Joint Communique Regarding the Results of the Negotiations between the Representatives of the Azerbaijan and Nagorno-Karabakh Leaderships

Country/entity
Armenia
Azerbaijan
Nagorno-Karabakh
Region
Europe and Eurasia
Agreement name
Joint Communique Regarding the Results of the Negotiations between the Representatives of the Azerbaijan and Nagorno-Karabakh Leaderships
Date
13/09/1993
Agreement status
Multiparty signed/agreed
Interim arrangement
No
Agreement/conflict level
Intrastate/intrastate conflict (Nagorno-Karabakh Conflict (1991 - )
The territory of Nagorno-Karabakh has been a long-standing object of dispute between Armenia and Azerbaijan. During the existence of USSR, the territory was assigned to Azerbaijan, starting in 1921. After decades of disagreements over the status of Nagorno-Karabakh, and in the wake of Gorbachev’s policies of political openness, the protests by Armenians in the region escalated into violent conflict in 1990, exacerbated by the central government’s inability to control the republics as the USSR itself was on the verge of collapse. The Autonomous Region (Oblast) of Nagorno-Karabakh (NKAO) proclaimed independence from Azerbaijan in 1991, after the Parliament of the Azerbaijan Soviet Socialist Republic voted to abolish the Oblast. The territory itself is populated by ethnic Armenians, but surrounded by territories with an Azeri majority. The territory proclaimed independence, with the support of Armenia, and incorporating the areas that surround it, but has never gained international recognition and remains a de jure part of Azerbaijan. The violence intensified , leading to an estimated overall death toll of 30 000 After several attempts at mediation, the opposing sides agreed to a ceasefire in May 1994, but the situation has not been resolved to date and the violence had briefly resumed in the spring of 2016. The initial ceasefire in 1994 was the outcome of the so-called “Minsk process”, overseen by OSCE, with the participation of Russia, France, and the US.
Nagorno-Karabakh Conflict (1991 - ) )
Stage
Pre-negotiation/process (Mixed)
Conflict nature
Government/territory
Peace process
8: Armenia-Azerbaijan-Nagorno Karabakh: Process 1990s
Parties
A. Jalilov, Representative of the Leadership of Azerbaijan
A. Gukasyan, Representative of the Leadership of Nagorno-Karabakh
Third parties
Russian Ministry of Foreign Affairs (as mediator) [No Name is provided in the text but external research identifies the representative as V. Kazimirov].
Description
A joint communique in which the parties agree to a ceasefire, the exchange of prisoners and hostages,principles for future talks, and to a meeting between the Parties'leaders.

Agreement document
AZ_930913_Joint Communique.pdf []

Groups

Children/youth
No specific mention.
Disabled persons
No specific mention.
Elderly/age
No specific mention.
Migrant workers
No specific mention.
Racial/ethnic/national group
No specific mention.
Religious groups
No specific mention.
Indigenous people
No specific mention.
Other groups
No specific mention.
Refugees/displaced persons
Rhetorical
Page 1: ...Agreeing that in the long conflict, which has claimed thousands of lives, and is depriving hundreds of thousands of people of shelter, there is not and cannot be a military solution, the parties expressed their desire to overcome their mutual distrust. Attaching particular importance to starting a dialogue, they reaffirmed their commitment to consider the whole range of issues regarding the peaceful settlement of the Nagorno-Karabakh problem, beginning, in the first instance, with the definitive issue of the cessation of hostilities, as well as the withdrawal of troops from the occupied territories and the establishment of communications
Social class
No specific mention.

Gender

Women, girls and gender
No specific mention.
Men and boys
No specific mention.
LGBTI
No specific mention.
Family
No specific mention.

State definition

State definition
No specific mention.

Governance

Political institutions (new or reformed)
No specific mention.
Constitution's affirmation/renewal
No specific mention.
Constitutional reform/making
No specific mention.
Elections
No specific mention.
Electoral commission
No specific mention.
Political parties reform
No specific mention.
Civil society
No specific mention.
Traditional/religious leaders
No specific mention.
Public administration
No specific mention.

Power sharing

Political power sharing
No specific mention.
Territorial power sharing
No specific mention.
Economic power sharing
No specific mention.
Military power sharing
No specific mention.

Human rights and equality

Human rights/RoL
No specific mention.
Equality
No specific mention.
Democracy
No specific mention.
Protection measures
No specific mention.
Human rights framework
No specific mention.
Civil and political rights
No specific mention.
Socio-economic rights
No specific mention.
NHRI
No specific mention.
Regional or international human rights institutions
No specific mention.
Mobility/access
No specific mention.
Detention procedures
No specific mention.
Media and communication
Other
Page 1: ...Agreeing that in the long conflict, which has claimed thousands of lives, and is depriving hundreds of thousands of people of shelter, there is not and cannot be a military solution, the parties expressed their desire to overcome their mutual distrust. Attaching particular importance to starting a dialogue, they reaffirmed their commitment to consider the whole range of issues regarding the peaceful settlement of the Nagorno-Karabakh problem, beginning, in the first instance, with the definitive issue of the cessation of hostilities, as well as the withdrawal of troops from the occupied territories and the establishment of communications

Page 1: ...The question of preparations for the meeting of the Leaders of Azerbaijan and Nagorno-Karabakh was discussed at length. Agreement to hold the meeting, as well as to maintain contact at various levels, was reached.
Citizenship
No specific mention.

Justice sector reform

Criminal justice and emergency law
No specific mention.
State of emergency provisions
No specific mention.
Judiciary and courts
No specific mention.
Prisons and detention
No specific mention.
Traditional Laws
No specific mention.

Socio-economic reconstruction

Development or socio-economic reconstruction
No specific mention.
National economic plan
No specific mention.
Natural resources
No specific mention.
International funds
No specific mention.
Business
No specific mention.
Taxation
No specific mention.
Banks
No specific mention.

Land, property and environment

Land reform/rights
No specific mention.
Pastoralist/nomadism rights
No specific mention.
Cultural heritage
No specific mention.
Environment
No specific mention.
Water or riparian rights or access
No specific mention.

Security sector

Security Guarantees
No specific mention.
Ceasefire
Ceasefire provision
Page 1: ...As a result of repeated established contacts repeatedly an agreement extending the temporary cease-fire has been formed. Despite some violations, it has, on the whole, been respected, which has created a relative lull in the recent period of fighting. This is prompting new steps towards reconciliation. As a result of the Moscow negotiations, the ceasefire is extended again until 5 October 1993 inclusive.
Agreeing that in the long conflict, which has claimed thousands of lives, and is depriving hundreds of thousands of people of shelter, there is not and cannot be a military solution, the parties expressed their desire to overcome their mutual distrust. Attaching particular importance to starting a dialogue, they reaffirmed their commitment to consider the whole range of issues regarding the peaceful settlement of the Nagorno-Karabakh problem, beginning, in the first instance, with the definitive issue of the cessation of hostilities, as well as the withdrawal of troops from the occupied territories and the establishment of communications.
Police
No specific mention.
Armed forces
No specific mention.
DDR
No specific mention.
Intelligence services
No specific mention.
Parastatal/rebel and opposition group forces
No specific mention.
Withdrawal of foreign forces
No specific mention.
Corruption
No specific mention.
Crime/organised crime
No specific mention.
Drugs
No specific mention.
Terrorism
No specific mention.

Transitional justice

Transitional justice general
No specific mention.
Amnesty/pardon
No specific mention.
Courts
No specific mention.
Mechanism
No specific mention.
Prisoner release
Page 1: ...The sides exchanged views on the mutual transfer of prisoners and hostages as well as other issues of mutual interest.
Vetting
No specific mention.
Victims
No specific mention.
Missing persons
No specific mention.
Reparations
No specific mention.
Reconciliation
No specific mention.

Implementation

UN signatory
No specific mention.
Other international signatory
No specific mention.
Referendum for agreement
No specific mention.
International mission/force/similar
No specific mention.
Enforcement mechanism
No specific mention.

The University of Edinburgh