Kafachan Peace Declaration, The Southern Kaduna State Inter-communal Dialogue

Country/entity
Nigeria
Region
Africa (excl MENA)
Agreement name
Kafachan Peace Declaration, The Southern Kaduna State Inter-communal Dialogue
Date
23/03/2016
Agreement status
Multiparty signed/agreed
Agreement/conflict level
Intrastate/local conflict (Kenyan Post-Electoral Violence (2007 - 2008)
The conflict emerged as post-election violence. After the incumbent President Kibaki was declared the winner of the Kenyan presidential elections in December 2007, complaints of fraud and a structural disadvantage affecting his competitor Raila Odinga lead to outbreaks of severe ethno-political violence. After the first incidents in the Rift Valley region, mainly directed against the Kikuyu ethnic group – the traditional powerbase of Kibaki – the fighting spread to the cities of Nairobi and Mombasa. After two months, Kibaki and Odinga agreed on a power-sharing agreement that granted Odinga the post as a Prime Minister and ended the violence.

Kenyan Post-Electoral Violence (2007 - 2008) )
Stage
Framework/substantive - partial (Multiple issues)
Conflict nature
Inter-group
Peace process
121: Nigeria - local agreements
Parties
Jema'a Local Government Area
Bajju
1. Samuel Yakubu Ninyio
2. Chief Dakachi Diem Anthony
3. Bulus Haruna
4. Mrs. Janet James
5. Rev. Cassimir M. Yabo
6. Mr. Gregory Namadi

Fantswam
1. Mammuda Z. Habu
2. Chief Ayuba Yaya
3. Mr. Jospeh Yakusa
4. Esther M. Adamu
5. Rev. Joshua Chechet
6. John B. Awodi

Fulani
1. Alh. Haruna Usman
2. Ardo Sulaiman Yashi
3. Abdulhamid Musa
4. Maryam Suleiman
5. Abubkar S. Sadiq
6. Ardo Abubakar Gamba

Gwong
1. Hon. Hussaini Dogara
2. Sen. Babale Maikarfi
3. Paul M. Bonnet
4. Hon. Naomi Waziri
5. Maj. Gen. Adamu Dyeri Rtd.

Hausa
1. Danjuma Musa
2. Alh. Garba Abdullahi Maisukuni
3. Alh. Kabir Abdu
4. Maimuna G. Abdullahi
5. Alh. Kabir Mami Kasim
6. Alh. Haruna Saluhu
Igbo
1. Chief Chibu-eze Akpu
5. Hon. Christopher Oriala

Kaninkon
1. Alh. Ismail Suleiman
2. William B. Gimba
3. Willisi Sati
4. Monica A. Tete
5. Pastor Ishaku Maman
6. Samuel B. Tete

Kachia Local Government Area
Adara
1. Norman Shekarau
2. Stephen A. Garba
3. Yusuf Kaura
4. Hauwa Kadarko
5. Rev. Peter Kimbe
6. Stephen Yakubu

Bajju
1. Mr. Musa Adwak
2. Mr. Sani Tawai
3. Raphael Augustine Dogo
4. Mrs. Victoria Anthony
5. Rev. Jesse Mallam
6. Mr. Goliath Gandu

Fulani
1. Adamu Dauda
2. Ardo Ayuba Hassan
3. Alh. Ardo Konkwa
4. Hajiya Karimatu Wakili Musa
5. Mallam Usman Garba Mohammed
6. Alh. Yusuf Usman

Hausa
1. Alh. Rabiu Suleiman
2. Sabiu Suleiman
3. Alh. Sirajo Jibrin
4. Malama Bilkisu Bako
5. Mal. Idris Yunusa
6. Alh. Ibrahim Alkasim

Jaba
1. Mr. Danladi Dare
2. Wakili Danjuma Amana
3. Mr. Daniel Shehu
4. Mrs. Theresa Bala
5. Rev. Habila Yohanna
6. Mr. Gabriel Adamu

Ikulu
1. Emmanuel Ayuba
2. Ishaya Bulus
3. Yakubu Dodo

Kuturmi
1. Capt. Christopher Maidawa
2. Mr. Samaila Danfulani
3. Mr. Sunday Yakubu
4. Mrs. Christiana A. Joseph
5. Rev. Ayuba Dogon Yaro
6. Yohanna Danfulani

Kaura Local Government Area
Fulani
1. Ardo Alhaji Hari
2. Ardo Bayero Ahmadu
3. Alh. Abubakar Nasiru Nace
4. Hajiya Zainab Adamu
5. Abdullahi Bayero
6. Malam Musa Abubakar

Hausa
1. Kasimu Abubakar (Chr)
2. Mustapha Muhammadu
3. Alh. Dahiru Mu'azu
4. Maryam Sa'adu
5. Shehu Danjuma
6. Ahmed Haruna

Igbo
1. Chief Sunday Ezekiel
Kagoro
1. Philip N. Suku (Chr)
2. David P. Datiyong
3. Andrew Simon Kazah
4. Mrs. Kande Ishaya
5. Rev. Joshua Z. Yamang
6. Ajim Bonatson
Sholio (Moro'a)
1. Naman Ishaya Auta
2. Mr. Shehu Abui (Chr)
3. Gideon Laaki Ninyio
4. Mary Julius
5. Rev. Goar
6. Thomas D. Kazah

Takad
1. Ignatius Raymond
2. Mr. Alphonsus Ngu B.
3. Mr. Raphael Soja
4. Angelina I. Boye
5. Rev. Irimiya Zango
6. Rtd. Pastor Joseph Bakugde
Sanga Local Government Area

Ayu
1. Mal. Labaran Hassan (Chr)
2. Rtd. Inp Danjuma Garba
3. Dauda Aliyu Abdullahi
4. Malama Salamatu Isa
5. Rev. Dadut John
6. Mal Musa Abubakar

Fulani
1. Alh. Alhassan Abdulkarim (Chr)
2. Ardo Abdulrahman Ya'u
3. Malam Usman Sa'idu
4. Hajiya Hairu Yakuba
5. Abdullahi Mohammad
6. Alh. Dere Kantoma Wakili

Gwandara
1. Mr. Danjuma Yakubu
2. Mal Bala Adawet
3. Mal Bala Zakariah (Chr)
4. Mrs. Christina Bitrus
5. Rev. Danladi Agbun Danboyi
6. Mr. Yohanna Madaki

Hausa
1. Mal Aliyu Adamu
2. Hon. Alh. Salau Babale
3. Mal Bala Aminu
4. Malama Binta Mohammed
5. Mal Musa Abdullahi
6. Yahaya Barau (Chr)

Mada
1. Mr. Daniel Jatau
2. Mr. John Lange
3. Mr. Amos Waziri
4. Mrs. Gloria Monday
5. Rev. Yakubu Bulus
6. Hon. Bitrus Danboyi Dogari

Nandu
1. Mr. Nuhu Tukura
2. Rtd. Pastor Yohanna Aloko
3. Mr. Ruden Lawal
4. Mrs. Jumai Danladi
5. Rev Danladi Ali
6. Mr. Danladi Adamu (Chr)

Ninzo
1. Abdullahi Nuhu
2. Mal Aminu Abdullahi
3. Elisha Aku
4. Christie E. Musa
5. Ali Y. Jetau
6. Mr. Joel Adamu Mande (Chr)

Numana
1. Mr. Gambo A. Danjuma (Chr)
2. Chief Jibrin S. Kogi
3. Barr I.B. Yakubu
4. Mrs. Comfort Habila
5. Rev. Isa Tanko
6. Rtd. C.S.C. Adamu Shamaki

Zangon-Kataf Local Government Area
Atyap
1. Bulus Yayit
2. Deacon Simon CB Saddih (Magajin Rafi Atyap)
3. Joseph Timbuwak (Sarkin Samari Atyap)
4. Martina Ignatius
5. Rev. Jonathan Nkom
6. ACP. Juri B. Ayok (rtd)

Bajju
1. Air Comdr Emmanuel Jakada
2. Chief Jospeh Jatau
3. Comrade Gad Ezekiel
4. Mrs. Naomi Ambut
5. Pastor Sharia Chawai
6. Dr. Solomon Yabaya

Fulani
1. Alh. Shu'aibu Mogauri
2. Ardo Rabo (Wakilin Fulbe)
3. Mal. Suleiman Abdullahi
4. Haj. Sa'ad Dawobe
5. Mal. Muhammed Abubakar
6. Ardo Ruguni Pate

Hausa
1. Mallam Nuhu Yusuf
2. Alh. Lawal ATK
3. Gambo Matsirga
4. Aisha Saleiman
5. Mallam Adamu Jibrin
6. Abdullahi Jibrin

Ikulu
1. Shamaki Dodo
2. Mal. Yohanna Barde
3. Dauda Yohanna
4. Asabaru Yaro
5. Rev. Fr. Andrew Dodo
6. Moses C. John

Kamantan
1. Markus Farngan
2. Michael Ballason
3. Micah Audu
4. Caroline B. Usman
5. Bishop Joshua I. Banai
6. Barr. Jacob A. Madaki


Third parties
Signed by the Following Witnesses:
HD Advisors
Alice Wairimu Nderitu, Senior Advisor and Lead Mediator
Dr. Yakubu Sankey
Khadijah Hawaja Gambo
Baba Bala Muhammad
Joseph Tanko Atang
Salihu Musa Umar
Dr. Lydia Umar

State/Local Government and Security Agency
Nasir Ahmed El-Rufai, Governor, Kaduna State
Rt. Hon. Simon Lalong, Governor, Plateau State
[Unintelligible] - Catholic Bishop, Kapanchan
[Unintelligible] - Jama'atu Nasril Islam
[Unintelligible] - Ambassdor, Norway to Nigeria
Eoghan McSwiney - Deputy Head of Mission, Ireland
Amina Dyeris Sijunde - Atorney General, Kaduna State

Kaduna HD Women's Steering Committee Members:
Sanga LGA
Comfort Habila (Chairperson)
Catherine Chukwu
Patuma Haruna
Hassana Usman
Jummai Danladi

Jema'a LGA
Monica A. Tete (Chairperson)
Haj. Maimuna Abdullahi
Hadiza Umar
Esther M. Adamu
Grace Joel

Kaura LGA
Mary Julius (Chairperson)
Maryam Sa'adu
Angelina I. Boye
Kande Ishaya
Zainab Adamu

Kachia LGA
Christina Joseph (Chairperson)
Victoria Anthony
Karimatu Anthony
Hauwa Kadarko
Bilkisu Baku

Zangon-Kataf LGA
[Unintelligible] Yaro (Chairperson)
Elizabeth Olaniran
Blessing Goje
Rebecca H. Akut
Haj. Zainab Ibrahim
Bukola Ajao
Amina Kazaure
Badiyya Sa'eed
Lovina Dasat
Deborah Ishaya
Description
A declaration accompanying the Kafachan Peace Declaration between Farmers and Grazers.

Agreement document
NG_160316_Kafanchan Peace Declaration.pdf

Main category
Page 3, Preamble
We, the parties to this Declaration are: development/cultural associations, Traditional Councils, youth, women, religious and respected opinion leaders and elders brought together by the Centre for Humanitarian Dialogue (HD), with our consent, because of our history of Inter-communal, farmer and grazer and religious violence. Southern Kaduna has had a number of experiences of violent conflict that constitute a major threat to peace and security. Electoral disputes, farmer and grazer differences in particular, have caused violence, deaths, injuries, loss of property, trauma, widows and orphans, poverty and massive displacements. The stakeholders in this Declaration are convinced that a necessary condition for establishing lasting peace in our State is the resort to dialogue to resolve conflicts.


Page 4, Section I, Article ii
Note that the conflicts in Kaduna have nevertheless left their mark on the whole society but specifically affect vulnerable groups including women, children, youths and persons with disability more and stress the need to provide adequate support for them to rebuild their lives.


Page 8, Section V, Article i
i. Conflict prevention plan: The plan will bring on board the joint efforts of all stakeholders including at the State level, traditional and faith based leaders, women and youth that puts in place a tension management mechanism that;
• Creates a linkage between early warning and early response.
• Ensure continuous monitoring of violent conflict situations.
• Intervene in conflict situations and pursue such measures as are necessary to arrest and redress the situation.
• Make appropriate recommendations for action by law enforcement agencies.
• Provide broad civic education on rights, obligations and cohesion as well as religious studies.
• Teach conflict prevention and conflict transformation skills to young people.
Undertake bilateral consultations and advocacy with political leaders to reinforce messages, identify areas of mutual concern and agreement.


Page 8, Section V, Article iv
Begin and sustain tracks of dialogues among key non-political stakeholders such as business leaders, women’s organizations and civil society organizations to influence and facilitate discussions between political actors.


Page 9, Section V, Article v
Inclusion of women and youths, persons with disability in decision- making and peace processes: On many occasions, reconciliation and dialogue efforts exclude meaningful participation of women and youth. This exclusion causes disenchantment and negative perception of the outcomes of reconciliation efforts.


Page 9, Section VII, Article i d
Create a body to promote peace and reconciliation amongst communities that will:
• Bring perpetrators to justice, inclusive of both indigenes and settlers.
• Consider the compensation of all affected people.
• Address past wrongs drawing on the wisdom and expertise of traditional conflict resolution mechanisms.
• Ensure the inclusion and active participation of women, youths and persons with disability in all peace processes.
• Prevent and protect women against violence.
• Advance and protect human rights, administrative justice and integrity in private and public life.
• Foster respect for the rule of law, transparency and accountability.
• Ensure public safety and security.


Page 10, Section VII, Article ii b
Mobilize massive support for micro projects to train the women, youths and persons with disability.

Women, girls and gender

Participation
Other
Page 9, Section V, Article v [Inclusion of women and youths, persons with disability in decision- making and peace processes: On many occasions, reconciliation and dialogue efforts exclude meaningful participation of women and youth. This exclusion causes disenchantment and negative perception of the outcomes of reconciliation efforts.]

Page 9, Section VII, Article i d [Create a body to promote peace and reconciliation amongst communities that will:
• Bring perpetrators to justice, inclusive of both indigenes and settlers.
• Consider the compensation of all affected people.
• Address past wrongs drawing on the wisdom and expertise of traditional conflict resolution mechanisms.
• Ensure the inclusion and active participation of women, youths and persons with disability in all peace processes.
• Prevent and protect women against violence.
• Advance and protect human rights, administrative justice and integrity in private and public life.
• Foster respect for the rule of law, transparency and accountability.
• Ensure public safety and security.]
Equality
No specific mention.
Particular groups of women
No specific mention.
International law
No specific mention.
New institutions
Reconciliation and peace
Page 9, Section V, Article v [Inclusion of women and youths, persons with disability in decision- making and peace processes: On many occasions, reconciliation and dialogue efforts exclude meaningful participation of women and youth. This exclusion causes disenchantment and negative perception of the outcomes of reconciliation efforts.]

Page 9, Section VII, Article i d [Create a body to promote peace and reconciliation amongst communities that will:
• Bring perpetrators to justice, inclusive of both indigenes and settlers.
• Consider the compensation of all affected people.
• Address past wrongs drawing on the wisdom and expertise of traditional conflict resolution mechanisms.
• Ensure the inclusion and active participation of women, youths and persons with disability in all peace processes.
• Prevent and protect women against violence.
• Advance and protect human rights, administrative justice and integrity in private and public life.
• Foster respect for the rule of law, transparency and accountability.
• Ensure public safety and security.]
Violence against women
Other
Page 4, Section I, Article ii [Note that the conflicts in Kaduna have nevertheless left their mark on the whole society but specifically affect vulnerable groups including women, children, youths and persons with disability more and stress the need to provide adequate support for them to rebuild their lives.]
Transitional justice
No specific mention.
Institutional reform
No specific mention.
Development
General
Page 10, Section VII, Article ii b [Mobilize massive support for micro projects to train the women, youths and persons with disability.]
Implementation
Women's role and consideration in implementation of the agreement
Page 8, Section V, Article i [i. Conflict prevention plan: The plan will bring on board the joint efforts of all stakeholders including at the State level, traditional and faith based leaders, women and youth that puts in place a tension management mechanism that;
• Creates a linkage between early warning and early response.
• Ensure continuous monitoring of violent conflict situations.
• Intervene in conflict situations and pursue such measures as are necessary to arrest and redress the situation.
• Make appropriate recommendations for action by law enforcement agencies.
• Provide broad civic education on rights, obligations and cohesion as well as religious studies.
• Teach conflict prevention and conflict transformation skills to young people.

Page 8, Section V, Article iv [Begin and sustain tracks of dialogues among key non-political stakeholders such as business leaders, women’s organizations and civil society organizations to influence and facilitate discussions between political actors.]

Page 9, Section V, Article v [Inclusion of women and youths, persons with disability in decision- making and peace processes: On many occasions, reconciliation and dialogue efforts exclude meaningful participation of women and youth. This exclusion causes disenchantment and negative perception of the outcomes of reconciliation efforts.]
Other
Page 3, Preamble [We, the parties to this Declaration are: development/cultural associations, Traditional Councils, youth, women, religious and respected opinion leaders and elders brought together by the Centre for Humanitarian Dialogue (HD), with our consent, because of our history of Inter-communal, farmer and grazer and religious violence. Southern Kaduna has had a number of experiences of violent conflict that constitute a major threat to peace and security. Electoral disputes, farmer and grazer differences in particular, have caused violence, deaths, injuries, loss of property, trauma, widows and orphans, poverty and massive displacements. The stakeholders in this Declaration are convinced that a necessary condition for establishing lasting peace in our State is the resort to dialogue to resolve conflicts.]

The University of Edinburgh