,
If the constitutional court declares as admissible the law empowering the national government to create special electoral constituencies for the political movements arising from the subversive demobilised groups and the government does not decide to make use of these powers, it undertakes to include the city of Medellín in its area of application and include the political organisation or movement derived from the Militias with which the government signs this agreement among the political organisations that can make use of such constituencies. Two representatives of the Militias will be invited to all special meetings of the local administrative committees convened by the mayor of Medellín until their next elections. Similarly, the municipal government may invite Militia representatives to meetings of institutions for planning social investment in their communities.
Economic power sharing
No specific mention.
Military power sharing
No specific mention.

Human rights and equality

Human rights/RoL
Page 9, Chapter 3, 4. Foundation for public coexistence,
To contribute to the communication, support and implementation of the agreements reached in the negotiation process between the government and the Militias, a foundation will be established for public coexistence in the northeast communities of Medellín whose main objectives will be the promotion of participative democracy and civil rights, education for public participation and the management of community development under the principles of political tolerance, the acceptance of differences and harmony under the framework of the constitution and the law. The government will provide a total of COP 250 million for the design, set-up and implementation of these programmes, disbursed as follows: COP 50 million upon legal establishment of the foundation; COP 100 million three months after, and COP 100 million during the first half of 1995. Payments will be made upon submission of the corresponding spending programme.
Equality
No specific mention.
Democracy
Page 9, Chapter 3, 4. Foundation for public coexistence,
To contribute to the communication, support and implementation of the agreements reached in the negotiation process between the government and the Militias, a foundation will be established for public coexistence in the northeast communities of Medellín whose main objectives will be the promotion of participative democracy and civil rights, education for public participation and the management of community development under the principles of political tolerance, the acceptance of differences and harmony under the framework of the constitution and the law. The government will provide a total of COP 250 million for the design, set-up and implementation of these programmes, disbursed as follows: COP 50 million upon legal establishment of the foundation; COP 100 million three months after, and COP 100 million during the first half of 1995. Payments will be made upon submission of the corresponding spending programme.
Protection measures
Protection of groups
Page 10, Chapter 5
Protection programme
1. The national government will provide a security and protection service for Militia leaders from the date the agreement is signed. This will be the responsibility of the specialist state institutions for this type of services.

Page 11, Chapter 5
Protection programme
3. The security system will have a coordination sub-commission comprising one member of
the council for peace, representatives of each of the security institutions responsible for
security and protection and a representative of the Militias who will function as a
security coordinator for the Militias.
Human rights framework
No specific mention.
Civil and political rights
No specific mention.
Socio-economic rights
No specific mention.
NHRI
New or fundamentally revised NHRI
Page 9, Chapter 3, 4. Foundation for public coexistence,
To contribute to the communication, support and implementation of the agreements reached in the negotiation process between the government and the Militias, a foundation will be established for public coexistence in the northeast communities of Medellín whose main objectives will be the promotion of participative democracy and civil rights, education for public participation and the management of community development under the principles of political tolerance, the acceptance of differences and harmony under the framework of the constitution and the law. The government will provide a total of COP 250 million for the design, set-up and implementation of these programmes, disbursed as follows: COP 50 million upon legal establishment of the foundation; COP 100 million three months after, and COP 100 million during the first half of 1995. Payments will be made upon submission of the corresponding spending programme.
Regional or international human rights institutions
No specific mention.
Mobility/access
No specific mention.
Detention procedures
No specific mention.
Media and communication
Media roles
Page 7, Chapter 3, 2. Promotion of the Process, Article 1,
Publication of a one-page notice in one national and two regional newspapers on the day of the surrender of arms. The text will detail the history of the process and will be the responsibility of the Militias.

Page 7, Chapter 3, 2. Promotion of the Process, Article 2,
Publication of a one-page notice in one national newspaper and two regional newspapers one month later. The text will set out the Militias’ proposals as an organisation and will be the responsibility of the Militias.

Page 7, Chapter 3, 2. Promotion of the Process, Article 5,
The government undertakes to use the slots of Audiovisuales to broadcast one half-hour programme on the history of the Militias and their decision to embark on the negotiation process that resulted in the surrender of arms. The government will cover the costs of this programme, whose script will be jointly written by representatives of the Militias appointed for this purpose.

Page 7, Chapter 3, 2. Promotion of the Process, Article 6,
Regional promotion of the process: programmes to promote the peace process with the Militias and the consolidation of peaceful coexistence and public participation will be produced and broadcast on the regional radio and television slots in which the Presidential Council for Medellín and its metropolitan area have programmes. The number of programmes, their frequency and their content will be coordinated between the Presidential Council for Medellín and the Militias. The Militias will appoint a representative for this purpose.
Citizenship
No specific mention.

Justice sector reform

Criminal justice and emergency law
No specific mention.
State of emergency provisions
No specific mention.
Judiciary and courts
No specific mention.
Prisons and detention
No specific mention.
Traditional Laws
No specific mention.

Socio-economic reconstruction

Development or socio-economic reconstruction
Infrastructure and reconstruction
Pages 1-2, Chapter 1, Social investment in communities,
To contribute to improving living conditions and developing the communities affected by the conflict, the municipality undertakes to carry out a series of infrastructure works for roads and services and to improve and expand the installed capacity for education, health, leisure and communal equipment. Works will include the following: construction, refurbishment and maintenance of multi-sport plazas, football pitches, parks and recreational areas; building and maintaining roads and bridges; canalising streams and gullies; improving hydro structures; protective works, paths and water treatment; communal sites and the creation of a sport initiation centre in the neighbourhood of San Blas. Works will be carried out in line with the schedule and conditions set out in Annex 1.
Following the surrender of arms, working groups may be set up in the communities detailed in this agreement with the participation of the government and its community representatives to analyse and debate the problems affecting the zone and reach agreements that make it possible to overcome these problems while promoting public coexistence and peace.
National economic plan
No specific mention.
Natural resources
No specific mention.
International funds
No specific mention.
Business
No specific mention.
Taxation
No specific mention.
Banks
No specific mention.

Land, property and environment

Land reform/rights
No specific mention.
Pastoralist/nomadism rights
No specific mention.
Cultural heritage
No specific mention.
Environment
No specific mention.
Water or riparian rights or access
No specific mention.

Security sector

Security Guarantees
No specific mention.
Ceasefire
No specific mention.
Police
Page 3, Chapter 2, II. Occupational training, Article 3.1,
As an integral part of the development of the national police in the city of Medellín, a special programme will be established for special military service placements for high-school graduates in the national police force. Candidates for this programme will be chosen from high-school graduates living in the areas covered by this agreement and will work on civil and community activities in the same areas.

Page 6, Chapter 2, B. Coexistence and security plan, Article 7,
An evaluation commission will be formed to evaluate the work of the cooperative. The commission will comprise one representative of each of the following:
• national government;
• office of the mayor of Medellín;
• Surveillance and Security Supervisor;
• national police;
• the cooperative’s board of directors;
• the community, chosen by the local administrative committees in the area where the cooperative will operate;
• the church.
The manager of the cooperative, the deputy manager, the three second-line managers and the associated management staff will form part of the evaluation commission, with the right to speak but not to vote.
Armed forces
No specific mention.
DDR
DDR programmes
Pages 1-2, Chapter 1, Social investment in communities,
To contribute to improving living conditions and developing the communities affected by the conflict, the municipality undertakes to carry out a series of infrastructure works for roads and services and to improve and expand the installed capacity for education, health, leisure and communal equipment. Works will include the following: construction, refurbishment and maintenance of multi-sport plazas, football pitches, parks and recreational areas; building and maintaining roads and bridges; canalising streams and gullies; improving hydro structures; protective works, paths and water treatment; communal sites and the creation of a sport initiation centre in the neighbourhood of San Blas. Works will be carried out in line with the schedule and conditions set out in Annex 1.
Following the surrender of arms, working groups may be set up in the communities detailed in this agreement with the participation of the government and its community representatives to analyse and debate the problems affecting the zone and reach agreements that make it possible to overcome these problems while promoting public coexistence and peace.

[Summary: Page 2, Chapter 2, I. Normalisation of civil life. This section provides for the reintegration of former militia fighters back into civil life via the establishemnt of Civil life centres and occupational training. This chapter also outlines a detailed coexistence and security plan for the zone in which the militias are present. For this purpose, a special Security and Community Service Cooperative and an evaluation commission is created. For detailed provisions on civil society, police and religious groups see civil society, religious groups and police.]

Page 6, Chapter 3, Reinsertion Programme, 1. Participation in public administration,
While national institutions operating Medellín or departmental or municipal institutions may decide to appoint members of the Militias, it is nonetheless agreed to establish a working team of ten members of the Militias, to be appointed by the Militias, and one professional appointed by the coordinating body. The team will operate for two years from the date of the surrender of arms and will be coordinated by Caritas Arquidiocesana (Pastoral Social), Medellín, which will be responsible for hiring and paying of members of the team. Caritas will provide special “community leaders” training courses and design the programmes to be implemented to promote the consolidation of peaceful coexistence in the communities in which the Militias have been present. Caritas will also define the minimum requirements for appointment and the specific functions of the members of the team. There will be a monthly salary of COP 590,000 for the coordinator and the professional appointed to the team and the other members (nine in total) will receive COP 220,000. The national government will provide the resources required for the implementation of this programme.

Page 8, Chapter 3, 3. Economic and social promotion, Article 1,
The national government will arrange the processing of ID documents, military IDs and criminal records for the official list of the Militias’ demobilised fighters.

Page 8, Chapter 3, 3. Economic and social promotion, Article 2,
In partnership with the National Pedagogic University, the government will establish an education programme to validate primary and secondary education for members of the Militias who meet the requirements established for this purpose.

Page 8, Chapter 3, 3. Economic and social promotion, Article 3,
Through an agreement with ICETEX, the government will provide resources to facilitate higher education studies by members of the Militias who meet the academic requirements. ICETEX will establish the means and conditions for accessing these funds.

Page 8, Chapter 3, 3. Economic and social promotion, Article 4,
Militia members not employed by COOSERCOM or Caritas Arquidiocesana will be employed by Metroseguridad for the implementation of programmes to benefit the community run by the mayor’s office or any of its secretaries and decentralised or subordinate bodies. Employees will receive a monthly salary of COP 150,000 for 18 months from the date of the surrender of arms. The national government will transfer the resources required to guarantee the funding of this programme to the Medellín Metropolitan Security fund (Metroseguridad). The first payment of the corresponding salaries will be made one month in advance. Subsequent payments will be displaced by one week until the fifth month, when payment will be made one month in arrears.

Page 8, Chapter 3, 3. Economic and social promotion, Article 5,
Medical assistance and health care will be provided for two years to the members of the Militias employed by Metroseguridad and their families. This assistance will be provided through Metroseguridad.

Page 8, Chapter 3, 3. Economic and social promotion, Article 6,
The government will provide a loan of COP 3.5 million to each member of the Militias on the official list of demobilised fighters for the implementation of individual or associative productive projects. Loans will have a grace period of two years and a further two years for repayment, with an annual interest rate of 18%. The value of the loan for members of the Militias who form part of the surveillance and security cooperatives will be COP 1.75 million. After 12 months, reinserted members whose productive projects are operating will no longer receive the payments established for people who do not form part of COOSERCOM.

Page 9, Chapter 3, 3. Economic and social promotion, Article 7,
In terms of housing, the government undertakes to:
1. support those who are reinserted with training for forming organisations that aim to develop housing programmes;
2. provide support to the organisations that are formed in the form of training for carrying out housing projects;
3. provide support to the organisations of reinserted members formed for the implementation of housing plans in the form of joint management to obtain housing subsidies.
Intelligence services
No specific mention.
Parastatal/rebel and opposition group forces
[Summary: For detailed DDR provisions see DDR.]

[Summary: Pages 6-7, Chapter 3, 2. Promotion of the Process, For detailed provisions on media see media/communication. For the promotion of the process, the militias are granted access to public media.]

Page 9, Chapter 3, 5. Monitoring and evaluation commission,
It is agreed to create a monitoring and evaluation commission for the agreements that have been signed, comprising the Catholic Church, representatives of the departmental and municipal governments, representatives of the Presidential Council for Peace, representatives of the reinsertion programme and representatives of the Militias.

Page 10, Chapter 4, Legal benefits,
Militia members will be entitled to the benefits of amnesty, cessation of procedure, resolution of preclusion of investigation and resolution of dismissal, as applicable and as set out in Law 104, 1993, under the criteria and procedures set out therein. The national government undertakes to:

Page 10, Chapter 4, Legal benefits, Article 1,
Process and decide on the award of amnesty for Militia members sentenced for any of the offences set out in articles 48–60 of the aforementioned law, as defined in its article 14. The government will ensure an expedited amnesty procedure such that a decision is made within 30 days from completion of all the relevant documentation.

Page 10, Chapter 4, Legal benefits, Article 2,
Support the processing of requests for writs of prohibition, preclusion of investigation and cessation of procedure before the legal authorities, as set out in Title III of Part I of Law 104, 1993.

Page 10, Chapter 4, Legal benefits, Article 3,
Members of the Militias accused of various non-political offences or appurtenances and the exceptions in paragraph 2 of article 9 of the aforementioned law, may obtain benefits from effective collaboration with the law under the same article 9, and articles 369A and 369B of the Criminal Procedure Code, awarded by the corresponding judicial authority in line with the same provisions. Under paragraph 1 of article 9 of Law 104, 1993, the national government will provide the judicial authorities with the relevant information to verify that those requesting benefits are Militia members involved in the peace process.

Page 10, Chapter 5, Protection programme, Article 1,
The national government will provide a security and protection service for Militia leaders from the date the agreement is signed. This will be the responsibility of the specialist state institutions for this type of services.

Pages 10-11, Chapter 5, Protection programme, Article 2,
The security service will have three levels:
• Level 1 will cover two Militia leaders, each of which will have two vehicles with three bodyguards in each, including the corresponding drivers.
• Level 2 will cover three Militia leaders, each of which will have one vehicle with three bodyguards, including the driver.
• Level 3 will cover ten leaders from the organisation with five vehicles, each with two bodyguards, including the driver.
Each protection team will also have bullet-proof vests and the respective arms.

Page 11, Chapter 5, Protection programme, Article 3,
The security system will have a coordination sub-commission comprising one member of the council for peace, representatives of each of the security institutions responsible for security and protection and a representative of the Militias who will function as a security coordinator for the Militias.

Page 11, Chapter 5, Protection programme, Article 4,
The security units may include Militia members, although these must register with the special schemes established by the government for this purpose. A maximum of 30 people will be entitled to register for these schemes.

Page 11, Chapter 5, Protection programme, Article 5,
The security system coordinator will analyse the level of risk every three months to determine whether its size should remain the same or be reduced.

Pages 11-12, Chapter 6, Political favourability,
If the constitutional court declares as admissible the law empowering the national government to create special electoral constituencies for the political movements arising from the subversive demobilised groups and the government does not decide to make use of these powers, it undertakes to include the city of Medellín in its area of application and include the political organisation or movement derived from the Militias with which the government signs this agreement among the political organisations that can make use of such constituencies. Two representatives of the Militias will be invited to all special meetings of the local administrative committees convened by the mayor of Medellín until their next elections. Similarly, the municipal government may invite Militia representatives to meetings of institutions for planning social investment in their communities.
Withdrawal of foreign forces
No specific mention.
Corruption
No specific mention.
Crime/organised crime
No specific mention.
Drugs
No specific mention.
Terrorism
No specific mention.

Transitional justice

Transitional justice general
No specific mention.
Amnesty/pardon
Amnesty/pardon proper
Page 10, Chapter 4, Legal benefits,
Militia members will be entitled to the benefits of amnesty, cessation of procedure, resolution of preclusion of investigation and resolution of dismissal, as applicable and as set out in Law 104, 1993, under the criteria and procedures set out therein. The national government undertakes to:

Page 10, Chapter 4, Legal benefits, Article 1,
Process and decide on the award of amnesty for Militia members sentenced for any of the offences set out in articles 48–60 of the aforementioned law, as defined in its article 14. The government will ensure an expedited amnesty procedure such that a decision is made within 30 days from completion of all the relevant documentation.

Page 10, Chapter 4, Legal benefits, Article 2,
Support the processing of requests for writs of prohibition, preclusion of investigation and cessation of procedure before the legal authorities, as set out in Title III of Part I of Law 104, 1993.

Page 10, Chapter 4, Legal benefits, Article 3,
Members of the Militias accused of various non-political offences or appurtenances and the exceptions in paragraph 2 of article 9 of the aforementioned law, may obtain benefits from effective collaboration with the law under the same article 9, and articles 369A and 369B of the Criminal Procedure Code, awarded by the corresponding judicial authority in line with the same provisions. Under paragraph 1 of article 9 of Law 104, 1993, the national government will provide the judicial authorities with the relevant information to verify that those requesting benefits are Militia members involved in the peace process.
Courts
No specific mention.
Mechanism
No specific mention.
Prisoner release
No specific mention.
Vetting
No specific mention.
Victims
No specific mention.
Missing persons
No specific mention.
Reparations
No specific mention.
Reconciliation
No specific mention.

Implementation

UN signatory
No specific mention.
Other international signatory
No specific mention.
Referendum for agreement
No specific mention.
International mission/force/similar
No specific mention.
Enforcement mechanism
Page 9, Chapter 3, 5. Monitoring and evaluation commission,
It is agreed to create a monitoring and evaluation commission for the agreements that have been signed, comprising the Catholic Church, representatives of the departmental and municipal governments, representatives of the Presidential Council for Peace, representatives of the reinsertion programme and representatives of the Militias.

The University of Edinburgh