Comunicado FARC-Gobierno del viaje a Europa, 23 de febrero de 2000

Country/entity
Colombia
Region
Americas
Agreement name
Comunicado FARC-Gobierno del viaje a Europa, 23 de febrero de 2000
Date
23/02/2000
Agreement status
Multiparty signed/agreed
Interim arrangement
No
Agreement/conflict level
Intrastate/intrastate conflict (Colombian Conflict (1964 - )
The Colombian conflict is really a set of conflicts and the peace agreements reflect both different processes relating to different conflict groups and dyads, and processes taking place at different times in a complex peace process history. The Colombian civil war has its roots in the late 1940s and the violent infighting between liberal and the conservative factions. Emerging from the liberal tradition with a thorough grounding in nationalist communist ideology, the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia—People's Army (FARC) began its armed insurrection against the Colombian government in 1964. Other left-wing guerrillas emerged as well, most notably the socialist/populist M-19, which would later be integrated into the formal political system in the peace process of 1990s; the National Liberation Army (ELN), which has strong roots in liberation theology, and the Maoist Ejército Popular de Liberación (EPL) (also part of the 1990 process, less successfully). Several stages of peace processes were undertaken by the various sides, which were further complicated by the emergence of right-wing paramilitary ‘self-defence’ forces. The peace agreement between the Colombian government under President Uribe and the main alliance of the paramilitary groups, the United Self-Defence Forces of Colombia (AUC), concluded in 2005 and is still heavily disputed as several remnants are still active, but now subsumed under the heading ‘Bacrim’ (Bandas criminales). In addition, FARC and ELN maintain a military presence, but both demonstrate a strong interest in completing successful peace negotiations with the government, with the most recent agreements being between FARC and the Government.

Colombian Conflict (1964 - ) )
Stage
Pre-negotiation/process (Mixed)
Conflict nature
Government
Peace process
99: Colombia III - Arango
Parties
Por el Gobiemo Nacional: Victor G. Ricardo, Alto Comisionado para Ia Paz; Luis Norberto Guerra, Vicepresidente Camara de Representantes; Fabio Valencia Cossio, Negociador; Camilo Gomez Alzate, Negociador; Juan Gabriel Uribe, Negociador; Miguel Pinedo Vidal, Comite Tematico; Ciro Ramirez, Vicepresidente Senado; Luis Carlos Villegas, Presidente de la Andi.

Por las FARC-EP: Raul Reyes, Vocero de las F ARC EP; Joaquin Gomez, Negociador; Fabian Ramirez, Negociador; Ivan Rios, Coordinador Comite Tematico; Simon Trinidad, Comite Tematico; Felipe Rincon, Comite Tematico; Olga Lucia Marin, Comision Internacional.
Third parties
Description
Agreed account of fact-finding mission to Spain to inquire about Spanish system of autonomous regions, social security, and commerce.

Agreement document
CO_000223_Comunicado FARC-Gobierno del viaje a Europa 23 de febrero de 2000 - tr.pdf []

Agreement document (original language)
CO_000223_Comunicado FARC-Gobierno del viaje a Europa, 23 de febrero de 2000_ES.pdf []

Groups

Children/youth
No specific mention.
Disabled persons
No specific mention.
Elderly/age
No specific mention.
Migrant workers
No specific mention.
Racial/ethnic/national group
No specific mention.
Religious groups
No specific mention.
Indigenous people
No specific mention.
Other groups
No specific mention.
Refugees/displaced persons
No specific mention.
Social class
No specific mention.

Gender

Women, girls and gender
No specific mention.
Men and boys
No specific mention.
LGBTI
No specific mention.
Family
No specific mention.

State definition

State definition
State configuration
Page 1,
... Our agenda for work during these three days has allowed us, first of all, to see the Spanish system of autonomous communities from up close with a visit to the Community of
Valencia. Talks with the president of the community, Eduardo Zaplana, the two deputy
presidents and associated councillors showed the value modern and democratic Spain
attaches to a local, decentralised and autonomous society in the framework of the
territorial unity of nation.
Autonomy has transferred full territorial powers to the communities in areas such as
education, health, housing, tourism and regional channels. The vibrancy of Valencia shows
the confidence of the people in their system and the possibility of achieving the highest
standards of well-being. ...

Governance

Political institutions (new or reformed)
No specific mention.
Constitution's affirmation/renewal
No specific mention.
Constitutional reform/making
No specific mention.
Elections
No specific mention.
Electoral commission
No specific mention.
Political parties reform
No specific mention.
Civil society
No specific mention.
Traditional/religious leaders
No specific mention.
Public administration
No specific mention.

Power sharing

Political power sharing
No specific mention.
Territorial power sharing
No specific mention.
Economic power sharing
No specific mention.
Military power sharing
No specific mention.

Human rights and equality

Human rights/RoL
No specific mention.
Equality
Page 3,
... Finally, we explained that we are working together to achieve peaceful coexistence in
Colombia, a Colombia for all with social justice. ...
Democracy
Page 1,
... Our agenda for work during these three days has allowed us, first of all, to see the Spanish system of autonomous communities from up close with a visit to the Community of
Valencia. Talks with the president of the community, Eduardo Zaplana, the two deputy
presidents and associated councillors showed the value modern and democratic Spain
attaches to a local, decentralised and autonomous society in the framework of the
territorial unity of nation. ...

Page 2,
... CEOE also reaffirmed its good institutional relations with union organisations and shared its
experiences of bipartite or tripartite initiatives on labour relations with the various Spanish
governments since the establishment of democracy. We are sure this example will be
helpful to Colombia. ...
Protection measures
No specific mention.
Human rights framework
No specific mention.
Civil and political rights
No specific mention.
Socio-economic rights
No specific mention.
NHRI
No specific mention.
Regional or international human rights institutions
No specific mention.
Mobility/access
No specific mention.
Detention procedures
No specific mention.
Media and communication
No specific mention.
Citizenship
No specific mention.

Justice sector reform

Criminal justice and emergency law
No specific mention.
State of emergency provisions
No specific mention.
Judiciary and courts
No specific mention.
Prisons and detention
No specific mention.
Traditional Laws
No specific mention.

Socio-economic reconstruction

Development or socio-economic reconstruction
No specific mention.
National economic plan
No specific mention.
Natural resources
No specific mention.
International funds
No specific mention.
Business
No specific mention.
Taxation
No specific mention.
Banks
No specific mention.

Land, property and environment

Land reform/rights
No specific mention.
Pastoralist/nomadism rights
No specific mention.
Cultural heritage
No specific mention.
Environment
No specific mention.
Water or riparian rights or access
No specific mention.

Security sector

Security Guarantees
No specific mention.
Ceasefire
No specific mention.
Police
No specific mention.
Armed forces
Page 2,
... We had lunch at the Spanish Ministry of Foreign Affairs during a work session presided over
by Eduardo Gutierrez, Director General of Foreign Policy for Ibero-America, in the presence
of the Spanish ambassador to Colombia, Yaco Pico, and the Colombian ambassador to Spain,
Carlos Julio Ardila. In a frank and constructive dialogue, we discussed issues such as
European cooperation in the peace process, the need to produce peace results during the
negotiations, the urgency of promoting respect for life and for the freedom of Colombians,
and the role of the armed forces in a peaceful society. ...
DDR
No specific mention.
Intelligence services
No specific mention.
Parastatal/rebel and opposition group forces
No specific mention.
Withdrawal of foreign forces
No specific mention.
Corruption
Page 3,
... The political leaders of Spain have expressed their willingness to help Colombians achieve
peace. Issues such as fighting drug trafficking, poverty and corruption were discussed with
President Trillo, stressing our desire to reach peace via political negotiations. ...
Crime/organised crime
No specific mention.
Drugs
Page 3,
... The political leaders of Spain have expressed their willingness to help Colombians achieve
peace. Issues such as fighting drug trafficking, poverty and corruption were discussed with
President Trillo, stressing our desire to reach peace via political negotiations. ...
Terrorism
No specific mention.

Transitional justice

Transitional justice general
No specific mention.
Amnesty/pardon
No specific mention.
Courts
No specific mention.
Mechanism
No specific mention.
Prisoner release
No specific mention.
Vetting
No specific mention.
Victims
No specific mention.
Missing persons
No specific mention.
Reparations
No specific mention.
Reconciliation
No specific mention.

Implementation

UN signatory
No specific mention.
Other international signatory
No specific mention.
Referendum for agreement
No specific mention.
International mission/force/similar
No specific mention.
Enforcement mechanism
No specific mention.

The University of Edinburgh