Modogashe Declaration (III)

Country/entity
Kenya
Region
Africa (excl MENA)
Agreement name
Modogashe Declaration (III)
Date
08/04/2011
Agreement status
Multiparty signed/agreed
Agreement/conflict level
Intrastate/local conflict (Kenyan Post-Electoral Violence (2007 - 2008)
The conflict emerged as post-election violence. After the incumbent President Kibaki was declared the winner of the Kenyan presidential elections in December 2007, complaints of fraud and a structural disadvantage affecting his competitor Raila Odinga lead to outbreaks of severe ethno-political violence. After the first incidents in the Rift Valley region, mainly directed against the Kikuyu ethnic group – the traditional powerbase of Kibaki – the fighting spread to the cities of Nairobi and Mombasa. After two months, Kibaki and Odinga agreed on a power-sharing agreement that granted Odinga the post as a Prime Minister and ended the violence.

Kenyan Post-Electoral Violence (2007 - 2008) )
Stage
Framework/substantive - partial (Multiple issues)
Conflict nature
Inter-group
Peace process
180: Kenya Local Agreements
Parties
On behalf of Mandera County:vHussein Mohamed ADAN, Abdi Wili ABDULLAHI, Abdille Sheikh BILLOW
On behalf of Wajir County: Ali Abdi OGLE, Abdisalan Ibrahim ALI, Bishar Ali OLOW,
On behalf of Garissa County: Dagane Karur OMAR, Hassan Abdi HURE, Hussein Noor Abdi
On behalf of Tana River County: Kahonzi Esther JARHA, Ijema Godana HASSAN, Aden Ibrahim ARALE
On behalf of Marsabit County: Guyo Karayu DIKA, Hassan Lolterka LENAROKI, Boru Arero BORU,
On behalf of Sabburu County: Jason LESHOOMO, Peter P. LEKISAT, Benedicto L. LOLOSOLI
On behalf of Meru County: Linos Kathera M. ERIMBA, Mitabathi M.KIRIMANA KIRIMANA
On behalf of Nairobi County: Lucy Nyambura NDIRANGU, John Charles ODHIAMBO


Third parties
On behalf of North Eastern Province: Mr. James Ole Serian, EBS
On behalf of Coast Province: Mr. Ernest G. Munyi, EBS
On behalf of Eastern Province: Ms. Clare A. Omolo, EBS
On behalf of Rift Valley Province: Mr. Osman Warfa, EBS
Description
County and regional leaders agree to measures to reduce conflict over theft of livestock, as well as provisions to stop unauthorised migration.

Agreement document
KE_110408_Modogashe Declaration (III).pdf

Main category
Page 3, On the Role of Peace Structures, Institutions and Mechanisms:
We further resolve to collaboratively address the six (6) under-listed emerging issues for conflict dynamics within the target Counties and neighbouring Countries:
...
v. Gender-based violence

Women, girls and gender

Participation
Effective participation
Page 2: On the Role of Peace Structures, Institutions and Mechanisms:

1. Strengthen peace committees and other collaborative response structures for peace within and between Counties; and neighbouring Countries, including Council of Elders, religious Mediation Councils, women and youth initiatives among others.
Equality
No specific mention.
Particular groups of women
No specific mention.
International law
No specific mention.
New institutions
No specific mention.
Violence against women
Gender-based violence/VAW (general)
Page 4: On the Role of Peace Structures, Institutions and Mechanisms:

We further resolve to collaboratively address the six (6)under-listed emerging issues arrising from conflict dynamics within the target Counties and neighbouring Countries:
...
v. Gender-based violence
Transitional justice
No specific mention.
Institutional reform
No specific mention.
Development
No specific mention.
Implementation
No specific mention.
Other
No specific mention.

The University of Edinburgh