Report on the Meeting between the Aceh Free Movement (GAM) and the Republic of Indonesia (RI)

Asia and Pacific
Agreement name
Report on the Meeting between the Aceh Free Movement (GAM) and the Republic of Indonesia (RI)
Agreement status
Multiparty signed/agreed
Agreement/conflict level
Intrastate/intrastate conflict (Indonesian Conflicts (1976 - )
Aceh Conflict (1976 - )
After a decade of increasing grievances against the centralist tendencies of the Suharto-government, the Free Aceh Movement (GAM) started a military campaign in 1976 for the independence of the province in the far northeast of the Indonesian archipelago. After near defeat in 1979, GAM regained strength with Libyan support and the heaviest fighting occurred during the late 1980s when the Indonesian military intensified its violent counter-insurgency policies. The devastating tsunami in December 2004 effectively destroyed Aceh’s infrastructure and severely reduced the operational capabilities of GAM. This weakening led to a signed peace agreement in August 2005, facilitated by the Finish NGO CMI Peace Negotiations.

Indonesia-Moluccas Conflict (1999-2002)
The fall of Suharto in 1997 sparked off a number of conflicts across Indonesia. In the Moluccas region, the administrative division was divided into Moluccas and North Moluccas, thereby exacerbating a conflict characterised by communal and sectarian divisions. In part these divisions were a result of an official government transmigration programme running from late 1960s onwards that spurred conflict over resources, including land. Faith-based militias were generally responsible for the fighting from 1999 until 2002, including Laskar Jihad, and human rights abuses were committed by both sides. Opportunistic crime was also responsible for of the violence. The military campaign by Lashkar Islam was aimed to displacing Christian residents. One such event was the expulsion of the Christian residents of the Banda Islands in April 1999. The conflict ended with the signing of the Malino II Accord on 13 February 2002.

Indonesian Conflicts (1976 - ) )
Ceasefire/related (Ceasefire)
Conflict nature
Peace process
55: Indonesia-Aceh peace process
Representatives of the Government of the RI on behalf of field commanders of the Aceh Police
1. KBP Drs. Suyitno
2. KBP. Drs. M. Daulay

Representatives of the Free Aceh Movement on behalf of Field Commanders of the GAM:

1. TGK. Amri bin Abdul Wahab
2. Tgk. Saiful bin Muhammad Ali
Third parties
The Aceh Free Movement (GAM)
a. Tgk. Nashiruddi bin Ahmad (Member of JCSM)[Signed as Witness]
b. Tgk. Amni bin Ahmad Maracaki(?) (Member of JCSM)
c. Tgk. Sofyan Ibrahim Tiba, SH (Member of JCSM)
d. Tgk. Amri bib Abdul Wahab (Vice of Field Commander)

The Government of the Republic of Indonesia
a. KB. Pol. Drs. Ridwan Karim (Member of JCSM)[Signed as Witness]
b. Kol. CPM Drs. Sulaiman AB (Member of JCSM)
c. Kol. CHK. Balukia, SH (Member of JCSM)
d. KB. Pol Drs. Suyitno (Representative of Aceh Police)
e. KB. Pol Drs. Manalum Daulay (Representative of Aceh Police)

Monitoring Team of Security Modality (MTSM)
a. H. Muhammad Daim (MTSM)
b. Nasrullah Dahlawi (MTSM)

Henry Dunant Center (HDC)
a. Dominik Knill [Signed as witness]
b. Jean-Pierre Werder
c. David Gorman

Agreement document
ID_011002_Report on the Meeting between GAM and RI.pdf

Main category
Page 2, Activities/Actions considered Violence
... o. Raping

Women, girls and gender

No specific mention.
No specific mention.
Particular groups of women
No specific mention.
International law
No specific mention.
New institutions
No specific mention.
Violence against women
Sexual violence
Page 2
Activities/Actions considered Violence
o. Raping
Transitional justice
No specific mention.
Institutional reform
No specific mention.
No specific mention.
No specific mention.
No specific mention.

The University of Edinburgh