Accord de Paix de Bangassou

Country/entity
Central African Republic
Region
Africa (excl MENA)
Agreement name
Accord de Paix de Bangassou
Date
09/04/2018
Agreement status
Multiparty signed/agreed
Interim arrangement
No
Agreement/conflict level
Intrastate/local conflict (Central African Republic Conflicts (1996 - )
The Central African Republic conflict is one of a set of regionally connected conflicts addressed by the African Great Lakes process. After the country gained independence from France in 1960 it has been ruled by a sequence of autocratic leaders that principally gained power through coups. Since the mid-1990s several waves of internal conflict took place in the Central African Republic, primarily along tribal, and later-on increasingly sectarian, lines. In 1996 and 1997, French troops and soldiers from neighbouring countries intervened to end a mutiny in the capital, Bangui, by factions of the army. The fighting was predominantly along tribal lines, with southern tribes in revolt against the ‘northern’ government. A UN mission was installed in 1998 to secure the truce.
After General Bozizé took control of the country after several coup attempts in 2003, a ‘bush war’ began led by armed opposition forces. From late 2006 onward, government troops with French military support severely weakened the rebels. Following this, a number of agreements were signed during 2007-2008, but not all factions have accepted them. In 2011, Bozizé was re-elected in supposedly fraudulent elections, which resulted in a new wave of uprisings. Séléka, an alliance of northern rebel groups, took over parts of the country and forced Bozizé to agree to a power-sharing deal. However, after this agreement broke down, Séléka took control of Bangui and Bozizé had to flee the country in 2013. Leader of Séléka, Michel Djotodia, took office and officially disbanded Séléka. However, continual violence between ex-Séléka groups and opposing militias, collectively known as ‘anti-balaka’, persisted and Djotodia was forced to resign less than a year later. Catherine Samba-Panza was installed as interim president until Faustin Archange Touadéra was elected in January 2016. In February 2019 an agreement was signed between the government and fourteen armed groups, including ex-Seleka groups, committed to disarmament. However, violence between ex-Seleka groups and anti-balaka continues.
Central African Republic Conflicts (1996 - ) )
Stage
Framework/substantive - comprehensive (Agreement)
Conflict nature
Inter-group
Peace process
155: CAR: Local Processes
Various local processes.
Parties
1. For young people: Misset Fred 

2. For self-defense groups: Linet Roger 

3. For the Organization of Central African Women (OFCA): Libengue Louise 

4. For the heads of districts and villages: Abourou Dieudonne

5. For those displaced from the Saint Louis site in Bangassou: Mahamat Abdoulaye 

6. For the Platform of Religious Confessions of the Central African Republic

(PCRC) Bangassou: Abbe Modoue Martin 

7. For the economic operators of Bangassou: [illegible ] Diarra Phili 

8. For Civil Servants: Doungoua Jean Jacques 

9. For the deputies: Ndaguiama Paul 

10.For humanitarian aid workers: Gbeti Crepin 

11.The mayor of the town: Demba Theophile 

12.The Prefect of Mbomou: Nouidemona Richard 
Third parties
Page 3:
13. head of office of MINUSCA: Rosevel Pierre Louis
Description
This agreement lists the recommendations that the signing parties are to implement. In particular, the armed groups are asked to maintain a ceasefire and allow for free flow of people and goods, while MINUSCA, religious organisations, and humanitarians are to assist in maintaining security, work on community violence reduction programmes and support for local populations.

Agreement document
CF_180409_Accord de Paix de Bangassou_Translation.pdf []

Agreement document (original language)
CF_180409_Accord de Paix de Bangassou.pdf []

Groups

Children/youth
Substantive
Page 2:
Recommendations
...
2.   TO MINUSCA:
... 
Creation of jobs for young people
Training of young people and women in the culture of peace


Page 2:
Recommendations
...
4.   FOR THE PLATFORM OF RELIGIOUS CONFESSIONS OF CENTRAL AFRICA (PCRC):
Psychosocial support for victims of the crisis in Bangassou
Training of young people and adults on conflict management and prevention
Disabled persons
No specific mention.
Elderly/age
No specific mention.
Migrant workers
No specific mention.
Racial/ethnic/national group
No specific mention.
Religious groups
No specific mention.
Indigenous people
No specific mention.
Other groups
No specific mention.
Refugees/displaced persons
No specific mention.
Social class
No specific mention.

Gender

Women, girls and gender
Page 2:
Recommendations
...
2.   TO MINUSCA:
... 
Creation of jobs for young people
Training of young people and women in the culture of peace
Securing Mbomou
...

Page 3: signed by women's organisation
3. For the Organization of Central African Women (OFCA): Libengue Louise 
Men and boys
No specific mention.
LGBTI
No specific mention.
Family
No specific mention.

State definition

State definition
No specific mention.

Governance

Political institutions (new or reformed)
No specific mention.
Constitution's affirmation/renewal
No specific mention.
Constitutional reform/making
No specific mention.
Elections
No specific mention.
Electoral commission
No specific mention.
Political parties reform
No specific mention.
Civil society
Page 2:
Recommendations
...
3.   TO THE ARMED GROUPS:

Free movement of humanitarian workers  
...
Opening of the humanitarian corridor (the market on the small seminar site)
...
Acceptance of the community violence reduction (CVR) program


Page 2:
Recommendations
...
4.   FOR THE PLATFORM OF RELIGIOUS CONFESSIONS OF CENTRAL AFRICA (PCRC):
Psychosocial support for victims of the crisis in Bangassou
Training of young people and adults on conflict management and prevention


Page 2:
Recommendations
...
5.   TO HUMANITARIAN AID WORKERS:

Support community initiatives
...
Sensitization of the population on the importance of Humanitarian Aid
Traditional/religious leaders
No specific mention.
Public administration
No specific mention.

Power sharing

Political power sharing
No specific mention.
Territorial power sharing
No specific mention.
Economic power sharing
No specific mention.
Military power sharing
No specific mention.

Human rights and equality

Human rights/RoL
No specific mention.
Equality
No specific mention.
Democracy
No specific mention.
Protection measures
No specific mention.
Human rights framework
No specific mention.
Civil and political rights
No specific mention.
Socio-economic rights
No specific mention.
NHRI
No specific mention.
Regional or international human rights institutions
No specific mention.
Mobility/access
Page 2:
Recommendations
...
3.   TO THE ARMED GROUPS:

Free movement of humanitarian workers  
Immediate cessation of hostilities
Opening of the humanitarian corridor (the market on the small seminar site)
Free movement of goods and people
Acceptance of the community violence reduction (CVR) program
Dismantling of illegal barriers in Bangassou and outskirts
Detention procedures
No specific mention.
Media and communication
No specific mention.
Citizenship
No specific mention.

Justice sector reform

Criminal justice and emergency law
No specific mention.
State of emergency provisions
No specific mention.
Judiciary and courts
No specific mention.
Prisons and detention
No specific mention.
Traditional Laws
No specific mention.

Socio-economic reconstruction

Development or socio-economic reconstruction
Socio-economic development
Page 2:
Recommendations
...
2.   TO MINUSCA:
...
Creation of jobs for young people


Page 2:
Recommendations
...
5.   TO HUMANITARIAN AID WORKERS:
Support community initiatives
Local staff recruitment
Humanitarian assistance
Page 2:
Recommendations
...
3.   TO THE ARMED GROUPS:

Free movement of humanitarian workers  
...
Opening of the humanitarian corridor (the market on the small seminar site)



Page 2:
Recommendations
...
5.   TO HUMANITARIAN AID WORKERS:

Support community initiatives
Local staff recruitment
Sensitization of the population on the importance of Humanitarian Aid
National economic plan
No specific mention.
Natural resources
No specific mention.
International funds
No specific mention.
Business
No specific mention.
Taxation
No specific mention.
Banks
No specific mention.

Land, property and environment

Land reform/rights
No specific mention.
Pastoralist/nomadism rights
No specific mention.
Cultural heritage
No specific mention.
Environment
No specific mention.
Water or riparian rights or access
No specific mention.

Security sector

Security Guarantees
Page 2:
Recommendations
...
2.   TO MINUSCA:
Neutrality in their activities 
Creation of jobs for young people
Training of young people and women in the culture of peace
Securing Mbomou
Sensitization of the population on the role of MINUSCA
Establishment of checkpoints together with the local authorities
Establishment of a community violence reduction  (CVR) program

Page 2:
Recommendations
...
3.   TO THE ARMED GROUPS:

Free movement of humanitarian workers  
Immediate cessation of hostilities
Opening of the humanitarian corridor (the market on the small seminar site)
Free movement of goods and people
Acceptance of the community violence reduction (CVR) program
Dismantling of illegal barriers in Bangassou and outskirts

Page 2:
Recommendations
...
4.   FOR THE PLATFORM OF RELIGIOUS CONFESSIONS OF CENTRAL AFRICA (PCRC):
Psychosocial support for victims of the crisis in Bangassou
Training of young people and adults on conflict management and prevention
Ceasefire
General commitments
Page 2:
Recommendations
...
3.   TO THE ARMED GROUPS:
...
Immediate cessation of hostilities
...
Acceptance of the community violence reduction (CVR) program
Police
No specific mention.
Armed forces
No specific mention.
DDR
No specific mention.
Intelligence services
No specific mention.
Parastatal/rebel and opposition group forces
No specific mention.
Withdrawal of foreign forces
No specific mention.
Corruption
No specific mention.
Crime/organised crime
No specific mention.
Drugs
No specific mention.
Terrorism
No specific mention.

Transitional justice

Transitional justice general
No specific mention.
Amnesty/pardon
No specific mention.
Courts
No specific mention.
Mechanism
No specific mention.
Prisoner release
No specific mention.
Vetting
No specific mention.
Victims
Page 2:
Recommendations
...
4.   FOR THE PLATFORM OF RELIGIOUS CONFESSIONS OF CENTRAL AFRICA (PCRC):
Psychosocial support for victims of the crisis in Bangassou
Missing persons
No specific mention.
Reparations
No specific mention.
Reconciliation
No specific mention.

Implementation

UN signatory
Page 3:
Page 3:
13. head of office of MINUSCA: Rosevel Pierre Louis
Other international signatory
No specific mention.
Referendum for agreement
No specific mention.
International mission/force/similar
Page 2:
Recommendations
...
2.   TO MINUSCA:
Neutrality in their activities 
Creation of jobs for young people
Training of young people and women in the culture of peace
Securing Mbomou
Sensitization of the population on the role of MINUSCA
Establishment of checkpoints together with the local authorities
Establishment of a community violence reduction  (CVR) program
Enforcement mechanism
No specific mention.

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