Peace Accord (Ceasefire at Camp Pleso)

Country/entity
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Yugoslavia (former)
Region
Europe and Eurasia
Agreement name
Peace Accord (Ceasefire at Camp Pleso)
Date
23/02/1994
Agreement status
Multiparty signed/agreed
Interim arrangement
No
Agreement/conflict level
Intrastate/intrastate conflict
Stage
Ceasefire/related (Ceasefire)
Conflict nature
Government/territory
Peace process
125: Bosnia peace process
Parties
Commander-in-Chief of the Army of Bosnia and Herzegovina, General Rasim Delic; Chief of Staff of the Croatian Defence Council, General Ante Roso.
Third parties
The meeting was hosted by the Force Commander, General Jean Cot. The Special Representative of the Secretary-General, Mr. Yasushi Akashi, and the Commander of the Bosnia and Herzegovina Command, Lieutenant-General Sir Micheal Rose, signed as witnesses.
Description
This short agreement provides for a ceasefire involving the immediate and total cessation of hostilities. The appendix provides for the opening of UNPROFOR routes for humanitarian aid and civilian access, prisoner release facilitated by the ICRC and the restoration of utilities.

Agreement document
BA_940223_Peace Accord (Ceasefie agreement at Camp Pleso).pdf []

Groups

Children/youth
No specific mention.
Disabled persons
No specific mention.
Elderly/age
No specific mention.
Migrant workers
No specific mention.
Racial/ethnic/national group
No specific mention.
Religious groups
No specific mention.
Indigenous people
No specific mention.
Other groups
No specific mention.
Refugees/displaced persons
No specific mention.
Social class
No specific mention.

Gender

Women, girls and gender
No specific mention.
Men and boys
No specific mention.
LGBTI
No specific mention.
Family
No specific mention.

State definition

State definition
No specific mention.

Governance

Political institutions (new or reformed)
No specific mention.
Constitution's affirmation/renewal
No specific mention.
Constitutional reform/making
No specific mention.
Elections
No specific mention.
Electoral commission
No specific mention.
Political parties reform
No specific mention.
Civil society
Page 2, Appendix, 1.
The following are to be accomplished in order of priority:
...
(c) The opening of camps, the release of prisoners and the exchange of bodies, with the assistance of such organizations as the International Committee of the Red Cross.
(d) The unhindered and equitable distribution of humanitarian aid, including fuel oils, by the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees.
Traditional/religious leaders
No specific mention.
Public administration
No specific mention.

Power sharing

Political power sharing
No specific mention.
Territorial power sharing
No specific mention.
Economic power sharing
No specific mention.
Military power sharing
No specific mention.

Human rights and equality

Human rights/RoL
No specific mention.
Equality
No specific mention.
Democracy
No specific mention.
Protection measures
No specific mention.
Human rights framework
No specific mention.
Civil and political rights
No specific mention.
Socio-economic rights
No specific mention.
NHRI
No specific mention.
Regional or international human rights institutions
No specific mention.
Mobility/access
Page 2, Appendix, 1.
The following are to be accomplished in order of priority:
(a) The opening of the following specified routes for convoys of humanitarian aid and of the United Nations Protection Force, commercial traffic and the passage of civilians, especially but not exclusively between: Zenica-Stari Vitez; Mostar-Jablanica-Konjic-Sarajevo; Kiseljak-Vares; Kiseljak-Bilalovac-Busovaca
(b) The only checkpoints on such routes are to be under the control of UNPROFOR, but may be manned jointly.
Detention procedures
No specific mention.
Media and communication
No specific mention.
Citizenship
No specific mention.

Justice sector reform

Criminal justice and emergency law
No specific mention.
State of emergency provisions
No specific mention.
Judiciary and courts
No specific mention.
Prisons and detention
No specific mention.
Traditional Laws
No specific mention.

Socio-economic reconstruction

Development or socio-economic reconstruction
Humanitarian assistance
Page 2, Appendix, 1.
The following are to be accomplished in order of priority:
(a) The opening of the following specified routes for convoys of humanitarian aid and of the United Nations Protection Force, commercial traffic and the passage of civilians, especially but not exclusively between: Zenica-Stari Vitez; Mostar-Jablanica-Konjic-Sarajevo; Kiseljak-Vares; Kiseljak-Bilalovac-Busovaca
...
(d) The unhindered and equitable distribution of humanitarian aid, including fuel oils, by the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees.
(e) Restoration of utilities.
National economic plan
No specific mention.
Natural resources
No specific mention.
International funds
No specific mention.
Business
No specific mention.
Taxation
No specific mention.
Banks
No specific mention.

Land, property and environment

Land reform/rights
No specific mention.
Pastoralist/nomadism rights
No specific mention.
Cultural heritage
No specific mention.
Environment
No specific mention.
Water or riparian rights or access
No specific mention.

Security sector

Security Guarantees
No specific mention.
Ceasefire
Ceasefire provision
Page 1, 1.
A cease-fire involving the immediate and total cessation of hostilities with effect from 1200A hours on 25 February 1994, including the following elements: no further offensive actions or attacks; the cessation of all forms of propaganda by one party against the other; and lines of contact and positions to remain fixed as at the time specified above.

Page 1, 2.
The positioning of the United Nations Protection Force in sensitive areas and key locations in order to ensure adherence to the cease-fire.
Police
No specific mention.
Armed forces
No specific mention.
DDR
Demilitarisation provisions
Page 1, 3.
The placing of all heavy weapons above 12.7 millimetres under United Nations Protection Force control or the withdrawal of those weapons to a minimum distance from the line of contact of 10 kilometres for mortars and 20 kilometres for tanks and artillery by 1200A hours on 7 March 1994.

Page 1, 4.
The establishment of a Joint Commission, under the chairmanship of the United Nations Protection Force, on 25 February 1994 at Kiseljak, comprising representation of both parties in order to address the matters shown in the attached appendix, which forms part of the present Accord.
Intelligence services
No specific mention.
Parastatal/rebel and opposition group forces
No specific mention.
Withdrawal of foreign forces
Page 2, Note, 1.
The Bosnian Government authorities insisted on the withdrawal of regular Croatian troops from Bosnia and Herzegovina.

Page 2, Note, 2.
General Rose rejected the allegation that any such troops were present on the territory of Bosnia and Herzegovina.
Corruption
No specific mention.
Crime/organised crime
No specific mention.
Drugs
No specific mention.
Terrorism
No specific mention.

Transitional justice

Transitional justice general
No specific mention.
Amnesty/pardon
No specific mention.
Courts
No specific mention.
Mechanism
No specific mention.
Prisoner release
Page 2, Appendix, 1.
The following are to be accomplished in order of priority:
...
(c) The opening of camps, the release of prisoners and the exchange of bodies, with the assistance of such organizations as the International Committee of the Red Cross.
Vetting
No specific mention.
Victims
Page 2, Appendix, 1.
The following are to be accomplished in order of priority:
...
(c) The opening of camps, the release of prisoners and the exchange of bodies, with the assistance of such organizations as the International Committee of the Red Cross.
Missing persons
No specific mention.
Reparations
No specific mention.
Reconciliation
No specific mention.

Implementation

UN signatory
Signed as witnesses: Special Representative of the Secretary-General, Mr. Yasushi Akashi; the Commander of the Bosnia and Herzegovina Command, Lieutenant-General Sir Micheal Rose
Other international signatory
No specific mention.
Referendum for agreement
No specific mention.
International mission/force/similar
Page 1, 2.
The positioning of the United Nations Protection Force in sensitive areas and key locations in order to ensure adherence to the cease-fire.

Page 1, 3.
The placing of all heavy weapons above 12.7 millimetres under United Nations Protection Force control or the withdrawal of those weapons to a minimum distance from the line of contact of 10 kilometres for mortars and 20 kilometres for tanks and artillery by 1200A hours on 7 March 1994.

Page 2, Appendix, 1.
The following are to be accomplished in order of priority:
(a) The opening of the following specified routes for convoys of humanitarian aid and of the United Nations Protection Force, commercial traffic and the passage of civilians, especially but not exclusively between: Zenica-Stari Vitez; Mostar-Jablanica-Konjic-Sarajevo; Kiseljak-Vares; Kiseljak-Bilalovac-Busovaca
(b) The only checkpoints on such routes are to be under the control of UNPROFOR, but may be manned jointly.

Page 2, Appendix, 4.
It was furthermore agreed that there should be monthly high-level meetings between Generals Rose, Delic and Roso (or their representatives if they were unable to attend) or more frequently if the need arose.
Enforcement mechanism
No specific mention.

The University of Edinburgh