Project de charte pour la paix et la réconciliation nationale

Country/entity
Algeria
Region
Middle East and North Africa
Agreement name
Project de charte pour la paix et la réconciliation nationale
Date
14/08/2005
Agreement status
Unilateral document
Agreement/conflict level
Intrastate/intrastate conflict (Algerian Civil War (1990 - 1998)
The conflict has involved secularist and Islamic political forces. After the Front Islamique du Salut (FIS) won local councils and the first round of national elections in 1990 and 1991 respectively, the ruling state party, Front Libération National (FLN) dissolved Algeria’s parliament and suspended the constitution and the army council took over the reins of government. After protests by FIS, the military regime imposed a state of emergency, effectively triggering off a bloody civil war as Islamist militias rose in opposition. The FIS split, and the breakaway Groupe Islamique Armé (GIA) became known for some of the most violent anti-government actors. Violence peaked in 1995 after the military candidate won in presidential elections. Heavily pressured by the military, FIS-loyalists declared a ceasefire in 1997 and after presidential elections in 1999, President Abdelaziz Bouteflika enacted a new amnesty law, which saw the number of insurgents shrink dramatically. By 2002, the GIA was effectively beaten militarily, however, various small Islamist groups continue to operate in the region.
Algerian Civil War (1990 - 1998) )
Stage
Framework/substantive - partial (Multiple issues)
Conflict nature
Government
Peace process
3: Algeria: Bouteflika Process
Parties
The Government of Algeria
Third parties
Description
The agreement first introduces some background about the history of struggles in Algeria. The more substantive parts of the agreement provides for I. a call for an homage to saviours of the democratic and popular republic of Algeria; II. measures designed to consolidate peace; III. measures designed to consolidate national reconciliation; IV. measures to support investigation of the tragic missing persons dossier; V. measures designed to strengthen national cohesion.

Agreement document
DZ_050814_Projet de charte pour la paix_tr.pdf

Agreement document (original language)
DZ_050814_Projet de charte pour la paix et la réconciliation nationale_fr.pdf

Main category
Page 2, untitled preamble:
[...]
All Algerian men and women are absolutely convinced that no political, social or economic development will bring the benefits they hope for, without a return to peace and security. Having been deprived, for a time, of this peace and security, they appreciate how important it is, for each and every one of them and for the nation itself. A new approach is now needed for a definitive return to peace and security based on national reconciliation, because it is only through national reconciliation that we can heal the wounds caused by this national tragedy. The Algerian people genuinely desire national reconciliation. And this desire is all the more acute given the many developmental challenges Algeria now faces. The Algerian people are convinced that in national reconciliation lies hope and the chance to consolidate all the advantages of a democratic and republican Algeria, to the great benefit of all of its citizens.

Page 3, II. MEASURES DESIGNED TO CONSOLIDATE PEACE
- Firstly: A moratorium on legal proceedings against any individual who has reported to the authorities since January 13, 2000, date of debarment of the Civic Concord law.
- Secondly: A moratorium on legal proceedings against all individuals who cease fighting and turn in their weapons. This moratorium does not apply to any person involved in group killings, rape or attacks using explosives in public places.
- Thirdly: A moratorium on legal proceedings against any wanted individuals, in the country or abroad, who give themselves up voluntarily to the competent Algerian authorities. This moratorium does not apply to any person involved in group killings, rape or attacks using explosives in public places.
- Fourthly: A moratorium on legal proceedings against all individuals involved in terrorism support networks who decide to declare their activities to the competent Algerian authorities.
- Fifthly: A moratorium on legal proceedings against all individuals charged with contempt of court, other than those involved in group killings, rape or attacks using explosives in public places.
- Sixthly: Individuals charged and imprisoned for activities supporting terrorism to be pardoned.
- Seventh; Individuals charged and imprisoned for acts of violence to be pardoned, other than those involved in group killings, rape or attacks using explosives in public places.
- Eighth: Reduced and commuted sentences for all persons, whether wanted or definitively charged, not covered by the moratorium on legal proceedings described above.


Women, girls and gender

Participation
No specific mention.
Equality
No specific mention.
Particular groups of women
No specific mention.
International law
No specific mention.
New institutions
No specific mention.
Violence against women
Sexual violence
Page 3

II. MEASURES DESIGNED TO CONSOLIDATE PEACE
- Firstly: A moratorium on legal proceedings against any individual who has reported to the authorities since January 13, 2000, date of debarment of the Civic Concord law.
- Secondly: A moratorium on legal proceedings against all individuals who cease fighting and turn in their weapons. This moratorium does not apply to any person involved in group killings, rape or attacks using explosives in public places.
- Thirdly: A moratorium on legal proceedings against any wanted individuals, in the country or abroad, who give themselves up voluntarily to the competent Algerian authorities. This moratorium does not apply to any person involved in group killings, rape or attacks using explosives in public places.
- Fourthly: A moratorium on legal proceedings against all individuals involved in terrorism support networks who decide to declare their activities to the competent Algerian authorities.
- Fifthly: A moratorium on legal proceedings against all individuals charged with contempt of court, other than those involved in group killings, rape or attacks using explosives in public places.
- Sixthly: Individuals charged and imprisoned for activities supporting terrorism to be pardoned.
- Seventh; Individuals charged and imprisoned for acts of violence to be pardoned, other than those involved in group killings, rape or attacks using explosives in public places.
- Eighth: Reduced and commuted sentences for all persons, whether wanted or definitively charged, not covered by the moratorium on legal proceedings described above.
Transitional justice
Past and gender
Page 3

II. MEASURES DESIGNED TO CONSOLIDATE PEACE
- Firstly: A moratorium on legal proceedings against any individual who has reported to the authorities since January 13, 2000, date of debarment of the Civic Concord law.
- Secondly: A moratorium on legal proceedings against all individuals who cease fighting and turn in their weapons. This moratorium does not apply to any person involved in group killings, rape or attacks using explosives in public places.
- Thirdly: A moratorium on legal proceedings against any wanted individuals, in the country or abroad, who give themselves up voluntarily to the competent Algerian authorities. This moratorium does not apply to any person involved in group killings, rape or attacks using explosives in public places.
- Fourthly: A moratorium on legal proceedings against all individuals involved in terrorism support networks who decide to declare their activities to the competent Algerian authorities.
- Fifthly: A moratorium on legal proceedings against all individuals charged with contempt of court, other than those involved in group killings, rape or attacks using explosives in public places.
- Sixthly: Individuals charged and imprisoned for activities supporting terrorism to be pardoned.
- Seventh; Individuals charged and imprisoned for acts of violence to be pardoned, other than those involved in group killings, rape or attacks using explosives in public places.
- Eighth: Reduced and commuted sentences for all persons, whether wanted or definitively charged, not covered by the moratorium on legal proceedings described above.
Institutional reform
No specific mention.
Development
No specific mention.
Implementation
No specific mention.
Other
No specific mention.

The University of Edinburgh