Unilateral ceasefire agreement signed between the ARDPC for peace in Ituri province

Country/entity
Democratic Republic of Congo
Region
Africa (excl MENA)
Agreement name
Unilateral ceasefire agreement signed between the ARDPC for peace in Ituri province
Date
14/08/2020
Agreement status
Unilateral document
Interim arrangement
No
Agreement/conflict level
Intrastate/intrastate conflict (Congo Civil Wars (1996 - )
The overthrow of the long-term dictator Mobutu Sese Seko by a rebel Tutsi army backed by Uganda and Rwanda in 1997 acted as a catalyst for a war with regional dimensions, mainly fought in the eastern Kivu provinces. The conflict escalated in 1998, when President Laurent Kabila, then backed by Zimbabwean and Angolan troops, ordered Rwanda and Uganda to leave. After Kabila’s assassination in 2001, his son Joseph took over the presidency and won in the 2006 democratic elections.

In the eastern provinces, Tutsi-led militias, mainly organised in the National Congress for the Defense of the People (CNDP), fought the remnants of the Rwandan Hutu force FDLR, with further involvement of Rwandan and Ugandan troops. Other regionally operating militia groups, like the Lord’s Resistance Army from Northern Uganda, the so-called Mai Mai groups or short-lived guerrilla outfits like the March 23 Movement (M23) further contributed, and still contribute, to the complexity of the situation in eastern DRC.

Congo Civil Wars (1996 - ) )
Stage
Ceasefire/related (Ceasefire)
Conflict nature
Government/territory
Peace process
31: DRC: Eastern DRC processes
Parties
Pour l'ARDPC
RR'ISA-KPALO DEOGRATACE [signature]
NGABU-NGAWI-OLIVIER [signature]
Third parties
Les Témoins:

1. Pour la délégation envoyée par le Chef de l'État
Floribert Ndjabu Ngabu [signature]

2. Les chefs des Groupements et des villages
LOMBUMI-BLEKPA-GABRIEL [signature]
Chef de groupements Nobjukpo. LODY ANGE DUANI-WILLY [signature]
Chef de groupement MBR'BU. Ayyub DHEKAMA [signature]

3. Les Responsables et Représentants de l'Église Locale
MBSIDZA-MALORIE Pasteur yo Zambe [illegible] [signature]
pasteur CECA yo MDJARR-KPABAMEA [signature]
gilbert Bbleka Catholique [signature]

4. Les Organisations de la Société Civile et de la Jeunesse
LoPA-TEMBETE-PASCAL.F.E.L LB [signature]
GODKA-MASTABI-PASCAL.F.E.L.R.N.D.R.A [signature]
MAKI MASTARI FLORIBERT Societe civ. [signature]
NGABU MAWA ALIAMINI Pres. de J. Groupes DZ'NA [signature]
BUSI LOVE ESTELLA Rep. Mamans [signature]
Description
Unilateral ceasefire declaration in which ARDPC, a non-state armed group active in Djugo territory, commits itself to put an end to hostilities in Ituri Province. The group provides for the safe movement of people (including displaced people), goods and humanitarian aid. It also calls on the Congolese government to provide humanitarian assistance and implement a mechanism to oversee the enforcement of the truce. Finally, the group conditions its commitment to the DDR process to the outcome of tasks with the Congolese government.

This unilateral ceasefire is part of a pacification mission in Djugu territory initiated by the President of the Republic on July 13, 2020. In this context, 6 different militias have agreed to join the peace process. These are ALC/CODECO (Armée de Libération du Congo/Coopérative pour le Développement Économique du Congo), URDPC/CODECO (Union des Révolutionnaires pour la Défense du Peuple Congolais), ARDPC/CODECO (Armée des Révolutionnaires pour la Défense du Peuple Congolais), FDBD (La Force pour la Défense de la Balkanisation du Congo), Gutsi's assailants and the FDBC.

Agreement document
CD_200814_Unilateral ceasefire agreement signed between the Army of Revolutionaries for the Defense of the Congolese People (ARDPCCODECO) and the presidential delegation on 14 August 2020.pdf []

Agreement document (original language)
CD_200914_Unilateral ceasefire agreement signed between the Armée des révolutionnaires pour la défense du people congolais (ARDPCCODECO) and the presidential delegation on 14 August 2020.pdf []

Groups

Children/youth
No specific mention.
Disabled persons
No specific mention.
Elderly/age
No specific mention.
Migrant workers
No specific mention.
Racial/ethnic/national group
No specific mention.
Religious groups
No specific mention.
Indigenous people
No specific mention.
Other groups
No specific mention.
Refugees/displaced persons
Substantive
Page 3, Chapter II. On free movement of people, goods and humanitarian services
Article 5.
The ARDPC agrees to leave open a humanitarian corridor in order to assist displaced persons and populations in need of humanitarian aid.
Social class
No specific mention.

Gender

Women, girls and gender
Page 5, 4. Organisations de la Société Civile et de la Jeunesse
BUSI LOVE ESTELLA Rep Mamans [Moms representative]
Men and boys
No specific mention.
LGBTI
No specific mention.
Family
No specific mention.

State definition

State definition
No specific mention.

Governance

Political institutions (new or reformed)
No specific mention.
Constitution's affirmation/renewal
No specific mention.
Constitutional reform/making
No specific mention.
Elections
No specific mention.
Electoral commission
No specific mention.
Political parties reform
No specific mention.
Civil society
Page 3, Chapter II. On free movement of people, goods and humanitarian services
Article 5.
The ARDPC agrees to leave open a humanitarian corridor in order to assist displaced persons and populations in need of humanitarian aid.
Traditional/religious leaders
No specific mention.
Public administration
No specific mention.

Power sharing

Political power sharing
No specific mention.
Territorial power sharing
No specific mention.
Economic power sharing
No specific mention.
Military power sharing
No specific mention.

Human rights and equality

Human rights/RoL
No specific mention.
Equality
No specific mention.
Democracy
No specific mention.
Protection measures
No specific mention.
Human rights framework
No specific mention.
Civil and political rights
No specific mention.
Socio-economic rights
No specific mention.
NHRI
No specific mention.
Regional or international human rights institutions
No specific mention.
Mobility/access
Page 3, Chapter II. On free movement of people, goods and humanitarian services
Article 3.
The ARDPC agrees to guarantee free movement of people and their goods in Ituri Province.

Article 4.
The ARDPC agrees to allow the civilian population to peacefully and freely go about their business in Ituri Province.

Article 5.
The ARDPC agrees to leave open a humanitarian corridor in order to assist displaced persons and populations in need of humanitarian aid.
It also agrees to allow free passage of security services to collect supplies and on their various comings and goings.

Article 6.
The ARDPC agrees to gather its fighters at the sites provided by the Congolese government’s technical services and/or its partners.
Detention procedures
No specific mention.
Media and communication
No specific mention.
Citizenship
No specific mention.

Justice sector reform

Criminal justice and emergency law
No specific mention.
State of emergency provisions
No specific mention.
Judiciary and courts
No specific mention.
Prisons and detention
No specific mention.
Traditional Laws
No specific mention.

Socio-economic reconstruction

Development or socio-economic reconstruction
No specific mention.
National economic plan
No specific mention.
Natural resources
No specific mention.
International funds
No specific mention.
Business
No specific mention.
Taxation
No specific mention.
Banks
No specific mention.

Land, property and environment

Land reform/rights
No specific mention.
Pastoralist/nomadism rights
No specific mention.
Cultural heritage
No specific mention.
Environment
No specific mention.
Water or riparian rights or access
No specific mention.

Security sector

Security Guarantees
No specific mention.
Ceasefire
Ceasefire provision
Page 3, Chapter 1: On the unilateral truce
Article 1.
The ARDPC agrees to put an end to hostilities in Ituri Province. The end of hostilities includes an end of attacks against the FARDC and the PNC.
General commitments
Page 3, Chapter 1: On the unilateral truce
Article 2.
The ARDPC agrees to engage in talks with the Congolese government regarding its list of demands made to the delegation sent from Kinshasa by the Congolese Head of State on 14 August 2020.

Page 4, Chapter IV. On the community DDR process
Article 9.
The cooperation referenced in Article 8 above shall depend on the outcome of talks begun pursuant to Article 2 of this Ceasefire Agreement.
Police
No specific mention.
Armed forces
No specific mention.
DDR
Demilitarisation provisions
Page 3, Chapter 1: On the unilateral truce
Article 6.
The ARDPC agrees to gather its fighters at the sites provided by the Congolese government’s technical services and/or its partners.
DDR programmes
Page 4, Chapter IV. On the community DDR process
Article 8.
The ARDPC agrees to cooperate with the Congolese government on disarmament and reintegration of its fighters into society.

Article 9.
The cooperation referenced in Article 8 above shall depend on the outcome of talks begun pursuant to Article 2 of this Ceasefire Agreement.
Intelligence services
No specific mention.
Parastatal/rebel and opposition group forces
Page 3, Chapter 1: On the unilateral truce
Article 1.
The ARDPC agrees to put an end to hostilities in Ituri Province. The end of hostilities includes an end of attacks against the FARDC and the PNC.

Article 2.
The ARDPC agrees to engage in talks with the Congolese government regarding its list of demands made to the delegation sent from Kinshasa by the Congolese Head of State on 14 August 2020.

Page 3, Chapter II. On free movement of people, goods and humanitarian services
Article 6.
The ARDPC agrees to gather its fighters at the sites provided by the Congolese government’s technical services and/or its partners.

Page 4, Chapter IV. On the community DDR process
Article 8.
The ARDPC agrees to cooperate with the Congolese government on disarmament and reintegration of its fighters into society.
Withdrawal of foreign forces
No specific mention.
Corruption
No specific mention.
Crime/organised crime
No specific mention.
Drugs
No specific mention.
Terrorism
No specific mention.

Transitional justice

Transitional justice general
No specific mention.
Amnesty/pardon
No specific mention.
Courts
No specific mention.
Mechanism
No specific mention.
Prisoner release
No specific mention.
Vetting
No specific mention.
Victims
No specific mention.
Missing persons
No specific mention.
Reparations
No specific mention.
Reconciliation
No specific mention.

Implementation

UN signatory
No specific mention.
Other international signatory
No specific mention.
Referendum for agreement
No specific mention.
International mission/force/similar
No specific mention.
Enforcement mechanism
Page 4, Chapter V. Final provisions
Article 10.
The ARDPC invites the Congolese government to implement a mechanism to oversee enforcement of this agreement, made up of a mix of ARDPC members, negotiators sent by the Head of State, members of the Congolese government and civilians.

The University of Edinburgh