New Decade, New Approach

Country/entity
Ireland
United Kingdom
Northern Ireland
Region
Europe and Eurasia
Agreement name
New Decade, New Approach
Date
10/01/2020
Agreement status
Multiparty signed/agreed
Interim arrangement
No
Agreement/conflict level
Intrastate/intrastate conflict (Northern Ireland Conflict (1968 - 1998)
Commonly referred to as ‘the Troubles’, the most recent conflict over the territory of Northern Ireland can be framed as beginning in 1968 and ending with the Belfast Agreement (also known as the Good Friday Agreement) in 1998. While the genesis of the conflict was closely related to pressures for the state to reform with relation to discrimination against the (minority) Catholic population, the core issue of the conflict as it proceeded was the constitutional status of Northern Ireland, which was contested between the unionist/loyalist (mostly Protestant) majority, who wanted the territory to remain as part of the United Kingdom, and the nationalist/republican (mostly Catholic) minority, whose goal was to unite the six provincial counties with the Republic of Ireland. The thirty years prior to the Belfast or Good Friday Agreement were marked by inter-communal violence, active paramilitary groups, and the deployment of the British army in the province. Mediation by international actors, and dialogue between the British and Irish governments, and between the IRA and its representatives and the British Government eventually resulted in a ceasefire respected by the majority of combatants. Talks led to the Belfast or Good Friday Agreement which established a power-sharing system of governance between nationalist and unionist communities.
Northern Ireland Conflict (1968 - 1998) )
Stage
Implementation/renegotiation (Addresses new or outstanding issues)
Conflict nature
Government/territory
Peace process
62: Northern Ireland peace process
Parties
Government of the United Kingdom
Government of the Republic of Ireland
Democratic Unionist Party
Sinn Féin
Ulster Unionist Party
Social Democratic and Labour Party
The Alliance Party of Northern Ireland
Third parties
Description
Agreement to restore the devolved institutions following a long hiatus resulting from a number of outstanding issues, some of which are dealt with in the agreement, such as changes to the mutual veto mechanism, transparency in the civil service, and provisions for the Irish language.

Agreement document
UK_IE_10012020_New_Decade_New_Approach.pdf []

Groups

Children/youth
Substantive
Page 9: Part 1: Priorities of the Reformed Executive
...
The Executive will press on with implementation of a redress scheme for victims and
survivors of historical abuse, making payments as early as possible.

The Executive will publish a Childcare Strategy and identify resources to deliver
extended, affordable and high quality provision of early education and care initiatives for
families with children aged 3-4.

The loss of a child causes unimaginable pain for families. The Executive will establish a
child funeral fund, to ease the burden on families suffering acutely.


Page 26: Annex D: Programme for Government
...
4.2. The parties’ agreed approach is to build on the outcomes in the previous
Programme for Government, adding a new focus on the priorities of:
housing; education; childcare; infrastructure and services, climate
change; ending sectarianism; and tackling paramilitarism.


Page 27: Annex D: Programme for Government
...
4.6.2. The Programme for Government could be underpinned by key
supporting strategies, including the following:
...
4.6.2.10. Children and Young People’s Strategy;
4.6.2.11. Childcare Strategy;
4.6.2.12. Child Poverty Strategy;


Page 40: Appendix 1 - Programme for Government
...
Education
vi. A suite of actions that will begin to address resourcing pressures in the
education system and deliver quick results in terms of improved efficiency and
effectiveness.

vii. Deliver an enhanced approach to careers advice, curriculum, training and
apprenticeships to enhance employability.

viii. Enhanced strategic focus and supporting actions on educating our children and
young people together in the classroom, in order to build a shared and
integrated society.

ix. Establish an expert group to examine the links between persistent educational
underachievement and socio-economic background and draw up an action plan
for change that will ensure all children and young people, regardless of
background, are given the best start in life.

x. The issues highlighted in the NIAO review of Special Educational Need will be
addressed as a priority.

Childcare
xi. The Executive will publish a Childcare Strategy and will give immediate priority
to developing arrangements to deliver extended, affordable, responsive, high
quality provision of early education and care initiatives for families with children
aged 3-4.


Page 43:Appendix 2 - Programme for Government
...
Education2
[Footnote 2] In this document, ‘education’ means education for children and young people in early years, primary, post-primary or
further education settings. “Education” includes all aspects of Education including Sectoral Bodies, ETI curriculum,
area planning, 14-19 Strategy, Entitlement Framework, teacher training and the interface between Higher Education and
Further Education.

vii. The education system has a diversity of school types, each with its own
distinctive ethos and values. However it is not sustainable. The parties
acknowledge the progress made in developing new models of sharing,
cooperation and integration. There is a desire to build on this as a basis for
delivering long term improvements in the quality, equity and sustainability of the
system. The parties agree that the Executive will commission and oversee an
independent fundamental review with a focus on quality and sustainability. The
educational experience and outcomes for children and young people are the
most important factors.
Disabled persons
Substantive
Page 27: Annex D: Programme for Government
4.6.2. The Programme for Government could be underpinned by key
supporting strategies, including the following:
...
4.6.2.6. Disability Strategy;

Page 37: Annex E: Rights, language and identity
...
Sign Language
5.30. A draft framework and policy proposals for legislation on sign language have
been consulted on by the Department for Communities. The Parties agree to
the process of drafting clauses commencing with a view to introducing a Bill
to the Assembly at the early stage.


Page 40: Appendix 1 - Programme for Government
...
x. The issues highlighted in the NIAO review of Special Educational Need will be
addressed as a priority.
Elderly/age
Substantive
Page 27: Annex D: Programme for Government
...
4.6.2. The Programme for Government could be underpinned by key
supporting strategies, including the following:
...
4.6.2.9. Active Ageing Strategy;
Migrant workers
No specific mention.
Racial/ethnic/national group
Anti-discrimination
Page 27: Annex D: Programme for Government
...
4.6.2. The Programme for Government could be underpinned by key
supporting strategies, including the following:
...
4.6.2.5. Racial Equality Strategy;
Religious groups
No specific mention.
Indigenous people
No specific mention.
Other groups
No specific mention.
Refugees/displaced persons
No specific mention.
Social class
No specific mention.

Gender

Women, girls and gender
Page 6: Part 1: Priorities of the Restored Executive
...
The Executive will reconfigure hospital provision to deliver better patient outcomes,
more stable services and sustainable staffing. Improvements will be made in stroke, breast
assessment, urgent and emergency care and day case elective care by the end of 2020.
...
The Executive will provide 3 funded cycles of IVF treatment


Page 7: Part 1: Priorities of the Restored Executive
...
The Executive will also address:
...
● the report of Sir John Gillen on the handling of serious sexual offences cases,
and will deliver the necessary changes in case conduct and management.


Page 9: Part 1: Priorities of the Restored Executive
...
The Executive will press on with implementation of a redress scheme for victims and
survivors of historical abuse, making payments as early as possible.


Page 27: Annex D: Programme for Government
...
4.6.2. The Programme for Government could be underpinned by key
supporting strategies, including the following:
...
4.6.2.7. Gender Strategy;
4.6.2.8. Sexual Orientation Strategy;
Men and boys
No specific mention.
LGBTI
No specific mention.
Family
No specific mention.

State definition

State definition
No specific mention.

Governance

Political institutions (new or reformed)
New political institutions (indefinite)
Page 14: Part 2: Northern Ireland Executive Formation Agreement
Rights, Language and Identity
...
27.The framework will be underpinned by an affirmation of the birthright of all the
people of Northern Ireland to identify themselves and be accepted as Irish or British,
or both, as they may so choose, while acknowledging and accommodating those
within our community who define themselves as ‘other’ and those who form our
ethnic and newcomer communities. It will comprise:
a. An Office of Identity and Cultural Expression to promote cultural pluralism
and respect for diversity, build social cohesion and reconciliation and to
celebrate and support all aspects of Northern Ireland’s rich cultural and
linguistic heritage.
b. Legislation to create a Commissioner to recognise, support, protect and
enhance the development of the Irish language in Northern Ireland and to
provide official recognition of the status of the Irish Language in Northern
Ireland. The legislation will also repeal the Administration of Justice
(Language) Act (Ireland) 1737.
c. Legislation to create a further such Commissioner to enhance and develop
the language, arts and literature associated with the Ulster Scots / Ulster
British tradition and to provide official recognition of the status of the Ulster
Scots language in Northern Ireland. The legislation will also place a legal
16
duty on the Department of Education to encourage and facilitate the use of
Ulster Scots in the education system.
d. The main function of the Irish Language Commissioner will be to protect and
enhance the development of the use of the Irish language by public
authorities including by providing advice and guidance, and introducing,
supporting and monitoring the use of best practice language standards.
e. The main function of the further such Commissioner will be to enhance and
develop the language, arts and literature associated with the Ulster Scots/
Ulster British tradition in Northern Ireland.
f. A central Translation Hub will also be established in the Department of
Finance within three months of an agreement, in order to provide language
translation services for the 9 Executive Departments, Arm’s Length Bodies,
Local Government and Public Bodies.
g. The Assembly’s Standing Orders will also be amended to allow any person
to conduct their business before the Assembly or an Assembly Committee
through Irish or Ulster Scots. A simultaneous translation system will be made
available in the Assembly to ensure that a person without Irish or Ulster
Scots is not placed at a disadvantage.
h. This legislation - including establishing the Office and both Commissioners -
will be established as new dedicated parts of the Northern Ireland Act 1998.
This is the legislation which implements the Belfast (Good Friday) Agreement
and subsequent agreements and establishes the Assembly and Executive in
law. The enactment of these new Parts of the Northern Ireland Act will reflect
the importance of these issues to people and society in Northern Ireland.
i. The Office of Identity will provide funding streams and schemes, including
publishing and broadcasting, small grants, events and tourism, exhibition and
museum curation, built heritage, cultural education and tourism projects.


Page 22: 3. Annex C: Sustainability of the Institutions
...
Party Leaders’ Forum
3.4. A Party Leaders’ forum will be established. The forum will be attended by the
leaders, or their ‘permanent’ nominated representative, of the political parties
in the Executive. To ensure reasonable continuity of membership, parties will
also nominate ‘a deputy representative’ who will attend when the ‘permanent’
representative is unable to attend. The forum will meet, as a minimum, once
a month. It will be an informal forum that has no Executive decision-making
authority. The forum will operate as a safe space for party leaders to discuss
ongoing issues and provide early warning of any issues which might cause
future political tension and disagreements. The value of the forum will be
reviewed by forum members after 6 months.

Brexit
3.5. As a minimum, the Executive will establish a Brexit sub-committee. The
sub-committee will be chaired by the First Minister and deputy First Minister
(or their nominated Ministerial representatives). The sub-committee will have
at least one representative from each party on the Executive. As a matter of
urgency the sub-committee will consider Brexit-related issues and will initiate,
as soon as is practicable, an assessment of the impact of Brexit on the
institutions and North/South and East/West relationships. The work of the
sub-committee should be scrutinised by an Assembly Committee.

Opposition
3.6. The Parties have agreed to amend the Assembly Executive and Reform
(Assembly Opposition) Act (NI) to provide that a party can enter the Official
Opposition under the Act up to two years following the formation of the
Executive. The parties have agreed that standing orders should be made to
give effect to this within 3 months of the Assembly being reformed.

3.7. The parties recognise that additional funding should be made available to
parties who form the Opposition. In the context of the agreed programme of
measures to enhance the sustainability of the institutions, the relevant
Assembly authorities should also commission a review of the adequacy and
effectiveness of the Statement of Entitlements for an Official Opposition as
set out in the Fresh Start Agreement. An appropriate independent person
should be appointed to conduct such a review, and the review should have
regard to relevant comparators. This review should be submitted to the
relevant Assembly authorities within 6 months of the first meeting of the
Assembly. If further resources are deemed appropriate the Assembly
Commission should seek additional resources. The review should
recommend increased allowances for Opposition parties and should explore
the creation of additional funding for the Offices of the Leaders of Opposition
parties.

Structured Civic Engagement
3.8. The parties recognise the value of structured and flexible engagement with
civic society to assist the Government to solve complex policy issues. The
Parties have agreed that the existing Compact Civic Advisory Panel should
be reformed to include a renewed membership appointed within 6 months by
way of a Public Appointments process.

3.9. The Parties have agreed that about 1-2 issues will be commissioned per year
for civic engagement. The Panel will be invited to propose the most
appropriate model of engagement for specific issues, including one Citizens’
Assembly a year. The issues will be identified by the Executive. Following
consideration of the assigned issues recommendations will be made to the
Executive by the Panel.


Page 31: Annex E: Rights, language and identity
...
5.2. The guiding principles of this framework will be set out in legislation, and
public authorities must in exercising their functions have due regard to the
principles, namely:
...
5.2.2. the need to encourage and promote reconciliation, tolerance and
meaningful dialogue between those of different national and cultural
identities in Northern Ireland with a view to promoting parity of esteem,
mutual respect, understanding and cooperation. The Office of
Identity and Cultural Expression (the ‘Office’) provides the central
point for giving effect to these principles and promoting this
framework.

5.3. The strategic aims of the Office will be:

5.3.1. to promote cultural pluralism and respect for diversity, including
Northern Ireland’s ethnic, national, linguistic and faith communities;
5.3.2. build social cohesion and reconciliation so that everyone has a sense
of belonging;

5.3.3. build capacity and resilience on how we address our unresolved
cultural identity issues; and

5.3.4. celebrate and support all aspects of Northern Ireland’s rich cultural
and linguistic heritage, recognising the equal validity and importance
of all identities and traditions.

5.4. The Office will be established as a statutory body, to which the First Minister
and deputy First Minister, acting jointly, will appoint a Director.

5.5. In giving effect to the guiding principles the Office will undertake the following
functions:

5.5.1. provide guidance to public authorities;

5.5.2. monitor compliance with the duty to have due regard to the principles;

5.5.3. report to the Assembly on compliance;

5.5.4. promote examples of best practice;

5.5.5. commission and publish research and reports in respect of cultural
traditions and identities;

5.5.6. in response to requests from either Commissioner, on issues of a
challenging nature, undertake independent research, reach balanced
findings and make recommendations on matters of concern;

5.5.7. promote public awareness and educational programmes, including
guidance on how the rights of a child to learn about their identity and
heritage, as well as those of other traditions, will be incorporated into
the education sector;

5.5.8. periodically audit public authorities on how they have respected and
accommodated the cultural expression of minorities within their area of
responsibility;

5.5.9. provide grant aid (capital and revenue) to projects and programmes
consistent with its aims set out in paragraph 5.3. The Office will have
funding streams and schemes including publishing and broadcasting,
small grants, events and tourism, exhibition and museum curation,
built heritage, cultural education and tourism projects;

5.5.10. develop close working relationships with the Commission on Flags,
Identity, Culture and Tradition (FICT); the Community Relations
Council; the work on Together: Building a United Community (T:BUC);
the community and voluntary sector; the Department for Communities;
and other stakeholders involved in promoting cultural pluralism and
respect for diversity; and

5.5.11. provide corporate support/shared services (IT, finance, HR, legal etc.)
to both Commissioners (see below).

5.6. An Irish Language Commissioner will be appointed to protect and enhance
the development of the use of the Irish language by public authorities,
including by providing advice and guidance, and introducing, supporting and
monitoring the use of best practice language standards.

5.7. The Commissioner will be appointed by the First Minister and deputy First
Minister as a key element of providing, under statute, official recognition of
the status of the Irish language in Northern Ireland.

5.8. The main function of the Commissioner will be to protect and enhance the
development of the Irish language. The Commissioner will:

5.8.1. prepare, in accordance with guidance from Ministers, best practice
standards for the use of the Irish language by public authorities - these
standards are to be agreed by the First Minister and deputy First
Minister;

5.8.2. provide support to public authorities in connection with those
standards;

5.8.3. monitor the performance of public authorities in meeting those
standards; and

5.8.4. investigate complaints where a public authority has failed to have due
regard to those standards.

5.9. The legislation will stipulate that the Commissioner will, prior to introduction,
consult on the development of a number of categories and standards. Each
public body will be assessed and placed in one of the categories on the basis
of set criteria such as the level of interaction with the public, number of
employees and established need. There will be a ‘sliding scale’ of standards
within categories dependent on the criteria. The Commissioner will engage
with each public body to agree how it can fulfil its requirement under the
standards; and each public body will develop an implementation plan.

5.10. With specific reference to paragraph 5.8.1 above, guidance issued by
Ministers should emphasise the importance of the Commissioner producing
best practice standards that:

5.10.1. reflect the guiding principles of the framework as set out in legislation,
and serve to promote mutual respect, good relations, understanding
and reconciliation;

5.10.2. take account of consultation with public authorities; and
5.10.3. place requirements on public authorities that are reasonable,
proportionate and practical.

5.11. The guidance will ask the Commissioner, as a first priority, to focus on
developing best practice standards that facilitate interaction between Irish
language users and public bodies, including but not limited to making
information or forms available in Irish where required, enabling widely used
public websites to have an Irish Language translation available, and ensuring
that public bodies reply in Irish where practical to correspondence in Irish.
Public bodies will each continue to make their own decisions on other
matters to do with the Irish language.

5.12. Best practice standards recommended by the Commissioner, and all
subsequent changes to those standards, are to be put for approval to the
First Minister and deputy First Minister.

5.13. The legislation in respect of Irish language will also include the repeal of the
Administration of Justice (Language) Act (Ireland) 1737 and make any
necessary statutory provision for births, marriages and deaths to be
registrable through Irish, and for wills to be validly made in Irish, as an option
and matter for individual choice. Irish and other languages will be facilitated
when deemed necessary by the courts. Nothing in the legislation will affect
the status of the English Language.

5.14. A further such commissioner will be appointed by the First Minister and
deputy First Minister to enhance and develop the language, arts and
literature associated with the Ulster Scots / Ulster British tradition in Northern
Ireland.

5.15. The Commissioner’s remit will include the areas of education, research,
media, cultural activities and facilities and tourism initiatives.

5.16. The functions of the Commissioner will be to –

5.16.1. increase awareness and visibility of relevant services which are
provided by public authorities in Northern Ireland;

5.16.2. provide advice and guidance to public authorities, including where
relevant on the effect and implementation, so far as affecting Ulster
Scots, of commitments under the European Charter for Regional and
Minority Languages, the European Framework Convention for the
Protection of National Minorities, and the United Nations Convention
on the Rights of the Child; and;

5.16.3. investigate complaints where a public authority fails to have due
regard to such advice provided by the Commissioner in respect of
facilitating the use of Ulster Scots.

5.17. With specific reference to 5.16 above, the functions of the Commissioner
should be exercised in a way that:

5.17.1. reflects the guiding principles of the framework as set out in
legislation, and serve to promote mutual respect, good relations,
understanding and reconciliation;

5.17.2. takes account of consultation with public authorities;

5.17.3. are reasonable, proportionate and practical.

5.18. Both Commissioners will, in discharging their functions, act independently
and consistently with the principles set out in paragraph 5.2 above.

5.19. The legislation will also include a duty on the Department of Education to
encourage and facilitate the use and understanding of Ulster Scots in the
education system.

5.20. In fulfilling their roles, both Commissioners will work in close cooperation with
the Boord o Ulstèr-Scotch, and with Foras na Gaeilge with a view to ensuring
complementarity.

5.21. Furthermore, provisions for both Irish language and Ulster Scots will be made
for the following:

5.21.1. a central Translation Hub will be established in the Department of
Finance within three months of an agreement, in order to provide
language translation services for the 9 Executive Departments, Arm’s
Length Bodies, Local Government and Public Bodies.

5.21.2. the Assembly’s Standing Orders will be amended to allow any person
to conduct their business before the Assembly or an Assembly
Committee through Irish or Ulster Scots. A simultaneous translation
system will be made available in the Assembly to ensure that a person
without Irish or Ulster Scots is not placed at a disadvantage.

5.21.3. under Section 28D of the Northern Ireland Act 1998 the re-established
Executive will produce a draft Irish Language Strategy and a draft
Ulster Scots Language, Heritage and Culture Strategy for
consultations within 6 months. This will include programmes and
schemes which will assist in the development of the Irish language
and the Ulster Scots language, culture and heritage.

5.21.4. however, nothing in legislation or in the functions of the
Commissioners shall require any quotas in employment for speakers
of any particular language.
Constitution's affirmation/renewal
No specific mention.
Constitutional reform/making
No specific mention.
Elections
Page 13: Part 2: Northern Ireland Executive Formation Agreement
Sustainability of the Institutions
...
18.If a period of political tension arises in future which risks a breakdown of the
institutions the agreement provides for a longer 24-week period before an
Assembly election must be called. During this period Ministers will remain in
office in a care-taker capacity to allow for greater continuity of decision-making.
Ministers will be required to act within well-defined limits, including as set out in the
Ministerial Code and in accordance with the requirement for an Executive
Committee to consider any decisions that are significant and controversial or
cross-cutting, and, as appropriate, the restrictions that are in place during a
pre-election period. Assembly Committees will also continue to function and
discharge their important duties.
Electoral commission
No specific mention.
Political parties reform
No specific mention.
Civil society
Page 13: Part 2: Northern Ireland Executive Formation Agreement
Sustainability of the Institutions
...
17.The parties also agree to introduce reformed measures to put civic engagement
and public consultation at the heart of policy-making, recognising the vital role
that wider society plays in supporting effective and accountable Government.

Page 14 Part 2: Northern Ireland Executive Formation Agreement
Programme for Government
...
21.In addition, the parties agree that the principles and practice of citizen and
community engagement and co-design will be a key part of the development and
delivery of the Programme for Government and its supporting strategies

Page 23: Annex C: Sustainability of the Institutions
...
Structured Civic Engagement
3.8. The parties recognise the value of structured and flexible engagement with
civic society to assist the Government to solve complex policy issues. The
Parties have agreed that the existing Compact Civic Advisory Panel should
be reformed to include a renewed membership appointed within 6 months by
way of a Public Appointments process.

3.9. The Parties have agreed that about 1-2 issues will be commissioned per year
for civic engagement. The Panel will be invited to propose the most
appropriate model of engagement for specific issues, including one Citizens’
Assembly a year. The issues will be identified by the Executive. Following
consideration of the assigned issues recommendations will be made to the
Executive by the Panel.


Page 27:Annex D: Programme for Government
...
4.5. In addition, the parties agree that the principles and practice of citizen and
community engagement and co-design will be a key part of the
development and delivery of the Programme for Government and its
supporting strategies. This will empower citizens to secure their own rights
and wellbeing. This will complement – not replace – the right of citizens to
challenge through the courts any denial of their lawful rights.

Page 29: Annex D: Programme for Government
...
4.6.10. Engagement with civic society and the principles of co-design and
co-production must underpin the development of the Programme for
Government, budget and strategies .
Traditional/religious leaders
No specific mention.
Public administration
Page 4 Context and Responsibilities
...
2. The deal will transform public services and restore public confidence in devolved
government and has been tabled at talks at Stormont House for the political parties
in Northern Ireland to agree.

Page 8: Part 1: Priorities for the Restored Executive
...
There will be further reform of the NI Civil Service.


Page 11: Part 2: Northern Ireland Executive Formation Agreement
...
Transparency, accountability and the functioning of the Executive

3. Ministers and civil servants, including special advisers, each have a part to play in
rebuilding the trust of citizens in the operation of a future administration. The
parties reaffirm their commitment to greater transparency and improved governance
arrangements that are aimed at securing and maintaining public confidence. This is
particularly important in light of the public inquiry into the RHI scheme.

4. The parties have therefore agreed to an ambitious package of measures to
strengthen transparency and governance arrangements in the Assembly and
Executive in line with international best practice. The Executive will, as a matter of
urgency, produce strengthened drafts of the ministerial, civil service and special
adviser codes, to be implemented immediately.

5. The measures agreed here include:
a. making clear the accountability of Ministers to the Assembly;
b. strengthening Ministers’ responsibility for their special advisers;
c. publishing details of Ministers’ meetings with external organisations;
d. publishing details of gifts and hospitality received by special advisers,
meetings with external organisations, and pay;
e. strengthening requirements for record-keeping and the protections for
whistleblowers;
f. establishment of a fiscal council which would assess and report on the
sustainability of the Executive’s finances and spending proposals.

6. The parties also agree to establish a robust, independent enforcement
mechanism to deal with breaches of the Ministerial Code and related documents.

7. The Executive will establish a dedicated sub-committee which will consider the
findings of the RHI inquiry and propose further reforms, in addition to those in this
agreement, to deliver the changes necessary to rebuild public confidence. The
parties agree to deliver any such reforms rapidly once the inquiry has reported.
8. The full detail of these transparency and accountability measures is set out in
Annex A.

Page 14: Part 2: Northern Ireland Executive Formation Agreement
Programme for Government
...
22.The parties have agreed a two-stage approach to establishing a strategic level
Programme for Government comprising the framework of 12 outcomes of
societal wellbeing from the Northern Ireland Civil Service Outcomes Delivery Plan
and a Priorities Plan consisting of actions for delivery during the remainder of
2019/20.


Page 17: Annex A: Transparency, accountability and the
functioning of the Executive
1.1. The parties have agreed the following measures. The Executive will, as a
matter of urgency, produce strengthened drafts of the relevant codes to be
implemented immediately.

1.1.1. Making clear the accountability of Ministers to the Assembly and the
need for statutory committees to be provided with the information they
require to allow them to discharge their role.

1.1.2. Strengthening the requirements for the declaration and handling of
interests by Ministers with full declaration of interests on appointment
to be regularly updated and for relevant interests to be published.
1.1.3. Ministers to be responsible for the management, conduct and
discipline of their special advisers (to also be included in the Special
Adviser Code of Conduct).

1.1.4. Enforcement of the Ministerial Code (and other codes) is key to
making the Executive more accountable and transparent (options for a
process to achieve this is the subject of a separate paper).

1.1.5. Make clear the need for the recording of ministerial meetings (to also
be included in the Civil Service Code), the attendance of officials at
ministerial meetings, and the prompt declaration to the Department of
any substantive discussions with external organisations relating to
departmental business at which no officials were present.

1.1.6. Publish details of meetings with external organisations (and also gifts
and hospitality received).

1.1.7. Special Adviser Code to include an overarching introduction making
clear the critical role special advisers have in supporting Ministers and
that they are an important part of the team working closely alongside
civil servants to deliver Ministers’ priorities.

1.1.8. Making clear that Ministers are responsible for the management,
conduct and discipline of their special advisers (and that this
requirement will be incorporated in the Ministerial Code).

1.1.9. Incorporating any changes agreed to the Civil Service Code in the
Special Adviser Code.

1.1.10. Publishing details of gifts and hospitality received by special advisers,
meetings with external organisations, and pay.

1.1.11. Include the requirement that while individual civil servants are
accountable to their department’s Minister, the civil service also has a
wider obligation to the Executive as a whole.

1.1.12. Include an explicit requirement to maintain accurate records, and that
information should be handled as openly and transparently as
possible within the legal framework.

1.1.13. Make clear that within the civil service there is zero tolerance of
harassment, bullying or inappropriate or discriminatory behaviour and
that action should be taken to ensure there is a culture where people
can speak up about unacceptable behaviour.

1.1.14. Strengthening the rules and awareness around whistleblowing /
speaking up so that proper consideration is given to both internal and
external complaints.

1.2. In addition, the parties agree that Ministers are obliged to abide by the
provisions of Guidance to Ministers on the Exercise of their Functions and
Conduct of Executive Business.

1.3. Anyone may make a complaint regarding alleged breaches of ministerial
standards or the Ministerial Code. Complaints will only be considered if the
complainant provides their name, contact details and sufficient details of the
alleged breach to be able to give it full consideration.

1.4. Complaints that a Minister has breached the Ministerial Code of Conduct,
Guidance to Ministers on the Exercise of their Functions or Conduct of
Executive Business will be referred to the Commissioners for Ministerial
Standards.

1.5. The Commissioners will decide whether a complaint has sufficient merit to be
considered, and will decline to investigate a complaint that is frivolous,
vexatious, or made in bad faith.

1.6. The Commissioners will number three in addition to the Assembly
Commissioner for Standards, and will be appointed by the First Minister and
deputy First Minister.

1.7. The Commissioners may ask for the facts from the Secretary to the
Executive to inform their decision as to whether to investigate a complaint.

1.8. The Commissioners’ decision to investigate or not to investigate, and the
grounds for their decision, will be published. There will be strict, published,
timeframes to adhere to for each stage of the process.

1.9. When the Commissioners investigate a complaint, they will publish the
findings of their investigation. Their findings will include whether or not the
Minister has been found to have breached the terms of the Code or
Guidance, and the relative seriousness of the breach. The findings will not
include any recommendation regarding sanctions. This will ultimately be a
matter for the relevant Party/Assembly process.

1.10. The published report of the Commissioners may provide the grounds upon
which others may initiate their own sanctions, including those under s.30 of
the NI Act 1998 by which the Assembly can suspend a Minister on the
passing of a motion of no confidence supported by 30 MLAs or moved by the
First Minister and deputy First Minister acting jointly. The published report
may also be taken into consideration by the nominating officer of the
Minister’s party.

1.11. All Ministers and civil servants, including special advisers, will cooperate fully
with any investigation by the Commissioners for Ministerial Standards.

1.12. The Assembly Committee on Standards and Privileges will be enhanced by
the appointment of 3 independent lay members with voting rights.

1.13. The Executive will as a matter of priority take forward reviews of civil service
reform, including procurement and appointment processes, public
appointments and arm’s length bodies.


Page 40: Appendix 1 - Programme for Government
...
Leaner government
xvii. Define terms of reference and initiate an efficiency and effectiveness review of
all Arm’s Length Bodies with the aim of concluding the review and agreeing
timescales for implementation within 6 months of the Executive being restored.

Power sharing

Political power sharing
Executive coalition
Page 4 Context and Responsibilities
...
3. These talks were convened to restore the institutions created by the Belfast (Good
Friday) Agreement and, particularly, to restore a functioning Northern Ireland
Executive delivering for the people of Northern Ireland on a stable and sustainable
basis.

...
The New Decade, New Approach deal represents a fair and balanced basis upon which to restore the
institutions.


Page 13: Part 2: Northern Ireland Executive Formation Agreement
...

Sustainability of the Institutions
14.The parties agree that a three-year absence of devolved government cannot
happen again, and have therefore agreed a package of measures to deliver more
sustainable institutions that are more resilient and able to continue to function
throughout periods of political difficulty.

15.The parties have agreed that the institutions should be reformed on the basis of
good faith, trust, and mutual respect, and have reaffirmed their commitment to
the principles of power-sharing and cross community protection contained in
the Belfast (Good Friday) Agreement.

16.This agreement creates new bodies, including a Party Leaders’ Forum and
Executive Sub-Committee on Brexit to improve collaboration and partnership and
improve the sustainability of the institutions. It makes arrangements to strengthen
the ability of the parties in Opposition to hold the Executive to account,
including proposals to extend the period of time in which parties can form an
Opposition.

17.The parties also agree to introduce reformed measures to put civic engagement
and public consultation at the heart of policy-making, recognising the vital role
that wider society plays in supporting effective and accountable Government.

18.If a period of political tension arises in future which risks a breakdown of the
institutions the agreement provides for a longer 24-week period before an
Assembly election must be called. During this period Ministers will remain in
office in a care-taker capacity to allow for greater continuity of decision-making.
Ministers will be required to act within well-defined limits, including as set out in the
Ministerial Code and in accordance with the requirement for an Executive
Committee to consider any decisions that are significant and controversial or
cross-cutting, and, as appropriate, the restrictions that are in place during a
pre-election period. Assembly Committees will also continue to function and
discharge their important duties.

Page 14: Part 2: Northern Ireland Executive Formation Agreement
...

Programme for Government
19.The parties have agreed the need for a shared and ambitious strategic vision for
the future, with the aim of improving lives across Northern Ireland. That
approach must be reflected in an outcomes-based Programme for Government,
building on the outcomes from the previous Programme for Government. It must
also be a sustainable basis upon which the parties in the Executive can work in
partnership.

20.The parties reaffirm their commitment to the Declaration of Support contained in
the Belfast (Good Friday) Agreement and successor agreements. In doing so,
they recognise that the Programme for Government must provide a sustainable
basis for the Executive to work together in partnership to serve and deliver for all on
the basis of demonstrable and objectively measured need. Reconciliation will be
central to the Executive’s approach, and there will be a focus on building a united
community in a way that has equality and mutual respect to the fore.


Page 22: Annex C: Sustainability of the Institutions
3.1. The parties have reaffirmed their commitment to the principles of
power-sharing and cross community protection contained in the Belfast
(Good Friday) Agreement.

Executive Business
3.2. The parties have agreed to return to the institutions on the basis of good
faith, mutual respect and trust - underpinned by strong working relationships.
The Parties have agreed that effective measures are needed to improve the
sustainability of the institutions, to increase public confidence and increase
the resilience of the institutions so that they can better withstand political
difficulties, challenges and disagreements.

3.3. The parties have agreed to adopt a new and strengthened Conduct of
Executive Business document. Consistent with the principles and procedures
included in the transparency section of this Agreement, breaches of the
document will be effectively and proportionately enforced.
Party Leaders’ Forum

3.4. A Party Leaders’ forum will be established. The forum will be attended by the
leaders, or their ‘permanent’ nominated representative, of the political parties
in the Executive. To ensure reasonable continuity of membership, parties will
also nominate ‘a deputy representative’ who will attend when the ‘permanent’
representative is unable to attend. The forum will meet, as a minimum, once
a month. It will be an informal forum that has no Executive decision-making
authority. The forum will operate as a safe space for party leaders to discuss
ongoing issues and provide early warning of any issues which might cause
future political tension and disagreements. The value of the forum will be
reviewed by forum members after 6 months.


Page 24: Annex C: Sustainability of the Institutions
...
Appointment of FM/dFM & Providing continuity of decision making
3.10. The UK Government shall legislate to amend the Northern Ireland Act 1998
to extend the time for the appointment of a First Minister and a deputy First
Minister after the resignation of a First Minister or deputy First Minister or
after the first meeting of the Assembly following an Assembly election from 7
and 14 days respectively to 6 weeks in each case.

3.11. If no First Minister / deputy First Minister appointment has been made within
6 weeks of a resignation of First Minister / deputy First Minister or by the first
meeting of the Assembly after an election, and the Assembly has not passed
a resolution to dissolve itself under section 32 of the Northern Ireland Act, the
parties will have a maximum further 18 weeks to appoint a First Minister /
deputy First Minister. During this period the parties will continue to make
concerted and determined efforts to agree on the appointment of a First
Minister and deputy First Minister and form an Executive. To facilitate this,
the Assembly shall meet regularly and at least every six weeks to consider
progress. At any time, and in accordance with existing procedures, the
Assembly could consider a motion to dissolve itself and call on the Secretary
of State to propose a date for an election. However, if no appointment is
made by the end of this period then the Secretary of State shall be under a
duty to propose a date for an Assembly election as soon as is practicable
and in any event for a date which is no later than 12 weeks of the duty
arising.

3.12. Provision will also be made for Northern Ireland Executive Ministers to
remain in office beyond the day of the poll to allow for greater continuity of
decision making, until such a time as d’Hondt is run for all Ministerial offices
or for a maximum period of 24 weeks beyond the day of the poll, or a
maximum of 48 weeks since there has been a functioning Executive in place,
whichever is the shorter.

3.13. Ministers remaining in office will be required to act at all times within
well-defined limits. This is to include the requirement to act in accordance
with the Ministerial Code and the requirement for an Executive Committee to
consider any decisions that are significant and controversial or cross-cutting
and, as appropriate, the restrictions that are in place during a pre-election
period. In the absence of a functioning Executive Committee, Ministers will
consequently not be able to take decisions which are significant or
controversial.

3.14. In the case of a First Minister/deputy First Minister resignation, the Assembly
and its Committees will continue to exercise their responsibilities until the
Assembly is dissolved.

3.15. These changes will be given legislative effect consistent with the shared
commitment to the principles of power-sharing and cross-community
protection contained in the Belfast (Good Friday) Agreement and ensuring
there is sufficient representation to command cross-community confidence in
the Assembly.
Form of 'veto' or communal majority
Page 12: Part 2: Northern Ireland Executive Formation Agreement
...
Petition of Concern
9. The parties have agreed that the use of the Petition of Concern should be
reduced, and returned to its intended purpose. The parties will publicly commit
to tabling or supporting Petitions of Concern only in the most exceptional
circumstances and as a last resort, having used every other available
mechanism.

10.The parties agree to a number of specific changes to how the Petition of Concern
will work for the remaining mandate of this Assembly and into the future as detailed
in Annex B. This will include measures so that a Petition of Concern will not be
available where the question before the Assembly relates to a member’s conduct as
a Minister or MLA and that, in respect of both Executive and Private Members’ Bills,
the Petition of Concern will apply only after Second Stage. These changes will be
given effect in Standing Orders or amendments to the Northern Ireland Act 1998, as
appropriate, at the earliest opportunity.

11.Most parties supported wider reform of the Petition of Concern. This mechanism is
an important part of the Belfast (Good Friday) Agreement safeguards to ensure that
all sections of the community can participate and work together successfully in the
operation of the institutions established under the Agreement, and that all sections
of the community are protected.

12.The threshold for a Petition of Concern shall remain at 30 MLAs, but a Petition can
only be triggered by members from two or more parties. For this purpose, an
independent Member is to be treated as a party if that Member was elected on an
independent platform.

13.A valid Petition of Concern shall trigger a 14-day period of consideration. After this
consideration, if 30 MLAs confirm support for the Petition of Concern, the Assembly
can determine the matter in accordance with the cross community consent
procedure.

Page 20: Annex B: Petition of Concern
2.1. The parties have agreed that the use of the Petition of Concern should be
reduced, and returned to its intended purpose. Alongside agreeing the
specific changes below, the parties commit to tabling or supporting Petitions
of Concern only in the most exceptional circumstances and as a last resort,
having used every other available mechanism. In particular, the First Minister
and deputy First Minister will commit not to sign a Petition of Concern in this
Assembly mandate.

2.2. In addition, the parties agree to the following changes, which will be given
effect in Standing Orders or legislation, as appropriate, at the earliest
opportunity:

2.2.1. A Petition must be accompanied by a statement of the grounds and
rationale upon which it is being tabled and be signed in person at the
Bills Office.

2.2.2. The Speaker and the three Deputy Speakers shall not sign a Petition.
2.2.3. The threshold for a Petition of Concern will remain at 30 MLAs, but a
Petition can only be triggered by members from two or more parties.
For this purpose, an independent Member is to be treated as a party if
that Member was elected on an independent platform.

2.2.4. The Petition of Concern will not be available for standards motions
under Standing Order 69B, or motions and questions which have no
express legal or procedural effect.

2.2.5. In respect of both Executive and Private Members’ Bills, the Petition of
Concern will apply only after Second Stage.

2.2.6. Ministers and Junior Ministers should not be excluded from signing a
Petition, but the parties note that for a Minister or Junior Minister to
sign a Petition in respect of a matter that is in accordance with a
decision of the Executive would be a breach of the Pledge of Office
paragraph (f).

2.2.7. A valid Petition of Concern shall trigger a 14-day period of
consideration, including on any reports on whether a measure or
proposal for legislation is in conformity with equality requirements,
including the ECHR/ Bill of Rights and any advice following on from
Assembly Standing Order 30(6) and 85(4). After this consideration, if
30 MLAs confirm support for the Petition of Concern, the Assembly
can determine the matter in accordance with the cross community
consent procedure.

2.3. The provisions of section 13(3) of the Northern Ireland Act 1998 and of Order
60 of Assembly Standing Orders relating to the referral of Bills to the Ad Hoc
Committee on Conformity with Equality Requirements should continue to
apply


Page 34: Annex E: Rights, language and identity
5.12. Best practice standards recommended by the Commissioner, and all
subsequent changes to those standards, are to be put for approval to the
First Minister and deputy First Minister
...
5.14. A further such commissioner will be appointed by the First Minister and
deputy First Minister to enhance and develop the language, arts and
literature associated with the Ulster Scots / Ulster British tradition in Northern
Ireland


Page 45: Annex A: UK Government Commitments to
Northern Ireland
Supporting the institutions
...
2. The Government will keep under review the ongoing operation of the reformed Petition
of Concern mechanism. The Government will report every six months on the ongoing
operation of the Petition of Concern and will lay a copy of the review before both
Houses of Parliament and, before the end of this Assembly mandate, will publish its
conclusions on whether further reform is necessary.
Territorial power sharing
No specific mention.
Economic power sharing
No specific mention.
Military power sharing
No specific mention.

Human rights and equality

Human rights/RoL
Page 26: Annex D: Programme for Government
...
4.4. The parties acknowledge the importance of promoting and protecting the
rights and identity of individuals and are agreed that the Executive should
seek to build a society that reflects the best international standards of human
rights. The parties acknowledge the importance of the Northern Ireland
Human Rights Commission, whose remit is to ensure that government and
other public bodies protect the human rights of everyone and help people
understand what their rights are and what they can do if they are infringed.
Equality
No specific mention.
Democracy
No specific mention.
Protection measures
No specific mention.
Human rights framework
Bill of rights
Page 16: Part 2: Northern Ireland Executive Formation Agreement
Rights, Language and Identity
...
28.An Ad-Hoc Assembly Committee will be established to consider the creation of a Bill
of Rights that is faithful to the stated intention of the 1998 Agreement in that it
contains rights supplementary to those contained in the European Convention on
Human Rights (which are currently applicable) and “that reflect the particular
circumstances of Northern Ireland”; as well as reflecting the principles of mutual
respect for the identity and ethos of both communities and parity of esteem


Page 37: Annex E: Rights, language and identity
Bill of Rights
5.26. An Ad-Hoc Assembly Committee will be established to consider the creation
of a Bill of Rights that is faithful to the stated intention of the 1998 Agreement
in that it contains rights supplementary to those contained in the European
Convention on Human Rights, which are currently applicable and “that reflect
the particular circumstances of Northern Ireland”; as well as reflecting the
principles of mutual respect for the identity and ethos of both communities
and parity of esteem.
5.27. The Ad-Hoc Committee will be assisted in its work by a Panel of five experts
appointed jointly by the First Minister and deputy First Minister.
5.28. The Panel should initially seek to advise the Ad-Hoc Committee on what
constitutes our “particular circumstances” drawing upon, but not bound by,
previous work on a Bill of Rights and should review and make
recommendations on how the UK’s withdrawal from the EU may impact on
our “particular circumstances”.
5.29. The terms of reference and timetable of the Committee will be agreed within
30 working days of the restoration of devolution. The establishment of cross
party and cross community support will be critical to advancing a Bill of
Rights.

Sign Language
5.30. A draft framework and policy proposals for legislation on sign language have
been consulted on by the Department for Communities. The Parties agree to
the process of drafting clauses commencing with a view to introducing a Bill
to the Assembly at the early stage.
Other
Page 14: Part 2: Northern Ireland Executive
Formation Agreement
...
23.By April 2020, informed by a detailed stakeholder engagement process, the
Executive will publish a new strategic level outcomes-based Programme for
Government aligned to a multi-year budget with a sustained approach to public
finances and prioritised investment in infrastructure and public services. The new
Programme will be aimed at delivering lasting changes and improvements in key
priority areas and will include measures aimed at: removing paramilitarism, ending
sectarianism, transforming health and social care, reforming education, ensuring
households have access to good quality, affordable and sustainable homes,
addressing climate change, creating good jobs and protecting workers’ rights.


Page 44: Appendix 2 - Programme for Government
...
Workers’ Rights
x. There will be an enhanced focus within the Programme for Government on
creating good jobs and protecting workers rights. The parties agree that access
to good jobs, where workers have a voice that provides a level of autonomy, a
decent income, security of tenure, satisfying work in the right quantities and
decent working conditions, should be integral to public policy given how this
contributes to better health and wellbeing by tackling inequalities, building
self-efficacy and combating poverty.
Civil and political rights
No specific mention.
Socio-economic rights
Cultural life
Page 31: Annex E: Rights, language and identity
5.1. The First Minister and deputy First Minister, supported by Junior Ministers in
The Executive Office, will sponsor and oversee a new framework both
recognising and celebrating Northern Ireland’s diversity of identities and
culture and accommodating cultural difference. This framework will be
underpinned by the birthright of all the people of Northern Ireland to identify
themselves and be accepted as Irish or British, or both, as they may so
choose, while fully acknowledging and accommodating those within our
community who define themselves as ‘other’, and those from our ethnic
communities and newcomer communities.

5.2. The guiding principles of this framework will be set out in legislation, and
public authorities must in exercising their functions have due regard to the
principles, namely:

5.2.1. the need to respect the freedom of all persons in Northern Ireland to
choose, affirm, maintain and develop their national and cultural
identity and to celebrate and express that identity in a manner which
takes into account the sensitivities of those with different national or
cultural identities and respects the rule of law;

5.2.2. the need to encourage and promote reconciliation, tolerance and
meaningful dialogue between those of different national and cultural
identities in Northern Ireland with a view to promoting parity of esteem,
mutual respect, understanding and cooperation. The Office of
Identity and Cultural Expression (the ‘Office’) provides the central
point for giving effect to these principles and promoting this
framework.

5.3. The strategic aims of the Office will be:

5.3.1. to promote cultural pluralism and respect for diversity, including
Northern Ireland’s ethnic, national, linguistic and faith communities;

5.3.2. build social cohesion and reconciliation so that everyone has a sense
of belonging;

5.3.3. build capacity and resilience on how we address our unresolved
cultural identity issues; and

5.3.4. celebrate and support all aspects of Northern Ireland’s rich cultural
and linguistic heritage, recognising the equal validity and importance
of all identities and traditions.

5.4. The Office will be established as a statutory body, to which the First Minister
and deputy First Minister, acting jointly, will appoint a Director.

5.5. In giving effect to the guiding principles the Office will undertake the following
functions:

5.5.1. provide guidance to public authorities;

5.5.2. monitor compliance with the duty to have due regard to the principles;

5.5.3. report to the Assembly on compliance;

5.5.4. promote examples of best practice;

5.5.5. commission and publish research and reports in respect of cultural
traditions and identities;

5.5.6. in response to requests from either Commissioner, on issues of a
challenging nature, undertake independent research, reach balanced
findings and make recommendations on matters of concern;

5.5.7. promote public awareness and educational programmes, including
guidance on how the rights of a child to learn about their identity and
heritage, as well as those of other traditions, will be incorporated into
the education sector;

5.5.8. periodically audit public authorities on how they have respected and
accommodated the cultural expression of minorities within their area of
responsibility;

5.5.9. provide grant aid (capital and revenue) to projects and programmes
consistent with its aims set out in paragraph 5.3. The Office will have
funding streams and schemes including publishing and broadcasting,
small grants, events and tourism, exhibition and museum curation,
built heritage, cultural education and tourism projects;

5.5.10. develop close working relationships with the Commission on Flags,
Identity, Culture and Tradition (FICT); the Community Relations
Council; the work on Together: Building a United Community (T:BUC);
the community and voluntary sector; the Department for Communities;
and other stakeholders involved in promoting cultural pluralism and
respect for diversity; and

5.5.11. provide corporate support/shared services (IT, finance, HR, legal etc.)
to both Commissioners (see below).

5.6. An Irish Language Commissioner will be appointed to protect and enhance
the development of the use of the Irish language by public authorities,
including by providing advice and guidance, and introducing, supporting and
monitoring the use of best practice language standards.

5.7. The Commissioner will be appointed by the First Minister and deputy First
Minister as a key element of providing, under statute, official recognition of
the status of the Irish language in Northern Ireland.

5.8. The main function of the Commissioner will be to protect and enhance the
development of the Irish language. The Commissioner will:

5.8.1. prepare, in accordance with guidance from Ministers, best practice
standards for the use of the Irish language by public authorities - these
standards are to be agreed by the First Minister and deputy First
Minister;

5.8.2. provide support to public authorities in connection with those
standards;

5.8.3. monitor the performance of public authorities in meeting those
standards; and

5.8.4. investigate complaints where a public authority has failed to have due
regard to those standards.

5.9. The legislation will stipulate that the Commissioner will, prior to introduction,
consult on the development of a number of categories and standards. Each
public body will be assessed and placed in one of the categories on the basis
of set criteria such as the level of interaction with the public, number of
employees and established need. There will be a ‘sliding scale’ of standards
within categories dependent on the criteria. The Commissioner will engage
with each public body to agree how it can fulfil its requirement under the
standards; and each public body will develop an implementation plan.

5.10. With specific reference to paragraph 5.8.1 above, guidance issued by
Ministers should emphasise the importance of the Commissioner producing
best practice standards that:

5.10.1. reflect the guiding principles of the framework as set out in legislation,
and serve to promote mutual respect, good relations, understanding
and reconciliation;

5.10.2. take account of consultation with public authorities; and

5.10.3. place requirements on public authorities that are reasonable,
proportionate and practical.

5.11. The guidance will ask the Commissioner, as a first priority, to focus on
developing best practice standards that facilitate interaction between Irish
language users and public bodies, including but not limited to making
information or forms available in Irish where required, enabling widely used
public websites to have an Irish Language translation available, and ensuring
that public bodies reply in Irish where practical to correspondence in Irish.
Public bodies will each continue to make their own decisions on other
matters to do with the Irish language.

5.12. Best practice standards recommended by the Commissioner, and all
subsequent changes to those standards, are to be put for approval to the
First Minister and deputy First Minister.

5.13. The legislation in respect of Irish language will also include the repeal of the
Administration of Justice (Language) Act (Ireland) 1737 and make any
necessary statutory provision for births, marriages and deaths to be
registrable through Irish, and for wills to be validly made in Irish, as an option
and matter for individual choice. Irish and other languages will be facilitated
when deemed necessary by the courts. Nothing in the legislation will affect
the status of the English Language.

5.14. A further such commissioner will be appointed by the First Minister and
deputy First Minister to enhance and develop the language, arts and
literature associated with the Ulster Scots / Ulster British tradition in Northern
Ireland.

5.15. The Commissioner’s remit will include the areas of education, research,
media, cultural activities and facilities and tourism initiatives.

5.16. The functions of the Commissioner will be to –

5.16.1. increase awareness and visibility of relevant services which are
provided by public authorities in Northern Ireland;

5.16.2. provide advice and guidance to public authorities, including where
relevant on the effect and implementation, so far as affecting Ulster
Scots, of commitments under the European Charter for Regional and
Minority Languages, the European Framework Convention for the
Protection of National Minorities, and the United Nations Convention
on the Rights of the Child; and;

5.16.3. investigate complaints where a public authority fails to have due
regard to such advice provided by the Commissioner in respect of
facilitating the use of Ulster Scots.

5.17. With specific reference to 5.16 above, the functions of the Commissioner
should be exercised in a way that:

5.17.1. reflects the guiding principles of the framework as set out in
legislation, and serve to promote mutual respect, good relations,
understanding and reconciliation;

5.17.2. takes account of consultation with public authorities;

5.17.3. are reasonable, proportionate and practical.

5.18. Both Commissioners will, in discharging their functions, act independently
and consistently with the principles set out in paragraph 5.2 above.

5.19. The legislation will also include a duty on the Department of Education to
encourage and facilitate the use and understanding of Ulster Scots in the
education system.

5.20. In fulfilling their roles, both Commissioners will work in close cooperation with
the Boord o Ulstèr-Scotch, and with Foras na Gaeilge with a view to ensuring
complementarity.

5.21. Furthermore, provisions for both Irish language and Ulster Scots will be made
for the following:

5.21.1. a central Translation Hub will be established in the Department of
Finance within three months of an agreement, in order to provide
language translation services for the 9 Executive Departments, Arm’s
Length Bodies, Local Government and Public Bodies.

5.21.2. the Assembly’s Standing Orders will be amended to allow any person
to conduct their business before the Assembly or an Assembly
Committee through Irish or Ulster Scots. A simultaneous translation
system will be made available in the Assembly to ensure that a person
without Irish or Ulster Scots is not placed at a disadvantage.

5.21.3. under Section 28D of the Northern Ireland Act 1998 the re-established
Executive will produce a draft Irish Language Strategy and a draft
Ulster Scots Language, Heritage and Culture Strategy for
consultations within 6 months. This will include programmes and
schemes which will assist in the development of the Irish language
and the Ulster Scots language, culture and heritage.
5.21.4. however, nothing in legislation or in the functions of the
Commissioners shall require any quotas in employment for speakers
of any particular language.
NHRI
No specific mention.
Regional or international human rights institutions
No specific mention.
Mobility/access
No specific mention.
Detention procedures
No specific mention.
Media and communication
Other
Page 16: Part 2: Northern Ireland Executive
Formation Agreement
..
i. The Office of Identity will provide funding streams and schemes, including
publishing and broadcasting, small grants, events and tourism, exhibition and
museum curation, built heritage, cultural education and tourism projects.


Page 32:Annex E: Rights, language and identity
...
5.5.9. provide grant aid (capital and revenue) to projects and programmes
consistent with its aims set out in paragraph 5.3. The Office will have
funding streams and schemes including publishing and broadcasting,
small grants, events and tourism, exhibition and museum curation,
built heritage, cultural education and tourism projects;


Page 49:Annex A: UK Government Commitments to
Northern Ireland

Promoting Northern Ireland’s culture, heritage and society
...
23. Support discussions with NI Screen to explore how the remit of the Ulster Scots
Broadcasting Fund (USBF) and Irish Language Broadcasting Fund (ILBF) can be
broadened, and will increase funding for the USBF and ILBF to reflect any broadened
remit


Page 53: Annex A: UK Government Financial and Economic
Commitments to Northern Ireland
...
Addressing Northern Ireland’s unique circumstances
The Government will make funding available for a range of projects aimed at supporting
community and reconciliation initiatives to remove barriers, bring the people of Northern
Ireland together and build a safer, more secure society in Northern Ireland. This could
include areas such as:
...
● Support for languages and broadcasting.
Citizenship
No specific mention.

Justice sector reform

Criminal justice and emergency law
Criminal Justice System reform
Page 7: Part 1: Priorities of the Restored Executive
...
The Executive will also address:
● the findings in recently published reports from Criminal Justice Inspection
Northern Ireland, and
● the report of Sir John Gillen on the handling of serious sexual offences cases,
and will deliver the necessary changes in case conduct and management.
State of emergency provisions
No specific mention.
Judiciary and courts
No specific mention.
Prisons and detention
No specific mention.
Traditional Laws
No specific mention.

Socio-economic reconstruction

Development or socio-economic reconstruction
Socio-economic development
Page 6:Part 1: Priorities of the Restored Executive
...
The parties have agreed on a way forward for a restored Executive to begin the urgent
task of strengthening public services and to tackle immediate challenges in key areas such
as growing the economy, health, education and housing. A restored Executive brings with
it urgently needed local political oversight and decision-making. The Executive will
bring positive changes in areas that impact greatly on people’s lives such as the economy,
overcrowded hospitals, struggling schools, housing stress, welfare concerns and mental
health. There will be a multi-year Programme for Government, underpinned by a
multi-year budget and legislative programme

The parties have agreed that the immediate priorities for the restored Executive should be:
> Transforming our health service with a long-term funding strategy. The Executive will:
● immediately settle the ongoing pay dispute;
● introduce a new action plan on waiting times; and
● deliver reforms on health and social care as set out in the Bengoa, Delivering
Together and Power to People reports.
...
The Executive will publish a Mental Health Action Plan within 2 months; a Mental Health
Strategy by December 2020; a successor strategy and action plan to the Strategic
Direction for Alcohol and Drugs Phase 2 within 3 months; and a new strategy and
implementation plan on cancer by December 2020.


Page 9: Part 1: Priorities of the Restored Executive
...
> Delivering a fair and compassionate society that supports working families and the
most vulnerable. The Executive will develop and implement an Anti-poverty Strategy.
...
By introducing legislation to reclassify housing associations, the Executive will enable
housing associations to continue building new social housing and intermediate
housing, including the Co-ownership Housing Scheme after March 2020. Housing will be
included as a specific priority in the Programme for Government. The Executive will also
enhance investment and agree a target for new social and affordable home starts
and tackle the maintenance backlog for Northern Ireland Housing Executive properties


Page 14:Part 2: Northern Ireland Executive
Formation Agreement

23.By April 2020, informed by a detailed stakeholder engagement process, the
Executive will publish a new strategic level outcomes-based Programme for
Government aligned to a multi-year budget with a sustained approach to public
finances and prioritised investment in infrastructure and public services. The new
Programme will be aimed at delivering lasting changes and improvements in key
priority areas and will include measures aimed at: removing paramilitarism, ending
sectarianism, transforming health and social care, reforming education, ensuring
households have access to good quality, affordable and sustainable homes,
addressing climate change, creating good jobs and protecting workers’ rights.


Page 26: Annex D: Programme for Government
4.2. The parties’ agreed approach is to build on the outcomes in the previous
Programme for Government, adding a new focus on the priorities of:
housing; education; childcare; infrastructure and services, climate
change; ending sectarianism; and tackling paramilitarism.



Page 27: Annex D: Programme for Government
...
4.6.2. The Programme for Government could be underpinned by key
supporting strategies, including the following:
4.6.2.1. Anti-poverty strategy;


Page 28:Annex D: Programme for Government

4.6.7. Short-term budgeting will end. Investment will be based on objective
need, maximising impact, delivery of best value for money
(encompassing all costs and benefits) and affordability, with priority
given to the transformation of key services in health, education,
housing, and justice.


Page 29: Annex D: Programme for Government
...
4.11. The parties have also identified the longer-term priorities contained in
Appendix 2 as essential components for the future strategic level
Programme. The new Programme and its key supporting strategies
(Anti-poverty strategy, Industrial/Economic strategy and Investment strategy)
will be underpinned by a budget and be ready for Executive sign-off and
endorsement by the end of March 2020.


Page 39: Appendix 1 - Programme for Government
Housing
i. The Programme for Government outcomes framework will be augmented with a
new outcome and indicators to provide specific focus on ensuring every
household has access to a good quality, affordable and sustainable home that is
appropriate for its needs.

ii. There will be enhanced investment in new social home starts and the Executive
will bring forward legislation which is urgently needed to reclassify Housing
Associations as external to the public sector to ensure the continuation of new
social house building and the Co-ownership Housing Scheme.

iii. The Executive will examine options to remove historical debt from the NIHE and
exclude it from having to pay Corporation Tax.

iv. The Executive will agree a long term trajectory for the rental charges of the
NIHE. This must be sufficient to support the long term future of the NIHE’s social
housing stock for future generations of tenants. This must also always provide
demonstrably affordable rents to tenants.

v. Measures will also be introduced including, where necessary, legislation to
provide for controls to ensure affordability.



Page 42:Appendix 2 - Programme for Government
...
1. The parties support the existing draft framework of 12 outcomes. However, whilst this
will be used for an initial Programme for the remainder of 2019/20, it must evolve to
reflect the following agreed strategic priorities in developing a longer term Programme
for 2020 and beyond. The new Programme for Government will be supported by an
Anti-poverty strategy, an Economic/Industrial strategy and an Investment strategy.
These three key strategies will be interwoven with the Programme for Government and
their delivery will be closely monitored to ensure they achieve the desired impact in
these key areas.


Page 43:Appendix 2 - Programme for Government
...
Health and social care
vi. The programme of transformation agreed by the previous Executive will continue
to be a priority. Within this, there will be a greater focus on mental health and
well-being.

Education2
[Footnote 2]
In this document, ‘education’ means education for children and young people in early years, primary, post-primary or
further education settings. “Education” includes all aspects of Education including Sectoral Bodies, ETI curriculum,
area planning, 14-19 Strategy, Entitlement Framework, teacher training and the interface between Higher Education and
Further Education.

vii. The education system has a diversity of school types, each with its own
distinctive ethos and values. However it is not sustainable. The parties
acknowledge the progress made in developing new models of sharing,
cooperation and integration. There is a desire to build on this as a basis for
delivering long term improvements in the quality, equity and sustainability of the
system. The parties agree that the Executive will commission and oversee an
independent fundamental review with a focus on quality and sustainability. The
educational experience and outcomes for children and young people are the
most important factors.

Housing
viii. Building on the actions in year 1, the parties agree on the need for continued
attention and priority to be given to housing within the Programme for
Government 2020 and beyond. The specific housing outcome and indicators,
which will focus on ensuring every household has access to a good quality,
affordable and sustainable home that is appropriate for its needs, will be
supported by robust programmes and actions

Page 51: Annex A: UK Government Financial and Economic
Commitments to Northern Ireland
[Entire Annex deals with UK government financial commitments to fund health, budget pressures, infrastructure and public services, including education and justice.]


Page 58: Annex B: Irish Government Commitments
[Entire Annex deals with Irish government financial commitments to support reconstruction, specifically in the areas of:
- Connectivity and infrastructure
- Investment in the North-West and border communities
- Research and Innovation]
Infrastructure and reconstruction
Page 8: Part 1: Priorities of the Restored Executive

To boost the economy, the Executive will drive the delivery of essential infrastructure
projects, including York Street Interchange, in order to build a Northern Ireland that is
equipped for a prosperous shared future.

The Executive will make it a priority to realise the economic potential offered by City Deals
for the Belfast Region and Derry/Londonderry, including through match capital funding
for infrastructure, regeneration and tourism projects. The Executive will work with the
UK Government to develop and deliver the Growth Deals for Mid South West Northern
Ireland and Causeway Coast and Glens.

The Executive will invest urgently in wastewater infrastructure which is at or nearing
capacity in many places across Northern Ireland, including in Belfast, limiting growth.


Page 26: Annex D: Programme for Government
...
4.2. The parties’ agreed approach is to build on the outcomes in the previous
Programme for Government, adding a new focus on the priorities of:
housing; education; childcare; infrastructure and services, climate
change; ending sectarianism; and tackling paramilitarism.


Page 28: Annex D: Programme for Government
...
4.6.5. The Programme for Government must be underpinned by a multi-year
budget, with a sustainable approach to public finances and prioritised
investment in infrastructure and public services. There must be greater
transparency, giving people clear information on what will be delivered
with taxpayers' and ratepayers’ money, and, where the Executive is
seeking to raise additional revenue, it must be made clear what
service improvements and investments will be funded with the
additional money.


Page 51: Annex A: UK Government Financial and Economic
Commitments to Northern Ireland
...
Turbocharging infrastructure
The Executive will benefit from increased funding for capital infrastructure investment as a
result of the UK Government’s infrastructure revolution.
● Infrastructure funding will enable the Executive to invest in a range of potential
capital projects such as:
○ Essential sewage investment (Living With Water Programme)
○ 'Better Connecting Dublin and Belfast' strategy
○ A5/A6 roads
○ York Street Interchange
○ Narrow Water bridge
○ Capital and resource funding for the Medical School in Derry/Londonderry,
subject to the Northern Ireland Executive’s approval of the project.


Page 58: Annex B: Irish Government Commitments
The restoration of the Northern Ireland Executive, Northern Ireland Assembly and the
North / South Ministerial Council to operation is a hugely important opportunity to set an
ambitious and positive agenda for all the people of Northern Ireland, on the island of
Ireland North and South, as well as East-West on these islands.
Overall, this should address:
- Connectivity and infrastructure


Page 59: Annex B: Irish Government Commitments
...
Connectivity and Infrastructure
Specifically, as set out in the National Development Plan, the Government will update and
enhance its commitment to jointly funding cross-border investment, once the
power-sharing institutions are operational again.

The Government wants to work with the Northern Ireland Executive and the UK
Government to achieve greater connectivity on this island – by road, rail and air.
We believe this is an immediate opportunity to move forward quickly together to deliver on
plans to complete key infrastructure projects including the A5 and the Ulster Canal
connection from Clones to Upper Lough Erne. The Government will deliver on its funding
commitments to those projects, including a total of £75 million up to 2022 for the A5.

The Irish Government is supportive of serious and detailed joint consideration through the
NSMC of the feasibility of a high-speed rail connection between Belfast, Dublin and Cork,
creating a spine of connectivity on the island, which could be progressed as a priority. The
Government is also ready to jointly progress consideration of options for the development
of the Narrow Water bridge project at the NSMC.

The Irish Government also intends to take forward a review of the potential for
Government support to renewed viable air routes from Cork to Belfast and Dublin to Derry,
working with the UK Government and Northern Ireland Executive to deliver improved
connections as a priority.

We believe there is enormous immediate potential for other projects, including Greenways
in border areas, such as the Sligo-Enniskillen Greenway. We are ready to consider a
further development funding application to be submitted in January and are committed to
taking this project forward to deliver sustainable tourism and other enterprise benefits for
the region.
National economic plan
Page 6: Part 1: Priorities of the Restored Executive
...
The parties have agreed on a way forward for a restored Executive to begin the urgent
task of strengthening public services and to tackle immediate challenges in key areas such
as growing the economy, health, education and housing. A restored Executive brings with
it urgently needed local political oversight and decision-making. The Executive will
bring positive changes in areas that impact greatly on people’s lives such as the economy,
overcrowded hospitals, struggling schools, housing stress, welfare concerns and mental
health. There will be a multi-year Programme for Government, underpinned by a
multi-year budget and legislative programme.


Page 8: Part 1: Priorities of the Restored Executive
...
> Investing for the future to ensure Northern Ireland is equipped to harness opportunities
and drive sustainable productivity, including opportunities for future trade as we leave the
EU. The economic context has changed considerably in the past three years. A top
priority of the Executive will be to develop a regionally-balanced economy with
opportunities for all.

The Executive will invest strategically in ensuring that NI has the right mix of skills for a
thriving economy.

To boost the economy, the Executive will drive the delivery of essential infrastructure
projects, including York Street Interchange, in order to build a Northern Ireland that is
equipped for a prosperous shared future.

The Executive will make it a priority to realise the economic potential offered by City Deals
for the Belfast Region and Derry/Londonderry, including through match capital funding
for infrastructure, regeneration and tourism projects. The Executive will work with the
UK Government to develop and deliver the Growth Deals for Mid South West Northern
Ireland and Causeway Coast and Glens

The Executive will invest urgently in wastewater infrastructure which is at or nearing
capacity in many places across Northern Ireland, including in Belfast, limiting growth.

The Executive will bring more big events like The Open Championship to Northern
Ireland - playing to our strengths and boosting our economy. The Executive will also take
forward the reform of licensing laws.

...

In support of both economic and educational objectives, the Executive will develop an
enhanced approach to careers advice, curriculum, training and apprenticeships to
enhance employability and support economic growth.


Page 9: Part 1: Priorities of the Restored Executive
...
> Developing a new Programme for Government
People and communities will have an opportunity to shape the future Programme for
Government and the budget, through citizen engagement and co-design


Page 14: Part 2: Northern Ireland Executive Formation Agreement
Programme for Government
...
23.By April 2020, informed by a detailed stakeholder engagement process, the
Executive will publish a new strategic level outcomes-based Programme for
Government aligned to a multi-year budget with a sustained approach to public
finances and prioritised investment in infrastructure and public services. The new
Programme will be aimed at delivering lasting changes and improvements in key
priority areas and will include measures aimed at: removing paramilitarism, ending
sectarianism, transforming health and social care, reforming education, ensuring
households have access to good quality, affordable and sustainable homes,
addressing climate change, creating good jobs and protecting workers’ rights

Page 27: Annex D: Programme for Government
...
4.6.2. The Programme for Government could be underpinned by key
supporting strategies, including the following:
...
4.6.2.2. Economic/Industrial Strategy;
4.6.2.3. Investment Strategy;

Page 28: Annex D: Programme for Government
...
4.6.5. The Programme for Government must be underpinned by a multi-year
budget, with a sustainable approach to public finances and prioritised
investment in infrastructure and public services. There must be greater
transparency, giving people clear information on what will be delivered
with taxpayers' and ratepayers’ money, and, where the Executive is
seeking to raise additional revenue, it must be made clear what
service improvements and investments will be funded with the
additional money.

4.6.6. The parties acknowledge that a significant challenge arises in seeking
to tackle the financial burden associated with delivering public
services in a divided society. They are agreed that, in developing new
policies and, over time, in reviewing existing ones, it will be important
that the Executive takes steps to eliminate all such costs. The parties
also acknowledge that a significant challenge arises in the delivery of
public services with the resource element of the Block grant having
been reduced in real terms over the last 10 years.

4.6.7. Short-term budgeting will end. Investment will be based on objective
need, maximising impact, delivery of best value for money
(encompassing all costs and benefits) and affordability, with priority
given to the transformation of key services in health, education,
housing, and justice.

4.6.8. An immediate and significant challenge facing the Executive is in
relation to dealing with the impact of Brexit. In recognising the
potential for widespread and significant implications across all aspects
of social and economic life, the parties are agreed that the first priority
for the Executive must be to ensure the best possible outcome for
citizens and the economy, reflecting the priorities set out in the letter
of August 2016 from the First Minister and deputy First Minister to the
Prime Minister.


Page 29: Annex D: Programme for Government
...
4.11. The parties have also identified the longer-term priorities contained in
Appendix 2 as essential components for the future strategic level
Programme. The new Programme and its key supporting strategies
(Anti-poverty strategy, Industrial/Economic strategy and Investment strategy)
will be underpinned by a budget and be ready for Executive sign-off and
endorsement by the end of March 2020.


Page 41: Appendix 1 - Programme for Government
...
Sustainable public finances
xviii. Establishment of the Fiscal Council envisaged in the Stormont House and Fresh
Start agreements. This will provide independent scrutiny and expert advice to
the Executive and the Assembly on fiscal and budgetary matters, with a
particular focus on sustainability. The Fiscal Council will also provide
independent monitoring and reporting on the Executive’s performance in
delivering the Programme for Government.

xix. Review of funding models, to create a more sustainable budget with the
flexibility needed to support delivery of high quality, outcomes-focused public
services.

xx. Structures will be put in place that will help deliver timely and fair public sector
pay awards.


Page 42:Appendix 2 - Programme for Government
...
1. The parties support the existing draft framework of 12 outcomes. However, whilst this
will be used for an initial Programme for the remainder of 2019/20, it must evolve to
reflect the following agreed strategic priorities in developing a longer term Programme
for 2020 and beyond. The new Programme for Government will be supported by an
Anti-poverty strategy, an Economic/Industrial strategy and an Investment strategy.
These three key strategies will be interwoven with the Programme for Government and
their delivery will be closely monitored to ensure they achieve the desired impact in
these key areas.


Page 46:Annex A: UK Government Commitments to
Northern Ireland
Strengthening the economy
4. Enhance the assistance from business-supporting UK Government departments in NI,
including DIT, working in partnership with Northern Ireland agencies, including
InvestNI. This will include supporting the delivery of the Northern Ireland International
Trade plan, establishing a new Trade Advisory Board, appointment of Northern Ireland
Trade Ambassadors, and developing a Trade Accelerator Plan and a “Made in NI”
campaign.

5. Host an annual meeting of the Board of Trade in Northern Ireland and organise joint
Northern Ireland Executive and UK Government trade missions.

6. Promote Northern Ireland as a global cyber security hub, building on its blend of
world-class talent, leading forensic science expertise and tech research excellence to
achieve 5,000 cyber security professionals in Northern Ireland by 2030.

7. Scope the establishment of a Northern Ireland hub in London - complementing the
Invest Northern Ireland London Hub - to provide an increased opportunity for Northern
Ireland stakeholder engagement in London. In tandem, explore the creation of a UK
Government hub in Northern Ireland to increase the visibility and accessibility of UK
Government departments in Northern Ireland.

Future relationship with the European Union
8. The UK Government recognises the importance for Northern Ireland of the
negotiations with the European Union on a new trading relationship, and on the
implementation of the Protocol to the Withdrawal Agreement on Northern Ireland and
Ireland. We have already committed to ensuring that there is a New Deal for Northern
Ireland as we leave the European Union, maximising trade opportunities and
investment. The Government is determined to get the right deal for Northern Ireland
and the whole of the United Kingdom, and would welcome close engagement with a
restored Executive on Northern Ireland’s priorities in the next phase.

9. In recognition of this, the Government will ensure that representatives from the
Northern Ireland Executive are invited to be part of the UK delegation in any meetings
of the UK-EU Specialised or Joint Committees discussing Northern Ireland specific
matters which are also being attended by the Irish Government as part of the
European Union’s delegation.

10. The Government welcomes the consensus reached by all the parties recently on the
protections they wish to see for trade between Northern Ireland and Great Britain
under the Protocol. The Government is absolutely committed to ensuring that Northern
Ireland remains an integral part of the UK internal market, in line with the clear
guarantee in the Protocol that Northern Ireland remains in the customs territory of the
United Kingdom. To address the issues raised by the parties, we will legislate to
guarantee unfettered access for Northern Ireland’s businesses to the whole of the UK
internal market, and ensure that this legislation is in force for 1 January 2021. The
government will engage in detail with a restored Executive on measures to protect and
strengthen the UK internal market.

11. We will aim to negotiate with the European Union additional flexibilities and sensible
practical measures across all aspects of the Protocol that are supported by business
groups in Northern Ireland and maximise the free flow of trade. The Government
commits to ensuring that Northern Ireland’s businesses benefit from the UK’s new Free
Trade Agreements signed with other countries, and to consulting a restored Executive
along with the other devolved administrations on our wider trade policy.

12. As part of wider work examining funding options to support preparedness for entering
new trading arrangements with the European Union and support for businesses, the
Government will engage specifically with the Executive on the unique circumstances of
Northern Ireland and the Protocol.
Natural resources
No specific mention.
International funds
No specific mention.
Business
Page 8: Part 1: Priorities of the Restored Executive
...
> Investing for the future to ensure Northern Ireland is equipped to harness opportunities
and drive sustainable productivity, including opportunities for future trade as we leave the
EU. The economic context has changed considerably in the past three years. A top
priority of the Executive will be to develop a regionally-balanced economy with
opportunities for all.


Page 46:Annex A: UK Government Commitments to
Northern Ireland
...
Strengthening the economy
4. Enhance the assistance from business-supporting UK Government departments in NI,
including DIT, working in partnership with Northern Ireland agencies, including
InvestNI. This will include supporting the delivery of the Northern Ireland International
Trade plan, establishing a new Trade Advisory Board, appointment of Northern Ireland
Trade Ambassadors, and developing a Trade Accelerator Plan and a “Made in NI”
campaign.

5. Host an annual meeting of the Board of Trade in Northern Ireland and organise joint
Northern Ireland Executive and UK Government trade missions.

6. Promote Northern Ireland as a global cyber security hub, building on its blend of
world-class talent, leading forensic science expertise and tech research excellence to
achieve 5,000 cyber security professionals in Northern Ireland by 2030.

7. Scope the establishment of a Northern Ireland hub in London - complementing the
Invest Northern Ireland London Hub - to provide an increased opportunity for Northern
Ireland stakeholder engagement in London. In tandem, explore the creation of a UK
Government hub in Northern Ireland to increase the visibility and accessibility of UK
Government departments in Northern Ireland.



Page 47:Annex A: UK Government Commitments to
Northern Ireland
Strengthening the Economy
...
Future relationship with the European Union
8. The UK Government recognises the importance for Northern Ireland of the
negotiations with the European Union on a new trading relationship, and on the
implementation of the Protocol to the Withdrawal Agreement on Northern Ireland and
Ireland. We have already committed to ensuring that there is a New Deal for Northern
Ireland as we leave the European Union, maximising trade opportunities and
investment. The Government is determined to get the right deal for Northern Ireland
and the whole of the United Kingdom, and would welcome close engagement with a
restored Executive on Northern Ireland’s priorities in the next phase.

9. In recognition of this, the Government will ensure that representatives from the
Northern Ireland Executive are invited to be part of the UK delegation in any meetings
of the UK-EU Specialised or Joint Committees discussing Northern Ireland specific
matters which are also being attended by the Irish Government as part of the
European Union’s delegation.

10. The Government welcomes the consensus reached by all the parties recently on the
protections they wish to see for trade between Northern Ireland and Great Britain
under the Protocol. The Government is absolutely committed to ensuring that Northern
Ireland remains an integral part of the UK internal market, in line with the clear
guarantee in the Protocol that Northern Ireland remains in the customs territory of the
United Kingdom. To address the issues raised by the parties, we will legislate to
guarantee unfettered access for Northern Ireland’s businesses to the whole of the UK
internal market, and ensure that this legislation is in force for 1 January 2021. The
government will engage in detail with a restored Executive on measures to protect and
strengthen the UK internal market.

11. We will aim to negotiate with the European Union additional flexibilities and sensible
practical measures across all aspects of the Protocol that are supported by business
groups in Northern Ireland and maximise the free flow of trade. The Government
commits to ensuring that Northern Ireland’s businesses benefit from the UK’s new Free
Trade Agreements signed with other countries, and to consulting a restored Executive
along with the other devolved administrations on our wider trade policy.


Page 53: Annex A: UK Government Financial and Economic
Commitments to Northern Ireland
...
Addressing Northern Ireland’s unique circumstances
The Government will make funding available for a range of projects aimed at supporting
community and reconciliation initiatives to remove barriers, bring the people of Northern
Ireland together and build a safer, more secure society in Northern Ireland. This could
include areas such as:
...
A fund to promote the competitiveness of Northern Ireland’s economy, including
through trade missions and the GREAT campaign



Page 59:Annex B: Irish Government Commitments
...
Investment in the North West and Border Communities
The Irish Government fully recognises the need for further investment and development in
border areas.

The Irish Government has introduced a wide range of support programmes for enterprise
and the agri-food sector, including the €300 million Brexit Loan Scheme, the €300 million
Future Growth Loan Scheme, Enterprise Ireland’s Brexit Scorecard, Bord Bia’s Brexit
Barometer, and InterTradeIreland’s Brexit Vouchers. The Government is also continuing
preparatory work for Brexit-mitigation actions under Budget 2020 and targeted funding for
the sectors most affected in the event of a no deal Brexit.
Taxation
Reform of taxation
Page 9: Part 1: Priorities of the Restored Executive
...
The Executive will examine options to remove historical debt from the NI Housing
Executive and exclude it from having to pay Corporation Tax, and set a long-term
trajectory for the rental charges for NI Housing Executive homes which is sustainable
and is affordable to tenants.


Page 39: Appendix 1 - Programme for Government
...
iii. The Executive will examine options to remove historical debt from the NIHE and
exclude it from having to pay Corporation Tax.
Banks
No specific mention.

Land, property and environment

Land reform/rights
No specific mention.
Pastoralist/nomadism rights
No specific mention.
Cultural heritage
Tangible
Page 49: Annex A: UK Government Commitments to
Northern Ireland
...
Promoting Northern Ireland’s culture, heritage and society
22. Work alongside the restored Executive, to mark the centenary of Northern Ireland in
2021 in a spirit of mutual respect, inclusiveness and reconciliation in line with the
principles for remembering. This approach to the centenary will provide an opportunity
to reflect on the past as well as to build for the future, within NI, across the UK, across
the island of Ireland and internationally. We will make available funding to support a
number of projects to mark the centenary. This will include facilitating national
recognition and international awareness of this significant anniversary, as well as
exploring projects such as a Shared History Fund, the restoration of Craigavon House
and the Great Ulster Forest.
Intangible
Page 15: Part 2: Northern Ireland Executive Formation Agreement
Rights, language and identity
25.The parties affirm the need to respect the freedom of all persons in Northern
Ireland to choose, affirm, maintain and develop their national and cultural
identity and to celebrate and express that identity in a manner which takes into
account the sensitivities of those with different national or cultural identities and
respects the rule of law. They also affirm the need to encourage and promote
reconciliation, tolerance and meaningful dialogue between those of different
national and cultural identities in Northern Ireland with a view to promoting parity of
esteem, mutual respect, understanding and cooperation. These principles will
be reflected in legislation.

26.The First Minister and deputy First Minister, supported by Junior Ministers in The
Executive Office, will sponsor and oversee a new framework both recognising and
celebrating Northern Ireland’s diversity of identities and culture, and accommodating
cultural difference.

27.The framework will be underpinned by an affirmation of the birthright of all the
people of Northern Ireland to identify themselves and be accepted as Irish or British,
or both, as they may so choose, while acknowledging and accommodating those
within our community who define themselves as ‘other’ and those who form our
ethnic and newcomer communities. It will comprise:
a. An Office of Identity and Cultural Expression to promote cultural pluralism
and respect for diversity, build social cohesion and reconciliation and to
celebrate and support all aspects of Northern Ireland’s rich cultural and
linguistic heritage.
b. Legislation to create a Commissioner to recognise, support, protect and
enhance the development of the Irish language in Northern Ireland and to
provide official recognition of the status of the Irish Language in Northern
Ireland. The legislation will also repeal the Administration of Justice
(Language) Act (Ireland) 1737.
c. Legislation to create a further such Commissioner to enhance and develop
the language, arts and literature associated with the Ulster Scots / Ulster
British tradition and to provide official recognition of the status of the Ulster
Scots language in Northern Ireland. The legislation will also place a legal
duty on the Department of Education to encourage and facilitate the use of
Ulster Scots in the education system.
d. The main function of the Irish Language Commissioner will be to protect and
enhance the development of the use of the Irish language by public
authorities including by providing advice and guidance, and introducing,
supporting and monitoring the use of best practice language standards.
e. The main function of the further such Commissioner will be to enhance and
develop the language, arts and literature associated with the Ulster Scots/
Ulster British tradition in Northern Ireland.
f. A central Translation Hub will also be established in the Department of
Finance within three months of an agreement, in order to provide language
translation services for the 9 Executive Departments, Arm’s Length Bodies,
Local Government and Public Bodies.
g. The Assembly’s Standing Orders will also be amended to allow any person
to conduct their business before the Assembly or an Assembly Committee
through Irish or Ulster Scots. A simultaneous translation system will be made
available in the Assembly to ensure that a person without Irish or Ulster
Scots is not placed at a disadvantage.
h. This legislation - including establishing the Office and both Commissioners -
will be established as new dedicated parts of the Northern Ireland Act 1998.
This is the legislation which implements the Belfast (Good Friday) Agreement
and subsequent agreements and establishes the Assembly and Executive in
law. The enactment of these new Parts of the Northern Ireland Act will reflect
the importance of these issues to people and society in Northern Ireland.
i. The Office of Identity will provide funding streams and schemes, including
publishing and broadcasting, small grants, events and tourism, exhibition and
museum curation, built heritage, cultural education and tourism projects.

28.An Ad-Hoc Assembly Committee will be established to consider the creation of a Bill
of Rights that is faithful to the stated intention of the 1998 Agreement in that it
contains rights supplementary to those contained in the European Convention on
Human Rights (which are currently applicable) and “that reflect the particular
circumstances of Northern Ireland”; as well as reflecting the principles of mutual
respect for the identity and ethos of both communities and parity of esteem.

29.The full details of the agreement in respect of rights, language and identity are set
out in Annex E.


Page 27: Annex D: Programme for Government
...
4.6.2. The Programme for Government could be underpinned by key
supporting strategies, including the following:
...
4.6.2.13. Irish Language Strategy; and,
4.6.2.14. Ulster Scots Strategy.


Page 31: Annex E: Rights, language and identity
5.1. The First Minister and deputy First Minister, supported by Junior Ministers in
The Executive Office, will sponsor and oversee a new framework both
recognising and celebrating Northern Ireland’s diversity of identities and
culture and accommodating cultural difference. This framework will be
underpinned by the birthright of all the people of Northern Ireland to identify
themselves and be accepted as Irish or British, or both, as they may so
choose, while fully acknowledging and accommodating those within our
community who define themselves as ‘other’, and those from our ethnic
communities and newcomer communities.

5.2. The guiding principles of this framework will be set out in legislation, and
public authorities must in exercising their functions have due regard to the
principles, namely:

5.2.1. the need to respect the freedom of all persons in Northern Ireland to
choose, affirm, maintain and develop their national and cultural
identity and to celebrate and express that identity in a manner which
takes into account the sensitivities of those with different national or
cultural identities and respects the rule of law;

5.2.2. the need to encourage and promote reconciliation, tolerance and
meaningful dialogue between those of different national and cultural
identities in Northern Ireland with a view to promoting parity of esteem,
mutual respect, understanding and cooperation. The Office of
Identity and Cultural Expression (the ‘Office’) provides the central
point for giving effect to these principles and promoting this
framework.

...

5.4. The Office will be established as a statutory body, to which the First Minister
and deputy First Minister, acting jointly, will appoint a Director.

5.5. In giving effect to the guiding principles the Office will undertake the following
functions:
5.5.1. provide guidance to public authorities;
5.5.2. monitor compliance with the duty to have due regard to the principles;
5.5.3. report to the Assembly on compliance;
5.5.4. promote examples of best practice;
5.5.5. commission and publish research and reports in respect of cultural
traditions and identities;
5.5.6. in response to requests from either Commissioner, on issues of a
challenging nature, undertake independent research, reach balanced
findings and make recommendations on matters of concern;
5.5.7. promote public awareness and educational programmes, including
guidance on how the rights of a child to learn about their identity and
heritage, as well as those of other traditions, will be incorporated into
the education sector;
5.5.8. periodically audit public authorities on how they have respected and
accommodated the cultural expression of minorities within their area of
responsibility;
5.5.9. provide grant aid (capital and revenue) to projects and programmes
consistent with its aims set out in paragraph 5.3. The Office will have
funding streams and schemes including publishing and broadcasting,
small grants, events and tourism, exhibition and museum curation,
built heritage, cultural education and tourism projects;
5.5.10. develop close working relationships with the Commission on Flags,
Identity, Culture and Tradition (FICT); the Community Relations
Council; the work on Together: Building a United Community (T:BUC);
the community and voluntary sector; the Department for Communities;
and other stakeholders involved in promoting cultural pluralism and
respect for diversity; and
5.5.11. provide corporate support/shared services (IT, finance, HR, legal etc.)
to both Commissioners (see below).

5.6. An Irish Language Commissioner will be appointed to protect and enhance
the development of the use of the Irish language by public authorities,
including by providing advice and guidance, and introducing, supporting and
monitoring the use of best practice language standards.

5.7. The Commissioner will be appointed by the First Minister and deputy First
Minister as a key element of providing, under statute, official recognition of
the status of the Irish language in Northern Ireland.

5.8. The main function of the Commissioner will be to protect and enhance the
development of the Irish language. The Commissioner will:

5.8.1. prepare, in accordance with guidance from Ministers, best practice
standards for the use of the Irish language by public authorities - these
standards are to be agreed by the First Minister and deputy First
Minister;

5.8.2. provide support to public authorities in connection with those
standards;

5.8.3. monitor the performance of public authorities in meeting those
standards; and

5.8.4. investigate complaints where a public authority has failed to have due
regard to those standards.

5.9. The legislation will stipulate that the Commissioner will, prior to introduction,
consult on the development of a number of categories and standards. Each
public body will be assessed and placed in one of the categories on the basis
of set criteria such as the level of interaction with the public, number of
employees and established need. There will be a ‘sliding scale’ of standards
within categories dependent on the criteria. The Commissioner will engage
with each public body to agree how it can fulfil its requirement under the
standards; and each public body will develop an implementation plan

5.10. With specific reference to paragraph 5.8.1 above, guidance issued by
Ministers should emphasise the importance of the Commissioner producing
best practice standards that:

5.10.1. reflect the guiding principles of the framework as set out in legislation,
and serve to promote mutual respect, good relations, understanding
and reconciliation;

5.10.2. take account of consultation with public authorities; and
5.10.3. place requirements on public authorities that are reasonable,
proportionate and practical.

5.11. The guidance will ask the Commissioner, as a first priority, to focus on
developing best practice standards that facilitate interaction between Irish
language users and public bodies, including but not limited to making
information or forms available in Irish where required, enabling widely used
public websites to have an Irish Language translation available, and ensuring
that public bodies reply in Irish where practical to correspondence in Irish.
Public bodies will each continue to make their own decisions on other
matters to do with the Irish language.

5.12. Best practice standards recommended by the Commissioner, and all
subsequent changes to those standards, are to be put for approval to the
First Minister and deputy First Minister.

5.13. The legislation in respect of Irish language will also include the repeal of the
Administration of Justice (Language) Act (Ireland) 1737 and make any
necessary statutory provision for births, marriages and deaths to be
registrable through Irish, and for wills to be validly made in Irish, as an option
and matter for individual choice. Irish and other languages will be facilitated
when deemed necessary by the courts. Nothing in the legislation will affect
the status of the English Language.

5.14. A further such commissioner will be appointed by the First Minister and
deputy First Minister to enhance and develop the language, arts and
literature associated with the Ulster Scots / Ulster British tradition in Northern
Ireland.

5.15. The Commissioner’s remit will include the areas of education, research,
media, cultural activities and facilities and tourism initiatives.

5.16. The functions of the Commissioner will be to –

5.16.1. increase awareness and visibility of relevant services which are
provided by public authorities in Northern Ireland;

5.16.2. provide advice and guidance to public authorities, including where
relevant on the effect and implementation, so far as affecting Ulster
Scots, of commitments under the European Charter for Regional and
Minority Languages, the European Framework Convention for the
Protection of National Minorities, and the United Nations Convention
on the Rights of the Child; and;

5.16.3. investigate complaints where a public authority fails to have due
regard to such advice provided by the Commissioner in respect of
facilitating the use of Ulster Scots.

5.17. With specific reference to 5.16 above, the functions of the Commissioner
should be exercised in a way that:

5.17.1. reflects the guiding principles of the framework as set out in
legislation, and serve to promote mutual respect, good relations,
understanding and reconciliation;

5.17.2. takes account of consultation with public authorities;

5.17.3. are reasonable, proportionate and practical.

5.18. Both Commissioners will, in discharging their functions, act independently
and consistently with the principles set out in paragraph 5.2 above.

5.19. The legislation will also include a duty on the Department of Education to
encourage and facilitate the use and understanding of Ulster Scots in the
education system.

5.20. In fulfilling their roles, both Commissioners will work in close cooperation with
the Boord o Ulstèr-Scotch, and with Foras na Gaeilge with a view to ensuring
complementarity.

5.21. Furthermore, provisions for both Irish language and Ulster Scots will be made
for the following:

5.21.1. a central Translation Hub will be established in the Department of
Finance within three months of an agreement, in order to provide
language translation services for the 9 Executive Departments, Arm’s
Length Bodies, Local Government and Public Bodies.

5.21.2. the Assembly’s Standing Orders will be amended to allow any person
to conduct their business before the Assembly or an Assembly
Committee through Irish or Ulster Scots. A simultaneous translation
system will be made available in the Assembly to ensure that a person
without Irish or Ulster Scots is not placed at a disadvantage.

5.21.3. under Section 28D of the Northern Ireland Act 1998 the re-established
Executive will produce a draft Irish Language Strategy and a draft
Ulster Scots Language, Heritage and Culture Strategy for
consultations within 6 months. This will include programmes and
schemes which will assist in the development of the Irish language
and the Ulster Scots language, culture and heritage.

5.21.4. however, nothing in legislation or in the functions of the
Commissioners shall require any quotas in employment for speakers
of any particular language.

Processing Legislation
5.22. The parties have agreed to legislate in respect of the core elements of the
framework outlined above.

5.23. The Northern Ireland Act 1998 – as the core legislative vehicle which
implements the Belfast (Good Friday) Agreement and subsequent
agreements – will be amended by the introduction and enactment of three
Bills. Draft Bills will be officially published on the day of the formation of the
Executive and presented to the Assembly for consideration within 3 months
of the restoration of the institutions, as part of an integrated package of
legislation that will pass through the legislative process simultaneously. The
three Bills will make provision as follows:

● Northern Ireland Act 1998 (Amendment No 1) Bill
To make provisions to establish the Office of Identity and Cultural
Expression.

● Northern Ireland Act 1998 (Amendment No 2) Bill
To make provisions for the Irish Language.

● Northern Ireland Act 1998 (Amendment No 3) Bill
To make provisions to establish a Commissioner to enhance and
develop the language, arts and literature associated with the Ulster
Scots / Ulster British tradition in Northern Ireland.

5.24. The three Bills will share a common framework through linked references in
each Bill to the principles set out in paragraph 5.2 above. It is intended that
the Bills will be introduced as part of an integrated package of legislation, and
accordingly no Bill should be regarded as independent from the other two.
5.25. Once enacted by the Assembly, the three Bills will amend the Northern
Ireland Act 1998 by inserting the provisions as new, separate Parts. The Irish
language provisions will form a new [Part X] of the Northern Ireland Act 1998.
The provisions dealing with the second Commissioner will be inserted as
[Part Y]; and provisions dealing with the Office for Identity and Cultural
Expression as [Part Z]


Page 49: Annex A: UK Government Commitments to
Northern Ireland
...
23. Support discussions with NI Screen to explore how the remit of the Ulster Scots
Broadcasting Fund (USBF) and Irish Language Broadcasting Fund (ILBF) can be
broadened, and will increase funding for the USBF and ILBF to reflect any broadened
remit.

24. Recognise Ulster Scots as a national minority under the Framework Convention for the
Protection of National Minorities.

26. Provide funding to establish a Culture and Community fund to support expression of
identities and progress cultural development in the region and beyond, supporting
various groups in the expression of culture, arts and heritage and community halls and
bands

27. Update the Flags Regulations (Northern Ireland) 2000 to bring the list of designated
flag flying days from Northern Ireland government buildings and court-houses into line
with the DCMS designated days, meaning the same designated days will be observed
in Northern Ireland as in the rest of the UK going forward. This will involve the addition
of three designated days.
...
29. Foster closer ties and better collaborative working across a range of sectors in the UK
chiefly tourism, sport and culture. This will mean attracting a portfolio of national and
international events, including through developing a proposed UK-Ireland bid for the
2030 FIFA world cup.

30. Facilitate the establishment of a homecoming project, strengthening links and
relationships with the Northern Ireland diaspora and alumni across the world to be
harnessed to improve the understanding of Northern Ireland and its contribution on the
international stage as well as exploring economic opportunities.

Page 61: Annex B: Irish Government Commitments
...
Language and Culture
...
The Government remains committed to the work of the North / South language bodies and
to the promotion of the Irish language.
In this context, the Government will make provision for additional funding over 3 years with
a contribution to the Irish Language Broadcasting Fund, and funding for a promotional
programme by An Ciste Infheistíochta Gaeilge to be delivered in partnership with Irish
medium community groups, Glór na nGael and the Gaelbhratach Scheme. Funding will
also be provided to develop Irish Language Networks.
Promotion
Page 31: Annex E: Rights, language and identity

5.3. The strategic aims of the Office will be:

5.3.1. to promote cultural pluralism and respect for diversity, including
Northern Ireland’s ethnic, national, linguistic and faith communities;

5.3.2. build social cohesion and reconciliation so that everyone has a sense
of belonging;

5.3.3. build capacity and resilience on how we address our unresolved
cultural identity issues; and

5.3.4. celebrate and support all aspects of Northern Ireland’s rich cultural
and linguistic heritage, recognising the equal validity and importance
of all identities and traditions.



Page 50: Annex A: UK Government Commitments to
Northern Ireland
...
28. Facilitate the establishment of a connected classroom programme to provide young
people in Northern Ireland with the opportunity to connect, engage and collaborate with
other young people across the UK as well as a programme of intercultural exchanges
for young people between the regions of the UK to support increased cultural
connections and understanding of the diversity of identity and culture within the UK.
Other
Page 50: Annex A: UK Government Commitments to
Northern Ireland
25. Provide funding to establish the Castlereagh Foundation, a fund to support academic
research through Universities and other partners to explore identity and the shifting
patterns of social identity in Northern Ireland.
Environment
Page 8: Part 1: Priorities of the Restored Executive
...
The Executive will tackle climate change head on with a strategy to address the
immediate and longer term impacts of climate change.

The Executive will introduce legislation and targets for reducing carbon emissions in
line with the Paris Climate Change Accord.


Page 14: Part 2: Northern Ireland Executive Formation Agreement
Programme for Government
...
23.By April 2020, informed by a detailed stakeholder engagement process, the
Executive will publish a new strategic level outcomes-based Programme for
Government aligned to a multi-year budget with a sustained approach to public
finances and prioritised investment in infrastructure and public services. The new
Programme will be aimed at delivering lasting changes and improvements in key
priority areas and will include measures aimed at: removing paramilitarism, ending
sectarianism, transforming health and social care, reforming education, ensuring
households have access to good quality, affordable and sustainable homes,
addressing climate change, creating good jobs and protecting workers’ rights


Page 26: Annex D: Programme for Government
...
4.2. The parties’ agreed approach is to build on the outcomes in the previous
Programme for Government, adding a new focus on the priorities of:
housing; education; childcare; infrastructure and services, climate
change; ending sectarianism; and tackling paramilitarism.


Page 43: Appendix 2 - Programme for Government
...
Climate Change
ix. The parties recognise the need for a coordinated and strategic approach to the
challenge of climate change within the Programme for Government. Actions and
interventions will be required across a wide range of areas in order to address
both the immediate and longer term impacts of climate change in a fair and just
way. To this end:

● The Executive’s strategies to reduce carbon emissions will be reviewed in
light of the Paris Climate Change Accord and the climate crisis.

● A new Energy Strategy will set ambitious targets and actions for a fair and
just transition to a zero carbon society.

● The Executive should bring forward a Climate Change Act to give
environmental targets a strong legal underpinning.

● The Executive will establish an Independent Environmental Protection
Agency to oversee this work and ensure targets are met.

● The Economic Strategy will support clean and inclusive growth and create
jobs as part of a Green New Deal.

● The Executive will create a plan to eliminate plastic pollution.

● RHI will be closed down and replaced by a scheme that effectively cuts
carbon emissions.


Page 58: Annex B: Irish Government Commitments
...
The restoration of the Northern Ireland Executive, Northern Ireland Assembly and the
North / South Ministerial Council to operation is a hugely important opportunity to set an
ambitious and positive agenda for all the people of Northern Ireland, on the island of
Ireland North and South, as well as East-West on these islands.
Overall, this should address:
...
- Strategic challenges, including Brexit and Climate Change
Water or riparian rights or access
No specific mention.

Security sector

Security Guarantees
No specific mention.
Ceasefire
No specific mention.
Police
Page 7: Part 1: Priorities of the Restored Executive
...
The Executive will increase police numbers to 7,500. The Executive will deliver
committal reform to help speed up the criminal justice system, benefiting victims and
witnesses


Page 41: Appendix 1 - Programme for Government
...
Policing
xxi. A renewed focus will be put on strengthening approaches and supporting
mechanisms for policing in the community. This will be complemented with an
increase in resources, both human and financial, for the neighbouring policing
teams.
Armed forces
Page 49: Annex A: UK Government Commitments to
Northern Ireland
Delivering on our Commitments
...
Our commitments to veterans
18. Introduce UK-wide legislation to further incorporate the Armed Forces Covenant into
law and support full implementation of the Armed Forces Covenant.
19. Appoint a Northern Ireland Veterans' Commissioner to act as an independent point of
contact to support and enhance outcomes for veterans in Northern Ireland.
20. Initiate a review of the Aftercare Service in Northern Ireland (ACS) which will consider
whether the remit of the ACS should be widened to cover all HM Forces veterans living
in Northern Ireland with service-related injuries and conditions.
21. Ensure that the work of the War Memorials Trust who protect and conserve war
memorials across the UK is better promoted and understood in Northern Ireland.


Page 53: Annex A: UK Government Financial and Economic
Commitments to Northern Ireland
...
Addressing Northern Ireland’s unique circumstances
The Government will make funding available for a range of projects aimed at supporting
community and reconciliation initiatives to remove barriers, bring the people of Northern
Ireland together and build a safer, more secure society in Northern Ireland. This could
include areas such as:
...
● Supporting the armed forces and veterans, including funding for a new Veteran’s
Commissioner
DDR
No specific mention.
Intelligence services
No specific mention.
Parastatal/rebel and opposition group forces
Page 9: Part 1: Priorities of the Restored Executive
...
The parties reaffirm their commitment to tackling paramilitarism. Ending the harm done
by paramilitarism will be a priority in the new Programme for Government.

Page 14: Part 2: Northern Ireland Executive
Formation Agreement
Programme for Government
...
23.By April 2020, informed by a detailed stakeholder engagement process, the
Executive will publish a new strategic level outcomes-based Programme for
Government aligned to a multi-year budget with a sustained approach to public
finances and prioritised investment in infrastructure and public services. The new
Programme will be aimed at delivering lasting changes and improvements in key
priority areas and will include measures aimed at: removing paramilitarism, ending
sectarianism, transforming health and social care, reforming education, ensuring
households have access to good quality, affordable and sustainable homes,
addressing climate change, creating good jobs and protecting workers’ rights.


Page 26: 4. Annex D: Programme for Government
...
4.2. The parties’ agreed approach is to build on the outcomes in the previous
Programme for Government, adding a new focus on the priorities of:
housing; education; childcare; infrastructure and services, climate
change; ending sectarianism; and tackling paramilitarism.

Page 40: Appendix 1 - Programme for Government
...
Tackling paramilitarism
xv. A targeted and specific focus across government to tackle paramilitarism.


Page 42: Appendix 2 - Programme for Government
Ending paramilitarism
i. The parties reaffirm their commitment to tackling paramilitarism. Ending the
harm done by paramilitarism will be made a strategic priority in the revised
Programme for Government outcomes.


Page 48: Annex A: UK Government Commitments to
Northern Ireland
The Fresh Start Agreement
17. Continue to ensure that PSNI and others are appropriately resourced to deal with
terrorism and paramilitary activity, provide funding to ensure the work of the
Programme to Tackle Paramilitary Activity, Criminality and Organised Crime can
continue and redouble efforts to address commitments arising from the Fresh Start
Panel Report on the Disbandment of Paramilitary Groups in Northern Ireland.


Page 53: Annex A: UK Government Financial and Economic
Commitments to Northern Ireland
Addressing Northern Ireland’s unique circumstances
The Government will make funding available for a range of projects aimed at supporting
community and reconciliation initiatives to remove barriers, bring the people of Northern
Ireland together and build a safer, more secure society in Northern Ireland. This could
include areas such as:
...
● Additional funding for tackling paramilitarism.


Page 40: Appendix 1 - Programme for Government
...
Tackling paramilitarism
xv. A targeted and specific focus across government to tackle paramilitarism

Page 42:Appendix 2 - Programme for Government
...
Ending paramilitarism
i. The parties reaffirm their commitment to tackling paramilitarism. Ending the
harm done by paramilitarism will be made a strategic priority in the revised
Programme for Government outcomes.


Page 48: Annex A: UK Government Commitments to
Northern Ireland
Delivering on our Commitments
...
The Fresh Start Agreement
17. Continue to ensure that PSNI and others are appropriately resourced to deal with
terrorism and paramilitary activity, provide funding to ensure the work of the
Programme to Tackle Paramilitary Activity, Criminality and Organised Crime can
continue and redouble efforts to address commitments arising from the Fresh Start
Panel Report on the Disbandment of Paramilitary Groups in Northern Ireland.


Page 53: Annex A: UK Government Financial and Economic
Commitments to Northern Ireland
...
Addressing Northern Ireland’s unique circumstances
The Government will make funding available for a range of projects aimed at supporting
community and reconciliation initiatives to remove barriers, bring the people of Northern
Ireland together and build a safer, more secure society in Northern Ireland. This could
include areas such as:
...
● Additional funding for tackling paramilitarism.
Withdrawal of foreign forces
No specific mention.
Corruption
Page 11: Part 2: Northern Ireland Executive Formation
...
Transparency, accountability and the functioning of the Executive

3. Ministers and civil servants, including special advisers, each have a part to play in
rebuilding the trust of citizens in the operation of a future administration. The
parties reaffirm their commitment to greater transparency and improved governance
arrangements that are aimed at securing and maintaining public confidence. This is
particularly important in light of the public inquiry into the RHI scheme.

4. The parties have therefore agreed to an ambitious package of measures to
strengthen transparency and governance arrangements in the Assembly and
Executive in line with international best practice. The Executive will, as a matter of
urgency, produce strengthened drafts of the ministerial, civil service and special
adviser codes, to be implemented immediately.

5. The measures agreed here include:
a. making clear the accountability of Ministers to the Assembly;
b. strengthening Ministers’ responsibility for their special advisers;
c. publishing details of Ministers’ meetings with external organisations;
d. publishing details of gifts and hospitality received by special advisers,
meetings with external organisations, and pay;
e. strengthening requirements for record-keeping and the protections for
whistleblowers;
f. establishment of a fiscal council which would assess and report on the
sustainability of the Executive’s finances and spending proposals.

6. The parties also agree to establish a robust, independent enforcement
mechanism to deal with breaches of the Ministerial Code and related documents.

7. The Executive will establish a dedicated sub-committee which will consider the
findings of the RHI inquiry and propose further reforms, in addition to those in this
agreement, to deliver the changes necessary to rebuild public confidence. The
parties agree to deliver any such reforms rapidly once the inquiry has reported.
8. The full detail of these transparency and accountability measures is set out in
Annex A.


Page 17: Annex A: Transparency, accountability and the functioning of the Executive
1.1. The parties have agreed the following measures. The Executive will, as a
matter of urgency, produce strengthened drafts of the relevant codes to be
implemented immediately.

1.1.1. Making clear the accountability of Ministers to the Assembly and the
need for statutory committees to be provided with the information they
require to allow them to discharge their role.

1.1.2. Strengthening the requirements for the declaration and handling of
interests by Ministers with full declaration of interests on appointment
to be regularly updated and for relevant interests to be published.

1.1.3. Ministers to be responsible for the management, conduct and
discipline of their special advisers (to also be included in the Special
Adviser Code of Conduct).

1.1.4. Enforcement of the Ministerial Code (and other codes) is key to
making the Executive more accountable and transparent (options for a
process to achieve this is the subject of a separate paper).

1.1.5. Make clear the need for the recording of ministerial meetings (to also
be included in the Civil Service Code), the attendance of officials at
ministerial meetings, and the prompt declaration to the Department of
any substantive discussions with external organisations relating to
departmental business at which no officials were present.

1.1.6. Publish details of meetings with external organisations (and also gifts
and hospitality received).

1.1.7. Special Adviser Code to include an overarching introduction making
clear the critical role special advisers have in supporting Ministers and
that they are an important part of the team working closely alongside
civil servants to deliver Ministers’ priorities.

1.1.8. Making clear that Ministers are responsible for the management,
conduct and discipline of their special advisers (and that this
requirement will be incorporated in the Ministerial Code).

1.1.9. Incorporating any changes agreed to the Civil Service Code in the
Special Adviser Code.

1.1.10. Publishing details of gifts and hospitality received by special advisers,
meetings with external organisations, and pay.

1.1.11. Include the requirement that while individual civil servants are
accountable to their department’s Minister, the civil service also has a
wider obligation to the Executive as a whole.

1.1.12. Include an explicit requirement to maintain accurate records, and that
information should be handled as openly and transparently as
possible within the legal framework.

1.1.13. Make clear that within the civil service there is zero tolerance of
harassment, bullying or inappropriate or discriminatory behaviour and
that action should be taken to ensure there is a culture where people
can speak up about unacceptable behaviour.

1.1.14. Strengthening the rules and awareness around whistleblowing /
speaking up so that proper consideration is given to both internal and
external complaints.

1.2. In addition, the parties agree that Ministers are obliged to abide by the
provisions of Guidance to Ministers on the Exercise of their Functions and
Conduct of Executive Business.

1.3. Anyone may make a complaint regarding alleged breaches of ministerial
standards or the Ministerial Code. Complaints will only be considered if the
complainant provides their name, contact details and sufficient details of the
alleged breach to be able to give it full consideration.

1.4. Complaints that a Minister has breached the Ministerial Code of Conduct,
Guidance to Ministers on the Exercise of their Functions or Conduct of
Executive Business will be referred to the Commissioners for Ministerial
Standards.

1.5. The Commissioners will decide whether a complaint has sufficient merit to be
considered, and will decline to investigate a complaint that is frivolous,
vexatious, or made in bad faith.

1.6. The Commissioners will number three in addition to the Assembly
Commissioner for Standards, and will be appointed by the First Minister and
deputy First Minister.

1.7. The Commissioners may ask for the facts from the Secretary to the
Executive to inform their decision as to whether to investigate a complaint.
1.8. The Commissioners’ decision to investigate or not to investigate, and the
grounds for their decision, will be published. There will be strict, published,
timeframes to adhere to for each stage of the process.

1.9. When the Commissioners investigate a complaint, they will publish the
findings of their investigation. Their findings will include whether or not the
Minister has been found to have breached the terms of the Code or
Guidance, and the relative seriousness of the breach. The findings will not
include any recommendation regarding sanctions. This will ultimately be a
matter for the relevant Party/Assembly process.

1.10. The published report of the Commissioners may provide the grounds upon
which others may initiate their own sanctions, including those under s.30 of
the NI Act 1998 by which the Assembly can suspend a Minister on the
passing of a motion of no confidence supported by 30 MLAs or moved by the
First Minister and deputy First Minister acting jointly. The published report
may also be taken into consideration by the nominating officer of the
Minister’s party.

1.11. All Ministers and civil servants, including special advisers, will cooperate fully
with any investigation by the Commissioners for Ministerial Standards.

1.12. The Assembly Committee on Standards and Privileges will be enhanced by
the appointment of 3 independent lay members with voting rights.

1.13. The Executive will as a matter of priority take forward reviews of civil service
reform, including procurement and appointment processes, public
appointments and arm’s length bodies.

Page 22: Annex C: Sustainability of the Institutions
Executive Business
...
3.3. The parties have agreed to adopt a new and strengthened Conduct of
Executive Business document. Consistent with the principles and procedures
included in the transparency section of this Agreement, breaches of the
document will be effectively and proportionately enforced.


Page 28: Annex D: Programme for Government
...
4.6.5. The Programme for Government must be underpinned by a multi-year
budget, with a sustainable approach to public finances and prioritised
investment in infrastructure and public services. There must be greater
transparency, giving people clear information on what will be delivered
with taxpayers' and ratepayers’ money, and, where the Executive is
seeking to raise additional revenue, it must be made clear what
service improvements and investments will be funded with the
additional money.
Crime/organised crime
Page 48: Annex A: UK Government Commitments to
Northern Ireland
Delivering on our Commitments
...
The Fresh Start Agreement
17. Continue to ensure that PSNI and others are appropriately resourced to deal with
terrorism and paramilitary activity, provide funding to ensure the work of the
Programme to Tackle Paramilitary Activity, Criminality and Organised Crime can
continue and redouble efforts to address commitments arising from the Fresh Start
Panel Report on the Disbandment of Paramilitary Groups in Northern Ireland.
Drugs
Page 2: Part 1: Priorities of the Restored Executive
...
The Executive will publish a Mental Health Action Plan within 2 months; a Mental Health
Strategy by December 2020; a successor strategy and action plan to the Strategic
Direction for Alcohol and Drugs Phase 2 within 3 months; and a new strategy and
implementation plan on cancer by December 2020

Page 29: Annex D: Programme for Government
...
4.6.11. The parties agree that an Assembly Committee should be established
to monitor progress against each of the Programme for Government
outcomes and to consider potential measures for achieving
improvement. A dedicated Programme for Government monitoring and
reporting website will be developed which will allow for full and
transparent public reporting.
Terrorism

Transitional justice

Transitional justice general
No specific mention.
Amnesty/pardon
No specific mention.
Courts
No specific mention.
Mechanism
Page 48: Annex A: UK Government Commitments to
Northern Ireland
Delivering on our Commitments
...
The Stormont House Agreement
16. As part of the Government’s wider legislative agenda, the Government will, within 100
days, publish and introduce legislation in the UK Parliament to implement the Stormont
House Agreement, to address Northern Ireland legacy issues. The Government will
now start an intensive process with the Northern Ireland parties, and the Irish
Government as appropriate, to maintain a broad-based consensus on these issues,
recognising that any such UK Parliament legislation should have the consent of the NI
Assembly.
Prisoner release
No specific mention.
Vetting
No specific mention.
Victims
No specific mention.
Missing persons
No specific mention.
Reparations
Material reparations
Page 7: Part 1: Priorities of the Restored Executive
...
The Executive will establish an expert group to examine and propose an action plan to
address links between persistent educational underachievement and
socio-economic background, including the long-standing issues facing working-class,
Protestant boys.
Reconciliation
Page 7: Part 1: Priorities of the Restored Executive
...
To help build a shared and integrated society, the Executive will support educating
children and young people of different backgrounds together in the classroom


Page 9: Part 1: Priorities of the Restored Executive
...
There will be a focus within the Programme for Government on ending sectarianism and
robust supporting strategies and actions will be put in place


Page 14: Part 2: Northern Ireland Executive Formation Agreement
Programme for Government
...
23.By April 2020, informed by a detailed stakeholder engagement process, the
Executive will publish a new strategic level outcomes-based Programme for
Government aligned to a multi-year budget with a sustained approach to public
finances and prioritised investment in infrastructure and public services. The new
Programme will be aimed at delivering lasting changes and improvements in key
priority areas and will include measures aimed at: removing paramilitarism, ending
sectarianism, transforming health and social care, reforming education, ensuring
households have access to good quality, affordable and sustainable homes,
addressing climate change, creating good jobs and protecting workers’ rights

24.In moving to a better, more prosperous and shared future the parties recognise the
need to address the legacy of the past. To that end, the parties are committed to
working together and to doing everything possible to heal wounds and eliminate the
issues that divide us

Rights, language and identity
25.The parties affirm the need to respect the freedom of all persons in Northern
Ireland to choose, affirm, maintain and develop their national and cultural
identity and to celebrate and express that identity in a manner which takes into
account the sensitivities of those with different national or cultural identities and
respects the rule of law. They also affirm the need to encourage and promote
reconciliation, tolerance and meaningful dialogue between those of different
national and cultural identities in Northern Ireland with a view to promoting parity of
esteem, mutual respect, understanding and cooperation. These principles will
be reflected in legislation.

Page 31: Annex E: Rights, language and identity
...
5.2.2. the need to encourage and promote reconciliation, tolerance and
meaningful dialogue between those of different national and cultural
identities in Northern Ireland with a view to promoting parity of esteem,
mutual respect, understanding and cooperation. The Office of
Identity and Cultural Expression (the ‘Office’) provides the central
point for giving effect to these principles and promoting this
framework

Page 34: Annex E: Rights, language and identity
...
5.10. With specific reference to paragraph 5.8.1 above, guidance issued by
Ministers should emphasise the importance of the Commissioner producing
best practice standards that:
5.10.1. reflect the guiding principles of the framework as set out in legislation,
and serve to promote mutual respect, good relations, understanding
and reconciliation;
...
5.17. With specific reference to 5.16 above, the functions of the Commissioner
should be exercised in a way that:
5.17.1. reflects the guiding principles of the framework as set out in
legislation, and serve to promote mutual respect, good relations,
understanding and reconciliation;


Page 42: Appendix 2 - Programme for Government
...
Ending sectarianism
ii. There will be an enhanced strategic focus within the Programme for Government
on ending sectarianism and robust supporting strategies and actions will be put
in place.

iii. All Parties reaffirm their support for the right to freedom from sectarianism,
sectarian harassment and intimidation. The Executive's 'Together Building a
United Community' Strategy defines sectarianism as, threatening, abusive or
insulting behaviour or attitudes towards a person by reason of that person's
religious belief or political opinion; or to an individual as a member of such a
group'.

iv. The TBUC Strategy outlines a vision of 'a united community, based on equality
of opportunity, the desirability of good relations and reconciliation - one which is
strengthened by its diversity, where cultural expression is celebrated and
embraced and where everyone can live, learn, work and socialise together, free
from prejudice, hate and intolerance'.

v. The parties recognise the need to tackle sectarianism, prejudice and hate in
seeking to eliminate discrimination. The parties endorse the objectives outlined
above and wish to see sectarianism given legal expression as a hate crime. To
this end, the parties believe the Executive should formulate and require all public
representatives to commit to an anti-sectarian pledge.

Page 49: Annex A: UK Government Commitments to
Northern Ireland
...
Promoting Northern Ireland’s culture, heritage and society
22. Work alongside the restored Executive, to mark the centenary of Northern Ireland in
2021 in a spirit of mutual respect, inclusiveness and reconciliation in line with the
principles for remembering. This approach to the centenary will provide an opportunity
to reflect on the past as well as to build for the future, within NI, across the UK, across
the island of Ireland and internationally. We will make available funding to support a
number of projects to mark the centenary. This will include facilitating national
recognition and international awareness of this significant anniversary, as well as
exploring projects such as a Shared History Fund, the restoration of Craigavon House
and the Great Ulster Forest


Page 58: Annex B: Irish Government Commitments
...
The restoration of the Northern Ireland Executive, Northern Ireland Assembly and the
North / South Ministerial Council to operation is a hugely important opportunity to set an
ambitious and positive agenda for all the people of Northern Ireland, on the island of
Ireland North and South, as well as East-West on these islands.
Overall, this should address:
...
- Reconciliation


Page 61: Annex B: Irish Government Commitments
...
Reconciliation
- International Fund for Ireland
In recognition of the particular challenges which Northern Ireland continues to face and the
unique capabilities of the International Fund for Ireland (IFI) to work effectively for all
communities in Northern Ireland and border counties, the Government is committed in
principle to significant new funding for the IFI, working with other partners, to support the
delivery of the IFI Strategy 2021-2024.

- Reconciliation Fund
The Government will also maintain the enhanced level of funding for the Reconciliation
Fund at €3.7 million per year in support of projects in Northern Ireland and border areas,
with a focus on the most hard-to-reach and marginalised communities in terms of
economic and social deprivation.

We will also, in cooperation with the Executive, commission a study to identify challenges
facing border communities, paying particular attention to the needs of minorities in border
counties, and explore options, including establishment of dedicated funding streams, to
address gaps in current support.

- PEACE PLUS
Ireland has consistently prioritised the continuation of EU PEACE funding including
through ongoing engagement at EU level. We will continue work with our EU partners and
the UK Government and Northern Ireland Executive to ensure that the PEACE PLUS
programme, building on and continuing the work of both PEACE and INTERREG, will be
delivered through the Special EU Programmes Body in support of reconciliation and
harnessing the opportunities of our peace for all.

Implementation

UN signatory
No specific mention.
Other international signatory
No specific mention.
Referendum for agreement
No specific mention.
International mission/force/similar
No specific mention.
Enforcement mechanism
Page 14: Part 2: Northern Ireland Executive Formation Agreement
Rights, Language and Identity
...
h. This legislation - including establishing the Office and both Commissioners -
will be established as new dedicated parts of the Northern Ireland Act 1998.
This is the legislation which implements the Belfast (Good Friday) Agreement
and subsequent agreements and establishes the Assembly and Executive in
law. The enactment of these new Parts of the Northern Ireland Act will reflect
the importance of these issues to people and society in Northern Ireland.
i. The Office of Identity will provide funding streams and schemes, including
publishing and broadcasting, small grants, events and tourism, exhibition and
museum curation, built heritage, cultural education and tourism projects.


Page 38:Annex F: Agreement Review and Monitoring
6.1. The parties are very conscious that the integrity and credibility of this
Agreement is dependent on its effective and expeditious implementation.
Accordingly, progress in implementing the provisions of this Agreement
must be actively reviewed and monitored alongside or in coordination with
arrangements to monitor the implementation of previous Agreements
6.2. There will be a need for Implementation Review Meetings which will
include the Northern Ireland Executive’s party leaders. There will be
quarterly meetings, with the first meeting held before the end of January
2020 at which an Implementation Programme and Timetable will be
agreed. The UK Government and the Irish Government will be involved
as appropriate in accordance with the three stranded approach.
6.3. Quarterly updates on progress on the implementation of the Agreement
will be published


Page 54: Conditions of the UK Government Financial Commitments in
Support of a Restored Northern Ireland Executive

This funding package is accompanied by a number of conditions designed to ensure that
UK Government funding contributes to increasing overall fiscal and budgetary
sustainability in Northern Ireland’s public finances. The funding is dependent on the
functioning of the institutions and all funding provided in this financial package will be
withdrawn if the institutions collapse.

Conditions to promote budgetary, fiscal and political stability:

● An independent Fiscal Council will be established in Northern Ireland by July 2020. As
per the Fresh Start Agreement, the membership and terms of reference of this Council
will be agreed with the UK Government. It would:
○ prepare an annual assessment of the Executive’s revenue streams and
spending proposals and how these allow the Executive to balance their
budget; and

○ prepare a further annual report on the sustainability of the Executive’s public
finances, including the implications of spending policy and the effectiveness
of long-term efficiency measures; and

○ have its membership and terms of reference agreed with the UK
Government.

● From 2021/22 the Executive will put in place multi-year budgets (minimum 3 years)
where the UK Government has provided multi-year funding. The Executive commits to
delivering a balanced budget for Northern Ireland and to take steps to put Northern
Ireland’s finances on a sustainable footing.

● The UK Government will carefully review the findings of the RHI Inquiry Report, and
consider its implications for the use of public money in Northern Ireland, accountability,
and the wider responsibility of the UK Government to consider the public interest in
good governance and public administration.

Conditions to promote sustainable public services transformation:
● There will be regular (quarterly) reviews of UK Government funding provided under this
agreement, and implementation of all agreements via a UK Government - NI Executive
Joint Board. This will be convened by the Secretary of State for Northern Ireland and
will include the First Minister and deputy First Minister.

● The Joint Board would have as part of its Terms of Reference in particular the
oversight of transformation efforts in health, education and justice where these would
draw on funding under this agreement (this does not displace other normally-required
approvals). As part of that oversight the Board would keep under review healthcare
delivery structures in Northern Ireland, and be able to establish a separate
sub-committee to consider health transformation in particular, drawing on external
expertise as appropriate. The Board would also consider the effectiveness of
infrastructure delivery, including drawing on expertise from the Infrastructure and
Projects Authority as appropriate.

The University of Edinburgh