Joint Monitoring Committee guideline for Each Level (Draft)

Country/entity
Myanmar
Region
Asia and Pacific
Agreement name
Joint Monitoring Committee guideline for Each Level (Draft)
Date
15/10/2015
Agreement status
Multiparty signed/agreed
Agreement/conflict level
Intrastate/intrastate conflict (Myanmar Conflict (1948 - )
Internal conflict, mostly along ethno-political fault lines, has been a constant feature of Myanmar since its independence in 1948. The conflict has two distinct dynamics. First a struggle between an authoritarian government and a pro-democracy opposition which has the characteristics of authoritarian conflicts; and second a stuggle between the government and ethnic armed groups which has the characteristics of an identity conflict. The two oldest and strongest militias fighting the government are the Karen National Union (KNU), which has remained active since the late 1940s, and the Kachin Independence Organisation, which was formed in the early 1960s. In total, here are more than a dozen mostly ethnic-based guerrilla groups active throughout the country. Especially in the period of junta dictatorship that lasted until 2011 the government attempted to crush the rebellions, which led to numerous human rights violations. With the start of democratic reforms in the aftermath of the 2010 elections, peace negotiations have taken place and resulted in the signing of various agreements, although conflicts remain active.

Myanmar Conflict (1948 - ) )
Stage
Ceasefire/related (Related)
Conflict nature
Government/territory
Peace process
87: Myanmar ceasefires process with ethnic armed groups
Parties
Armed Ethnic Organisations, Myanmar Government.
Third parties
Description
Agreement establishes a Joint Monitoring Commission on the Union, State and Local levels, consisting of representatives from both the government and Armed Ethnic Organisations, in addition to civilians. Agreement outlines structure, protocol and jurisdiction of JMCs.

Agreement document
MM_151118_JMC_TOR.pdf

Main category
Page 4, Chapter 4, State Level Joint Ceasefire Monitoring Committee (JMC-S) Formation
34. The JMC-S shall be formed by the JMC-U as the following:
... (E) Both parties shall do their best to include the participation of women in the JMC-S.

Page 7, Chapter 5, Local Level Joint Ceasefire Monitoring Committee (JMC-L) Formation
59. The JMC-L shall be formed as below to assist the JMC-S.
... (E) Both parties shall do their best to include women in the JMC-L.

Women, girls and gender

Participation
Effective participation
Page 4, Chapter 4, State Level Joint Ceasefire Monitoring Committee (JMC-S) Formation
34. The JMC-S shall be formed by the JMC-U as the following:
... (E) Both parties shall do their best to include the participation of women in the JMC-S.

Page 7, Chapter 5, Local Level Joint Ceasefire Monitoring Committee (JMC-L) Formation
59. The JMC-L shall be formed as below to assist the JMC-S.
... (E) Both parties shall do their best to include women in the JMC-L.
Equality
No specific mention.
Particular groups of women
No specific mention.
International law
No specific mention.
New institutions
Other
Page 4, Chapter 4, State Level Joint Ceasefire Monitoring Committee (JMC-S) Formation
34. The JMC-S shall be formed by the JMC-U as the following:
... (E) Both parties shall do their best to include the participation of women in the JMC-S.

Page 7, Chapter 5, Local Level Joint Ceasefire Monitoring Committee (JMC-L) Formation
59. The JMC-L shall be formed as below to assist the JMC-S.
... (E) Both parties shall do their best to include women in the JMC-L.
Violence against women
No specific mention.
Transitional justice
No specific mention.
Institutional reform
No specific mention.
Development
No specific mention.
Implementation
No specific mention.
Other
No specific mention.

The University of Edinburgh