Mandate established by the Countries designated by the 19th Summit of France and Africa, for the inter-African Supervision Mission for the Bangui Agreements

Country/entity
Central African Republic
Region
Africa (excl MENA)
Agreement name
Mandate established by the Countries designated by the 19th Summit of France and Africa, for the inter-African Supervision Mission for the Bangui Agreements
Date
06/03/1997
Agreement status
Unilateral document
Agreement/conflict level
Interstate/intrastate conflict(s) (Central African Republic Conflicts (1996 - )
The Central African Republic conflict is one of a set of regionally connected conflicts addressed by the Great Lakes process. Since the mid-1990s several waves of internal conflict took place in the Central African Republic, primarily along tribal, and later-on increasingly sectarian, lines. In 1996 and 1997, French troops and soldiers from neighbouring countries intervened to end a mutiny in the capital, Bangui, by factions of the army. The fighting was predominantly along tribal lines, with southern tribes in revolt against the ‘northern’ government. A UN mission was installed in 1998 to secure the truce.

After General Bozizé took control of the country after several coup attempts in 2003, a ‘bush war’ began led by armed opposition forces. From late 2006 onward, government troops with French military support severely weakened the rebels. Following this, a number of agreements were signed during 2007-2008, but not all factions have accepted them. In 2011, Bozizé was re-elected in supposedly fraudulent elections, which resulted in a new wave of uprisings. Séléka, an alliance of northern rebel groups, took over parts of the country and forced Bozizé to agree to a power-sharing deal. However, after this agreement broke down, Séléka took control of Bangui and Bozizé had to flee the country.

Central African Republic Conflicts (1996 - ) )
Stage
Implementation/renegotiation (Implementation modalities)
Conflict nature
Government
Peace process
16: CAR: Bangui process
Parties
(Signed) El Hadj Omar BONGO President of
the Gabonese Republic
representing the heads of State designated
by the Nineteenth Summit Meeting of Heads of
State and Government of France and Africa

Third parties
Description
Mandate for inter-African force for peace and security to monitor implementation of the Bangui Agreement (Jan 25, 1997), disarm rebels, (art. 4) to consist of initially men [sic] from Burkina Faso, Chad, Gabon, Mali, Senegal and Togo, (art.5) with French logistical command unit, (art. 11) France to provide logistical and financial support. With Appendix: Status of the Inter-African Mission to Monitor the Implementation of the Bangui Agreements. Put in place by Gabonese representative, in response to previous meetings of Heads of States.

Agreement document
CF_970306_MandateoftheInter-AfricanForce.pdf

Groups

Children/youth
No specific mention.
Disabled persons
No specific mention.
Elderly/age
No specific mention.
Migrant workers
No specific mention.
Racial/ethnic/national group
No specific mention.
Religious groups
No specific mention.
Indigenous people
No specific mention.
Other groups
No specific mention.
Refugees/displaced persons
No specific mention.
Social class
No specific mention.

Gender

Women, girls and gender
No specific mention.
Men and boys
No specific mention.
Sexual orientation
No specific mention.
LGBTI
No specific mention.
Family
No specific mention.

State definition

State definition
No specific mention.

Governance

Political institutions (new or reformed)
No specific mention.
Constitution's affirmation/renewal
No specific mention.
Constitutional reform/making
No specific mention.
Elections
No specific mention.
Electoral commission
No specific mention.
Political parties reform
No specific mention.
Civil society
No specific mention.
Traditional/religious leaders
No specific mention.
Public administration
No specific mention.

Power sharing

Political power sharing
No specific mention.
Territorial power sharing
No specific mention.
Economic power sharing
No specific mention.
Military power sharing
No specific mention.

Human rights and equality

Human rights/RoL
No specific mention.
Equality
No specific mention.
Democracy
No specific mention.
Protection measures
No specific mention.
Human rights framework
No specific mention.
Civil and political rights
No specific mention.
Socio-economic rights
No specific mention.
NHRI
No specific mention.
Regional or international human rights institutions
No specific mention.
Mobility/access
No specific mention.
Detention procedures
No specific mention.
Media and communication
No specific mention.
Citizenship
No specific mention.

Justice sector reform

Criminal justice and emergency law
No specific mention.
State of emergency provisions
No specific mention.
Judiciary and courts
Page 2, Article 4
The force shall be composed initially of 600 men from the following six countries: Burkina Faso, Chad, Gabon, Mali, Senegal and Togo.
It shall be structured as an operational staff headquarters composed of the following offices:
...
- A legal adviser for, inter alia, coordinating provostal and judicial action; No specific mention.
Prisons and detention
No specific mention.
Traditional Laws
No specific mention.

Socio-economic reconstruction

Development or socio-economic reconstruction
No specific mention.
National economic plan
No specific mention.
Natural resources
No specific mention.
International funds
Page 3, Article 11
Logistical and financial support for the force shall be provided by France and/or other contributors of funds No specific mention.
Business
No specific mention.
Taxation
No specific mention.
Banks
No specific mention.

Land, property and environment

Land reform/rights
No specific mention.
Pastoralist/nomadism rights
No specific mention.
Cultural heritage
No specific mention.
Environment
No specific mention.
Water or riparian rights or access
No specific mention.

Security sector

Security Guarantees
Page 1, Article 2
The objective of MISAB is to help restore peace and security by monitoring the implementation of the agreements signed on 25 January 1997 in Bangui. No specific mention.
Ceasefire
No specific mention.
Police
Page 2, Article 4
The force shall be composed initially of 600 men from the following six countries: Burkina Faso, Chad, Gabon, Mali, Senegal and Togo.
It shall be structured as an operational staff headquarters composed of the following offices:
...
- A military police force; No specific mention.
Armed forces
No specific mention.
DDR
Demilitarisation provisions
Page 1, Article 3
In order to attain this objective, MISAB shall conduct operations to disarm the ex-rebels, the militia and all other unlawfully armed individuals.
No specific mention.
Intelligence services
No specific mention.
Parastatal/rebel and opposition group forces
Page 1, Article 3
In order to attain this objective, MISAB shall conduct operations to disarm the ex-rebels, the militia and all other unlawfully armed individuals. No specific mention.
Withdrawal of foreign forces
No specific mention.
Corruption
No specific mention.
Crime/organised crime
No specific mention.
Drugs
No specific mention.
Terrorism
No specific mention.

Transitional justice

Transitional justice general
No specific mention.
Amnesty/pardon
No specific mention.
Courts
No specific mention.
Mechanism
No specific mention.
Prisoner release
No specific mention.
Vetting
No specific mention.
Victims
No specific mention.
Missing persons
No specific mention.
Reparations
No specific mention.
Reconciliation
No specific mention.

Implementation

UN signatory
No specific mention.
Other international signatory
(Signed) El Hadj Omar BONGO President of
the Gabonese Republic
representing the heads of State designated
by the Nineteenth Summit Meeting of Heads of
State and Government of France and Africa No specific mention.
Referendum for agreement
No specific mention.
International mission/force/similar
[The whole agreement deals with the establishment of an Inter-African force to monitor the implementation of the Bangui Agreements and its modalities]

Page 2, Article 8
The initial duration of the mandate shall be three months as from
31 January 1997. It may be renewed at the request of the President of the Central African Republic. No specific mention.
Enforcement mechanism
Article 12
The Commander of the force shall make an interim report to the President of
the International Committee, who shall bring the report to the attention of
President El Hadj Omar Bongo. No specific mention.

The University of Edinburgh