Acte d'Engagement, Sud Kivu

Country/entity
Democratic Republic of Congo
Region
Africa (excl MENA)
Agreement name
Acte d'Engagement, Sud Kivu
Date
23/01/2008
Agreement status
Multiparty signed/agreed
Interim arrangement
No
Agreement/conflict level
Intrastate/intrastate conflict (Congo Civil Wars (1996 - )
The overthrow of the long-term dictator Mobutu Sese Seko by a rebel Tutsi army backed by Uganda and Rwanda in 1997 acted as a catalyst for a war with regional dimensions, mainly fought in the eastern Kivu provinces. The conflict escalated in 1998, when President Laurent Kabila, then backed by Zimbabwean and Angolan troops, ordered Rwanda and Uganda to leave. After Kabila’s assassination in 2001, his son Joseph took over the presidency and won in the 2006 democratic elections.

In the eastern provinces, Tutsi-led militias, mainly organised in the National Congress for the Defense of the People (CNDP), fought the remnants of the Rwandan Hutu force FDLR, with further involvement of Rwandan and Ugandan troops. Other regionally operating militia groups, like the Lord’s Resistance Army from Northern Uganda, the so-called Mai Mai groups or short-lived guerrilla outfits like the March 23 Movement (M23) further contributed, and still contribute, to the complexity of the situation in eastern DRC.

Congo Civil Wars (1996 - ) )
Stage
Framework/substantive - partial (Multiple issues)
Conflict nature
Government
Peace process
31: DRC: Eastern DRC processes
Parties
POUR
1. Les Forces Républicaines et Fédéralistes, Mr GASORE ZEBEDE
2. Le Groupe Yakutumba, Mr ASSANDA MWENEBATU
3. Le Groupe Zabuianj/MRC-MMR, Ir. LWIJI MUDAGE
4. Les Mai-Mai Kirikicho, Mr LONGANGI KANYERE
5. Les PARECO/S-K, Mr RUTAMBUKA SALATIEL
6. Le Raia Mutomboki, Mr SALUMU KASEKE; Mr SADIKI KANGALABA DEVOS
7. Les Mai-Mai Ny'kiriba, Mr Faustin MULONDA KABOVU
8. Les Mai-Mai kapopo, Mr ISANGYE BYAOMRE B.
9. Les Mai-Mai Mahoro, Mr Raphaël MUSIMBI M.
10. Les Mai-Mai Shikito, Mr Richard MUKULUMANYA
11. Les Mudundu 40, Mr. ZAGABE Pascal
12. Le Simba Mai-Mai/MRS Mr Jules ZIRINGABO NDAHAMBARA
13. Les Mai-Mai SHABUNDA, Mr Georges KATINDI KAMWANA

Pour le Gouvernement:
Ministre d'Etat chargé de l'Interieur, Décentralisation et Sécurité: S.E. Denis Kalume Numbi

Pour La Conference
1. Le Président de la Conférence: Mr l'Abbé Apollinaire Malumalu
2. Le Président du Comité des Sages: Honorable Vital Kamerhe
3. Le Coordinateur Adjoint du Panel des Modérateurs: Mr Azarias Ruberwa Manyua
4. Délégation du Nord-Kivu: Le Gouverneur, Mr Julien Paluku Kahongya; Le Vice-Président de L'Assemblée Provinciale, Honorable Mukinti Baumbilia
5. Délégation du Sud-Kivu: Le Gouverneur a.i, Mr Watunakanza, B. Bernard; Le Président de L'Assemblée Provinciale, Honorable Baleke Kadudu, Emille.
Third parties
LES FACILITATEURS INTERNATIONAUX:
Pour les NATIONS-UNIES, Mr Alan Doss
Pour l'UNION EUROPEENNE, Mr Roeland van de Geer
Pour les ETATS-UNIS D'AMERIQUE, Mr Tim Shortley
Pour l'UNION AFRICAINE, Mr Pierre Yere
Pour la CONFERENCE INTERNATIONALE SUR LA REGION DES GRANDS LACS, Mme Liberata Mulamula

LES TEMOINS NATIONAUX
POUR LES CHEFS COUTUMIERS
SUD-KIVU, MWAMI KABARE RUGEMANINZI II NABUSHI
NORD-KIVU, MWAMI ALEXANDRE MUHINDO MUKOSASENGE

POUR LA SOCIETE CIVILE
DÉLÉGATION NATIONALE: MR KIBISWA KWABENE NAUPESS
SUD-KIVU: MR BIRHINGINGWA MUGABO CYPRIEN
NORD-KIVU: MR JASON LUNENO MAENE

POUR LE SECTEUR PRIVE
FEC SUD-KIVU: MR MUDEKEREZA NAMEGABE
FEC NORD-KIVU:MR DESIRE SEGAHUNGU

POUR LES CONFESSIONS RELIGIEUSES
EGLISE CATHOLIQUE: +THEOPHILE KABOY
EGLISE DU CHRIST AU CONGO: EV. SONGOU NATHALIS
EGLISE ORTHODOXE: PR. FUMUNZANZA GIMUANGA
EGLISE KIMBANGUISTE: REV. SAKUAMESO RAPHAEL
EGLISE DU REVEIL: EV. NTAMBWE MUMPEMPE
COMMUNAUTE ISLAMIQUE: IMAM RACHIDI MOUSSA
EGLISE INDEPENDANTE DU CONGO: S.E SIMON NZINGA M
ARMEE DU SALUT: MAJOR GRACIA MATONDO
Description
This is a short agreement between the opposition parties in South Kivu and the DRC Government. The agreement provides for a ceasefire and covers issues relating to DDR, human rights and humanitarian issues, and political and judicial guarantees (including an amnesty law).

Agreement document
CD_080123_Acte d'Engagement Sud Kivu_tr.pdf []

Agreement document (original language)
CD_080123_Acte d'Engagement, Sud Kivu.pdf []

Groups

Children/youth
Substantive
Page 4: ARTICLE III: ON HUMANITARIAN PRINCIPLES AND RESPECT FOR HUMAN RIGHTS:
Strict observation of the regulations of international humanitarian law and human rights, in particular:
• Cessation of acts of violence, abuse, discrimination and exclusion, of any kind, against the civilian population, particularly women and children, elderly and disabled persons;
...
• A ban on any recruitment, and specific promotion of the rights of children in conflict (or post-conflict) zones;
Disabled persons
Substantive
Page 4: ARTICLE III: ON HUMANITARIAN PRINCIPLES AND RESPECT FOR HUMAN RIGHTS:
Strict observation of the regulations of international humanitarian law and human rights, in particular:
• Cessation of acts of violence, abuse, discrimination and exclusion, of any kind, against the civilian population, particularly women and children, elderly and disabled persons;
Elderly/age
Substantive
Page 4: ARTICLE III: ON HUMANITARIAN PRINCIPLES AND RESPECT FOR HUMAN RIGHTS:
Strict observation of the regulations of international humanitarian law and human rights, in particular:
• Cessation of acts of violence, abuse, discrimination and exclusion, of any kind, against the civilian population, particularly women and children, elderly and disabled persons;
Migrant workers
No specific mention.
Racial/ethnic/national group
No specific mention.
Religious groups
No specific mention.
Indigenous people
No specific mention.
Other groups
No specific mention.
Refugees/displaced persons
Rhetorical
Page 1, Untitled Preamble:
...
5. Deeply deploring the insecurity which has prevailed in the Province of South Kivu for so long; causing large scale displacements of the population and terrible suffering amongst civilians and extensive violations of human rights;

Substantive
Page 3-4, ARTICLE II: On the disengagement of FRF, Groupe Yakutumba, Groupe Zabuloni, Mai-Mai kirikicho, PARECO/S-K, Raia Mutomboki, Mai-Mai Ny'kiriba, Mai-Mai kapopo, Mai-Mai Mahoro, Mai-Mai Shikito, Mudundu 40, Simba Mai-Mai and Mai-Mai Rutambuka troops, and the creation of demilitarised zones for FARDC, on mixing, on integration, and on the PNDDR.
In order to do this the following two Sub-Commissions of this Commission shall be created:
...
b) A Humanitarian and Social Sub-Commission responsible for:
• questions regarding internally displaced persons;
• questions relating to refugees.

Page 4: ARTICLE III: ON HUMANITARIAN PRINCIPLES AND RESPECT FOR HUMAN RIGHTS:
Strict observation of the regulations of international humanitarian law and human rights, in particular:
...
• Return of refugees to their countries under the supervision of the tripartite HCR, the DRC Government and the country of asylum (Burundi, Uganda, Rwanda and Tanzania) according to the timetable adopted by the Humanitarian and Social Technical Commission;
• Establishment of a commission responsible for supervising internal displaced persons and reinstalling them in their places of origin in collaboration with the United Nations and other humanitarian organisations;

Page 5, ARTICLE IV: POLITICAL AND JUDICIAL GUARANTEE MEASURES:
The DRC Government, enacting this engagement and at the request of the FRF, Groupe Yakutumba, Groupe Zabuloni, Mai-Mai kirikicho, PARECO/S-K, Raia Mutomboki, Mai-Mai Ny'kiriba, Mai-Mai kapopo, Mai-Mai Mahoro, Mai-Mai Shikito, Mudundu 40, Simba Mai-Mai et Mai-Mai Rutambuka; undertakes, in accordance with the relevant recommendation of the Conference on Peace, Security and Development of the Provinces of North and South Kivu:
...
4. To create a demilitarised zone to enable, in particular, the deployment of MONUC observers and the safety and return of displaced persons;

Social class
No specific mention.

Gender

Women, girls and gender
Page 4: ARTICLE III: ON HUMANITARIAN PRINCIPLES AND RESPECT FOR HUMAN RIGHTS:
Strict observation of the regulations of international humanitarian law and human rights, in particular:
• Cessation of acts of violence, abuse, discrimination and exclusion, of any kind, against the civilian population, particularly women and children, elderly and disabled persons;
Men and boys
No specific mention.
LGBTI
No specific mention.
Family
No specific mention.

State definition

State definition
No specific mention.

Governance

Political institutions (new or reformed)
No specific mention.
Constitution's affirmation/renewal
No specific mention.
Constitutional reform/making
No specific mention.
Elections
No specific mention.
Electoral commission
No specific mention.
Political parties reform
No specific mention.
Civil society
No specific mention.
Traditional/religious leaders
No specific mention.
Public administration
Page 2-3, ARTICLE II: On the disengagement of FRF, Groupe Yakutumba, Groupe Zabuloni, Mai-Mai kirikicho, PARECO/S-K, Raia Mutomboki, Mai-Mai Ny'kiriba, Mai-Mai kapopo, Mai-Mai Mahoro, Mai-Mai Shikito, Mudundu 40, Simba Mai-Mai and Mai-Mai Rutambuka troops, and the creation of demilitarised zones for FARDC, on mixing, on integration, and on the PNDDR.
A mixed Technical Peace and Security Commission, jointly chaired by the Government and the International Facilitators for this engagement, shall be legally authorised by the Government to examine and finalise the following questions:
...
• Re-establishment of State Authority (Police, Administration, Justice);

Power sharing

Political power sharing
No specific mention.
Territorial power sharing
No specific mention.
Economic power sharing
No specific mention.
Military power sharing
Merger of forces
Page 2-3, ARTICLE II: On the disengagement of FRF, Groupe Yakutumba, Groupe Zabuloni, Mai-Mai kirikicho, PARECO/S-K, Raia Mutomboki, Mai-Mai Ny'kiriba, Mai-Mai kapopo, Mai-Mai Mahoro, Mai-Mai Shikito, Mudundu 40, Simba Mai-Mai and Mai-Mai Rutambuka troops, and the creation of demilitarised zones for FARDC, on mixing, on integration, and on the PNDDR.
A mixed Technical Peace and Security Commission, jointly chaired by the Government and the International Facilitators for this engagement, shall be legally authorised by the Government to examine and finalise the following questions:
...
• Specification of the itinerary for the redeployment of armed groups to the transit centres (first movement) and to the mixing and demobilisation centres (second movement), followed where necessary by training and instruction;
• Specification of the procedures for mixing taking into account the presence of foreign armed groups referred to in the Joint Nairobi Communique of November 9, 2007
...
• Integration in the regular Armed Forces;
...
• Respect for DDR activities, leading either to mixing for purposes of integration in the FARDC, or to demobilisation and reinsertion to prepare for a definitive return to civilian life, an essential stage in the peace and security process in the province of North Kivu;
...
Proportionality
In order to do this the following two Sub-Commissions of this Commission shall be created:
a) A Mixed Military Sub-Commission, responsible for:
• disengagement;
• mixing;
• demobilisation;
• social reinsertion;

Page 4, ARTICLE IV: POLITICAL AND JUDICIAL GUARANTEE MEASURES:
The DRC Government, enacting this engagement and at the request of the FRF, Groupe Yakutumba, Groupe Zabuloni, Mai-Mai kirikicho, PARECO/S-K, Raia Mutomboki, Mai-Mai Ny'kiriba, Mai-Mai kapopo, Mai-Mai Mahoro, Mai-Mai Shikito, Mudundu 40, Simba Mai-Mai et Mai-Mai Rutambuka; undertakes, in accordance with the relevant recommendation of the Conference on Peace, Security and Development of the Provinces of North and South Kivu:
...
2. To create a Technical Commission by Order of the President of the Republic, in particular to finalise the disengagement plan, and questions of rank, integration and management of demobilised personnel;

Human rights and equality

Human rights/RoL
Page 1, Untitled Preamble:
...
2. Reiterating our support for the principles proclaimed and guaranteed by the Constitution and the laws of the Democratic Republic of Congo;
...
4. Determined to participate in restoring peace, security and the authority of the State throughout the Province of South Kivu;
5. Deeply deploring the insecurity which has prevailed in the Province of South Kivu for so long; causing large scale displacements of the population and terrible suffering amongst civilians and extensive violations of human rights;

Page 2-3, ARTICLE II: On the disengagement of FRF, Groupe Yakutumba, Groupe Zabuloni, Mai-Mai kirikicho, PARECO/S-K, Raia Mutomboki, Mai-Mai Ny'kiriba, Mai-Mai kapopo, Mai-Mai Mahoro, Mai-Mai Shikito, Mudundu 40, Simba Mai-Mai and Mai-Mai Rutambuka troops, and the creation of demilitarised zones for FARDC, on mixing, on integration, and on the PNDDR.
A mixed Technical Peace and Security Commission, jointly chaired by the Government and the International Facilitators for this engagement, shall be legally authorised by the Government to examine and finalise the following questions:
...
• Re-establishment of State Authority (Police, Administration, Justice);

Page 4: ARTICLE III: ON HUMANITARIAN PRINCIPLES AND RESPECT FOR HUMAN RIGHTS:
Strict observation of the regulations of international humanitarian law and human rights, in particular:
• Cessation of acts of violence, abuse, discrimination and exclusion, of any kind, against the civilian population, particularly women and children, elderly and disabled persons;
• Release of persons detained or taken hostage on the grounds of views expressed or belonging to insurrectionary movements;
• Return of property to its owners, whether physical or moral persons;
• Return of refugees to their countries under the supervision of the tripartite HCR, the DRC Government and the country of asylum (Burundi, Uganda, Rwanda and Tanzania) according to the timetable adopted by the Humanitarian and Social Technical Commission;
• Establishment of a commission responsible for supervising internal displaced persons and reinstalling them in their places of origin in collaboration with the United Nations and other humanitarian organisations;
• Creating favourable conditions for the supply of humanitarian aid and emergency services to the civilian population;
• A ban on any recruitment, and specific promotion of the rights of children in conflict (or post-conflict) zones;
• Free movement of goods and persons and the lifting of illegal road barriers.
Equality
No specific mention.
Democracy
No specific mention.
Protection measures
No specific mention.
Human rights framework
Treaty incorporation
Page 4: ARTICLE III: ON HUMANITARIAN PRINCIPLES AND RESPECT FOR HUMAN RIGHTS:
Strict observation of the regulations of international humanitarian law and human rights, in particular:
• Cessation of acts of violence, abuse, discrimination and exclusion, of any kind, against the civilian population, particularly women and children, elderly and disabled persons;
• Release of persons detained or taken hostage on the grounds of views expressed or belonging to insurrectionary movements;
• Return of property to its owners, whether physical or moral persons;
• Return of refugees to their countries under the supervision of the tripartite HCR, the DRC Government and the country of asylum (Burundi, Uganda, Rwanda and Tanzania) according to the timetable adopted by the Humanitarian and Social Technical Commission;
• Establishment of a commission responsible for supervising internal displaced persons and reinstalling them in their places of origin in collaboration with the United Nations and other humanitarian organisations;
• Creating favourable conditions for the supply of humanitarian aid and emergency services to the civilian population;
• A ban on any recruitment, and specific promotion of the rights of children in conflict (or post-conflict) zones;
• Free movement of goods and persons and the lifting of illegal road barriers.
Civil and political rights
Freedom of movement
Page 4: ARTICLE III: ON HUMANITARIAN PRINCIPLES AND RESPECT FOR HUMAN RIGHTS:
Strict observation of the regulations of international humanitarian law and human rights, in particular:
...
• Free movement of goods and persons and the lifting of illegal road barriers.
Socio-economic rights
No specific mention.
NHRI
No specific mention.
Regional or international human rights institutions
No specific mention.
Mobility/access
Page 4: ARTICLE III: ON HUMANITARIAN PRINCIPLES AND RESPECT FOR HUMAN RIGHTS:
Strict observation of the regulations of international humanitarian law and human rights, in particular:
...
• Free movement of goods and persons and the lifting of illegal road barriers.
Detention procedures
No specific mention.
Media and communication
No specific mention.
Citizenship
No specific mention.

Justice sector reform

Criminal justice and emergency law
No specific mention.
State of emergency provisions
No specific mention.
Judiciary and courts
Page 2-3, ARTICLE II: On the disengagement of FRF, Groupe Yakutumba, Groupe Zabuloni, Mai-Mai kirikicho, PARECO/S-K, Raia Mutomboki, Mai-Mai Ny'kiriba, Mai-Mai kapopo, Mai-Mai Mahoro, Mai-Mai Shikito, Mudundu 40, Simba Mai-Mai and Mai-Mai Rutambuka troops, and the creation of demilitarised zones for FARDC, on mixing, on integration, and on the PNDDR.
A mixed Technical Peace and Security Commission, jointly chaired by the Government and the International Facilitators for this engagement, shall be legally authorised by the Government to examine and finalise the following questions:
...
• Re-establishment of State Authority (Police, Administration, Justice);
Prisons and detention
No specific mention.
Traditional Laws
No specific mention.

Socio-economic reconstruction

Development or socio-economic reconstruction
Socio-economic development
Page 1, Untitled Preamble:
...
3. Emphasising the need to rapidly restore definitive and sustainable peace and security to facilitate the integrated development of North Kivu and South Kivu;
...
6. Declaring our commitment to respect the relevant Resolution of the Conference on Peace, Security and Development of the Provinces of North and South Kivu, the relevant Resolution on peace and the end of the war, for the sustainable development of the province, as well as all other resolutions and recommendations adopted at Goma by the above- mentioned Conference;

Infrastructure and reconstruction
Page 3-4, ARTICLE II: On the disengagement of FRF, Groupe Yakutumba, Groupe Zabuloni, Mai-Mai kirikicho, PARECO/S-K, Raia Mutomboki, Mai-Mai Ny'kiriba, Mai-Mai kapopo, Mai-Mai Mahoro, Mai-Mai Shikito, Mudundu 40, Simba Mai-Mai and Mai-Mai Rutambuka troops, and the creation of demilitarised zones for FARDC, on mixing, on integration, and on the PNDDR.
In order to do this the following two Sub-Commissions of this Commission shall be created:
...
b) A Humanitarian and Social Sub-Commission responsible for:
• questions regarding internally displaced persons;
• questions relating to refugees.

Page 4: ARTICLE III: ON HUMANITARIAN PRINCIPLES AND RESPECT FOR HUMAN RIGHTS:
Strict observation of the regulations of international humanitarian law and human rights, in particular:
...
• Return of refugees to their countries under the supervision of the tripartite HCR, the DRC Government and the country of asylum (Burundi, Uganda, Rwanda and Tanzania) according to the timetable adopted by the Humanitarian and Social Technical Commission;
...
• Creating favourable conditions for the supply of humanitarian aid and emergency services to the civilian population;
National economic plan
No specific mention.
Natural resources
No specific mention.
International funds
No specific mention.
Business
No specific mention.
Taxation
No specific mention.
Banks
No specific mention.

Land, property and environment

Land reform/rights
Property return and restitution
Page 4: ARTICLE III: ON HUMANITARIAN PRINCIPLES AND RESPECT FOR HUMAN RIGHTS:
Strict observation of the regulations of international humanitarian law and human rights, in particular:
...
• Return of property to its owners, whether physical or moral persons;
Pastoralist/nomadism rights
No specific mention.
Cultural heritage
No specific mention.
Environment
No specific mention.
Water or riparian rights or access
No specific mention.

Security sector

Security Guarantees
Page 1, Untitled Preamble:
...
3. Emphasising the need to rapidly restore definitive and sustainable peace and security to facilitate the integrated development of North Kivu and South Kivu;
4. Determined to participate in restoring peace, security and the authority of the State throughout the Province of South Kivu;
5. Deeply deploring the insecurity which has prevailed in the Province of South Kivu for so long; causing large scale displacements of the population and terrible suffering amongst civilians and extensive violations of human rights;
Ceasefire
Ceasefire provision
Page 2, ARTICLE I: ON THE CEASEFIRE:
1. To the immediate and complete cessation of:
• Hostilities throughout the Province of South Kivu;
• All acts of violence;
• All military movements and reinforcements;
• And of any new recruitment.
Upon signature of the present act of engagement, a formal order to cease hostilities shall be given in writing to our respective troops in copy to the United Nations, the SADC and the CEEAC.
2. To abstain from any activities which may damage peace and security, including:
• Any attacks and acts of provocation and sabotage;
• Any proposals or declarations which may lead to renewed hostilities;
• Any attempt to occupy new positions on the ground or to move forces and equipment from one place to another;
• The supply of arms, ammunition and other military equipment;
• Any action which may hinder the peace and security process in South Kivu.

Page 2-3, ARTICLE II: On the disengagement of FRF, Groupe Yakutumba, Groupe Zabuloni, Mai-Mai kirikicho, PARECO/S-K, Raia Mutomboki, Mai-Mai Ny'kiriba, Mai-Mai kapopo, Mai-Mai Mahoro, Mai-Mai Shikito, Mudundu 40, Simba Mai-Mai and Mai-Mai Rutambuka troops, and the creation of demilitarised zones for FARDC, on mixing, on integration, and on the PNDDR.
...
• Request to deploy MONUC observers to monitor the ceasefire;

Page 4: ARTICLE III: ON HUMANITARIAN PRINCIPLES AND RESPECT FOR HUMAN RIGHTS:
Strict observation of the regulations of international humanitarian law and human rights, in particular:
• Cessation of acts of violence, abuse, discrimination and exclusion, of any kind, against the civilian population, particularly women and children, elderly and disabled persons;

Page 5, ARTICLE IV: POLITICAL AND JUDICIAL GUARANTEE MEASURES:
The DRC Government, enacting this engagement and at the request of the FRF, Groupe Yakutumba, Groupe Zabuloni, Mai-Mai kirikicho, PARECO/S-K, Raia Mutomboki, Mai-Mai Ny'kiriba, Mai-Mai kapopo, Mai-Mai Mahoro, Mai-Mai Shikito, Mudundu 40, Simba Mai-Mai et Mai-Mai Rutambuka; undertakes, in accordance with the relevant recommendation of the Conference on Peace, Security and Development of the Provinces of North and South Kivu:
...
3. To announce and respect the ceasefire, as stipulated in article I;
Police
Page 2-3, ARTICLE II: On the disengagement of FRF, Groupe Yakutumba, Groupe Zabuloni, Mai-Mai kirikicho, PARECO/S-K, Raia Mutomboki, Mai-Mai Ny'kiriba, Mai-Mai kapopo, Mai-Mai Mahoro, Mai-Mai Shikito, Mudundu 40, Simba Mai-Mai and Mai-Mai Rutambuka troops, and the creation of demilitarised zones for FARDC, on mixing, on integration, and on the PNDDR.
A mixed Technical Peace and Security Commission, jointly chaired by the Government and the International Facilitators for this engagement, shall be legally authorised by the Government to examine and finalise the following questions:
...
• Re-establishment of State Authority (Police, Administration, Justice);
Armed forces
Page 2, ARTICLE I: ON THE CEASEFIRE:
1. To the immediate and complete cessation of:
...
• All military movements and reinforcements;
• And of any new recruitment.

Page 2-3, ARTICLE II: On the disengagement of FRF, Groupe Yakutumba, Groupe Zabuloni, Mai-Mai kirikicho, PARECO/S-K, Raia Mutomboki, Mai-Mai Ny'kiriba, Mai-Mai kapopo, Mai-Mai Mahoro, Mai-Mai Shikito, Mudundu 40, Simba Mai-Mai and Mai-Mai Rutambuka troops, and the creation of demilitarised zones for FARDC, on mixing, on integration, and on the PNDDR.
A mixed Technical Peace and Security Commission, jointly chaired by the Government and the International Facilitators for this engagement, shall be legally authorised by the Government to examine and finalise the following questions:
• The formal order to troops to cease hostilities across all military terrain;
...
• Integration in the regular Armed Forces;
...
• Respect for DDR activities, leading either to mixing for purposes of integration in the FARDC, or to demobilisation and reinsertion to prepare for a definitive return to civilian life, an essential stage in the peace and security process in the province of North Kivu;
• The unconditional participation of the FRF, Groupe Yakutumba, Groupe Zabuloni, Mai-Mai kirikicho, PARECO/S-K, Raia Mutomboki, Mai-Mai Ny'kiriba, Mai-Mai kapopo, Mai-Mai Mahoro, Mai-Mai Shikito, Mudundu 40, Simba Mai-Mai and Mai-Mai Rutambuka in accordance with national legislation, in implementing the Armed Forces of the Democratic Republic of Congo (Forces Armées de la République Démocratique du Congo, FARDC) integration plan, and in the National Programme of Disarmament, Demobilisation and Reinsertion (Programme Nationale de Désarmament, Démobilisation et Réinsertion, PNDDR;
...
In order to do this the following two Sub-Commissions of this Commission shall be created:
a) A Mixed Military Sub-Commission, responsible for:
• disengagement;
• mixing;
• demobilisation;
• social reinsertion;

Page 4: ARTICLE III: ON HUMANITARIAN PRINCIPLES AND RESPECT FOR HUMAN RIGHTS:
Strict observation of the regulations of international humanitarian law and human rights, in particular:
• Cessation of acts of violence, abuse, discrimination and exclusion, of any kind, against the civilian population, particularly women and children, elderly and disabled persons;
...
• A ban on any recruitment, and specific promotion of the rights of children in conflict (or post-conflict) zones;

Page 4-5, ARTICLE IV: POLITICAL AND JUDICIAL GUARANTEE MEASURES:
The DRC Government, enacting this engagement and at the request of the FRF, Groupe Yakutumba, Groupe Zabuloni, Mai-Mai kirikicho, PARECO/S-K, Raia Mutomboki, Mai-Mai Ny'kiriba, Mai-Mai kapopo, Mai-Mai Mahoro, Mai-Mai Shikito, Mudundu 40, Simba Mai-Mai et Mai-Mai Rutambuka; undertakes, in accordance with the relevant recommendation of the Conference on Peace, Security and Development of the Provinces of North and South Kivu:
...
2. To create a Technical Commission by Order of the President of the Republic, in particular to finalise the disengagement plan, and questions of rank, integration and management of demobilised personnel;
...
5. To refrain from any military or logistical support to national and foreign armed groups or to enlist any kind of support from the regular army;
DDR
DDR programmes
Page 2-3, ARTICLE II: On the disengagement of FRF, Groupe Yakutumba, Groupe Zabuloni, Mai-Mai kirikicho, PARECO/S-K, Raia Mutomboki, Mai-Mai Ny'kiriba, Mai-Mai kapopo, Mai-Mai Mahoro, Mai-Mai Shikito, Mudundu 40, Simba Mai-Mai and Mai-Mai Rutambuka troops, and the creation of demilitarised zones for FARDC, on mixing, on integration, and on the PNDDR.
A mixed Technical Peace and Security Commission, jointly chaired by the Government and the International Facilitators for this engagement, shall be legally authorised by the Government to examine and finalise the following questions:
• The formal order to troops to cease hostilities across all military terrain;
...
• Integration in the regular Armed Forces;
...
• Respect for DDR activities, leading either to mixing for purposes of integration in the FARDC, or to demobilisation and reinsertion to prepare for a definitive return to civilian life, an essential stage in the peace and security process in the province of North Kivu;
• The unconditional participation of the FRF, Groupe Yakutumba, Groupe Zabuloni, Mai-Mai kirikicho, PARECO/S-K, Raia Mutomboki, Mai-Mai Ny'kiriba, Mai-Mai kapopo, Mai-Mai Mahoro, Mai-Mai Shikito, Mudundu 40, Simba Mai-Mai and Mai-Mai Rutambuka in accordance with national legislation, in implementing the Armed Forces of the Democratic Republic of Congo (Forces Armées de la République Démocratique du Congo, FARDC) integration plan, and in the National Programme of Disarmament, Demobilisation and Reinsertion (Programme Nationale de Désarmament, Démobilisation et Réinsertion, PNDDR;
• Communication of lists of personnel and of arms, and of their locations, upon signature of the present Act, in accordance with the timetable established by the ad hoc Committee, with the assistance of the International Community.
In order to do this the following two Sub-Commissions of this Commission shall be created:
a) A Mixed Military Sub-Commission, responsible for:
• disengagement;
• mixing;
• demobilisation;
• social reinsertion;

Page 4-5, ARTICLE IV: POLITICAL AND JUDICIAL GUARANTEE MEASURES:
The DRC Government, enacting this engagement and at the request of the FRF, Groupe Yakutumba, Groupe Zabuloni, Mai-Mai kirikicho, PARECO/S-K, Raia Mutomboki, Mai-Mai Ny'kiriba, Mai-Mai kapopo, Mai-Mai Mahoro, Mai-Mai Shikito, Mudundu 40, Simba Mai-Mai et Mai-Mai Rutambuka; undertakes, in accordance with the relevant recommendation of the Conference on Peace, Security and Development of the Provinces of North and South Kivu:
...
2. To create a Technical Commission by Order of the President of the Republic, in particular to finalise the disengagement plan, and questions of rank, integration and management of demobilised personnel;
...
4. To create a demilitarised zone to enable, in particular, the deployment of MONUC observers and the safety and return of displaced persons;
Intelligence services
No specific mention.
Parastatal/rebel and opposition group forces
Page 2, ARTICLE I: ON THE CEASEFIRE:
1. To the immediate and complete cessation of:
...
• All military movements and reinforcements;
• And of any new recruitment.

Page 2-3, ARTICLE II: On the disengagement of FRF, Groupe Yakutumba, Groupe Zabuloni, Mai-Mai kirikicho, PARECO/S-K, Raia Mutomboki, Mai-Mai Ny'kiriba, Mai-Mai kapopo, Mai-Mai Mahoro, Mai-Mai Shikito, Mudundu 40, Simba Mai-Mai and Mai-Mai Rutambuka troops, and the creation of demilitarised zones for FARDC, on mixing, on integration, and on the PNDDR.
A mixed Technical Peace and Security Commission, jointly chaired by the Government and the International Facilitators for this engagement, shall be legally authorised by the Government to examine and finalise the following questions:
• The formal order to troops to cease hostilities across all military terrain;
• Geographic location of armed groups (exact map positions);
• Determination of disengagement and buffer zones;
• Request to deploy MONUC observers to monitor the ceasefire;
• Implementing the plan resulting from the Joint Nairobi Communique on the disarmament and repatriation of armed foreign groups;
• Specification of the itinerary for the redeployment of armed groups to the transit centres (first movement) and to the mixing and demobilisation centres (second movement), followed where necessary by training and instruction;
• Specification of the procedures for mixing taking into account the presence of foreign armed groups referred to in the Joint Nairobi Communique of November 9, 2007
• Request to deploy the MONUC in all terrain occupied by the FRF, Groupe Yakutumba, Groupe Zabuloni, Mai-Mai kirikicho, PARECO/S-K, Raia Mutomboki, Mai-Mai Ny'kiriba, Mai-Mai kapopo, Mai-Mai Mahoro, Mai-Mai Shikito, Mudundu 40, Simba Mai-Mai et Mai-Mai Rutambuka;
• Re-establishment of State Authority (Police, Administration, Justice);
• Integration in the regular Armed Forces;
• Demobilisation and social reinsertion;
• Respect for DDR activities, leading either to mixing for purposes of integration in the FARDC, or to demobilisation and reinsertion to prepare for a definitive return to civilian life, an essential stage in the peace and security process in the province of North Kivu;
• The unconditional participation of the CNDP, the PARECO/N-K, the Mai-Mai Kasindien, the Mai-Mai Kifuafua, the Mai-Mai Vurondo, the Mai-Mai Mongol, the UJPS, the Mai-Mai Rwenzori, and the Simba, in accordance with national legislation, in implementing the Armed Forces of the Democratic Republic of Congo (Forces Armées de la République Démocratique du Congo, FARDC) integration plan, and in the National Programme of Disarmament, Demobilisation and Reinsertion (Programme Nationale de Désarmament, Démobilisation et Réinsertion, PNDDR);
• Communication of lists of personnel and of arms, and of their locations, upon signature of the present Act, in accordance with the timetable established by the ad hoc Committee, with the assistance of the International Community.
In order to do this the following two Sub-Commissions of this Commission shall be created:
a) A Mixed Military Sub-Commission, responsible for:
• disengagement;
• mixing;
• demobilisation;
• social reinsertion;

Page 4: ARTICLE III: ON HUMANITARIAN PRINCIPLES AND RESPECT FOR HUMAN RIGHTS:
Strict observation of the regulations of international humanitarian law and human rights, in particular:
• Cessation of acts of violence, abuse, discrimination and exclusion, of any kind, against the civilian population, particularly women and children, elderly and disabled persons;
...
• A ban on any recruitment, and specific promotion of the rights of children in conflict (or post-conflict) zones;

Page 4-5, ARTICLE IV: POLITICAL AND JUDICIAL GUARANTEE MEASURES:
The DRC Government, enacting this engagement and at the request of the FRF, Groupe Yakutumba, Groupe Zabuloni, Mai-Mai kirikicho, PARECO/S-K, Raia Mutomboki, Mai-Mai Ny'kiriba, Mai-Mai kapopo, Mai-Mai Mahoro, Mai-Mai Shikito, Mudundu 40, Simba Mai-Mai et Mai-Mai Rutambuka; undertakes, in accordance with the relevant recommendation of the Conference on Peace, Security and Development of the Provinces of North and South Kivu:
1. To present to Parliament an Amnesty Law project for acts of war and insurrection, covering the period from June 2003 to the date of promulgation of the Law, and not including crimes of war, crimes against humanity and genocide;
2. To create a Technical Commission by Order of the President of the Republic, in particular to finalise the disengagement plan, and questions of rank, integration and management of demobilised personnel;
...
5. To refrain from any military or logistical support to national and foreign armed groups or to enlist any kind of support from the regular army;
Withdrawal of foreign forces
Page 2-3, ARTICLE II: On the disengagement of FRF, Groupe Yakutumba, Groupe Zabuloni, Mai-Mai kirikicho, PARECO/S-K, Raia Mutomboki, Mai-Mai Ny'kiriba, Mai-Mai kapopo, Mai-Mai Mahoro, Mai-Mai Shikito, Mudundu 40, Simba Mai-Mai and Mai-Mai Rutambuka troops, and the creation of demilitarised zones for FARDC, on mixing, on integration, and on the PNDDR.
...
• Implementing the plan resulting from the Joint Nairobi Communique on the disarmament and repatriation of armed foreign groups;
Corruption
Page 4: ARTICLE III: ON HUMANITARIAN PRINCIPLES AND RESPECT FOR HUMAN RIGHTS:
Strict observation of the regulations of international humanitarian law and human rights, in particular:
...
• Free movement of goods and persons and the lifting of illegal road barriers.
Crime/organised crime
No specific mention.
Drugs
No specific mention.
Terrorism
No specific mention.

Transitional justice

Transitional justice general
No specific mention.
Amnesty/pardon
Amnesty/pardon proper
Page 4, ARTICLE IV: POLITICAL AND JUDICIAL GUARANTEE MEASURES:
The DRC Government, enacting this engagement and at the request of the FRF, Groupe Yakutumba, Groupe Zabuloni, Mai-Mai kirikicho, PARECO/S-K, Raia Mutomboki, Mai-Mai Ny'kiriba, Mai-Mai kapopo, Mai-Mai Mahoro, Mai-Mai Shikito, Mudundu 40, Simba Mai-Mai et Mai-Mai Rutambuka; undertakes, in accordance with the relevant recommendation of the Conference on Peace, Security and Development of the Provinces of North and South Kivu:
1. To present to Parliament an Amnesty Law project for acts of war and insurrection, covering the period from June 2003 to the date of promulgation of the Law, and not including crimes of war, crimes against humanity and genocide;
Courts
No specific mention.
Mechanism
No specific mention.
Prisoner release
Page 4: ARTICLE III: ON HUMANITARIAN PRINCIPLES AND RESPECT FOR HUMAN RIGHTS:
Strict observation of the regulations of international humanitarian law and human rights, in particular:
...
• Release of persons detained or taken hostage on the grounds of views expressed or belonging to insurrectionary movements;
Vetting
No specific mention.
Victims
No specific mention.
Missing persons
No specific mention.
Reparations
Material reparations
Page 4: ARTICLE III: ON HUMANITARIAN PRINCIPLES AND RESPECT FOR HUMAN RIGHTS:
Strict observation of the regulations of international humanitarian law and human rights, in particular:
...
• Return of property to its owners, whether physical or moral persons;
Reconciliation
No specific mention.

Implementation

UN signatory
LES FACILITATEURS INTERNATIONAUX:
Pour les NATIONS-UNIES, Mr Alan Doss
Other international signatory
LES FACILITATEURS INTERNATIONAUX:
Pour l'UNION EUROPEENNE, Mr Roeland van de Geer
Pour les ETATS-UNIS D'AMERIQUE, Mr Tim Shortley
Pour l'UNION AFRICAINE, Mr Pierre Yere
Pour la CONFERENCE INTERNATIONALE SUR LA REGION DES GRANDS LACS, Mme Liberata Mulamula
Referendum for agreement
No specific mention.
International mission/force/similar
Page 2, ARTICLE I: ON THE CEASEFIRE:
1. To the immediate and complete cessation of:
• Hostilities throughout the Province of South Kivu;
• All acts of violence;
• All military movements and reinforcements;
• And of any new recruitment.
Upon signature of the present act of engagement, a formal order to cease hostilities shall be given in writing to our respective troops in copy to the United Nations, the SADC and the CEEAC.

Page 2-3, ARTICLE II: On the disengagement of FRF, Groupe Yakutumba, Groupe Zabuloni, Mai-Mai kirikicho, PARECO/S-K, Raia Mutomboki, Mai-Mai Ny'kiriba, Mai-Mai kapopo, Mai-Mai Mahoro, Mai-Mai Shikito, Mudundu 40, Simba Mai-Mai and Mai-Mai Rutambuka troops, and the creation of demilitarised zones for FARDC, on mixing, on integration, and on the PNDDR.
...
• Request to deploy MONUC observers to monitor the ceasefire;
• Request to deploy the MONUC in all terrain occupied by the FRF, Groupe Yakutumba, Groupe Zabuloni, Mai-Mai kirikicho, PARECO/S-K, Raia Mutomboki, Mai-Mai Ny'kiriba, Mai-Mai kapopo, Mai-Mai Mahoro, Mai-Mai Shikito, Mudundu 40, Simba Mai-Mai et Mai-Mai Rutambuka;
...
• Communication of lists of personnel and of arms, and of their locations, upon signature of the present Act, in accordance with the timetable established by the ad hoc Committee, with the assistance of the International Community.

Page 4: ARTICLE III: ON HUMANITARIAN PRINCIPLES AND RESPECT FOR HUMAN RIGHTS:
Strict observation of the regulations of international humanitarian law and human rights, in particular:
...
• Establishment of a commission responsible for supervising internal displaced persons and reinstalling them in their places of origin in collaboration with the United Nations and other humanitarian organisations;

Page 5, ARTICLE IV: POLITICAL AND JUDICIAL GUARANTEE MEASURES:
The DRC Government, enacting this engagement and at the request of the FRF, Groupe Yakutumba, Groupe Zabuloni, Mai-Mai kirikicho, PARECO/S-K, Raia Mutomboki, Mai-Mai Ny'kiriba, Mai-Mai kapopo, Mai-Mai Mahoro, Mai-Mai Shikito, Mudundu 40, Simba Mai-Mai et Mai-Mai Rutambuka; undertakes, in accordance with the relevant recommendation of the Conference on Peace, Security and Development of the Provinces of North and South Kivu:
...
4. To create a demilitarised zone to enable, in particular, the deployment of MONUC observers and the safety and return of displaced persons;
Enforcement mechanism
No specific mention.

The University of Edinburgh