P'Comite de Suivi de la Accord de Paix et de Reconciliation Bangassou

Country/entity
Central African Republic
Region
Africa (excl MENA)
Agreement name
P'Comite de Suivi de la Accord de Paix et de Reconciliation Bangassou
Date
29/11/2018
Agreement status
Multiparty signed/agreed
Interim arrangement
No
Agreement/conflict level
Intrastate/local conflict (Central African Republic Conflicts (1996 - )
The Central African Republic conflict is one of a set of regionally connected conflicts addressed by the African Great Lakes process. After the country gained independence from France in 1960 it has been ruled by a sequence of autocratic leaders that principally gained power through coups. Since the mid-1990s several waves of internal conflict took place in the Central African Republic, primarily along tribal, and later-on increasingly sectarian, lines. In 1996 and 1997, French troops and soldiers from neighbouring countries intervened to end a mutiny in the capital, Bangui, by factions of the army. The fighting was predominantly along tribal lines, with southern tribes in revolt against the ‘northern’ government. A UN mission was installed in 1998 to secure the truce.
After General Bozizé took control of the country after several coup attempts in 2003, a ‘bush war’ began led by armed opposition forces. From late 2006 onward, government troops with French military support severely weakened the rebels. Following this, a number of agreements were signed during 2007-2008, but not all factions have accepted them. In 2011, Bozizé was re-elected in supposedly fraudulent elections, which resulted in a new wave of uprisings. Séléka, an alliance of northern rebel groups, took over parts of the country and forced Bozizé to agree to a power-sharing deal. However, after this agreement broke down, Séléka took control of Bangui and Bozizé had to flee the country in 2013. Leader of Séléka, Michel Djotodia, took office and officially disbanded Séléka. However, continual violence between ex-Séléka groups and opposing militias, collectively known as ‘anti-balaka’, persisted and Djotodia was forced to resign less than a year later. Catherine Samba-Panza was installed as interim president until Faustin Archange Touadéra was elected in January 2016. In February 2019 an agreement was signed between the government and fourteen armed groups, including ex-Seleka groups, committed to disarmament. However, violence between ex-Seleka groups and anti-balaka continues.
Central African Republic Conflicts (1996 - ) )
Stage
Implementation/renegotiation (Implementation modalities)
Conflict nature
Inter-group
Peace process
155: CAR: Local Processes
Various local processes.
Parties
The deputy prefect of Bangassou
Third parties
Description
The agreement is a summary of meetings of the monitoring committee that is overseeing an agreement to re-establish peace in Bangassou. The summary was prepared by the deputy prefect of Banassou.

Agreement document
CF_181129_PComite_de_Suivi_de_LAccord_de_Paix_et_de_Reconciliation_Bangassou_tr.pdf []

Agreement document (original language)
CF_181129_PComite_de_Suivi_de_LAccord_de_Paix_et_de_Reconciliation_Bangassou.pdf []

Groups

Children/youth
Rhetorical
Page 1
All interventions from the sages, the women, the young, the former self-defense members, the governors and the pastors of the 3rd district, and the economic operators, made it clear that the principle of returning those displaced, is accepted by all, and it would be advisable to recommend to the Government of the Central African Republic, to MINUSCA, and to the International Organization of Migration (IOM), the implementation of the accompanying measures. These will ensure the peaceful return of those displaced to their neighborhood of origin, the 3rd arrondissement of TOKOYO.
Disabled persons
No specific mention.
Elderly/age
No specific mention.
Migrant workers
No specific mention.
Racial/ethnic/national group
No specific mention.
Religious groups
Rhetorical
Page 1
All interventions from the sages, the women, the young, the former self-defense members, the governors and the pastors of the 3rd district, and the economic operators, made it clear that the principle of returning those displaced, is accepted by all, and it would be advisable to recommend to the Government of the Central African Republic, to MINUSCA, and to the International Organization of Migration (IOM), the implementation of the accompanying measures. These will ensure the peaceful return of those displaced to their neighborhood of origin, the 3rd arrondissement of TOKOYO.
Indigenous people
Rhetorical
Page 1
In the meantime, the Monitoring Committee will fix a day when all the displaced, the authorities, MINUSCA, and partners of the indigenous population of the 3rd district can meet to clean up the properties of those displaced to Tokoyo. Participants also wished to spread awareness in both communities of any changes in language and behavior that may create tensions. In addition, they requested the government and MINUSCA to reopen the Bangassou - Bambari road. If by the end of the month of December 2018 nothing is done the population will take responsibility to secure their own future.
Other groups
No specific mention.
Refugees/displaced persons
Substantive
Page 1
The specific objective of these meetings was to ask the opinion of everyone on the issue of returning displaced persons to the displaced persons site of the small seminar in Tokoyo, as well as returning the Central African refugees from Nduh who seek to go back to the city of Bangassou.

Page 1
All interventions from the sages, the women, the young, the former self-defense members, the governors and the pastors of the 3rd district, and the economic operators, made it clear that the principle of returning those displaced, is accepted by all, and it would be advisable to recommend to the Government of the Central African Republic, to MINUSCA, and to the International Organization of Migration (IOM), the implementation of the accompanying measures. These will ensure the peaceful return of those displaced to their neighborhood of origin, the 3rd arrondissement of TOKOYO.

Page 1
As MINUSCA is an essential partner in this process of relocation of displaced persons, the MINUSCA Bangassou office should make a plea to their humanitarian partners to come to the immediate relief of the displaced, by providing them with the necessary means to resettle with dignity In the various interventions of the participants, the question of reopening the prison was raised, which could contribute to improving the climate of mistrust between the communities, as well as strengthening the effectiveness of the Internal Security Forces (FSI) in maintaining order in the city and eradicating juvenile delinquency.
Social class
No specific mention.

Gender

Women, girls and gender
Page 1
All interventions from the sages, the women, the young, the former self-defense members, the governors and the pastors of the 3rd district, and the economic operators, made it clear that the principle of returning those displaced, is accepted by all, and it would be advisable to recommend to the Government of the Central African Republic, to MINUSCA, and to the International Organization of Migration (IOM), the implementation of the accompanying measures. These will ensure the peaceful return of those displaced to their neighborhood of origin, the 3rd arrondissement of TOKOYO.
Men and boys
No specific mention.
LGBTI
No specific mention.
Family
No specific mention.

State definition

State definition
No specific mention.

Governance

Political institutions (new or reformed)
No specific mention.
Constitution's affirmation/renewal
No specific mention.
Constitutional reform/making
No specific mention.
Elections
No specific mention.
Electoral commission
No specific mention.
Political parties reform
No specific mention.
Civil society
No specific mention.
Traditional/religious leaders
All interventions from the sages, the women, the young, the former self-defense members, the governors and the pastors of the 3rd district, and the economic operators, made it clear that the principle of returning those displaced, is accepted by all, and it would be advisable to recommend to the Government of the Central African Republic, to MINUSCA, and to the International Organization of Migration (IOM), the implementation of the accompanying measures. These will ensure the peaceful return of those displaced to their neighborhood of origin, the 3rd arrondissement of TOKOYO.
Public administration
No specific mention.

Power sharing

Political power sharing
No specific mention.
Territorial power sharing
No specific mention.
Economic power sharing
No specific mention.
Military power sharing
No specific mention.

Human rights and equality

Human rights/RoL
No specific mention.
Equality
No specific mention.
Democracy
No specific mention.
Protection measures
No specific mention.
Human rights framework
No specific mention.
Civil and political rights
No specific mention.
Socio-economic rights
No specific mention.
NHRI
No specific mention.
Regional or international human rights institutions
No specific mention.
Mobility/access
No specific mention.
Detention procedures
No specific mention.
Media and communication
No specific mention.
Citizenship
No specific mention.

Justice sector reform

Criminal justice and emergency law
No specific mention.
State of emergency provisions
No specific mention.
Judiciary and courts
Page 1
Furthermore, the Monitoring Committee urges the political and administrative authorities, the judicial authorities, and the defense and security forces to ensure the safety of those returned in their original neighborhoods. This will consolidate peace, social cohesion, and cohabitation and aid in the socio-economic rise of the city of Bangassou and the Prefecture of Mbomou.
Prisons and detention
Page 1
As MINUSCA is an essential partner in this process of relocation of displaced persons, the MINUSCA Bangassou office should make a plea to their humanitarian partners to come to the immediate relief of the displaced, by providing them with the necessary means to resettle with dignity In the various interventions of the participants, the question of reopening the prison was raised, which could contribute to improving the climate of mistrust between the communities, as well as strengthening the effectiveness of the Internal Security Forces (FSI) in maintaining order in the city and eradicating juvenile delinquency.
Traditional Laws
No specific mention.

Socio-economic reconstruction

Development or socio-economic reconstruction
Socio-economic development
Page 1
As part of its activities to implement the recommendations of 09 April and 05 June to reestablish peace, social cohesion, cohabitation, and to aid the socio-economic recovery of the city of Bangassou as well as the prefecture Mbomou;

Page 1
Furthermore, the Monitoring Committee urges the political and administrative authorities, the judicial authorities, and the defense and security forces to ensure the safety of those returned in their original neighborhoods. This will consolidate peace, social cohesion, and cohabitation and aid in the socio-economic rise of the city of Bangassou and the Prefecture of Mbomou.
Humanitarian assistance
Page 1
As MINUSCA is an essential partner in this process of relocation of displaced persons, the MINUSCA Bangassou office should make a plea to their humanitarian partners to come to the immediate relief of the displaced, by providing them with the necessary means to resettle with dignity In the various interventions of the participants, the question of reopening the prison was raised, which could contribute to improving the climate of mistrust between the communities, as well as strengthening the effectiveness of the Internal Security Forces (FSI) in maintaining order in the city and eradicating juvenile delinquency.
National economic plan
No specific mention.
Natural resources
No specific mention.
International funds
No specific mention.
Business
No specific mention.
Taxation
No specific mention.
Banks
No specific mention.

Land, property and environment

Land reform/rights
No specific mention.
Pastoralist/nomadism rights
No specific mention.
Cultural heritage
No specific mention.
Environment
No specific mention.
Water or riparian rights or access
No specific mention.

Security sector

Security Guarantees
No specific mention.
Ceasefire
No specific mention.
Police
No specific mention.
Armed forces
Page 1-2
As MINUSCA is an essential partner in this process of relocation of displaced persons, the MINUSCA Bangassou office should make a plea to their humanitarian partners to come to the immediate relief of the displaced, by providing them with the necessary means to resettle with dignity In the various interventions of the participants, the question of reopening the prison was raised, which could contribute to improving the climate of mistrust between the communities, as well as strengthening the effectiveness of the Internal Security Forces (FSI) in maintaining order in the city and eradicating juvenile delinquency.
DDR
No specific mention.
Intelligence services
No specific mention.
Parastatal/rebel and opposition group forces
No specific mention.
Withdrawal of foreign forces
No specific mention.
Corruption
No specific mention.
Crime/organised crime
No specific mention.
Drugs
No specific mention.
Terrorism
No specific mention.

Transitional justice

Transitional justice general
No specific mention.
Amnesty/pardon
No specific mention.
Courts
No specific mention.
Mechanism
No specific mention.
Prisoner release
No specific mention.
Vetting
No specific mention.
Victims
No specific mention.
Missing persons
No specific mention.
Reparations
No specific mention.
Reconciliation
No specific mention.

Implementation

UN signatory
No specific mention.
Other international signatory
No specific mention.
Referendum for agreement
No specific mention.
International mission/force/similar
Page 1
All interventions from the sages, the women, the young, the former self-defense members, the governors and the pastors of the 3rd district, and the economic operators, made it clear that the principle of returning those displaced, is accepted by all, and it would be advisable to recommend to the Government of the Central African Republic, to MINUSCA, and to the International Organization of Migration (IOM), the implementation of the accompanying measures. These will ensure the peaceful return of those displaced to their neighborhood of origin, the 3rd arrondissement of TOKOYO.

Page 1
In the meantime, the Monitoring Committee will fix a day when all the displaced, the authorities, MINUSCA, and partners of the indigenous population of the 3rd district can meet to clean up the properties of those displaced to Tokoyo. Participants also wished to spread awareness in both communities of any changes in language and behavior that may create tensions. In addition, they requested the government and MINUSCA to reopen the Bangassou - Bambari road. If by the end of the month of December 2018 nothing is done the population will take responsibility to secure their own future.

Pages 1-2
As MINUSCA is an essential partner in this process of relocation of displaced persons, the MINUSCA Bangassou office should make a plea to their humanitarian partners to come to the immediate relief of the displaced, by providing them with the necessary means to resettle with dignity In the various interventions of the participants, the question of reopening the prison was raised, which could contribute to improving the climate of mistrust between the communities, as well as strengthening the effectiveness of the Internal Security Forces (FSI) in maintaining order in the city and eradicating juvenile delinquency.
Enforcement mechanism
The entire agreement is a report from a monitoring committee set up to implement prior recommendations to re-establish peace.

The University of Edinburgh