Agreement on the release and transfer of prisoners

Country/entity
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Yugoslavia (former)
Region
Europe and Eurasia
Agreement name
Agreement on the release and transfer of prisoners
Date
01/10/1992
Agreement status
Multiparty signed/agreed
Interim arrangement
No
Agreement/conflict level
Intrastate/intrastate conflict (Balkan Conflicts (1991 - 1995) (1998 - 2001)
Former Yugoslavia

The disintegration of former Yugoslavia post cold war saw conflicts which became mediated and produced peace agreements in Slovenia (where the brief independence conflict was mediated by the EC Troika in 1991), Croatia (between Croatian and Serb populations 1991-1995), in Bosnia (between Croatian, Serb and Bosniak populations 1992-1995), in Macedonia (where mediation played a key pre-emptive role in preventing large scale conflict in 2001), in Kosovo (between Kosovar Albanians and Serbian population and the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (FRY), but also between FRY and NATO, 1998-1999), and a conflict in the Presevo Valley (between Albanians in South Serbia and FRY, 2000-2001). The continued fall-out of the disintegration of former Yugoslavia also saw mediated agreement and ultimate dissolution of the Union between Serbia and Montenegro.

Bosnia-Herzegovina

In 1991, after nationalist parties won the first multi-party elections in the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, a violent process of disintegration commenced. With its mixed population, Bosnia-Herzegovina became the centre of the following civil war that began in 1992 between the newly formed army of the Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina (mostly Muslim Bosniacs), and the parastatal forces of self-declared Bosnian Croat (Herzeg-Bosnia) and Bosnian Serb (Republika Srpska) entities within Bosnia-Herzegovina, supported by Croatia and Serbia, with various, often short-lived, coalitions. The General Framework Agreement (Dayton Peace Agreement), signed in 1995, split the country into two ethno-federal entities, the Bosniak-Croat Federation and the Republika Srpska, and included continued peacekeeping and institutional administration by international actors.

Kosovo

The conflict between Serbs and Kosovar Albanians has a long history and always involved territorial disputes as well as ethno-political, cultural and linguistic factors. The most recent phase of the conflict began in November 1997 when the Albanian Kosovo Liberation Army (KLA or UCK) began their campaign for the independence of Kosovo from the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (FRY – then Serbia and Montenegro). The subsequent war lasted until the NATO intervention, which undertook bombing campaigns of Belgrade and other places in Serbia during spring 1999. The main agreements solving the conflict were internationally driven and, finally, a UNSC resolution imposed a post-conflict arrangement in the wake of what was essentially a NATO military victory. In February 2008, Kosovo’s parliament declared independence, but independence is still internationally disputed.

Balkan Conflicts (1991 - 1995) (1998 - 2001) )
Stage
Pre-negotiation/process (Confidence building measure)
Conflict nature
Government/territory
Peace process
125: Bosnia peace process
Parties
Mr. K. Trnka, Representative of Mr. Alija Izetbegovic, President of the Republic of Bosnia-Herzegovina
Mr. D. Kalinic, Representative of Mr. Radovan Karadzic, President of the Serbian Democratic Party
Mr. S. Sito Coric, Representative of Mr. Mate Boban, President of the Croatian Democratic Community
Mr. A. Kurjak, Representative of the Party of Democratic Action
Mr. M. Popadic, Liaison Officer of the Serbian Democratic Party
Mr. M. Mujic, Liaison Officer of the Presidency of the Republic of Bosnia-Herzegovina
Third parties
Meeting chaired by Mr. Thierry Germond, ICRC Delegate General for Europe, in the presence of the following observers:
For the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia: Ms. Olga Lazic-Djerdj
For the Republic of Croatia: Mr. Ranko Vilovic
For the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees: Mrs. A.-M. Demmer, Director, Regional Bureau for Europe

Description
This agreement provides for the release and transfer of prisoners and detained persons, subject to International Humanitarian Law and organised under the auspices of the ICRC and UNHCR. Includes annexes listing sites of detention and possible transfer routes, and a joint signed 'Recommendation on the tragic situation of civilians in Bosnia-Herzegovina'.

Agreement document
BA_921001_Agreement on the Release and Transfer of Prisoners.pdf []

Groups

Children/youth
No specific mention.
Disabled persons
No specific mention.
Elderly/age
No specific mention.
Migrant workers
No specific mention.
Racial/ethnic/national group
No specific mention.
Religious groups
No specific mention.
Indigenous people
No specific mention.
Other groups
No specific mention.
Refugees/displaced persons
Substantive
Page 4, Art. 10, Right to return
Any prisoner released in or transferred to an area other than that of his or her former residence retains the right to return home at a later stage if he or she wishes to do so.

Page 4, Art. 11, Validity of documents, (1)
Any document, including a document renouncing or transferring property rights, assets or claims, signed by a prisoner who is to be released or transferred has no legal validity and does not in any way affect that prisoner’s rights or obligations.

Page 4, Art. 11, Validity of documents, (2)
Paragraph (1) is also applicable to documents signed by civilians to be transferred to an area other than their area of former residence.

Page 9, Recommendation on the tragic situation of civilians in Bosnia-Herzegovina, Untitled preamble
...Considering that in the present situation in Bosnia-Herzegovia with generalised violations of International Humanitarian Law systematically committed against civilians, the lives of certain civilians in certain areas can only be saved if they leave temporarily their homes and reach temporarily other areas,...

Page 9, Recommendation on the tragic situation of civilians in Bosnia-Herzegovina, 1.
Civilians who desire to leave temporarily the territory controlled by another party should be entitled to do so.

Page 10, Recommendation on the tragic situation of civilians in Bosnia-Herzegovina, 2.
The will of civilians to leave temporarily should be checked by an impartial international body in a private interview.

Page 10, Recommendation on the tragic situation of civilians in Bosnia-Herzegovina, 3.
The civilians should be able to leave in an organised transfer under international supervision and, if necessary, protection. Its security will be guaranteed by each party on the territory it controls.

Page 10, Recommendation on the tragic situation of civilians in Bosnia-Herzegovina, 4.
Each party to the conflict guarantees those who leave temporarily the territory it controls:
a) that their goods, assets and belongings will be respected and protected;
b) that they have a right to return home at a later stage if they wish so;
c) that any document, including a document renouncing or transferring property rights, assets or claims signed by a person who is about to leave temporarily has no legal validity and does not affect in any way that person’s rights or obligations .

Page 10, Recommendation on the tragic situation of civilians in Bosnia-Herzegovina, 5.
Persons temporarily transferred to areas other than their areas of origin should benefit, as vulnerable groups, from international assistance, inter alia, in conformity with its mandate, by the ICRC.

Social class
No specific mention.

Gender

Women, girls and gender
No specific mention.
Men and boys
No specific mention.
LGBTI
No specific mention.
Family
No specific mention.

State definition

State definition
No specific mention.

Governance

Political institutions (new or reformed)
No specific mention.
Constitution's affirmation/renewal
No specific mention.
Constitutional reform/making
No specific mention.
Elections
No specific mention.
Electoral commission
No specific mention.
Political parties reform
No specific mention.
Civil society
Page 1, Untitled preamble
...Accepting the good offices of the ICRC to help conclude agreements to release prisoners in conformity with Chapter IV of the Agreement of 6 June 1992,...

Page 2, Art. 3 Release of prisoners, (2)
Each party will release all prisoners it is holding in any given place of detention as soon as the ICRC so requests on the basis of a specific plan of operation for the release and transfer of the prisoners held in that place.

Page 2, Art. 3 Release of prisoners, (3)
In particular, the parties accept that the ICRC will draw up specific plans of operation and implement them within 31 October 1992 for the places of detention and via the tentative [unreadable] of transfer listed in Annex B, subject to the approval of any third country entitled to be released under para. (1) and present on the day of implementation of the specific plan of operation will benefit from the operation, regardless of the notifications made under Article 6.

Page 2, Art. 3 Release of prisoners, (4)
The parties will grant the ICRC all the facilities necessary for the implementation of the specific plans of operation and will, in particular, guarantee the security of a transfer on the territory they control, including, if the ICRC so requests, by an armed escort. This is without prejudice to any UNPROFOR escort that might be requested by the ICRC in conformity with UN Security Council Resolution 776.

Page 2, Art. 3 Release of prisoners, (5)
The parties accept that under specific plans of operation prisoners may be transferred temporarily into neighbouring countries, where UNHCR may be involved in the implementation of such plans of operation, in conformity with its mandate.

Page 2, Art. 3 Release of prisoners, (6)
Each prisoner to be released has the right to express to the ICRC in a private interview his free will on whether he wishes to be released and transferred according to the specific ICRC plan of operation, or wishes to be released on the spot, or wishes to remain in detention.

Page 2, Art. 3 Release of prisoners, (7)
For prisoners who are nationals of third States the specific ICRC plan of operation shall always provide for the right to be transferred into their State of origin.

Page 2, Art. 4 Prisoners not entitled to be released (1)
Prisoners not entitled to be released under Art. 3 (1) shall benefit from the judicial guarantees set out in Arts 82-108 of the Third Geneva Convention if they are captured combatants, and Arts 71-76 of the Fourth Geneva Convention if they are civilians. The ICRC shall in particular be informed in each such case of the charge pending against the prisoner.

Page 3, Art. 5, Assistance to prisoners released and transferred
The parties accept that prisoners released by virtue of Art.3 shall receive, as vulnerable groups, assistance from the ICRC and UNHCR, in accordance with the two organizations’ respective mandates.

Page 3, Art. 6, Notification of prisoners, (1)
Each party will notify the ICRC before 7 October 1992 of all prisoners detained in the places of detention listed in Annex A1, if this has not yet been done according to Annex A1.

Page 3, Art. 6, Notification of prisoners, (2)
Each party will notify the ICRC before 15 October 1992 of the name and location of any other places where prisoners are being held on the territory under its control and of all prisoners held in those places.

Page 3, Art. 6, Notification of prisoners, (3)
Thereafter, the ICRC shall be notified within 14 days:
(a) of every prisoner captured, arrested, or transferred;
(b) of every new place of detention opened.

Page 3, Art. 7, Enquiries, (1)
The ICRC and any party may ask any other party for information on the whereabouts of a prisoner held by the latter and previously registered by the ICRC in the power of that party, or allegedly detained by that party.

Page 3, Art. 7, Enquiries, (2)
The ICRC and any party may ask any other party about the location of any alleged place of detention and to be notified of any prisoners held there.

Page 3, Art. 8, ICRC access to prisoners
The ICRC shall have free access to all prisoners and may make a census of the population of any place of detention with a view to drawing up a specific plan of operation as provided for in Art.3

Page 4, Art. 9, Notification of releases without ICRC involvement
In the events of any release, transfer, repatriation or exchange of prisoners in which the ICRC takes no part, the ICRC will be notified of all the prisoners concerned.

Page 10, Recommendation on the tragic situation of civilians in Bosnia-Herzegovina, 5.
Persons temporarily transferred to areas other than their areas of origin should benefit, as vulnerable groups, from international assistance, inter alia, in conformity with its mandate, by the ICRC.
Traditional/religious leaders
No specific mention.
Public administration
No specific mention.

Power sharing

Political power sharing
No specific mention.
Territorial power sharing
No specific mention.
Economic power sharing
No specific mention.
Military power sharing
No specific mention.

Human rights and equality

Human rights/RoL
No specific mention.
Equality
Page 9, Recommendation on the tragic situation of civilians in Bosnia-Herzegovina, Untitled preamble
...Reaffirming the prohibition of any discrimination based on ethnic origin and the prohibition of forced movements of civilians and the inherent right of every human being to live in peace and dignity,...
Democracy
No specific mention.
Protection measures
Other
Page 10, 3. The civilians should be able to leave in an organised transfer under international supervision and, if necessary, protection. Its security will be guaranteed by each party on the territory it controls.
Human rights framework
Treaty incorporation
Page 2, Art. 3 Release of prisoners, (1)
All prisoners not accused of, or sentenced for, grave breaches of International Humanitarian Law as defined in Art. 50 of the First Art. 51 of the Second, Art. 130 of the Third [unreadable] Art. 147 of the Fourth Geneva Convention, as well as in Art.85 of Additional Protocol I, will be unilaterally and unconditionally released.

Page 2, Art. 4 Prisoners not entitled to be released (1)
Prisoners not entitled to be released under Art. 3 (1) shall benefit from the judicial guarantees set out in Arts 82-108 of the Third Geneva Convention if they are captured combatants, and Arts 71-76 of the Fourth Geneva Convention if they are civilians. The ICRC shall in particular be informed in each such case of the charge pending against the prisoner.

Page 2, Art. 4 Prisoners not entitled to be released (2)
Even if convicted, such prisoners retain the benefits of the treatment provided for in Art. 2.3 or 2.4 of the Agreement of 22 May 1992, depending on their status.

Page 3, Art. 5, Assistance to prisoners released and transferred
The parties accept that prisoners released by virtue of Art.3 shall receive, as vulnerable groups, assistance from the ICRC and UNHCR, in accordance with the two organizations’ respective mandates.

Page 9, Recommendation on the tragic situation of civilians in Bosnia-Herzegovina, Untitled preamble
...Considering that in the present situation in Bosnia-Herzegovia with generalised violations of International Humanitarian Law systematically committed against civilians, the lives of certain civilians in certain areas can only be saved if they leave temporarily their homes and reach temporarily other areas,...
Civil and political rights
No specific mention.
Socio-economic rights
No specific mention.
NHRI
No specific mention.
Regional or international human rights institutions
No specific mention.
Mobility/access
No specific mention.
Detention procedures
No specific mention.
Media and communication
No specific mention.
Citizenship
No specific mention.

Justice sector reform

Criminal justice and emergency law
No specific mention.
State of emergency provisions
No specific mention.
Judiciary and courts
No specific mention.
Prisons and detention
Page 3, Art. 6, Notification of prisoners, (3)
Thereafter, the ICRC shall be notified within 14 days:...(b) of every new place of detention opened.

[Summary: Page 4-5, Annex A1, List of places of detention according to information given by detaining parties on 01.10.1992, acts as a precursor to releasing prisoners from these sites of detention]

[Summary: Page 5-6, Annex A2, List of places of detention formerly notified by detaining parties for which clarification is requested, acts as a precursor to releasing prisoners from these sites of detention]

[Summary: Page 6, Annex A3, List of alleged places of detention according to information provided by the parties during the plenipotentiary conference for which clarification is requested, acts as a precursor to releasing prisoners from these sites of detention]

[Summary: Page 7-8, Annex B, Places of Detention, Possible Routing, provides suggested routes for transfer of released prisoners]
Traditional Laws
No specific mention.

Socio-economic reconstruction

Development or socio-economic reconstruction
No specific mention.
National economic plan
No specific mention.
Natural resources
No specific mention.
International funds
No specific mention.
Business
No specific mention.
Taxation
No specific mention.
Banks
No specific mention.

Land, property and environment

Land reform/rights
Property return and restitution
Page 4, Art. 11, Validity of documents, (1)
Any document, including a document renouncing or transferring property rights, assets or claims, signed by a prisoner who is to be released or transferred has no legal validity and does not in any way affect that prisoner’s rights or obligations.

Page 10, Recommendation on the tragic situation of civilians in Bosnia-Herzegovina, 4.
Each party to the conflict guarantees those who leave temporarily the territory it controls:
a) that their goods, assets and belongings will be respected and protected;
b) that they have a right to return home at a later stage if they wish so;
c) that any document, including a document renouncing or transferring property rights, assets or claims signed by a person who is about to leave temporarily has no legal validity and does not affect in any way that person’s rights or obligations.
Pastoralist/nomadism rights
No specific mention.
Cultural heritage
No specific mention.
Environment
No specific mention.
Water or riparian rights or access
No specific mention.

Security sector

Security Guarantees
Page 2, Art. 3, Release of prisoners, (4)
The parties will grant the ICRC all the facilities necessary for the implementation of the specific plans of operation and will, in particular, guarantee the security of a transfer on the territory they control, including, if the ICRC so requests, by an armed escort. This is without prejudice to any UNPROFOR escort that might be requested by the ICRC in conformity with UN Security Council Resolution 776.

Page 9, Recommendation on the tragic situation of civilians in Bosnia-Herzegovina, Untitled preamble
...Recalling that the presence of civilians may not be used to render certain areas immune from military operations,...

Page 10, Recommendation on the tragic situation of civilians in Bosnia-Herzegovina, 3.
The civilians should be able to leave in an organised transfer under international supervision and, if necessary, protection. Its security will be guaranteed by each party on the territory it controls.
Ceasefire
No specific mention.
Police
No specific mention.
Armed forces
No specific mention.
DDR
No specific mention.
Intelligence services
No specific mention.
Parastatal/rebel and opposition group forces
No specific mention.
Withdrawal of foreign forces
No specific mention.
Corruption
No specific mention.
Crime/organised crime
No specific mention.
Drugs
No specific mention.
Terrorism
No specific mention.

Transitional justice

Transitional justice general
No specific mention.
Amnesty/pardon
No specific mention.
Courts
No specific mention.
Mechanism
No specific mention.
Prisoner release
Page 1, Untitled preamble
...Accepting the good offices of the ICRC to help conclude agreements to release prisoners in conformity with Chapter IV of the Agreement of 6 June 1992,...

Page 1, Art. 1 Prisoners covered by this agreement
In this Agreement the term “prisoners” means:
(a) all civilian deprived of their liberty for reasons related to the conflict, as defined in Art. 2.3.(2) of the Agreement of 22 May 1992, including those interned, detained or subject to assigned residence.
(b) all captured combatants, as defined in Art. 2.4 of the Agreement of 22 May 1992,
Including those accused of or sentenced for any crime related to the armed conflict.

Page 1, Art. 2 Responsibility for prisoners
The parties are responsible for the application of this Agreement in respect of all prisoners held on territories under their control and will therefore ensure central control over all prisoners detained by individuals or local groups.

Page 2, Art. 3 Release of prisoners, (1)
All prisoners not accused of, or sentenced for, grave breaches of International Humanitarian Law as defined in Art. 50 of the First Art. 51 of the Second, Art. 130 of the Third [unreadable] Art. 147 of the Fourth Geneva Convention, as well as in Art.85 of Additional Protocol I, will be unilaterally and unconditionally released.

Page 2, Art. 3 Release of prisoners, (2)
Each party will release all prisoners it is holding in any given place of detention as soon as the ICRC so requests on the basis of a specific plan of operation for the release and transfer of the prisoners held in that place.

Page 2, Art. 3 Release of prisoners, (3)
In particular, the parties accept that the ICRC will draw up specific plans of operation and implement them within 31 October 1992 for the places of detention and via the tentative [unreadable] of transfer listed in Annex B, subject to the approval of any third country entitled to be released under para. (1) and present on the day of implementation of the specific plan of operation will benefit from the operation, regardless of the notifications made under Article 6.

Page 2, Art. 3 Release of prisoners, (4)
The parties will grant the ICRC all the facilities necessary for the implementation of the specific plans of operation and will, in particular, guarantee the security of a transfer on the territory they control, including, if the ICRC so requests, by an armed escort. This is without prejudice to any UNPROFOR escort that might be requested by the ICRC in conformity with UN Security Council Resolution 776.

Page 2, Art. 3 Release of prisoners, (5)
The parties accept that under specific plans of operation prisoners may be transferred temporarily into neighbouring countries, where UNHCR may be involved in the implementation of such plans of operation, in conformity with its mandate.

Page 2, Art. 3 Release of prisoners, (6)
Each prisoner to be released has the right to express to the ICRC in a private interview his free will on whether he wishes to be released and transferred according to the specific ICRC plan of operation, or wishes to be released on the spot, or wishes to remain in detention.

Page 2, Art. 3 Release of prisoners, (7)
For prisoners who are nationals of third States the specific ICRC plan of operation shall always provide for the right to be transferred into their State of origin.

Page 2, Art. 4 Prisoners not entitled to be released (1)
Prisoners not entitled to be released under Art. 3 (1) shall benefit from the judicial guarantees set out in Arts 82-108 of the Third Geneva Convention if they are captured combatants, and Arts 71-76 of the Fourth Geneva Convention if they are civilians. The ICRC shall in particular be informed in each such case of the charge pending against the prisoner.

Page 2, Art. 4 Prisoners not entitled to be released (2)
Even if convicted, such prisoners retain the benefits of the treatment provided for in Art. 2.3 or 2.4 of the Agreement of 22 May 1992, depending on their status.

Page 2, Art. 4 Prisoners not entitled to be released (3)
The party approached will make any internal enquiries necessary to obtain the information requested.

Page 3, Art. 5, Assistance to prisoners released and transferred
The parties accept that prisoners released by virtue of Art.3 shall receive, as vulnerable groups, assistance from the ICRC and UNHCR, in accordance with the two organizations’ respective mandates.

Page 3, Art. 6, Notification of prisoners, (1)
Each party will notify the ICRC before 7 October 1992 of all prisoners detained in the places of detention listed in Annex A1, if this has not yet been done according to Annex A1.

Page 3, Art. 6, Notification of prisoners, (2)
Each party will notify the ICRC before 15 October 1992 of the name and location of any other places where prisoners are being held on the territory under its control and of all prisoners held in those places.

Page 3, Art. 6, Notification of prisoners, (3)
Thereafter, the ICRC shall be notified within 14 days:
(a) of every prisoner captured, arrested, or transferred;
(b) of every new place of detention opened.

Page 3, Art. 6, Notification of prisoners, (4)
The local liaison officers of the parties will meet at least once every 14 days in a mutually agreed place to exchange lists of all prisoners held in their respective areas.

Page 3, Art. 6, Notification of prisoners, (5)
All notifications referred to in this article and in Art. 9 shall contain at least the following details on the prisoners concerned: - name - first name - father’s first name - mother’s first name and maiden name - date of birth - place of birth.

Page 3, Art. 7, Enquiries, (1)
The ICRC and any party may ask any other party for information on the whereabouts of a prisoner held by the latter and previously registered by the ICRC in the power of that party, or allegedly detained by that party.

Page 3, Art. 7, Enquiries, (2)
The ICRC and any party may ask any other party about the location of any alleged place of detention and to be notified of any prisoners held there.

Page 3, Art. 7, Enquiries, (3)
The party approached will make any internal enquiries necessary to obtain the information requested.

Page 3, Art. 8, ICRC access to prisoners
The ICRC shall have free access to all prisoners and may make a census of the population of any place of detention with a view to drawing up a specific plan of operation as provided for in Art.3.

Page 4, Art. 9, Notification of releases without ICRC involvement
In the events of any release, transfer, repatriation or exchange of prisoners in which the ICRC takes no part, the ICRC will be notified of all the prisoners concerned.

Page 4, Art. 10, Right to return
Any prisoner released in or transferred to an area other than that of his or her former residence retains the right to return home at a later stage if he or she wishes to do so.

Page 4, Art. 11, Validity of documents, (1)
Any document, including a document renouncing or transferring property rights, assets or claims, signed by a prisoner who is to be released or transferred has no legal validity and does not in any way affect that prisoner’s rights or obligations.

Page 4, Art. 11, Validity of documents, (2)
Paragraph (1) is also applicable to documents signed by civilians to be transferred to an area other than their area of former residence.

Page 4, Activities after release
The parties undertake not to recruit prisoners released and/or transferred under this Agreement in their armed forces or groups and to take all feasible measures that such prisoners do not take a direct part in hostilities.

[Summary: Page 4-5, Annex A1, List of places of detention according to information given by detaining parties on 01.10.1992, acts as a precursor to releasing prisoners from these sites of detention]

[Summary: Page 5-6, Annex A2, List of places of detention formerly notified by detaining parties for which clarification is requested, acts as a precursor to releasing prisoners from these sites of detention]

[Summary: Page 6, Annex A3, List of alleged places of detention according to information provided by the parties during the plenipotentiary conference for which clarification is requested, acts as a precursor to releasing prisoners from these sites of detention]

[Summary: Page 7, Annex B, Places of Detention, Possible Routing, provides suggested routes for transfer of released prisoners]




Vetting
No specific mention.
Victims
No specific mention.
Missing persons
No specific mention.
Reparations
No specific mention.
Reconciliation
No specific mention.

Implementation

UN signatory
Observed for the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees by Mrs. A.-M. Demmer, Director, Regional Bureau for Europe
Other international signatory
Meeting chaired by Mr. Thierry Germond, ICRC Delegate General for Europe, in the presence of the following observers:
For the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia: Ms. Olga Lazic-Djerdj
For the Republic of Croatia: Mr. Ranko Vilovic
Referendum for agreement
No specific mention.
International mission/force/similar
Page 2, Art. 3 Release of prisoners, (4)
The parties will grant the ICRC all the facilities necessary for the implementation of the specific plans of operation and will, in particular, guarantee the security of a transfer on the territory they control, including, if the ICRC so requests, by an armed escort. This is without prejudice to any UNPROFOR escort that might be requested by the ICRC in conformity with UN Security Council Resolution 776.
Enforcement mechanism
No specific mention.

The University of Edinburgh