Agreement Between the Chin National Front (CNF) and Union-Level Peace Working Committee at the 2nd Round of Peace Talks

Country/entity
Myanmar
Region
Asia and Pacific
Agreement name
Agreement Between the Chin National Front (CNF) and Union-Level Peace Working Committee at the 2nd Round of Peace Talks
Date
09/12/2012
Agreement status
Multiparty signed/agreed
Agreement/conflict level
Intrastate/intrastate conflict (Myanmar Conflict (1948 - )
Internal conflict, mostly along ethno-political fault lines, has been a constant feature of Myanmar since its independence in 1948. The conflict has two distinct dynamics. First a struggle between an authoritarian government and a pro-democracy opposition which has the characteristics of authoritarian conflicts; and second a stuggle between the government and ethnic armed groups which has the characteristics of an identity conflict. The two oldest and strongest militias fighting the government are the Karen National Union (KNU), which has remained active since the late 1940s, and the Kachin Independence Organisation, which was formed in the early 1960s. In total, here are more than a dozen mostly ethnic-based guerrilla groups active throughout the country. Especially in the period of junta dictatorship that lasted until 2011 the government attempted to crush the rebellions, which led to numerous human rights violations. With the start of democratic reforms in the aftermath of the 2010 elections, peace negotiations have taken place and resulted in the signing of various agreements, although conflicts remain active.

Myanmar Conflict (1948 - ) )
Stage
Framework/substantive - partial (Multiple issues)
Conflict nature
Government/territory
Peace process
87: Myanmar ceasefires process with ethnic armed groups
Parties
Page 2, Untitled Preamble:...the Chin National Front and the Union Peace Working Committee signed this agreement on 9 December 2012

Page 5, Agreements on Social and Cultural Matters, 28. The following signatories duly entered their signatures having duly agreed on the above points.
[Note: Names, titles and signatures of members of both parties as well as observers below are intentionally omitted in the translation]
Third parties
Page 2, Untitled Preamble:...having been witnessed by the Chin Peace and Tranquility Committee, Union-level Peace Facilitating Committee and observers.

Page 5, Agreements on Social and Cultural Matters, 28. The following signatories duly entered their signatures having duly agreed on the above points.
[Note: Names, titles and signatures of members of both parties as well as observers below are intentionally omitted in the translation]
Description
A short agreement between the Chin National Front and the Union-level peace working committee. The agreement covers provisions for Chin self-determination, reconciliation and human rights, military arrangements, and development issues.

Agreement document
MN_121209_CNF and Union-Level Peace Working Committee 2nd Round.pdf

Main category
Page 5, Agreement on Social and Cultural Matters, 24: It is agreed that in the appointment or promotion in civil service position there shall be no discrimination on the basis ethnicity, religion or gender.

Women, girls and gender

Participation
No specific mention.
Equality
No specific mention.
Particular groups of women
No specific mention.
International law
No specific mention.
New institutions
No specific mention.
Violence against women
No specific mention.
Transitional justice
No specific mention.
Institutional reform
Public administration
Page 4, Agreement on Social and Cultural Matters: 24. It is agreed that in the appointment or promotion in civil service position there shall be no discrimination on the basis ethnicity, religion or gender.
Development
No specific mention.
Implementation
No specific mention.
Other
No specific mention.

The University of Edinburgh