Trilateral Statement of the leaders of Azerbaijan, Russian Federation and Armenia of January 11, 2021

Country/entity
Armenia
Azerbaijan
Nagorno-Karabakh
Region
Europe and Eurasia
Agreement name
Trilateral Statement of the leaders of Azerbaijan, Russian Federation and Armenia of January 11, 2021
Date
11/01/2021
Agreement status
Multiparty signed/agreed
Interim arrangement
No
Agreement/conflict level
Interstate/interstate conflict (Nagorno-Karabakh Conflict (1991 - )
The territory of Nagorno-Karabakh has been a long-standing object of dispute between Armenia and Azerbaijan. During the existence of USSR, the territory was assigned to Azerbaijan, starting in 1921. After decades of disagreements over the status of Nagorno-Karabakh, and in the wake of Gorbachev’s policies of political openness, the protests by Armenians in the region escalated into violent conflict in 1990, exacerbated by the central government’s inability to control the republics as the USSR itself was on the verge of collapse. The Autonomous Region (Oblast) of Nagorno-Karabakh (NKAO) proclaimed independence from Azerbaijan in 1991, after the Parliament of the Azerbaijan Soviet Socialist Republic voted to abolish the Oblast. The territory itself is populated by ethnic Armenians, but surrounded by territories with an Azeri majority. The territory proclaimed independence, with the support of Armenia, and incorporating the areas that surround it, but has never gained international recognition and remains a de jure part of Azerbaijan. The violence intensified , leading to an estimated overall death toll of 30 000 After several attempts at mediation, the opposing sides agreed to a ceasefire in May 1994, but the situation has not been resolved to date and the violence had briefly resumed in the spring of 2016. The initial ceasefire in 1994 was the outcome of the so-called “Minsk process”, overseen by OSCE, with the participation of Russia, France, and the US.
Nagorno-Karabakh Conflict (1991 - ) )
Stage
Implementation/renegotiation (Implementation modalities)
Conflict nature
Territory
Peace process
161: Armenia-Azerbaijan-Nagorno Karabakh: Process 2020
Parties
Page 1.President of the Republic of Azerbaijan I.H.Aliyez
Prime Minister of the Republic of Armenia N.V. Pashinyan
Third parties
Page 1. Agreement witnessed by: President of the Russian Federation V.V.Putin
Description
This statement sets out plans for a trilateral working group to unblock economic and transport communications in the region.

Agreement document
AM_AZ_210111_Trilateral Statement of the leaders of Azerbaijan, Russian Federation and Armenia.pdf []

Groups

Children/youth
No specific mention.
Disabled persons
No specific mention.
Elderly/age
No specific mention.
Migrant workers
No specific mention.
Racial/ethnic/national group
No specific mention.
Religious groups
No specific mention.
Indigenous people
No specific mention.
Other groups
No specific mention.
Refugees/displaced persons
No specific mention.
Social class
No specific mention.

Gender

Women, girls and gender
No specific mention.
Men and boys
No specific mention.
LGBTI
No specific mention.
Family
No specific mention.

State definition

State definition
Cross-border provision
Page 1, para 4. The working group will, before 1 March 2021, submit a list of activities and their implementation schedule for approval at the highest level by the Parties, which would envisage restoration and installation of new infrastructure facilities required for the organization, implementation and provision of security of international shipping carried out across the Republic of Azerbaijan and the Republic of Armenia, as well as shipping carried out across the Republic of Azerbaijan and the Republic of Armenia, as well as shipping carried out by the Republic of Azerbaijan and the Republic of Armenia the implementation of which requires the crossing of the territories of the Republic of Azerbaijan and the Republic of Armenia.

Governance

Political institutions (new or reformed)
No specific mention.
Constitution's affirmation/renewal
No specific mention.
Constitutional reform/making
No specific mention.
Elections
No specific mention.
Electoral commission
No specific mention.
Political parties reform
No specific mention.
Civil society
No specific mention.
Traditional/religious leaders
No specific mention.
Public administration
No specific mention.

Power sharing

Political power sharing
No specific mention.
Territorial power sharing
No specific mention.
Economic power sharing
No specific mention.
Military power sharing
No specific mention.

Human rights and equality

Human rights/RoL
No specific mention.
Equality
No specific mention.
Democracy
No specific mention.
Protection measures
No specific mention.
Human rights framework
No specific mention.
Civil and political rights
No specific mention.
Socio-economic rights
No specific mention.
NHRI
No specific mention.
Regional or international human rights institutions
No specific mention.
Mobility/access
Page 1, para 1. With the aim of implementing Article 9 of the Statement dated 9 November 2020 in relation to the unblocking of all economic and transport communications in the region, we support the suggestion of President of the Russian Federation V.V. Putin on the establishment of a trilateral working group co-chaired by deputy prime ministers of the Republic of Azerbaijan and the Republic of Armenia and Deputy Chairman of the Government of the Russian Federation.

Page 1, para 2. The working group will hold its first meeting before 30 January 2021, as a result of which it will formulate a list of main activity directions arising from the Implementation of Article 9 of the Statement, establishing railway and automobile communication as a priority, and also determine other directions as agreed upon between the Republic of Azerbaijan, the Republic of Armenia and the Russian Federation, hereinafter referred to as Parties.

Page 1, para 4. The working group will, before 1 March 2021, submit a list of activities and their implementation schedule for approval at the highest level by the Parties, which would envisage restoration and installation of new infrastructure facilities required for the organization, implementation and provision of security of international shipping carried out across the Republic of Azerbaijan and the Republic of Armenia, as well as shipping carried out across the Republic of Azerbaijan and the Republic of Armenia, as well as shipping carried out by the Republic of Azerbaijan and the Republic of Armenia the implementation of which requires the crossing of the territories of the Republic of Azerbaijan and the Republic of Armenia.
Detention procedures
No specific mention.
Media and communication
No specific mention.
Citizenship
No specific mention.

Justice sector reform

Criminal justice and emergency law
No specific mention.
State of emergency provisions
No specific mention.
Judiciary and courts
No specific mention.
Prisons and detention
No specific mention.
Traditional Laws
No specific mention.

Socio-economic reconstruction

Development or socio-economic reconstruction
Infrastructure and reconstruction
Page 1, para 1. With the aim of implementing Article 9 of the Statement dated 9 November 2020 in relation to the unblocking of all economic and transport communications in the region, we support the suggestion of President of the Russian Federation V.V. Putin on the establishment of a trilateral working group co-chaired by deputy prime ministers of the Republic of Azerbaijan and the Republic of Armenia and Deputy Chairman of the Government of the Russian Federation.

Page 1, para 2. The working group will hold its first meeting before 30 January 2021, as a result of which it will formulate a list of main activity directions arising from the Implementation of Article 9 of the Statement, establishing railway and automobile communication as a priority, and also determine other directions as agreed upon between the Republic of Azerbaijan, the Republic of Armenia and the Russian Federation, hereinafter referred to as Parties.

Page 1, para 4. The working group will, before 1 March 2021, submit a list of activities and their implementation schedule for approval at the highest level by the Parties, which would envisage restoration and installation of new infrastructure facilities required for the organization, implementation and provision of security of international shipping carried out across the Republic of Azerbaijan and the Republic of Armenia, as well as shipping carried out across the Republic of Azerbaijan and the Republic of Armenia, as well as shipping carried out by the Republic of Azerbaijan and the Republic of Armenia the implementation of which requires the crossing of the territories of the Republic of Azerbaijan and the Republic of Armenia.
National economic plan
No specific mention.
Natural resources
No specific mention.
International funds
No specific mention.
Business
No specific mention.
Taxation
No specific mention.
Banks
No specific mention.

Land, property and environment

Land reform/rights
No specific mention.
Pastoralist/nomadism rights
No specific mention.
Cultural heritage
No specific mention.
Environment
No specific mention.
Water or riparian rights or access
No specific mention.

Security sector

Security Guarantees
Page 1, para 4. The working group will, before 1 March 2021, submit a list of activities and their implementation schedule for approval at the highest level by the Parties, which would envisage restoration and installation of new infrastructure facilities required for the organization, implementation and provision of security of international shipping carried out across the Republic of Azerbaijan and the Republic of Armenia, as well as shipping carried out across the Republic of Azerbaijan and the Republic of Armenia, as well as shipping carried out by the Republic of Azerbaijan and the Republic of Armenia the implementation of which requires the crossing of the territories of the Republic of Azerbaijan and the Republic of Armenia.
Ceasefire
No specific mention.
Police
No specific mention.
Armed forces
No specific mention.
DDR
No specific mention.
Intelligence services
No specific mention.
Parastatal/rebel and opposition group forces
No specific mention.
Withdrawal of foreign forces
No specific mention.
Corruption
No specific mention.
Crime/organised crime
No specific mention.
Drugs
No specific mention.
Terrorism
No specific mention.

Transitional justice

Transitional justice general
No specific mention.
Amnesty/pardon
No specific mention.
Courts
No specific mention.
Mechanism
No specific mention.
Prisoner release
No specific mention.
Vetting
No specific mention.
Victims
No specific mention.
Missing persons
No specific mention.
Reparations
No specific mention.
Reconciliation
No specific mention.

Implementation

UN signatory
No specific mention.
Other international signatory
Page 1, President of the Russian Federation V.V. Putin
Referendum for agreement
No specific mention.
International mission/force/similar
No specific mention.
Enforcement mechanism
No specific mention.

The University of Edinburgh