Local Peace Council and its Procedure-2006

Country/entity
Nepal
Region
Asia and Pacific
Agreement name
Local Peace Council and its Procedure-2006
Date
01/09/2006
Agreement status
Unilateral document
Agreement/conflict level
Intrastate/intrastate conflict (Nepalese Insurgency (1996 - 2006)
Inspired by the Maoist insurgency in Peru in the early 1990s, the Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist) – CPN(M) – declared war on the Nepalese government in February 1996. A key demand was the transformation of Nepal from a monarchy into a ‘People’s Republic’. Following a pronounced Maoist military strategy, the CPN(M) focused their insurgency on the rural areas. They gained significantly in strength and it took heavy international military support to stabilize the Nepalese government in 2002. After public protests escalated in Kathmandu in 2004, the Nepalese King Gyanendra took authoritarian control over the government. In the cities, a strong popular movement for democracy emerged, forcing the government into fast progressing peace negations in 2006 that concluded with the signing of a Comprehensive Peace Accord on 21 November 2006.
Nepalese Insurgency (1996 - 2006) )
Stage
Framework/substantive - partial (Core issue)
Conflict nature
Government
Peace process
88: Nepal peace process
Parties
Unsigned. Presumed to be agreed between the Government of Nepal and the CPN (Maoists)
Third parties
Description
This agreement establishes Local Peace Councils in Nepal. The agreement covers the format, functions, powers, procedures, and management of the Local Peace Councils. It also defines the status of Local Peace Councils in relation to other government bodies.

Agreement document
NP_060901_Local Peace Councils.pdf

Main category
Page 1, 3, Formation of the Council, 3.3: The Local Peace Council shall be inclusive in nature with the representation of Seven Political Parties that are in Government, other parties having representation in the parliament, women, professional organizations, civil society, social organization, indigenous and ethnic groups, disabled persons, Dalits, Madeshi and the victims of the conflict as well. Moreover, representatives of the CPN (Maoists) shall also be included on the basis of consensus.

Women, girls and gender

Participation
Effective participation
Page 1, 3, Formation of the Council, 3.3: The Local Peace Council shall be inclusive in nature with the representation of Seven Political Parties that are in Government, other parties having representation in the parliament, women, professional organizations, civil society, social organization, indigenous and ethnic groups, disabled persons, Dalits, Madeshi and the victims of the conflict as well. Moreover, representatives of the CPN (Maoists) shall also be included on the basis of consensus.
Equality
No specific mention.
Particular groups of women
No specific mention.
International law
No specific mention.
New institutions
No specific mention.
Violence against women
No specific mention.
Transitional justice
No specific mention.
Institutional reform
No specific mention.
Development
No specific mention.
Implementation
No specific mention.
Other
No specific mention.

The University of Edinburgh