Advisor Appointed for the Sub-committee on Gender Issues in the Sri Lanka Peace Process

Country/entity
Sri Lanka
Region
Asia and Pacific
Agreement name
Advisor Appointed for the Sub-committee on Gender Issues in the Sri Lanka Peace Process
Date
05/02/2003
Agreement status
Unilateral document
Agreement/conflict level
Interstate/intrastate conflict(s) (Sri Lankan Civil War (1983 - 2009)
The roots of the Sri Lanka conflict lay in British colonial policy which controlled the island from 1802 until 1948. During the early 1800s, the British brought Tamils from mainland India to work on the various plantations for tea, coffee and rubber, changing Sri Lanka's the demographic make-up. Upon independence, Sinhalese nationalism dominated the political sphere and introduced discriminatory policies against the Tamil minority straining relations and sparking protests. Armed Tamil resistance first came in the form of assassinations of moderate Tamils and opposition politicians in the mid-1970s. However, it was the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam's (LTTE) attack on checkpoint Four Four Bravo, which marked the turning point, sparking pogroms against Tamils in Sinhalese majority areas. This incident, known as Black July, is widely considered to the beginning of the civil war.

The first round of peace talks were backed by India, which had deployed the Indian Peace Keeping Force (IPKF) in 1987, and led to the 1987 Indo-Sri Lanka Accord. The Accord was successful in persuading the majority of insurgency groups to lay down arms. However, the strongest Tamil insurgency group, the LTTE, was not party to the talks and refused to disarm, sparking direct conflict between the IPKF and the LTTE until IPKF withdrawal 1990. Following the withdrawal, the LTTE consolidated their power in the North and East sparking another intense and bloody war with the central government that lasted until 2002 when another peace process was launched under the auspices of Norwegian negotiators. The second round of peace talks, however, only continued until April 2003 and in March 2004, a large faction of LTTE cadres split from the main organization damaging LTTE unity. The LTTE were defeated militarily by a large-scale government assault in 2009, however, the conditions for peace remain uncertain.

Sri Lankan Civil War (1983 - 2009) )
Stage
Pre-negotiation/process (Other: Appointment of International Advisor by Norway)
Conflict nature
Government/territory
Peace process
124: Sri Lanka LTTE 2000s process
Parties
Norwegian Government unilateral announcement, but in response to request by Government of Sri Lanka; Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE.
Third parties
Description
Short press release detailing the consensual appointment of Dr. Astrid Heiberg as an advisor to the Sub-committee of Gender Issues.

Agreement document
LK_030205_Advisor Appointed for the Sub-committee on Gender Issues in the Sri Lanka Peace Process.pdf

Main category
Page 1, At the request of the Government of Sri Lanka and the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE), Norway has appointed Dr. Astrid N. Heiberg as an advisor to the Sub-Committee on Gender Issues. ... The parties to the peace process established the Sub-Committee to ensure the effective inclusion of gender issues in the peace process.

[Summary] Paragraph two provides a biography of Dr Astrid N. Heiberg.

Women, girls and gender

Participation
No specific mention.
Equality
No specific mention.
Particular groups of women
No specific mention.
International law
No specific mention.
New institutions
Institutions for women
Page 1, Para 1
At the request of the Government of Sri Lanka and the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE), Norway has appointed Dr. Astrid N. Heiberg as an advisor to the Sub-Committee on Gender Issues.
...
The parties to the peace process established the Sub-Committee to ensure the effective inclusion of gender issues in the peace process.
Violence against women
No specific mention.
Transitional justice
No specific mention.
Institutional reform
No specific mention.
Development
No specific mention.
Implementation
No specific mention.
Other
No specific mention.

The University of Edinburgh