Afghanistan Compact Building on Success (London Conference)

Country/entity
Afghanistan
Region
Europe and Eurasia
Agreement name
Afghanistan Compact Building on Success (London Conference)
Date
01/02/2006
Agreement status
Multiparty signed/agreed
Agreement/conflict level
Interstate/intrastate conflict(s) (Afghan Wars (1979 - )
The agreements are drawn from two distinct conflict periods. Post Soviet-intervention period. First, after an uprising against the communist government, the Soviet Union invaded Afghanistan in December 1979 and set up a puppet government. Fierce resistance came in on the form of domestic and foreign Mujahidin fighters who, by 1988, forced the Soviet Union to withdraw. The Communist government that remained was defeated in 1992 against a background of violence, which spiralled into a tumultuous multi-party civil war with a strong tribal basis. In 1993 a peace accord was signed, but by 1994 the conflict realigned itself as the Islamic-based Taliban emerged from the refugee camps, eventually occupying the capital city of Kabul in September 1996 spurring groups that had militantly opposed the communist government to unite in opposition to the Taliban.

Post US-intervention period. After the terror attacks on September 11, 2001, the United States invaded Afghanistan and removed the Taliban from power. In December 2001, the UNSC mandated the International Security Assistance Force (ISAF) to assist Afghanistan’s interim authorities. In 2003 ISAF command was placed under NATO’s responsibility. Within three years, however, the Taliban managed to re-group and re-structure and launched intense resistance to the internationally-recognized Afghanistan government and NATO support troops. Despite this resurgence of the Taliban, NATO leaders lacked the necessary support for the mission abroad, and NATO troops were withdrawn by the end of 2014.
Afghan Wars (1979 - ) )
Stage
Framework/substantive - partial (Multiple issues)
Conflict nature
Government
Peace process
2: Afghanistan: 2000s Post-intervention process
Parties
Afghanistan (co-Chair), Aga Khan Foundation, Asian Development Bank, Australia, Austria, Bahrain, Belgium, Brazil, Brunei, Bulgaria, Canada, China, Czech Republic, Denmark, Egypt, European Commission, European Union, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, India, International Monetary Fund, Iran, Islamic Development Bank, Italy, Japan, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Korea (Republic of), Kuwait, Kyrgyztan, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malaysia, Netherlands, New Zealand, North Atlantic Treaty Organisation, Norway, Organisation of Islamic Conference, Pakistan, Poland, Portugal, Qatar, Romania, Russia, Saudi Arabia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Tajikistan, Turkey, Turkmenistan,
United Arab Emirates, United Kingdom (co-Chair), United Nations (co-Chair), United States of America, Uzbekistan, World Bank

Third parties
Listed as observers: Argentina, Chile, Croatia, Cyprus, Estonia, Ireland, Latvia, Macedonia (FYR), Malta, Oman, Organisation for Security and Cooperation in Europe, Singapore, Slovakia, Slovenia
Description
This agreement is a product of the 2006 London Conference on Afghanistan, and outlines the Afghan government and international donors' commitments to the socio-economic reconstruction of the country. It contains several annexes: Annex I. Benchmarks and Timelines; Annex II. Improving the Effectiveness of Aid to Afghanistan

Agreement document
AF_060201_The Afghanistan Compact.pdf

Main category
Page 3, Principles of Cooperation
As the Afghan Government and the international community embark on the implementation of this Compact, they will:
...
(5) Build lasting Afghan capacity and effective state and civil society institutions, with particular emphasis on building up human capacities of men and women alike
...
(7) Recognise in all policies and programmes that men and women have equal rights and responsibilities

Page 8, Annex I. Benchmarks and Timelines, Governance, Rule of Law and Human Rights
By end-2010: the National Action Plan for Women in Afghanistan will be fully implemented; and in line with Afghanistan’s MDGs, female participation in all Afghan governance institutions, including elected and appointed bodies and the civil service, will be strengthened

Page 9, Rule of Law
...
prisons will have separate facilities for women and juveniles

Page 11, Education
By end-2010: in line with Afghanistan’s MDGs, net enrolment in primary school for girls and boys will be at least 60% and 75% respectively; a new curriculum will be operational in all secondary schools; female teachers will be increased by 50%
...
By end 2010: enrolment of students to universities will be 100,000 with at least 35% female students
...
A human resource study will be completed by end-2006, and 150,000 men and women will be trained in marketable skills through public and private means by end-2010

Page 12, Annex I. Benchmarks and Timelines, Economic and Social Development
...
By end-2010, the number of female-headed households that are chronically poor will be reduced by 20%, and their employment rates will be increased by 20%

Women, girls and gender

Participation
Effective participation
Page 8, Annex I. Benchmarks and Timelines, Governance, Rule of Law and Human Rights:
By end-2010: the National Action Plan for Women in Afghanistan will be fully implemented; and in line with Afghanistan’s MDGs, female participation in all Afghan governance institutions, including elected and appointed bodies and the civil service, will be strengthened.
Equality
Equality (general)
Page 3, Principles of Cooperation
As the Afghan Government and the international community embark on the implementation of this Compact, they will:
...
(7) Recognise in all policies and programmes that men and women have equal rights and responsibilities.
Social equality
Page 12, Annex I. Benchmarks and Timelines, Economic and Social Development
...
By end-2010, the number of female-headed households that are chronically poor will be reduced by 20%, and their employment rates will be increased by 20%.
Particular groups of women
No specific mention.
International law
No specific mention.
New institutions
Infrastructure (general)
Page 3, Principles of Cooperation:
As the Afghan Government and the international community embark on the implementation of this Compact, they will:
...
(5) Build lasting Afghan capacity and effective state and civil society institutions, with particular emphasis on building up human capacities of men and women alike:

Page 8, Annex I. Benchmarks and Timelines, Governance, Rule of Law and Human Rights
By end-2010: the National Action Plan for Women in Afghanistan will be fully implemented; and in line with Afghanistan’s MDGs, female participation in all Afghan governance institutions, including elected and appointed bodies and the civil service, will be strengthened

Violence against women
No specific mention.
Transitional justice
Prisons, prisoner release
Page 9, Rule of Law
...
prisons will have separate facilities for women and juveniles.
Institutional reform
Public administration
Page 8, Annex I. Benchmarks and Timelines, Governance, Rule of Law and Human Rights:
By end-2010: the National Action Plan for Women in Afghanistan will be fully implemented; and in line with Afghanistan’s MDGs, female participation in all Afghan governance institutions, including elected and appointed bodies and the civil service, will be strengthened.
Development
General
Page 8, Annex I. Benchmarks and Timelines, Governance, Rule of Law and Human Rights
By end-2010: the National Action Plan for Women in Afghanistan will be fully implemented; and in line with Afghanistan’s MDGs, female participation in all Afghan governance institutions, including elected and appointed bodies and the civil service, will be strengthened.

Education
Page 11, Education
By end-2010: in line with Afghanistan’s MDGs, net enrolment in primary school for girls and boys will be at least 60% and 75% respectively; a new curriculum will be operational in all secondary schools; female teachers will be increased by 50%
...
By end 2010: enrollment of students to universities will be 100,000 with at least 35% female students
Implementation
No specific mention.
Other
No specific mention.

The University of Edinburgh