Memorandum of Peace and Understanding in Cabinda Province

Country/entity
Angola
Cabinda
Region
Africa (excl MENA)
Agreement name
Memorandum of Peace and Understanding in Cabinda Province
Date
01/08/2006
Agreement status
Multiparty signed/agreed
Agreement/conflict level
Intrastate/intrastate conflict (Angolan Civil War (1975 - 2002)
The conflict has involved political divisions, and agreements emanate from two dyads. Unita-dyad. Immediately following Angola’s independence in 1975, a civil war broke out between the two main armed independence movements, the (then government) Popular Movement for the Liberation of Angola (MPLA) and the National Union for the Total Independence of Angola (UNITA). The UN-mediated Lusaka Protocol in November 1994 did not end fighting and another attempt in 1998 failed due to continuous ceasefire violations. After internal splits and the killing of their founder Jonas Savimbi, UNITA was defeated by MPLA forces in 2002.

Cabinda dyad. Additionally, in the Cabinda enclave, the Front for the Liberation of the Enclave of Cabinda (FLEC) fought a low intensity guerrilla warfare against the MPLA government since independence, but by the early 2000s, FLEC had lost significant operational power and in 2006 the group eventually declared a ceasefire.
Angolan Civil War (1975 - 2002) )
Stage
Framework/substantive - comprehensive (Agreement)
Conflict nature
Government/territory
Peace process
178: Cabinda process
Parties
Note: The agreement does not have any signatories, however the preamble states that the peace plan is the product of the Government of the Republic of Angola and the
Cabinda Forum for Dialogue
Third parties
Witnessed by representatives of the Episcopal Conference of Angola and Sao Tome,
representatives of the Council of Christian Churches of Angola and representatives of the Inter-Ecclesiastical Council for Peace in Angol.
Description
This is a publication in the official bulletin containing the resolution (n°27 A/06) of the national assembly to authorise the president of the republic to make peace under the memorandum of understanding for peace and reconciliation in the province of Cabinda, and the resolution (n°27-B/06) approving said memorandum.

Agreement document
AO_060801_Memorandum_of_Peace_and_Understanding_tr.pdf

Agreement document (original language)
AO_060801_Memorandum of Peace and Understanding_PT.pdf

Main category
Page 36, Memorandum, ANNEX 2/7 OF ANNEX 7 on the Special Statute of the Province of Cabinda, TITLE II Government of the Province of Cabinda, CHAPTER III Special Powers of the General Government Provincial Government,
ARTICLE 15 (Competences of an economic and social nature)
The Cabinda Provincial Government has special powers of an economic and social nature:

i) to support the development of specific family functions and to promote equal opportunities for women in social and labour spheres.

Page 47, Memorandum, ANNEX 2/7 OF ANNEX 7 on the Special Statute of the Province of Cabinda, TITLE II Government of the Province of Cabinda, CHAPTER IX Vice Governors
ARTICLE 42 (Competence)
1. The Vice Governor for the economic and productive sector is responsible for assisting the Provincial Governor in the coordination and execution of tasks related to the following areas:

d) … women's empowerment …

Women, girls and gender

Participation
No specific mention.
Equality
Social equality
Page 24, Chapter III: Extraordinary Powers of General Scope of the Provincial Government, Article 15: Powers of Economic and Social Nature
...
i) Guarantee the support to the development of specific functions of families and to promote equal opportunity for women in social and work places.
Particular groups of women
No specific mention.
International law
No specific mention.
New institutions
Infrastructure (general)
Page 31, Chapter IX: Vice-Governors, Article 42
...
2. It is the responsibility of the Vice-Governor for Social and Organisational Affairs to assist the Provincial Governor in the coordination and execution of tasks related to the following areas:
...
d) justice, family and empowerment of women, social communication, public administration, employment and welfare, science and technology;
Violence against women
No specific mention.
Transitional justice
No specific mention.
Institutional reform
No specific mention.
Development
No specific mention.
Implementation
No specific mention.
Other
No specific mention.

The University of Edinburgh