Agreement on the disarmament of the able-bodied population in the Zepa enclave

Country/entity
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Yugoslavia (former)
Region
Europe and Eurasia
Agreement name
Agreement on the disarmament of the able-bodied population in the Zepa enclave
Date
24/07/1995
Agreement status
Multiparty signed/agreed
Interim arrangement
No
Agreement/conflict level
Intrastate/local conflict
Stage
Ceasefire/related (Related)
Conflict nature
Government/territory
Peace process
128: Bosnia Local peace processes
Parties
Rajko KUSIC; Hamdija TORLAK
Third parties
UNPROFOR representative Semjon DUDNJIK
Certified by Colonel General Ratko MLADIC
Description
This surrender agreement provides for the forcible removal of the civilian population from the former UN safe area of Zepa, and the holding of civilians until military prisoners are released, all to be facillitated by the ICRC, UNPROFOR, UNHCR and other humanitarian organisations, in accordance with the Geneva Conventions.

Agreement document
BA_950724_Agreement on disarmament of Zepa.pdf []

Groups

Children/youth
No specific mention.
Disabled persons
No specific mention.
Elderly/age
No specific mention.
Migrant workers
No specific mention.
Racial/ethnic/national group
No specific mention.
Religious groups
No specific mention.
Indigenous people
No specific mention.
Other groups
No specific mention.
Refugees/displaced persons
Substantive
Page 1, 2.
Avdo PALIC shall issue an order to his troops to withdraw from the defence line and refugee groups together with the population and from the centre of settlements/villages, and not to try to cross illegally through the territory of Republika Srpska.
Social class
No specific mention.

Gender

Women, girls and gender
No specific mention.
Men and boys
No specific mention.
LGBTI
No specific mention.
Family
No specific mention.

State definition

State definition
No specific mention.

Governance

Political institutions (new or reformed)
No specific mention.
Constitution's affirmation/renewal
No specific mention.
Constitutional reform/making
No specific mention.
Elections
No specific mention.
Electoral commission
No specific mention.
Political parties reform
No specific mention.
Civil society
Page 1, 8.
The able-bodied population of Zepa shall be registered and accommodated in a holding centre which is to be under the control of the ICRC until the release of all captive VRS members and other Serbs who are in prisons in territory controlled by the army under the command of Rasim DELIC.

Page 1, 9.
The ICRC shall transport the able-bodied population of Zepa from the holding centres to territory under the control of Rasim DELICs army at the same time as all captive VRS members and other Serbs who are in prisons in territory controlled by the army under the command of Rasim DELIC are released and transported to Republika Srpska.

Page 1, 10.
UNPROFOR, the ICRC, the UNHCR, and other international humanitarian organisations, in cooperation with the Army of Republika Srpska, shall enable the transport of the civilian population from Zepa to territory under the control of Rasim DELIC's army or to third countries of their choice in accordance with the Geneva Conventions of 12 August 1949.
Traditional/religious leaders
No specific mention.
Public administration
No specific mention.

Power sharing

Political power sharing
No specific mention.
Territorial power sharing
No specific mention.
Economic power sharing
No specific mention.
Military power sharing
No specific mention.

Human rights and equality

Human rights/RoL
No specific mention.
Equality
No specific mention.
Democracy
No specific mention.
Protection measures
No specific mention.
Human rights framework
Treaty incorporation
Page 1, 7.
In accordance with the Geneva Conventions of 12 August 1949 and the Additional Protocols of 1977, the civilian population of Zepa shall be given the freedom to choose their place of residence while hostilities continue.

Page 1, 10.
UNPROFOR, the ICRC, the UNHCR, and other international humanitarian organisations, in cooperation with the Army of Republika Srpska, shall enable the transport of the civilian population from Zepa to territory under the control of Rasim DELIC's army or to third countries of their choice in accordance with the Geneva Conventions of 12 August 1949.
Civil and political rights
No specific mention.
Socio-economic rights
No specific mention.
NHRI
No specific mention.
Regional or international human rights institutions
No specific mention.
Mobility/access
No specific mention.
Detention procedures
No specific mention.
Media and communication
No specific mention.
Citizenship
No specific mention.

Justice sector reform

Criminal justice and emergency law
No specific mention.
State of emergency provisions
No specific mention.
Judiciary and courts
No specific mention.
Prisons and detention
No specific mention.
Traditional Laws
No specific mention.

Socio-economic reconstruction

Development or socio-economic reconstruction
No specific mention.
National economic plan
No specific mention.
Natural resources
No specific mention.
International funds
No specific mention.
Business
No specific mention.
Taxation
No specific mention.
Banks
No specific mention.

Land, property and environment

Land reform/rights
No specific mention.
Pastoralist/nomadism rights
No specific mention.
Cultural heritage
No specific mention.
Environment
No specific mention.
Water or riparian rights or access
No specific mention.

Security sector

Security Guarantees
No specific mention.
Ceasefire
Ceasefire provision
Page 1, 1.
A cease-fire between the parties to the conflict shall be implemented immediately.

Page 1, 3.
The civilian and able-bodied population of Zepa shall assemble around the UNPROFOR base in Zepa, which will be a sign to the Army of RS /Republika Srpska/ that the units under the command of Avdo PALIC have accepted the truce and will not try to take advantage of it.
Police
No specific mention.
Armed forces
No specific mention.
DDR
Demilitarisation provisions
Page 1, 5.
Avdo PALIC shall start disarming his units immediately and all the weapons shall be handed over to the VRS /Army of Republika Srpska/ representative in the UNPROFOR base in Zepa.

Page 1, 6.
Avdo PALIC shall indicate all the mined areas and they shall be cleared in the presence of a joint commission and UNPROFOR.
Intelligence services
No specific mention.
Parastatal/rebel and opposition group forces
Page 1, 2.
Avdo PALIC shall issue an order to his troops to withdraw from the defence line and refugee groups together with the population and from the centre of settlements/villages, and not to try to cross illegally through the territory of Republika Srpska.

Page 1, 3.
The civilian and able-bodied population of Zepa shall assemble around the UNPROFOR base in Zepa, which will be a sign to the Army of RS /Republika Srpska/ that the units under the command of Avdo PALIC have accepted the truce and will not try to take advantage of it.

Page 1, 5.
Avdo PALIC shall start disarming his units immediately and all the weapons shall be handed over to the VRS /Army of Republika Srpska/ representative in the UNPROFOR base in Zepa.

Page 1, 6.
Avdo PALIC shall indicate all the mined areas and they shall be cleared in the presence of a joint commission and UNPROFOR.

Page 1, 8.
The able-bodied population of Zepa shall be registered and accommodated in a holding centre which is to be under the control of the ICRC until the release of all captive VRS members and other Serbs who are in prisons in territory controlled by the army under the command of Rasim DELIC.

Page 1, 9.
The ICRC shall transport the able-bodied population of Zepa from the holding centres co territory under the control of Rasim DELICs army at the same time as all captive VRS members and other Serbs who are in prisons in territory controlled by the army under the command of Rasim DELIC are released and transported to Republika Srpska.

Page 1, 10.
UNPROFOR, the ICRC, the UNHCR, and other international humanitarian organisations, in cooperation with the Army of Republika Srpska, shall enable the transport of the civilian population from Zepa to territory under the control of Rasim DELIC's army or to third countries of their choice in accordance with the Geneva Conventions of 12 August 1949.
Withdrawal of foreign forces
No specific mention.
Corruption
No specific mention.
Crime/organised crime
No specific mention.
Drugs
No specific mention.
Terrorism
No specific mention.

Transitional justice

Transitional justice general
No specific mention.
Amnesty/pardon
No specific mention.
Courts
No specific mention.
Mechanism
No specific mention.
Prisoner release
Page 1, 8.
The able-bodied population of Zepa shall be registered and accommodated in a holding centre which is to be under the control of the ICRC until the release of all captive VRS members and other Serbs who are in prisons in territory controlled by the army under the command of Rasim DELIC.

Page 1, 9.
The ICRC shall transport the able-bodied population of Zepa from the holding centres to territory under the control of Rasim DELICs army at the same time as all captive VRS members and other Serbs who are in prisons in territory controlled by the army under the command of Rasim DELIC are released and transported to Republika Srpska.
Vetting
No specific mention.
Victims
No specific mention.
Missing persons
No specific mention.
Reparations
No specific mention.
Reconciliation
No specific mention.

Implementation

UN signatory
UNPROFOR representative Semjon DUDNJIK
Other international signatory
No specific mention.
Referendum for agreement
No specific mention.
International mission/force/similar
Page 1, 5.
Avdo PALIC shall start disarming his units immediately and all the weapons shall be handed over to the VRS /Army of Republika Srpska/ representative in the UNPROFOR base in Zepa.

Page 1, 6.
Avdo PALIC shall indicate all the mined areas and they shall be cleared in the presence of a joint commission and UNPROFOR.
Enforcement mechanism
No specific mention.

The University of Edinburgh