Protocol of Non-aggression and Mutual Defence in the Great Lakes Region

Country/entity
Angola
Central African Republic
Democratic Republic of Congo
Kenya
Republic of Congo
Rwanda
Sudan
Tanzania
Uganda
Zambia
(African Great Lakes)
Region
Africa (excl MENA)
Agreement name
Protocol of Non-aggression and Mutual Defence in the Great Lakes Region
Date
30/11/2006
Agreement status
Multiparty signed/agreed
Agreement/conflict level
Interstate/intrastate conflict(s) (African Great Lakes Process (2004 - 2013)
The African Great Lakes process attempted to use a regional approach to address a set of inter-linked conflicts notably in Burundi, Rwanda, Democratic Republic of Congo, Central African Republic and Uganda.

African Great Lakes Process (2004 - 2013) )
Stage
Framework/substantive - partial (Core issue)
Conflict nature
Government
Peace process
6: African Great Lakes: Regional Process
Parties
Unsigned and unlisted, but parties known to be: Angola; Central African Republic; Congo; Democratic Republic of Congo; Kenya; Rwanda; Sudan; Tanzania; Uganda; Zambia
Third parties
Description
This protocol is part of the Pact on security, stability and Development in the Great Lakes Region. The objectives of the Protocol include: resolving and preventing internal and inter-state armed conflicts of any kind within and between Member States, and ensuring that disputes between Member States and between armed groups are resolved by peaceful means; thus renouncing the threat or use of force, non-aggression and having a mutual defence arrangements and common border security management. I also calls for the safeguarding of human and people's rights.

Agreement document
AO_BI_CF_CD_KE_CG_RW_SD_TZ_UG_ZM_061130_ProtocolofNonAgressionGreatLakes.pdf

Main category
Page 2, Preamble,
... Taking account of the provisions of the Security Council Resolution 1325, on the protection of women and children during armed conflicts and the need for the equitable representation of women in making decisions aimed at ending such conflicts;

Page 5, Article 2
Objectives The objectives of this Protocol are to:
... 4. Safeguard human and people’s rights, gender equity, the rule of law, democracy, and sustainable development in the Great Lakes Region;

Page 5, Article 3 Renunciation of the Threat or Use of Force by Member States
... 2. This renunciation is without prejudice to the primary responsibility of Member States to preserve the integrity of their sovereignty and to protect the lives and human rights of all persons and all peoples, including women and children, residing within their territories.

Women, girls and gender

Participation
No specific mention.
Equality
Equality (general)
Page 5, Article 2, Objectives The objectives of this Protocol are to:
... 4. Safeguard human and people’s rights, gender equity, the rule of law, democracy, and sustainable development in the Great Lakes Region;
Particular groups of women
No specific mention.
International law
General IHRL, IHL and IL
Page 5, Article 2, Objectives The objectives of this Protocol are to:
... 4. Safeguard human and people’s rights, gender equity, the rule of law, democracy, and sustainable development in the Great Lakes Region;

Page 5, Article 3 Renunciation of the Threat or Use of Force by Member States,
... 2. This renunciation is without prejudice to the primary responsibility of Member States to preserve the integrity of their sovereignty and to protect the lives and human rights of all persons and all peoples, including women and children, residing within their territories.
References to UNSC 1325 itself
Page 2, Preamble,
Taking account of the provisions of the Security Council Resolution 1325, on the protection of women and children during armed conflicts and the need for the equitable representation of women in making decisions aimed at ending such conflicts;
New institutions
No specific mention.
Violence against women
Protection (general)
Page 2, Preamble, Taking account of the provisions of the Security Council Resolution 1325, on the protection of women and children during armed conflicts and the need for the equitable representation of women in making decisions aimed at ending such conflicts;
Transitional justice
No specific mention.
Institutional reform
No specific mention.
Development
No specific mention.
Implementation
No specific mention.
Other
No specific mention.

The University of Edinburgh