Joint Final Communique and Resolutions: Dinka Malual and Misseriyya Grassroots Peace Conference

Country/entity
South Sudan
Sudan
Southern Kordofan - Blue Nile - Abyei
Region
Africa (excl MENA)
Agreement name
Joint Final Communique and Resolutions: Dinka Malual and Misseriyya Grassroots Peace Conference
Date
14/11/2008
Agreement status
Multiparty signed/agreed
Agreement/conflict level
Intrastate/local conflict (Sudan Conflicts (1955 - )
Agreements relate to several distinct dyads, and also the negotiated independence of South Sudan, and subsequent internal conflict in South Sudan. Sudan-South Sudan. The long-standing conflict between the north and the south of the country dates back to colonial times, where the British introduced a so-called ‘Southern Policy’, severely hampering population movements between these big regions. Immediately after gaining independence in 1956, southern movements started to fight for independence; this fight became professionalised in 1983 with the foundation of the soon internationally supported Sudan People’s Liberation Army (SPLA). When the Islamic Front government introduced strict sharia laws in the south after it took over power in 1988 the war intensified. A decade later, the military situation reached a stalemate, enabling internationally facilitated peace negotiations to begin in 1997. After more fighting, a final negotiation push began in 2002, leading to the signing of the Comprehensive Peace Areement (CPA) in January 2005.

Sudan-South Sudan post referendum. South Sudan became independent in July 2011; since then, relations between the two countries are complicated and violent conflict led by the SPLM (North) in the Sudanese Nuba mountains region has since intensified.

Darfur. Other long-standing violent conflicts are in the east and the west of the country. In the east, the Beja Congress, established in 1957, is the spearhead of a currently ‘peaceful’ opposition movement. In the west, the violent conflict in Darfur intensified in the early 2000s and rapidly gained international attention, even resulting in genocide charges against leading figures of the Sudanese government. The situation on the ground is complex, with over a dozen organisations (most notably the Sudanese Liberation Movement and the Justice and Equality Movement) fighting the Sudanese government and allied groups like the Janjaweed – although all parties have switched sides on numerous occasions. Several mediation attempts have not been successful, due to the shaky commitment of the Sudanese central government and the distrust among the armed opposition.

South Sudan- internal. Post independence, conflict broke out between groups in South Sudan and agreements were reached addressing this conflict.

Sudan Conflicts (1955 - ) )
Stage
Framework/substantive - partial (Multiple issues)
Conflict nature
Inter-group
Peace process
120: Kordofan - Blue Nile - Abyei process
Parties
Dinka Malual and Messiriya Al Humus of Al Fiyareen and Awlad Kamil
Signatories:
Dinka:
Chief Acien Acien Yor
Chief Makuac Makuac Kuol

Misseriya:
Amir Harika Osman
Amir Ismail M. Yousif
Third parties
Witnesses:
H.E. Maj. Gen. Paul Malong Awan, Governor NBGS
Mr Aldo Ajou Deng, Chair DMMPC
Mr Marko Ujomo, Adviser WBGS
Hon El Taher El Rigig El Haj

Mr. Omer Sulieman Adam, Governor SKS
Mr. Alkhair A. El Makki, D/Chair DMMPC
John Marks, USAID
Hon Garang Jal Akuer
Description
Peace conference resolution and joint statement between Dinka and Misseriya, seeking to protect herders and establish mechanisms for grazing rights and water access, protect women and children, implement joint development and the control of small arms as stipulated in the CPA.

Agreement document
SS_081114_Joint Communique and Resolutions Dinka Malual and Messiriya Grassroots Peace Conference .pdf

Main category
Page 2, Untitled Preamble,
... 5. Mindful of our shared desire to return of the innocent abducted children and women as documented by Committee for Eradication of Abduction of Women and Children (CEAWC); 6. Recognizant, respect and committed to full and timely implementation of Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA);

Page 5, RESOLUTIONS, DINKA MALUAL AND MESSIRIYA GRASSROOTS PEACE CONFERENCE,  
SECTION I: RECOMMENDATIONS ON EQUITABLE SHARING OF GRAZING LANDS AND WATER POINTS
... 6. The conference recommends the holding of annual conferences, exchange visits for the following reasons:
... c) Ensure participation of women in all community affairs.

Page 6, SECTION II
RECOMMENDATIONS ON ABDUCTION OF CHILDREN AND WOMEN
... 2. Both the Dinka and Messiriya commit themselves to full cooperation with CEAWC [Committee for Eradication of Abduction of Women and Children] so that it can fulfil its work and programs.
3. The conference affirms that this problem is as a result of the war in the Sudan and appreciates the role of the national institutions, especially CEAWC, to control this practice.
4. The conference appreciates the role of the GONU, GOSS and the state governments of Northern Bahr El Ghazal and Southern Kordofan in their efforts to put and end to this practice.
5. The conference recommends granting funds to CEAWC, so that it can return the abductees to their families and close this chapter as soon as possible.
6. The responsible body should cooperate with the native administration in Messiriya area, in order to secure the ways for the voluntary return of displaced persons and refugees returning to Northern Bahr El Ghazal State; and also to remove all the impediments to investment, and to encourage investment from sons (daughters) of the two states.

Page 6, SECTION III: RECOMMENDATIONS ON SHARED DEVELOPMENT
1. Regarding education, the conference recommended the following:
... d) Recognizing the importance of education for women.

Page 6, SECTION III: RECOMMENDATIONS ON SHARED DEVELOPMENT
... 2. Regarding health, the conference recommended the following:
... e) Implementation of free medical treatment for mothers and children. 

Women, girls and gender

Participation
Effective participation
Page 5, RESOLUTIONS, DINKA MALUAL AND MESSIRIYA GRASSROOTS PEACE CONFERENCE,
SECTION I: RECOMMENDATIONS ON EQUITABLE SHARING OF GRAZING LANDS AND WATER POINTS
... 6. The conference recommends the holding of annual conferences, exchange visits for the following reasons:
... c) Ensure participation of women in all community affairs.
Equality
No specific mention.
Particular groups of women
No specific mention.
International law
No specific mention.
New institutions
No specific mention.
Violence against women
Gender-based violence/VAW (general)
Page 2, Untitled Preamble,
... 5. Mindful of our shared desire to return of the innocent abducted children and women as documented by Committee for Eradication of Abduction of Women and Children (CEAWC);

Page 6, SECTION II
RECOMMENDATIONS ON ABDUCTION OF CHILDREN AND WOMEN
... 2. Both the Dinka and Messiriya commit themselves to full cooperation with CEAWC [Committee for Eradication of Abduction of Women and Children] so that it can fulfil its work and programs.
3. The conference affirms that this problem is as a result of the war in the Sudan and appreciates the role of the national institutions, especially CEAWC, to control this practice.
4. The conference appreciates the role of the GONU, GOSS and the state governments of Northern Bahr El Ghazal and Southern Kordofan in their efforts to put and end to this practice.
5. The conference recommends granting funds to CEAWC, so that it can return the abductees to their families and close this chapter as soon as possible.
6. The responsible body should cooperate with the native administration in Messiriya area, in order to secure the ways for the voluntary return of displaced persons and refugees returning to Northern Bahr El Ghazal State; and also to remove all the impediments to investment, and to encourage investment from sons (daughters) of the two states.
Transitional justice
No specific mention.
Institutional reform
No specific mention.
Development
Education
Page 6, SECTION III: RECOMMENDATIONS ON SHARED DEVELOPMENT
1. Regarding education, the conference recommended the following:
... d) Recognizing the importance of education for women.
Health (general)
Page 6, SECTION III: RECOMMENDATIONS ON SHARED DEVELOPMENT
... 2. Regarding health, the conference recommended the following:
... e) Implementation of free medical treatment for mothers and children
Implementation
No specific mention.
Other
No specific mention.

The University of Edinburgh