Global and Inclusive Political Agreement of the Inter-diocesan Center of Kinshasa

Country/entity
Democratic Republic of Congo
Region
Africa (excl MENA)
Agreement name
Global and Inclusive Political Agreement of the Inter-diocesan Center of Kinshasa
Date
31/12/2016
Agreement status
Multiparty signed/agreed
Agreement/conflict level
Intrastate/intrastate conflict (Congo Civil Wars (1996 - )
The overthrow of the long-term dictator Mobutu Sese Seko by a rebel Tutsi army backed by Uganda and Rwanda in 1997 acted as a catalyst for a war with regional dimensions, mainly fought in the eastern Kivu provinces. The conflict escalated in 1998, when President Laurent Kabila, then backed by Zimbabwean and Angolan troops, ordered Rwanda and Uganda to leave. After Kabila’s assassination in 2001, his son Joseph took over the presidency and won in the 2006 democratic elections.

In the eastern provinces, Tutsi-led militias, mainly organised in the National Congress for the Defense of the People (CNDP), fought the remnants of the Rwandan Hutu force FDLR, with further involvement of Rwandan and Ugandan troops. Other regionally operating militia groups, like the Lord’s Resistance Army from Northern Uganda, the so-called Mai Mai groups or short-lived guerrilla outfits like the March 23 Movement (M23) further contributed, and still contribute, to the complexity of the situation in eastern DRC.

Congo Civil Wars (1996 - ) )
Stage
Framework/substantive - comprehensive (Agreement)
Conflict nature
Government
Peace process
31: DRC: Second Congo war process
Parties
1. Majorité Présidentielle
a) Alexis THAMBWE-MWAMBA
b) Emmanuel RAMAZANI SHADARl
c) Adolphe LUMANU MULENDA BWANA N’SEFU
d) Martin KABWELULU
e) Lambert MENDE OMALANGA
f) Norbert NKULU MITUMBA KILOMBO

2. Opposition républicaine
a) Michel BONGONGO IKOLI NDOMBO

3. Opposition politique
a) Vital KAMERHE
b) Jean Lucien BUSSA
c) José MAKILA SUMANDA
d) Azarias RUBERWA MANYWA
e) Florentin MOKONDA BONZA
f) Stève MBlKAYI MABULUKI

4. Société civile
a) Marie-Madeleine KALALA NGOY MONGI
b) Monseigneur Jean-Luc KUYE-NDONDO
c) Maguy KIALA BOLENGA
Third parties
(Described as 'non-signatory' participants)

1. Rassemblement des Forces Politiques et Sociales
1. Félix TSHISEKEDI TSHILOMBO
2. Valentin Mubake Nombi
3. Christophe LUTUNDULA APALA
4. Gilbert KANKONDE NKASHAMA
5. Jean-Marc KABUND-A-KABUND
6. Joseph OLENGHANKOY MUKUNDJI
7. Martin FAYULU MADIDI
8. Delly SESANGA HIPUNGU
9. Didier MOLISHO SADI
10. Jean-Pierre LISANGA BONGANGA
11. Olivier KAMITATU ETSU

2. Front pour le Respect de la Constitution

1. Eve BAZAIBA MASUDI
2. Jacques LUNGUANA MATUMONA
3. Alexis LENGA WALENGA

3. Société Civile

1. Georges KAPIAMBA KAPIAMBA
2. Christopher NGOY MUTAMBA
Description
A version of this agreement was signed on 18 October 2018; however, this agreement includes more signatories. It reinforces respect for the constitution and sets out the necessary conditions and principles for future elections.

Agreement document
CD_161231_AccordCenco_En.pdf

Agreement document (original language)
CD_161231_Accord politique global et inclusif du centre Interdiocésain_FR.pdf

Main category
Page 8
2. For CENI:
c) Recruit more poll workers and train them, making sure to promote representation of women and young people;

Page 8
3. For the political parties:
d) Ensure actual representation of women and young people on the candidate rolls.

Page 10
IV.8.2 Recommendations
l) Devote special attention to girls, women and children who are victims of violence, including sexual violence, and take the necessary preventive and punitive measures in this regard;

Women, girls and gender

Participation
Effective participation
Page 8
2. For CENI:
c) Recruit more poll workers and train them, making sure to promote representation of women and young people;

Page 8
3. For the political parties:
d) Ensure actual representation of women and young people on the candidate rolls.
Equality
No specific mention.
Particular groups of women
No specific mention.
International law
No specific mention.
New institutions
No specific mention.
Violence against women
Protection (general)
Page 10
IV.8.2 Recommendations
l) Devote special attention to girls, women and children who are victims of violence, including sexual violence, and take the necessary preventive and punitive measures in this regard;
Transitional justice
No specific mention.
Institutional reform
No specific mention.
Development
No specific mention.
Implementation
No specific mention.
Other
No specific mention.

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