Dialogue Inter-Togolais: Accord Politique Global

Country/entity
Togo
Region
Africa (excl MENA)
Agreement name
Dialogue Inter-Togolais: Accord Politique Global
Date
20/08/2006
Agreement status
Multiparty signed/agreed
Agreement/conflict level
Intrastate/intrastate conflict (Togolese Conflicts (1946 - )
Since gaining its independence from France in 1960, Togo was ruled by various authoritarian regimes that at times harshly suppressed any political opposition. Although opposition parties were legalised and a democratic constitution introduced in the early 1990s, election tampering and the suppression of opposition under the rule of the military commander Gnassingbe Eyadema remained common. Protests over rigged elections lead to the killing of hundreds in 1998, resulting in several internationally backed mediation efforts. After Gnassingbe Eyadema died after 38 years of rule in 2005, his son Faure Gnassingbe took over and re-won the presidency in questionably free elections shortly thereafter.

Togolese Conflicts (1946 - ) )
Stage
Framework/substantive - partial (Multiple issues)
Conflict nature
Government
Peace process
133: Togo peace process
Parties
For the Dialogue Bureau; Mr. Yawovi AGBOYIBO;
For CAR; Mr. Gahoun HEGBOR

For the CDPA; Mr. Leopold GNININVI

For the CPP; Mr. Jean-Lucien SAVI de TOVE
For the GF2D; Md. Akouavi Celestine AIDAM

For the Government; Mr. Kokou Biossey TOZOUN
For the PDR; Mr. K. Lardia Henri KOLANI

For the REFAMP/T; Md. A. Larba Maria APOUDJAK
For the RPT; Mr. Fambare Ouattara NATCHABA
For the UFC; Mr. Eric ARMERDING
Third parties
The Facilitator; Mr. Blaise COMPAORE, President of Burkino Faso
"representatives of the European Union (EU) and the Economic Community of West Africa (Communauté Économique de l’Afrique de Ouest, CEDEAO) as observers"
Description
This agreement is a proposal/call by the signing parties to the president of Togo to establish a national unity government to restore peace and trust, and the organisation (principles, modalities and institutions) of the legislative elections. It also covers national reconciliation more generally and constitutional and institutional reforms necessary for the consolidation of democracy, the state of law and good governance. They make recommendations in relation to a number of topics.
Annex 1 is on the Commission Electorale Nationale Independante (CENI) of which the two civil society organisations signatories of the agreement will be members.
Annex 2 is on the roadmap for the national unity government. It includes its special tasks.
Annex 3 is on the principles for behaviour of the parties during the elections.

Agreement document
TG_060820_Dialogue Inter-Togolais Accord Politique Globale.pdf

Agreement document (original language)
TG_060820_Dialogue Inter-togolais, Accord Politique global_FR.pdf

Main category
Page 2,  Untitled Preamble, 
In accordance with the twenty-two (22) commitments adopted on April 14, 2004, by the Government of the Togolese Republic, following consultations with the European Union with the aim of consolidating democracy, national reconciliation and social peace, the Togolese People’s Assembly (le Rassemblement du Peuple Togolaise, RPT), and five (5) parties of the traditional opposition: the Action Committee for Renewal (la Comité d’Action pour le Renouveau, CAR), the Democratic Convention of African People (la Convention Démocratique des Peuples Africaines, CDPA), the Panafrican Patriotic Convention (la Convention Patriotique Panafricaine, CPP), the Party for Democracy and Renewal (le Parti pour la Démocratie et le Renouveau, PDR), the Union of Forces for Change (l’Union des Forces de Changement, UFC), the Government, and two civil society organisations: the Group for Reflexion and Action on Women, Democracy and Development, (le Groupe de Réflexion et d’Action Femme, GF2D), and the African Female Ministers and Parliamentarians Network, REFAMP/T), met at Lomé from April 21 to July 26, 2006, within the framework of a National Dialogue. 

Page 3, I- Establishment of a new National Assembly following a transparent and democratic electoral process 
... 1.2 - These elections shall take place in accordance with the regulations agreed by consensus within the electoral framework regarding the following points: 
... - quota of female candidates;

Page 5, I- Establishment of a new National Assembly following a transparent and democratic electoral process 
... 1.2.11 – Quota of female candidates 
The Parties to the Dialogue shall work to ensure equitable representation of women in the electoral process and in national political life. 
With a view to this they encourage the political parties to impose a minimum number of female candidates at the elections. 

Page 5, I- Establishment of a new National Assembly following a transparent and democratic electoral process 
... 1.2.13 – Financing of political parties 
... The Government shall decide on measures to encourage women to participate in political life. 

Page 11, Annex Remit, composition and sub-divisions of CEM
... These principles and experience foresee the following:
... This revision shall comply with the following commitments:
... ii) In light of the next legislative elections to be organised in accordance with the 22 commitments, CENI shall be made up of 19 members nominated as follows:
... · 2 by civil society, of which one for each of the 2 organisations participating in the National Dialogue (GF2D and REFAMP/T);

Page 13, Annex II, Route map for the Government of National Unity
Apart from its normal constitutional remit the Government’s priority task shall be:
... · to take measures to encourage women to participate in political life;

Women, girls and gender

Participation
Gender quotas
Page 3, I The establishment of a New National Assembly at the end of a transparent, fair electoral process, 1.2: These elections will take place in accordance with the provisions defined by consensus in the electoral framework in relation to the following points:
...a quota for female candidates

Page 7, I The establishment of a New National Assembly at the end of a transparent, fair electoral process, 1.2.11 Quota for female candidates: The Parties to the Dialogue commit to aim towards equitable representation for women in the electoral process and in national political life.
Effective participation
Page 8, I The establishment of a New National Assembly at the end of a transparent, fair electoral process, 1.2.12 Funding of Political Parties:...The Government will decide on incentives for the participation of women in political life.

Page 19, Annex 2 Regarding the Roadmap of the National Union Government: In addition to, its classical constitutional remit, the Government will the the following priority tasks:
...to introduce incentives for the participation of women in political life.
Equality
No specific mention.
Particular groups of women
No specific mention.
International law
No specific mention.
New institutions
No specific mention.
Violence against women
No specific mention.
Transitional justice
No specific mention.
Institutional reform
No specific mention.
Development
No specific mention.
Implementation
Women's role and consideration in implementation of the agreement
Page 2, Untitled Preamble: In accordance with the twenty two (22) commitments subscribed to as the outcome of consultations with the European Union and with the aim of consolidating democracy, national reconciliation and social peace, the Rally of the Togolese People (RPT), and five (05) parties from the traditional opposition: the Action Committee for Renewal (CAR), the Democratic Convention of African Peoples (CDPA), the Patriotic Panafrican Convention (CPP), the Parti for Democracy and Renewal, Union of Forces for Change, the Government as well as 2 civil society organisations: The Group of Reflection and Action for Women: Democracy and Development (GF2D), The Network for African Women Ministers and Parliamentarians (REFAMP/T) reunited in Lomé from 21 April to 06 [sic] July 2006 as part of a National Dialogue.
Other
No specific mention.

The University of Edinburgh