Al-Fatah Peace Declaration

Country/entity
Kenya
Region
Africa (excl MENA)
Agreement name
Al-Fatah Peace Declaration
Date
29/09/1993
Agreement status
Multiparty signed/agreed
Agreement/conflict level
Intrastate/local conflict (Kenyan Post-Electoral Violence (2007 - 2008)
The conflict emerged as post-election violence. After the incumbent President Kibaki was declared the winner of the Kenyan presidential elections in December 2007, complaints of fraud and a structural disadvantage affecting his competitor Raila Odinga lead to outbreaks of severe ethno-political violence. After the first incidents in the Rift Valley region, mainly directed against the Kikuyu ethnic group – the traditional powerbase of Kibaki – the fighting spread to the cities of Nairobi and Mombasa. After two months, Kibaki and Odinga agreed on a power-sharing agreement that granted Odinga the post as a Prime Minister and ended the violence.

Kenyan Post-Electoral Violence (2007 - 2008) )
Stage
Framework/substantive - partial (Multiple issues)
Conflict nature
Inter-group
Peace process
180: Kenya Local Agreements
Parties
Find appended a list of signatories to the declaration.
CC.
District Commissioner,
Wajir
Provincial Commissioner,
North Eastern Province,
Garissa
Permanent Secretary in the Office of the
President -In charge of Internal Security
United Nations -UNICEF & WFP
GTZ
All NGOs
All MPs -Northern Kenya Parliamentary Group
The Mass Media
Third parties
Description
Agreement between major clans in the Wajir district to bring inter-clan fighting, and banditry to an end.

Agreement document
KE_930929_al-Fatah Peace Declaration.pdf

Main category
Page 1, Untitled Preamble
(a) Taking stock of the increasing intensity of inter-clan fighting between the major clans in Wajir district and especially between Degodia and the Ajuran clans which have continued to claim lives of tens of people, many of them children, women and innocent;

Page 1, 7
That from the date of this ceasefire, the traditional law pertaining to blood leud will apply to those who commit murder namely the payment of hundred camels for a man and filtv camels for a women. In the case of stock theft, the rule of collective punishment involving whole groups of people will be applied.

Women, girls and gender

Participation
No specific mention.
Equality
No specific mention.
Particular groups of women
No specific mention.
International law
No specific mention.
New institutions
No specific mention.
Violence against women
Other
Page 1:

7. That from the date of this ceasefire, the traditional law pertaining to blood feud will apply to those who commit murder namely the payment of hundred camels for a man and fifty camels for a women. In the case of stock theft, the rule of collective punishment involving whole groups of people will be applied.
Transitional justice
No specific mention.
Institutional reform
No specific mention.
Development
No specific mention.
Implementation
No specific mention.
Other
No specific mention.

The University of Edinburgh