Validation of the Reviews and Amendments on Dukana-Dillo-Maikona Declaration

Country/entity
Ethiopia
Kenya
Region
Africa (excl MENA)
Agreement name
Validation of the Reviews and Amendments on Dukana-Dillo-Maikona Declaration
Date
31/08/2017
Agreement status
Multiparty signed/agreed
Agreement/conflict level
Intrastate/local conflict (Kenyan Post-Electoral Violence (2007 - 2008)
The conflict emerged as post-election violence. After the incumbent President Kibaki was declared the winner of the Kenyan presidential elections in December 2007, complaints of fraud and a structural disadvantage affecting his competitor Raila Odinga lead to outbreaks of severe ethno-political violence. After the first incidents in the Rift Valley region, mainly directed against the Kikuyu ethnic group – the traditional powerbase of Kibaki – the fighting spread to the cities of Nairobi and Mombasa. After two months, Kibaki and Odinga agreed on a power-sharing agreement that granted Odinga the post as a Prime Minister and ended the violence.

Kenyan Post-Electoral Violence (2007 - 2008) )
Stage
Implementation/renegotiation (Addresses new or outstanding issues)
Conflict nature
Inter-group
Peace process
140: Kenya Local Agreements
Parties
Signed by Dambala Bonaya, Tura Roba, Dambala Sharamo, Charto Boru and Mamo Supo from the Gabra community and Aba Gada Kura Jarso, Boru Dima, Jaro Tukele, Alaje Gurme, and Galgalo Jarso from the Borana community.
Third parties
Witnessed by:
Solomon Gubo Rine, Deputy Governor Marsabit County
Job Kemei, Deputy County Commissioner, Noal Horr
Dida Jaldesa, Chielf of Zone 1 Cabinet and Head of Admin Office
Doyo Borte, Dillo Woreda Administrator
Description
This agreements is cross-border and addresses 'prolonged communal conflict' between the Boranas of Ethiopia and the Gabras of Kenya. It works to update, validate and extend an earlier Dukana-Dillo-Maikona Declaration, and provides for new inter-communal pledges for peace and provision for how theft of cattle is to be dealt with.

Agreement document
KE_EH_170831_Validation_Review_Amendments_Dukana_Dillo_Maikona_Declaration.pdf

Main category
Page 2, 2, Validation of the Declaration Reviews and Amendments
...
9. The penalty for rape case for virgin girl was amended from 10 to 15 cows. For married women remain at 5 cows. The culprit is then handed over to the Government to face prosecution.

Women, girls and gender

Participation
No specific mention.
Equality
No specific mention.
Particular groups of women
No specific mention.
International law
No specific mention.
New institutions
No specific mention.
Violence against women
Sexual violence
Page 2:

9. The penalty for rape case for virgin girl was amended from 10 to 15 cows. For married women remain 5 cows. The culprit is the handed over to the Government to face prosecution.
Transitional justice
No specific mention.
Institutional reform
No specific mention.
Development
No specific mention.
Implementation
No specific mention.
Other
No specific mention.

The University of Edinburgh