CODESA Declaration of Intent

Country/entity
South Africa
Region
Africa (excl MENA)
Agreement name
CODESA Declaration of Intent
Date
21/12/1991
Agreement status
Multiparty signed/agreed
Agreement/conflict level
Intrastate/intrastate conflict (Post Apartheid South Africa and Nambian Independence (1990 - 1994)
South Africa – internal. The roots of the modern South African conflict are found in the British and Dutch colonization of Southern Africa, which resulted in the introduction of a white minority who soon held power in the region. The South African state emerged following a hard-fought pact between the British government and the white Afrikaner minority. ‘Apartheid’ – the Afrikaans word for separateness – became official government policy after 1948. Resistance to this system was widespread and took diverse forms. In 1912, the African National Congress (ANC) was formed to push for reforms in the country. After the 1960 Sharpeville massacre several organisations around the ANC took up arms and began to fight the Apartheid government using violent means. During the 1980s, President P.W. Botha introduced a reform policy that enabled the post-1990 peace agreements, which paved the way for the end of the apartheid system.

South Africa- Namibia. One set of agreements relates to the independence of Namibia which followed from the end of apartheid.

Post Apartheid South Africa and Nambian Independence (1990 - 1994) )
Stage
Pre-negotiation/process (Principles)
Conflict nature
Government
Peace process
114: South Africa peace process
Parties
SAG, CODESA (Democratic Party, Dikwankwetla Party, Inkatha Freedom Party, ANC, Bophuthatswana Govt, Inyandza National Movement, Intando Yesizwe Party, Labour Party of SA, Natal/Tvl Indian Congress, National Party, National People's Party, Solidarity, SA Communist Party, Transkei Govt, United People's Front, Venda Govt, Ximoko Progressive Party)
Third parties
Description
This short agreement outlines agreed principles for a future constitution as a result of the Convention for a Democratic South Africa. It provides for present and future participants to put forward democratic proposals, and that the Convention will establish a mechanism for co-operation of parties with administrations and the South African Government.

Agreement document
ZA_911229_CodesaDeclarationIntent.pdf

Main category
Page 1, PREAMBLE
... to bring about an undivided South Africa with one nation sharing a common citizenship, patriotism and loyalty, pursuing amidst our diversity, freedom, equality and security for all irrespective of race, colour, sex or creed; a country free from apartheid or any other form of discrimination or domination;

Page 1, PREAMBLE
... to set in motion the process of drawing up and establishing a constitution that will ensure, inter alia:
• that South Africa will be a united, democratic, non-racial and non-sexist state in which sovereign authority is exercised over the whole of its territory;

Women, girls and gender

Participation
No specific mention.
Equality
Equality (general)
Page 1, PREAMBLE
[Declaring a solemn commitment to] establishing a constitution that will ensure, inter alia:
• that South Africa will be a united, democratic, non-racial and non-sexist state in which sovereign authority is exercised over the whole of its territory;
Particular groups of women
No specific mention.
International law
No specific mention.
New institutions
No specific mention.
Violence against women
No specific mention.
Transitional justice
No specific mention.
Institutional reform
No specific mention.
Development
No specific mention.
Implementation
No specific mention.
Other
No specific mention.

The University of Edinburgh