Final Communique of the Reconciliation Conference between the Misseriyya Tribes; the Awlad Hayban and Awlad Serur and al-Metanin

Country/entity
Sudan
Region
Africa (excl MENA)
Agreement name
Final Communique of the Reconciliation Conference between the Misseriyya Tribes; the Awlad Hayban and Awlad Serur and al-Metanin
Date
01/03/2013
Agreement status
Multiparty signed/agreed
Agreement/conflict level
Intrastate/local conflict (Sudan Conflicts (1955 - )
Agreements relate to several distinct dyads, and also the negotiated independence of South Sudan, and subsequent internal conflict in South Sudan. Sudan-South Sudan. The long-standing conflict between the north and the south of the country dates back to colonial times, where the British introduced a so-called ‘Southern Policy’, severely hampering population movements between these big regions. Immediately after gaining independence in 1956, southern movements started to fight for independence; this fight became professionalised in 1983 with the foundation of the soon internationally supported Sudan People’s Liberation Army (SPLA). When the Islamic Front government introduced strict sharia laws in the south after it took over power in 1988 the war intensified. A decade later, the military situation reached a stalemate, enabling internationally facilitated peace negotiations to begin in 1997. After more fighting, a final negotiation push began in 2002, leading to the signing of the Comprehensive Peace Areement (CPA) in January 2005.

Sudan-South Sudan post referendum. South Sudan became independent in July 2011; since then, relations between the two countries are complicated and violent conflict led by the SPLM (North) in the Sudanese Nuba mountains region has since intensified.

Darfur. Other long-standing violent conflicts are in the east and the west of the country. In the east, the Beja Congress, established in 1957, is the spearhead of a currently ‘peaceful’ opposition movement. In the west, the violent conflict in Darfur intensified in the early 2000s and rapidly gained international attention, even resulting in genocide charges against leading figures of the Sudanese government. The situation on the ground is complex, with over a dozen organisations (most notably the Sudanese Liberation Movement and the Justice and Equality Movement) fighting the Sudanese government and allied groups like the Janjaweed – although all parties have switched sides on numerous occasions. Several mediation attempts have not been successful, due to the shaky commitment of the Sudanese central government and the distrust among the armed opposition.

South Sudan- internal. Post independence, conflict broke out between groups in South Sudan and agreements were reached addressing this conflict.

Sudan Conflicts (1955 - ) )
Stage
Framework/substantive - partial (Multiple issues)
Conflict nature
Inter-group
Peace process
120: Kordofan - Blue Nile - Abyei process
Parties
1. Amir Abd al-Moneim Musi El Shwayn, Amir of Amirs for the al-Matenin
2. Amir Ismail Besharah El Safy, Amir of Amirs for the Awlad Hayban
3. Amir El Tijany Mohamed Ahmed, Amir of Amirs for the Awlad Serur
Third parties
Witnesses:
Minister of Decentralized Government, Hasbu Muhammad Abd al-Rahman
Acting Governor of East Darfur, Ahmed Kubar Jibril
Governor of South Kordofan, Maulana Ahmed Muhammad Hurun
Chairman of the Good Offices Committee, Dr Abd al-Hamid Musi Kasha
Chairman of the Preparatory Committee, Amir Mukhtar Babu Namr
Chairman of the Legal Department of East Darfur State
Chairman of the Legal Department of South Kordofan State
Vice President of the Republic, Dr al-Haj Adam Yusuf

Other participants [not signatures]
Dr. Nafie Ali Nafie, Assistant President of the Republic
A number of ministers, ministers of state, governor of South Kordofan and acting governor of East Darfur, a number of members of the governments of South Kordofan and East Darfur, and dignitaries of the civil administration in South Kordofan and East Darfur, and a party [representing] the people of South Kordofan and East Darfur
Description
Reconciliation agreement between the Awlad Serur/al-Matenin and the Awlad Hayban - all sub-clans of the Misseriyya - in South Kordofan, following clashes in al-Fulah, South Kordofan. Agreement makes recommendations for reconciliation including the payment of blood money, delineating areas of settlement for the two tribes. The agreement also outlines punishments for transgressing the agreement and a mechanism for re-negotiation. Conference members also recommended the strengthening of the civil service in these regions. non-proliferation of arms, as well as a reconfiguring of the oil compensation policy.

Agreement document
SD_130310_Awlad Hayban, Awlad Serur and Matanin_EN.pdf

Agreement document (original language)
SD_130310_Awlad Hayban, Awlad Serur and Matanin_AR.pdf

Main category
Page 3, First
4. The parties shall abide by this settlement for the killing, injury and losses among the parties, in accordance with prevailing tribal customs, taking into account the rights of widows and orphans, the elimination of injustice and reparation.

Page 3, Second: In regards to Diyah [Blood Money]
3. (a) Debts to be paid by the Awlad Serur and Metanin to the Awlad Hayban.
... 3 women x 30 cattle = 90
... (b) Debts to be paid by the Awlad Hayban to the Awlad Serur,
... 1 women x 30 regular cattle = 30 cattle

Page 8, Conclusions,
We thank the brothers in the Chambers of Commerce of Da’in, the Workers and Trade Union, the Youth, Student’s, Women’s Unions, the Security Services, Police of South Kordofan and East Darfur, popular media (Poets and Hakamas).

Women, girls and gender

Participation
No specific mention.
Equality
No specific mention.
Particular groups of women
Other
Page 3, First
4. The parties shall abide by this settlement for the killing, injury and losses among the parties, in accordance with prevailing tribal customs, taking into account the rights of widows and orphans, the elimination of injustice and reparation.
International law
No specific mention.
New institutions
No specific mention.
Violence against women
No specific mention.
Transitional justice
Past and gender
Page 3, First
4. The parties shall abide by this settlement for the killing, injury and losses among the parties, in accordance with prevailing tribal customs, taking into account the rights of widows and orphans, the elimination of injustice and reparation.

Page 3, Second: In regards to Diyah [Blood Money]
3. (a) Debts to be paid by the Awlad Serur and Metanin to the Awlad Hayban.
... 3 women x 30 cattle = 90
... (b) Debts to be paid by the Awlad Hayban to the Awlad Serur,
... 1 women x 30 regular cattle = 30 cattle
Institutional reform
No specific mention.
Development
No specific mention.
Implementation
Other
Page 8, Conclusions,
We thank the brothers in the Chambers of Commerce of Da’in, the Workers and Trade Union, the Youth, Student’s, Women’s Unions, the Security Services, Police of South Kordofan and East Darfur, popular media (Poets and Hakamas).
Other
No specific mention.

The University of Edinburgh