Joint Communique #97

Country/entity
Colombia
Region
Americas
Agreement name
Joint Communique #97
Date
06/09/2016
Agreement status
Multiparty signed/agreed
Agreement/conflict level
Intrastate/intrastate conflict (Colombian Conflict (1964 - )
The Colombian conflict is really a set of conflicts and the peace agreements reflect both different processes relating to different conflict groups and dyads, and processes taking place at different times in a complex peace process history. The Colombian civil war has its roots in the late 1940s and the violent infighting between liberal and the conservative factions. Emerging from the liberal tradition with a thorough grounding in nationalist communist ideology, the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia—People's Army (FARC) began its armed insurrection against the Colombian government in 1964. Other left-wing guerrillas emerged as well, most notably the socialist/populist M-19, which would later be integrated into the formal political system in the peace process of 1990s; the National Liberation Army (ELN), which has strong roots in liberation theology, and the Maoist Ejército Popular de Liberación (EPL) (also part of the 1990 process, less successfully). Several stages of peace processes were undertaken by the various sides, which were further complicated by the emergence of right-wing paramilitary ‘self-defence’ forces. The peace agreement between the Colombian government under President Uribe and the main alliance of the paramilitary groups, the United Self-Defence Forces of Colombia (AUC), concluded in 2005 and is still heavily disputed as several remnants are still active, but now subsumed under the heading ‘Bacrim’ (Bandas criminales). In addition, FARC and ELN maintain a military presence, but both demonstrate a strong interest in completing successful peace negotiations with the government, with the most recent agreements being between FARC and the Government.

Colombian Conflict (1964 - ) )
Stage
Implementation/renegotiation (Implementation modalities)
Conflict nature
Government
Peace process
None
Parties
Government of Colombia
FARC-EP
Third parties
Description
An agreement providing for implementation modalities for demobilising children from FARC-EP

Agreement document
CO_160906_Joint_communique97.pdf

Main category
Page 1,

The National Government and the FARC – EP, pursuant to joint communiqué # 96 dated

September 2 whereby we agreed to start the departure process of the minors from the camps of the FARC – EP, hereby inform that we have agreed on a departure and transitory shelter protocol for boys, girls and adolescents leaving the FARC – EP camps.



Upon conclusion of this stage, the transfer team will deliver the boys, girls and adolescents to the reception team made up with representatives of UNICEF who, with support from the IOM, will operate the transitory reception sites previously determined by UNICEF.



On the other hand, a technical support committee will be formed, whose purpose will be to prepare observations and comments directed to the family advocates in charge of restoring the rights of these boys, girls and adolescents.

Page 1-2,

We invite the Office of the Special Representative of the Secretary General of the United Nations for Children and Armed Conflict; the Carter Center, the Geneva Call; the Coalition Against the Association of Boys, Girls and Youngsters to the Armed Conflict in Colombia, (Coalición contra la Vinculación de Niños, Niñas y Jóvenes al Conflicto Armado en Colombia – Coalico); the National Association of Peasant Reserve Zones (Asociación Nacional de Zonas de Reserva Campesina – Anzorc) and Communities Building Peace in the Territories (Comunidades Construyendo Paz en los Territorios – Conpaz), to support, accompany and/or oversee this protocol and the transitory reception plan.

Women, girls and gender

Participation
No specific mention.
Equality
No specific mention.
Particular groups of women
No specific mention.
International law
No specific mention.
New institutions
No specific mention.
Violence against women
No specific mention.
Transitional justice
No specific mention.
Institutional reform
DDR, army, parastatal or rebel forces
Page 1,
...The National Government and the FARC – EP, pursuant to joint communiqué # 96 dated September 2 whereby we agreed to start the departure process of the minors from the camps of the FARC – EP, hereby inform that we have agreed on a departure and transitory shelter protocol for boys, girls and adolescents leaving the FARC – EP camps.
Development
No specific mention.
Implementation
No specific mention.
Other
No specific mention.

The University of Edinburgh