Joint Communiqué #53, Havana

Country/entity
Colombia
Region
Americas
Agreement name
Joint Communiqué #53, Havana
Date
27/03/2015
Agreement status
Multiparty signed/agreed
Agreement/conflict level
Intrastate/intrastate conflict (Colombian Conflict (1964 - )
The Colombian conflict is really a set of conflicts and the peace agreements reflect both different processes relating to different conflict groups and dyads, and processes taking place at different times in a complex peace process history. The Colombian civil war has its roots in the late 1940s and the violent infighting between liberal and the conservative factions. Emerging from the liberal tradition with a thorough grounding in nationalist communist ideology, the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia—People's Army (FARC) began its armed insurrection against the Colombian government in 1964. Other left-wing guerrillas emerged as well, most notably the socialist/populist M-19, which would later be integrated into the formal political system in the peace process of 1990s; the National Liberation Army (ELN), which has strong roots in liberation theology, and the Maoist Ejército Popular de Liberación (EPL) (also part of the 1990 process, less successfully). Several stages of peace processes were undertaken by the various sides, which were further complicated by the emergence of right-wing paramilitary ‘self-defence’ forces. The peace agreement between the Colombian government under President Uribe and the main alliance of the paramilitary groups, the United Self-Defence Forces of Colombia (AUC), concluded in 2005 and is still heavily disputed as several remnants are still active, but now subsumed under the heading ‘Bacrim’ (Bandas criminales). In addition, FARC and ELN maintain a military presence, but both demonstrate a strong interest in completing successful peace negotiations with the government, with the most recent agreements being between FARC and the Government.

Colombian Conflict (1964 - ) )
Stage
Implementation/renegotiation (Implementation modalities)
Conflict nature
Government
Peace process
110: Colombia V - Santos
Parties
The National Government; the FACR – EP
Third parties
Description
This short agreement reports on several issues from cycle 34 of the dialogues and how they will be implemented, including de-mining operations, consultations on peace processes, and the on-going gender sub-commission.

Agreement document
CO_150327_Joint Communiqué #53, Havana.pdf

Main category
Page 1, Point 4
The gender sub-commission, thanks to the support of the guarantor countries, received experts Magalys Arocha, Mireia Cano and Hilde Salvesen, who presented their recommendations in order to ensure a gender approach in the agreements already achieved.

Women, girls and gender

Participation
No specific mention.
Equality
No specific mention.
Particular groups of women
No specific mention.
International law
No specific mention.
New institutions
Infrastructure (general)
Page 1, Point 4
The gender sub-commission, thanks to the support of the guarantor countries, received experts Magalys Arocha, Mireia Cano and Hilde Salvesen, who presented their recommendations in order to ensure a gender approach in the agreements already achieved.
Violence against women
No specific mention.
Transitional justice
No specific mention.
Institutional reform
No specific mention.
Development
No specific mention.
Implementation
Other
Page 1, Point 4
The gender sub-commission, thanks to the support of the guarantor countries, received experts Magalys Arocha, Mireia Cano and Hilde Salvesen, who presented their recommendations in order to ensure a gender approach in the agreements already achieved.
Other
No specific mention.

The University of Edinburgh