Agreement between the GoN and Nepal Adivasi Janajati Mahasangha and Adivasi Janajati Samyukta Sangharsha Samiti

Country/entity
Nepal
Region
Asia and Pacific
Agreement name
Agreement between the GoN and Nepal Adivasi Janajati Mahasangha and Adivasi Janajati Samyukta Sangharsha Samiti
Date
07/08/2007
Agreement status
Multiparty signed/agreed
Agreement/conflict level
Intrastate/intrastate conflict (Nepalese Insurgency (1996 - 2006)
Inspired by the Maoist insurgency in Peru in the early 1990s, the Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist) – CPN(M) – declared war on the Nepalese government in February 1996. A key demand was the transformation of Nepal from a monarchy into a ‘People’s Republic’. Following a pronounced Maoist military strategy, the CPN(M) focused their insurgency on the rural areas. They gained significantly in strength and it took heavy international military support to stabilize the Nepalese government in 2002. After public protests escalated in Kathmandu in 2004, the Nepalese King Gyanendra took authoritarian control over the government. In the cities, a strong popular movement for democracy emerged, forcing the government into fast progressing peace negations in 2006 that concluded with the signing of a Comprehensive Peace Accord on 21 November 2006.
Nepalese Insurgency (1996 - 2006) )
Stage
Framework/substantive - partial (Multiple issues)
Conflict nature
Government
Peace process
88: Nepal peace process
Parties
Sd.
Dr. Om Gurung
Coordinator
Nepal Adivasi Janajati Mahasangha

Sd.
Ram Chandra Poudel
Coordinator
GoN Talks Team

Sd.
KB Gurung
Coordinator
Adivasi Janajati Samyukta Sangharsha Samiti
Third parties
Description
An agreement between the Agreement between the Government of Nepal, the Nepal Adivasi Janajati Mahasangha and the Adivasi Janajati Samyukta Sangharsha Samiti on the inclusion an political representation of indigenous nationalities in Nepal's state institutions.

Agreement document
NP_070807_GoN and Nepal Adivasi Janajati Mahasangha and Adivasi Janajati Samyukta Sangharsha Samiti.pdf

Main category
Page 1, 4: A State Restructuring Commission shall immediately be formed to present to the forthcoming Constituent Assembly recommendations regarding a federal structure for the state based on ethnicity, language, geographical region, economic status and cultural characteristics while keeping national unity, integrity and sovereignty of Nepal above all. The Commission shall be composed of eminent experts from various classes, regions and communities, including indigenous nationalities, Madheshis, Dalits and women.

Page 1, 8: The GoN has agreed in principle that all classes, sexes, communities, and caste and ethnic groups would be represented in political parties at all levels. A taskforce with the representation of all shall be formed immediately to conduct a study to ensure inclusive, participatory and proportional representation of all ethnic groups, classes, communities, sexes and regions in all organs and at all levels of state.

Page 1, 9: All sectors shall take initiative to translate into action the legal and policy-level commitments that have been articulated to ensure inclusive and proportional representation of all sexes, classes, regions and communities, including indigenous nationalities, in all organs and at all levels of state functioning.

Page 2, 10: The practice of seeking advice and consultation from the parties and agencies concerned while making important decisions on issues that concern various classes, regions, sexes and communities, including indigenous nationalities, shall continued to be developed.

Page 2, 13: Democratic and transparent processes shall be followed in the formation of a District Coordination Committee on Indigenous Nationalities. In addition, high importance shall be given to the involvement of Nepal Federation of Indigenous Nationalities and the National Federation of Indigenous Women in this process.

Page 2, 14: Internalising the spirit and aspiration of gender mainstreaming in the implementation of development projects and programmes, including the Interim Plan, and paying attention to gender diversity in programme implementation and benefit-sharing, emphasis shall be laid on the participation of women from indigenous nationalities, Dalit and Madheshi groups.

Page 2, 19: The Government shall make a serious effort to reach an agreement for addressing the demands of various classes and communities, including Madheshis, women and Dalits through dialogues and discussions with the groups concerned.

Page 2, 20: Nepal Federation of Indigenous Nationalities, Indigenous Nationalities Joint Struggle Committee and National Indigenous Women Federation request all indigenous nationalities in the country to unite for the success of the upcoming Constituent Assembly election.

Women, girls and gender

Participation
Effective participation
Page 1, 4: A State Restructuring Commission shall immediately be formed to present to the forthcoming Constituent Assembly recommendations regarding a federal structure for the state based on ethnicity, language, geographical region, economic status and cultural characteristics while keeping national unity, integrity and sovereignty of Nepal above all. The Commission shall be composed of eminent experts from various classes, regions and communities, including indigenous nationalities, Madheshis, Dalits and women.

Page 1, 8: The GoN has agreed in principle that all classes, sexes, communities, and caste and ethnic groups would be represented in political parties at all levels. A taskforce with the representation of all shall be formed immediately to conduct a study to ensure inclusive, participatory and proportional representation of all ethnic groups, classes, communities, sexes and regions in all organs and at all levels of state.

Page 1, 9: All sectors shall take initiative to translate into action the legal and policy-level commitments that have been articulated to ensure inclusive and proportional representation of all sexes, classes, regions and communities, including indigenous nationalities, in all organs and at all levels of state functioning.

Page 2, 10: The practice of seeking advice and consultation from the parties and agencies concerned while making important decisions on issues that concern various classes, regions, sexes and communities, including indigenous nationalities, shall continued to be developed.

Page 2, 13: Democratic and transparent processes shall be followed in the formation of a District Coordination Committee on Indigenous Nationalities. In addition, high importance shall be given to the involvement of Nepal Federation of Indigenous Nationalities and the National Federation of Indigenous Women in this process.

Page 2, 14: Internalising the spirit and aspiration of gender mainstreaming in the implementation of development projects and programmes, including the Interim Plan, and paying attention to gender diversity in programme implementation and benefit-sharing, emphasis shall be laid on the participation of women from indigenous nationalities, Dalit and Madheshi groups.

Page 2, 19: The Government shall make a serious effort to reach an agreement for addressing the demands of various classes and communities, including Madheshis, women and Dalits through dialogues and discussions with the groups concerned.
Equality
No specific mention.
Particular groups of women
Indigenous/nomadic women
Page 2, 13: Democratic and transparent processes shall be followed in the formation of a District Coordination Committee on Indigenous Nationalities. In addition, high importance shall be given to the involvement of Nepal Federation of Indigenous Nationalities and the National Federation of Indigenous Women in this process.

Page 2, 14: Internalising the spirit and aspiration of gender mainstreaming in the implementation of development projects and programmes, including the Interim Plan, and paying attention to gender diversity in programme implementation and benefit-sharing, emphasis shall be laid on the participation of women from indigenous nationalities, Dalit and Madheshi groups.

Page 2, 19: The Government shall make a serious effort to reach an agreement for addressing the demands of various classes and communities, including Madheshis, women and Dalits through dialogues and discussions with the groups concerned.
International law
No specific mention.
New institutions
No specific mention.
Violence against women
No specific mention.
Transitional justice
No specific mention.
Institutional reform
No specific mention.
Development
No specific mention.
Implementation
No specific mention.
Other
No specific mention.

The University of Edinburgh